Ethical opinion form for Faculty of Business and Law (BAL)taught undergraduate and postgraduate students (except MRes)

Ethical opinion form for Faculty of Business and Law (BAL)taught undergraduate and postgraduate students (except MRes)

Instructions to student

This form should be completed by the student, referring to the Guidance Notes to accompany this form and the ‘Research ethics – issues to consider’ guide (also to be found as an appendix to the Guidance Notes). If you are not collecting primary data or data that are identifiable with individuals, then you should answer Qs 1-4, then Q11 and as many of the questions between Qs 12-20 as are relevant in your case. The completed form should then be passed to the supervisor prior to a review of the possible ethical implications of the proposed dissertation or project. Students should read the guidance that accompanies this form to help them complete it.

No primary data collection or recruitment of potential participants must be undertaken before a final version of this form has been approved.

If, following review of this form, amendments to the proposals are agreed to be necessary, the student should provide the supervisor with an amended version for endorsement.

If, following the completion of the review process, your supervisor and, where relevant, any independent reviewer is unwilling to grant you a favourable ethical opinion, you have a right of appeal to BAL Faculty Ethics Committee. If you wish to exercise this right, email the Faculty Ethics Administrator (email address available from your supervisor), stating your name, HEMIS no., the relevant unit and course, and briefly stating your grounds for requesting that BAL Faculty Ethics Committee review the decision. Attach your completed ethics form and any supplementary documentation and include any relevant correspondence about the case.

A final signed and dated version of this form must be bound in to however many copies of the dissertation you are required to hand in. The form MUST be signed and dated by both the student, the supervisor and, where required, any peer ethics reviewer. If the dissertation is submitted without a fully completed, signed and dated ethics form it will be deemed to be a fail. Second attempt assessment may be permitted by the Board of Examiners.

1.       What are the objectives of the dissertation / research project?

This project aims at evaluating whether the use of project management skills has an influence on the success rate of sporting events. This project evaluates the use of risk management skills, leadership skills, cost control, and scheduling and looking at how these skills influences the success rate of holding sporting events.  This research will also help in identifying the relationship between the success rate of sporting event as well as the use of risk management skills in planning and execution of event. This study will also identify the relationship that exists between the rates of success in sporting event and leadership skills in planning and execution of event and lastly, identifying the relationship existing between the success of holding sports event and the use of scheduled skills.

2.   Does the research involve NHS patients, resources or staff? NO

3.   Does the research involve MoD staff? NO

4.   Do you intend to collect primary data from human subjects or data that are identifiable with individuals? (This includes, for example, questionnaires and interviews.) YES

5    How will the primary data contribute to the objectives of the dissertation / research project?

Due to financial constraints, interviews from identified managers from the local area will help in offering insights regarding sports organization. They will offer first-hand information regarding how their management skills impact the success rate of a sporting event in the community.

6.   What is/are the survey population(s)?

I shall draw the participants from project sports managers working for sporting organizations. The survey population has already been identified through quota sampling and will be interviewed during the process.

7.   a) How big is the sample for each of the survey populations, and b) how was this sample arrived at? (Please answer both parts of this question.)

With the availability of sports management personnel, the sample is big enough. The sample is reached by contacting the sporting directors and interviewing those willing to participate in the study by applying quota sampling.

8.   How will respondents be a) recruited and b) selected? (Please answer both parts of this question.)

The respondents will be recruited through quota sampling by identification of qualified managers in the sports organization. Those selected will be interviewed through telephone calls or emailing the questionnaire to the participants.

9.   What steps are proposed to ensure that the requirements of informed consent will be met for those taking part in the research? If an Information Sheet for participants is to be used, please attach it to this form. If not, please explain how you will be able to demonstrate that informed consent has been gained from participants.

To ensure that we meet the requirement of informed consent, the qualified respondents will be educated about the significance and the process of the study. It will discuss about the privacy and confidentiality of the respondents’ information. Upon agreeing on the same, they will sign down to show their commitment towards the project.

10. How will data be collected from each of the sample groups?

The respondents will be asked some questions regarding their management methods through an interview. The interview questions will be open ended to get as much information as we can get from the respondents. This will then be recorded.

11. a) How will data be stored and b) what will happen to the data at the end of the research? (Please answer both parts of this question.)

The data will be stored both electronically and written documents.  The written documents will be kept safely in lockers that are only accessible to the team in the study. For electronic data, it will be password protected to ensure that they are not accessible to third parties. We shall store the data for one year after the research. The data will thereafter be destroyed in a way that it cannot be recreated.

12. What measures will be taken to prevent unauthorised persons gaining access to the data, and especially to data that may be attributed to identifiable individuals?

To prevent unauthorised people from accessing the data, this will be facilitated by the creation of strong passwords  and data encryption to ensure that the data that is sent or received remains protected while on transit across data networks, emails and links.

13. What steps are proposed to safeguard the anonymity of the respondents?

To ensure anonymity, our records will not include names, identification numbers, and any other information that is personal to mitigate risks to individuals data.

14. Are there any risks (physical or other, including reputational) to respondents that may result from taking part in this research?    NO

If YES, please specify and state what measures are proposed to deal with these risks.

15. Are there any risks (physical or other, including reputational) to the researcher or to the University that may result from conducting this research?    NO

16. Will any data be obtained from a company or other organisation? NO

17. What steps are proposed to ensure that the requirements of informed consent will be met for that organisation? How will confidentiality be assured for the organisation?

      N/A

18. Does the organisation have its own ethics procedure relating to the research you intend to carry out?   YES / NO (please delete as applicable).

If YES, the University will require written evidence from the organisation that they have approved the research.

N/A

19. Will the proposed research involve any of the following (please put a √ next to ‘yes’ or ‘no’; consult your supervisor if you are unsure):

       
Vulnerable groups (e.g. childrenand adults unable to consent)?YES  NO 
       
Particularly sensitive topics?YES  NO 
       
Access to respondents via ‘gatekeepers’?YES  NO 
       
Use of deception?YES  NO 
       
Access to confidential personal data(names, addresses, etc)?YES  NO 
       
Psychological stress, anxiety, etc.?YES  NO 
       
Intrusive interventions?YES  NO 

If answers to any of the above are “YES”, please explain below how you intend to minimise the associated risks.

We shall use de-identification method any time using the data to prevent risks

20. Are there any other ethical issues that may arise from the proposed research?

This research does not have any other ethical issues.

 Print nameSignatureDate signed
Student   
I / we grant a favourable ethical opinion:
Supervisor   
Peer reviewer (where applicable)   

AMENDMENTS

If you need to make changes please ensure you have permission before recruiting any participants and any primary data collection.If there are major changes, fill in a new form if that will make it easier for everyone.If there are minor changes then fill in the amendments (next page) and get them signed before the primary data collection begins.

CHANGES TO ETHICS PERMISSION

VERSION:  ____

Please describe the nature of the change and impact on ethics:

 Print nameSignatureDate signed
Student   
I / we grant a favourable ethical opinion:
Supervisor   
Peer reviewer (where applicable)   

(please cut and paste the next section, together with the heading at the top of this page, as many times as required)

VERSION:  ____

Please describe the nature of the change and impact on ethics:

 Print nameSignatureDate signed
Student   
I / we grant a favourable ethical opinion:
Supervisor   
Peer reviewer (where applicable)   
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