Examine the population pyramids of the two most populous countries in the world, China and India

NuFS 139 GELO 3: Interpreting Population Pyramids Worksheet

Please number your answers.

1.  Examine the population pyramids of the two most populous countries in the world, China and India (below).

Based solely upon the shapes of the pyramids, explain what country is growing the fastest, and how you came to that conclusion.  (3 pts)

2.  For Kenya, the percentage of women of childbearing age will increase between 2000 and 2025.

48% of women were of child-bearing age in 2000;       58% of women were of child-bearing age in 2025.

How will this change potentially impact future population growth?  What other variables are important to consider when answering this question?  (5)

3.  Why is the percentage of individuals under the age of 15 a good indicator of future population growth? (2)

For the rest of the questions, use lecture material, the video World in the Balance, and additional resources as needed, such as the CIA World Factbook available here:

https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/ or the US Census Bureau International Database available here:

https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/international-programs/about/idb.html
 4.  What are the key issues (environmental, resource, social, and/or governmental) that are influencing the population patterns for China? Would a demographer in 1975 have been able to make accurate predictions for 2016?   Using specific information, explain why or why not.  (5)
 
5.  What are the key issues (environmental, resource, social, and/or governmental) that are influencing the population patterns for Japan? Would a demographer in 1975 have been able to make accurate predictions for 2016?  Using specific information, explain why or why not.   (5)
 
6.  What environmental, resource, and public policies are influencing the population pyramid patterns for Kenya? (5)
 
 
 
7.  What environmental, resource, and public policies are influencing the population pyramid patterns for the United States? (5)
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 

8. .  Look at the table, below:

 
Table . Energy Use and Populations  
2016  Projections for 2040  
 Energy Use (BTUs x1015)Population (millions)Energy Use (BTUs x1015)Population (millions)
US98.7323105.7380
China134.11,373190.11,364
India29.11,26662.31,571
Japan20.912621.5114
Africa23.81,218442,063
 
 

As a country’s population grows, the potential is there for the country to use more energy.  However, in looking at the countries, above, you can see that there is no clear pattern between the amount that the population of a country grew, and the amount that their energy used increased.  Explain what other factors need to be taken into consideration when estimating a country’s future energy use. (5)

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