Compare and contrast the self-cultivation philosophies in Buddhism and Yoga

Compare and contrast the self-cultivation philosophies in Buddhism and Yoga, especially the Buddha’s Eightfold Path and Patañjali’s Eight Limb Program (making clear the similarities and differences). Then explain what contemporary science has shown about the value of these programs. In light of all these discussions, defend your position about the extent to which Buddhist and Yoga practice could contribute to a person’s well-being.

Grantee Organization, Project Staff, and Other Project Resources

VI. Grantee Organization, Project Staff, and Other Project Resources: 

a. Describe the qualifications of the grantee organization to conduct the project.

b. Provide a brief description of the project director, staff, and other key personnel

for the project.

c. If applicable, describe other project resources and the role they will play in the

project. (Examples include consultants and subcontractors.) 

Paper Outline

https://www.apa.org/advocacy/workforce-development/gpe/populations
https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/mental-health-facts

American Psychiatric Association. (n.d.). Mental Health Disparities: Diverse Populations. https://www.psychiatry.org/psychiatrists/cultural-competency/education/mental-health-facts.

· Promoting Mental Health In Communities

The purpose of the grant was to fund a mental health awareness fair. The aim is to spread mental health awareness, by reaching out to communities where people are underserved. Educating people about mental health, would impact how people think of others dealing with mental health issues. The grant would bring a resource fair that would showcase all service providers in both mental and physical health agencies

· Promote hotlines

· Promote and utilize the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration as a resource

· Inventory available community services including oil companies’ safety offices and conflict resolution assistance

· Develop mental health screenings in schools; research granting agencies (Gates Foundation, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Helmsley Foundation)

· Promote national suicide hotline

· Develop network/resources for runaways

· Increase promotion, through advertising and public relations efforts, of counseling services that currently are available, including those through Telehealth

· Collaborate with schools on educational seminars for students about mental health issues and increase interaction with school counselors

· Continue collaboration with ministerial groups, including potential training of group by social worker

· Train Emergency Room personnel on how to effectively facilitate mental health committals, transportation, and other responses, including training on paperwork and patient interactions

· Establish support groups (such as families with mental health crises, grief group) led by a social worker

Project Description (Approx. 2 paragraphs each person, NOT each step)

Need 6 peer reviewed journal articles (I think)

Helen

I. Project Objectives: State the purpose of the project clearly and succinctly, and list specific objectives.

II. Project Background: Provide context for the project and the rationale for proposing the project. The rationale may include the problem or the need that the project addresses, including the magnitude of the problem, urgency or timeliness of the project, market conditions, etc. If there are related projects that CHCF has funded in the past, how does this project build on that work? If this is a renewal of a previously funded project, please provide the budget and describe the outcome.

Destiny

III. Activities/Approaches: Describe the project approach and list planned activities. To the extent possible, link activities with specific objectives. If you are proposing to conduct research or analysis, please be sure to identify the research questions/ hypotheses; describe the intervention, study design, or evaluation; and define the data source(s) and analysis plan. If you are proposing a pilot or demonstration project, please list the activities that will take place, distinguish between planning and implementation activities, and describe the key partners and their involvement.

Tony

IV. Audience/Stakeholders: Describe the intended audience for this project. If applicable, answer the following questions: Has the project been discussed with the intended audience or other stakeholders? Are there other audiences that might be interested in the results? Which stakeholders need to be involved for the project to be effective?

V. High Level Work Plan and Timeline: Provide a list of anticipated project deliverables and milestones with planned completion dates or date ranges. Examples of deliverables include reports, issue briefs, presentations, briefings, meetings, conferences, and website launches.

TaskAssigned PartyDurationSignificance

Ivy

VI. Grantee Organization, Project Staff, and Other Project Resources:

a. Describe the qualifications of the grantee organization to conduct the project.

b. Provide a brief description of the project director, staff, and other key personnel

for the project.

c. If applicable, describe other project resources and the role they will play in the

project. (Examples include consultants and subcontractors.)

Project Impact

Rishnal

VII. Desired Outcome: If the project is successful, what will change? How will the project impact the target audience? How might it influence thinking or discussion? What action would you like the intended audience to take as a result? Does the project have specific policy objectives?

– Community members to be ready to engage and utilize the various services provided by the traveling fair. Changed cultural perspectives among community members who possess stigma tendencies for people seeking mental health issues, thus improving their health outcomes. Through the various focused community discussions raising awareness and education on mental health, the health-seeking behaviors of these members would change to utilize the cognitive and behavioral services.

Since most of these communities are more oriented to think from a cultural perspective, the project would provide a basis of care that supplements their artistic tendencies and at the same time appreciate their various cultural diversity. This would be achieved through education, training, and collaborative efforts with other health stakeholders to change their thinking regarding mental health-seeking behaviors. From the discussed objectives and interventions, it would be desirable for these communities to appreciate mental health problems just like the physical health issues and change their health-seeking patterns to improve their outcome.

VIII. Evaluation/Measurement: Describe how you plan to measure the success of this project. Include the indicators that will be used, and indicate who has responsibility for tracking and reporting on results. Results should be available by the end date of the project.

– An increase in the number of clients served in the health behavior centers would positively transform the members towards their health-seeking behaviors. The community behavioral health providers would be responsible for tracking and presenting the results.

The measure of the number of clients participating in the mobilization projects in the community resource center. The project staff member responsible for community integration would track and collect the results. Measuring the volume, readiness, promptness, and ease of inter-agency referrals will guide the overall response of the multi-sectoral collaborations. The project director would collect and track results on this front. Clients’ satisfaction in substance abuse services and the treatment outcome measures tailored to drug and alcohol use. Rates of hospitalization of members with severe mental health issues after and before the project completion. The various project staff members would collect and track results depending on the assigned target groups.

Full proposals and budgets should be submitted to the program staff member who requested it. For questions, visit the grants pages on www.chcf.org or contact grants@chcf.org .

Traveling Mental Health Awareness Fair

Project objectives Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Probably can shorten to just a little on the background of the problem and then just say the objectives of the project

Mental health has been an issue of concern affecting a significant number of people in the community today. These issues range from depression, anxiety, behavioral changes, which have necessitated suicidal tendencies. Mental health conditions among youths are a matter of concern that most community members do not take seriously or disregard. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression is one of the leading causes of disability. More so, suicide is the second most cause of death among millennials, that’s people from the age of 19-29 (WHO, 2005). Most of these people with severe mental illnesses die due to preventable physical conditions that most countries ignore. However, in developed countries, in addressing the seriousness of the issue, the WHO has included depression in its sustainable development goals. Significant progress has been made in developing countries in handling the case, but still, there is a problem with stigmatization and discrimination among minority communities.

Minority and ethnic communities face significant discrimination concerning the outcome of their mental health status. This disparity in mental health outcomes among the minority communities such as blacks, women, and people identified with other genders has been an issue that needs thorough consideration. The major factor that affects the positive outcome of these minority communities in terms of their health status is access to mental health services. Lack of access to these services, for example, in University students identified from the minority groups, is the lack of culturally appropriate mental health services cognizant of the plight challenges the minority communities face (Arday, 2018). Other barriers to positive mental health outcomes are their psychological make-up to seeking mental health help and the various levels of discrimination in the health care services. Thus, it would be imperative to develop strategies to help eliminate these barriers and help reach out to the underserved communities. Thus, creating a traveling mental health awareness fair would be significant as it would enable efficient and effective provision of mental health education, awareness, and services to underserved communities.

The objectives of the traveling mental health awareness fair would be.

· Maximizing client access and engagement

· Providing mental health awareness and education in middle schools, high schools and universities located in the underserved communities.

· Promoting prevention and early intervention models as means to promote positive mental health outcomes among these communities.

· Influencing the health and social policies that affect the mental health outcomes of these communities by developing metrics that access the determinants of mental health.

Project Background

The project proposes a traveling aspect of intervention that involves bringing mental health care services to the communities affected by poor mental health outcomes. These communities include racial minorities, women, and youths. Incorporating a traveling fair would aid in organizing mental health camps in various communities and providing mental health services to them. The service provided focuses on raising mental health awareness and providing health education. Conducting at least two traveling fairs a year for giving mental health-related services to these communities would be a significant step towards achieving better health outcomes. This program would help address the disparity in ethical minority communities in accessing mental health services. For ethnic minority communities, those who have received treatment tend to terminate the services prematurely due to the relationship between mental health issues with religious and other cultural prejudices, lack of insurance, and culturally compatible providers (Chow, Jaffee & Snowden, 2003). Comment by Destiny Bernstine: We have to talk about when, where, and how often we have the fair as a group to see whats the best option

The major rationale of the project is to improve the utilization of mental health services among minority communities and foster positive outcomes. The drive of reaching out to these communities would help eliminate some of the barriers to their access to these services, such as health costs, inaccessibility to the services, and religious and cultural limitations (Arday, 2018). Providing education to these people would change their health behavior concept, which is more oriented towards artistic satisfaction. When these communities are more educated on the topic and provided with necessary information regarding the impact of the services, they would be more inclined to accommodate and use these services. Thus, a traveling fair to these societies would be a dream come true in achieving the new sustainability developmental goals in health care. The end goal of the fair is to promote mental health awareness of these communities by changing their mental health perceptive behaviors in realizing favorable outcomes. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: *raise awareness of mental health and increase the usage of mental health services in underserved communities. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Maybe use a different phrase

Activities/Approaches:

The approach we plan to take when creating the Stop The Stigma Awareness Fair, is a proactive approach. A proactive approach focuses on eliminating a problem before it becomes a bigger issue. In underserved communities, the problem is already affecting the lives of those who can’t afford to seek the care they need, fear stigma from being diagnosed with a mental health issue, are uneducated and so on. In order to protect these communities from further disparities in health care, the traveling awareness fair will proactively teach people in these communities signs to look out for, provide people with a medical professional to talk too, ask questions, seek resources and much more.

The approach we will take in the planning stage of creating our awareness fair is to initially locate communities that are most underserved, and when we pinpoint these areas we will be able to reach out to the communities and get in contact with their leaders and stakeholders. After gaining support from necessary stakeholders we will then reach out and petition to foundations and state programs that might be interested in funding or giving a grant for the continuance of the project. After receiving approval for a grant, we will begin implementation activities that include but are not limited to consulting with healthcare providers, collaborating with clinics linked to mental health care, substance abuse rehabilitation clinics, school boards, etc. By consulting with these different groups of people we aim to access all services that might be helpful to include in the traveling awareness fair, and give the opportunity for maximum utility and utilization for those who need it. In order for our traveling awareness fair to be a success, we will need the help of key partners like the California Department of Public Health, California school districts in underserved communities, community health behaviorists, and the psychiatrist association. They will fulfill their roles of educating, spreading awareness, and providing overall support for the underserved communities that we aim to reach.

Planned Activities and Objectives:

· Promote hotlines (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, national suicide hotlines, and many more)

· Objective: Introduce alternative points of contact, that can be reached when needed

· Mental health screenings

· Objective: Identify mental health conditions early on, and connect those affected with necessary resources

· Increase promotion, through advertising and public relations efforts, of counseling services that currently are available

· Objective: Broadcast resources on a grander scale, that many people will be able to access

· Collaborate with schools on educational seminars for students about mental health issues and increase interaction with school counselors

· Objective: Identify mental health conditions in schools, to provide help early on for students who struggle with mental health. Also to educate students on what resources they have access to do if they are struggling with their mental health

· Train individuals on how to accurately facilitate mental health in schools, on the job, etc

· Objective: To assure correct actions are taken in schools, work places, etc to help those with mental health conditions

· Establish support groups led by a social worker or mental health specialist

· Objective: To create new bonds amongst a group of people going through similar things

Audience

The desired audience for this project is the minority communities that have been proven to attain poor mental health outcomes. This includes African Americans, women, youths, and other minority communities. The project objectives have been communicated with the desired audience and the government directives responsible for health promotion and who it would be significant for getting the results from the program. The results would influence their health revenue allocation and mental health services mobilization. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: underserved communitites Comment by Destiny Bernstine: This is typed as if it has happened already in past tense, needs to talk in future tense, bc this is all a “plan”

High-Level Work Plan and Timeline Comment by Destiny Bernstine: I made a chart, if that would be easier to fill in then doing it in paragraph form. It’s at the top of the doc under the outline of our sections Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Try to put these in chronological order, and try to add more and elaborate the time table more

Issuing project plans to the community leaders to acquire their permission and support in conducting the project. This should take about a week or so. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: How long will it take to locate community leaders? Maybe incorporate that, bc that will add time onto issuing project plans

Conducting meetings with the education and health stakeholders in the targeted audience for one week before the project commencement.

Holding meetings with the members of the community to address the purpose of the study. It takes two weeks.

Launching the traveling fair website to attract a desirable audience and to attract outside funding and support. Five days before the fair.

Completing the training process for community primary health care providers. One week

Grantee Organization, Project Staff, and Other Project Resources Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Prompt a.Describe the qualifications of the grantee organization to conduct the project. b. Provide a brief description of the project director, staff, and other key personnel for the project. c. If applicable, describe other project resources and the role they will play in the project. (Examples include consultants and subcontractors.) Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Also try to put it in proper paragraph form

The organization is sufficiently qualified to conduct this project from its vast experience in social and community projects. Having participated in past community projects on improving the health outcomes of the Asian communities shows the organization’s readiness to engage in the project successfully. The organization has been involved in projects supporting the minority communities, such as gender-based violence awareness for the African American communities. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: What organization? Needs to be clearly stated Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Also if we have a specific grantee organization, are there specific names of the people?

A project director is a resourceful person who possesses great leadership skills and experience in handling community projects. He has great communication skills that initiate the successful participation of other project staff. He is goal-oriented and a purposeful thinker who can do anything to meet the project’s objectives. His various academic achievements in project planning and development have been critical in his good leadership. The other staff members are hardworking people who some of them have been victims of mental health issues. They possess the appropriate knowledge required by the members of the target communities. The organization staff is also people from different cultural and ethnic groups, and this form of diversity is critical in meeting the cultural objectives of the targeted communities.

Project Impact/Desired Outcome

Community members to be ready to engage and utilize the various services provided by the traveling fair. Changed cultural perspectives among community members who possess stigma tendencies for people seeking mental health issues, thus improving their health outcomes. Through the various focused community discussions raising awareness and education on mental health, the health-seeking behaviors of these members would change to utilize the cognitive and behavioral services. Since most of these communities are more oriented to think from a cultural perspective, the project would provide a basis of care that supplements their artistic tendencies and at the same time appreciate their various cultural diversity. This would be achieved through education, training, and collaborative efforts with other health stakeholders to change their thinking regarding mental health-seeking behaviors. From the discussed objectives and interventions, it would be desirable for these communities to appreciate mental health problems just like the physical health issues and change their health-seeking patterns to improve their outcome. Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Doesn’t really flow like a complete paragraph, it reads like bullet points just put together. Instead of starting with Community members to be ready…. start with The desired outcome of the traveling mental health fair…..

Evaluation/Measurement Comment by Destiny Bernstine: Use sentence starters from the prompt and put it in paragraph form instead of a list like this

An increase in the number of clients served in the health behavior centers would positively transform the members towards their health-seeking behaviors. The community behavioral health providers would be responsible for tracking and presenting the results.

The measure of the number of clients participating in the mobilization projects in the community resource center. The project staff member responsible for community integration would track and collect the results.

Measuring the volume, readiness, promptness, and ease of inter-agency referrals will guide the overall response of the multi-sectoral collaborations. The project director would collect and track results on this front.

Clients’ satisfaction in substance abuse services and the treatment outcome measures tailored to drug and alcohol use.

Rates of hospitalization of members with severe mental health issues after and before the project completion. The various project staff members would collect and track results depending on the assigned target groups.

References

Arday, J. (2018). Understanding mental health: what are the issues for black and ethnic minority students at university? Social Sciences, 7(10), 196.

Chow, J. C. C., Jaffee, K., & Snowden, L. (2003). Racial/ethnic disparities in the use of mental health services in poverty areas. American journal of public health, 93(5), 792-797.

Fernando, S. (2010). Mental health, race, and culture. Macmillan International Higher Education.

Narasimhan, M., Druss, B. G., Hockenberry, J. M., Royer, J., Weiss, P., Glick, G., & Magill, J. (2015). Impact of a telepsychiatry program at emergency departments statewide on the quality, utilization, and costs of mental health services. Psychiatric Services, 66(11), 1167-1172.

Wamwayi, M. O., Cope, V., & Murray, M. (2019). Service gaps related to culturally appropriate mental health care for African immigrants. International journal of mental health nursing, 28(5), 1113-1121.

World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, World Health Organization. Department of Mental Health, Substance Abuse. Mental Health, World Health Organization. Mental Health Evidence, & Research Team. (2005). Mental health atlas 2005. World Health Organization.

Perform a journal article search on “developing products and services”

Perform a journal article search on “developing products and services”

With reference to the dimension of product design, which elements are of the greatest consideration:

Does the product meet customer needs?

Which product dimensions are of the greatest and least importance?

Do you feel that suppliers should be included in the development process?            

Submit a 500 word individual discussion post along with a minimum of three cited sources (two must be peer reviewed journals)

Why are ERP systems are important?

Please view the following video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PVRgIXLWDHs

Please ensure to include the following in your discussion to receive full credit:

What is EPR?

Why are ERP systems are important?

Is ERP best for all business types?

Given an example of a successful ERP implementation.

Ensure to provide a descriptive summary and thought provoking discussion.

Submit a 500 word individual discussion post along with a minimum of three cited sources (two must be peer reviewed journals)

Describe your academic, research, and professional experiences including any military service

Describe your academic, research, and professional experiences including any military service. Include dates, indicate full or part-time, and emphasize connections to STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math). (400 words or less)

Honors: Describe awards, scholarships, fellowships, assistantships, and any other honors that you have received (include dates). (400 words or less)

NASA Research: In layman’s terms, what area of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math) research and/or education are you pursuing, why is it important, and why is it relevant to NASA? (400 words or less)

Outreach: How will you contribute to the outreach mission of the Consortium to promote STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math)? (400 words or less)

Career Goals: What are your short- and long-term academic and/or career objectives (5 and 20 years)? (400 words or less)

Select a product of which you will export to a foreign country

You will be creating an export business plan. Work must be original to this class, otherwise a grade of zero will be given. If no paper is submitted, a course grade of zero points will be given. Papers that do not contain detailed research will be severely penalized. No Wikipedia references are allowed. 

  1. Select a product of which you will export to a foreign country. 
  2. After your product is chosen, decide on a foreign country to which you will export. 
  3. Develop an Export Business Plan.

Formatting Requirements

  • Your paper must be in APA format to include:
    • The use of headings and subheadings
    • Times New Roman 12-point font
    • 1 inch margins
    • Paragraphs with a minimum of at least 5 sentences
    • The first line of each paragraph should be indented 1/2 inch
  • Anything less than the content length stated above is not sufficient coverage of content and will result in a substantial reduction in grade.
    • At least one to two reference (or works cited) pages.
    • References must be no older than 5 years.

Explain care for the client with lower respiratory disorders: Pulmonary Edema

Competency

Explain care for the client with lower respiratory disorders.

Instructions

Read the scenarios below and answer the questions. If you use sources, site them using APA format.

Case # 1

An elderly woman comes into the ER with severe dehydration after spending the day at the beach. The client is weak and feels like she is going to faint. An IV is started, and the RN hangs 0.9% Normal Saline. There are no IV pumps available. The client begins to feel better after 500 mL’s are infused, and the rest of the IV bag is infused. The client begins to have difficulty breathing. Auscultation of the lungs reveals crackles to ½ of the lower lung fields. The provider diagnoses pulmonary edema, and the client is treated with Lasix. She is stabilized but needs to be admitted to the ICU.

Question # 1: What nursing action could have prevented the client from having pulmonary edema? (5-10 sentences)

Question # 2: What makes this client at risk for pulmonary edema? (5-10 sentences)

Case # 2 

A 22-year-old special-needs client comes to the ER with fever and difficulty breathing. The client weighs 66 LBS. The client is admitted with pneumonia and IV fluids, antibiotics, and respiratory treatments are started. The client is dehydrated, so she receives several bags of IV fluids over three days. On the third day, the client has worsening shortness of breath, and an X-ray is ordered which shows pulmonary edema. An echocardiogram is ordered. It shows normal cardiac function. The client is given Lasix, and the shortness of breath resolves.

Question # 3: How did the client’s size (body weight) put her at risk for pulmonary edema? (5-10 sentences)

Question # 4: How could pulmonary edema have been prevented in this client? (5-10 sentences)

Case # 3

A 32-year-old male with a history of cardiomyopathy is admitted to the medical-surgical floor with a diagnosis of flu. The client has a high fever and receives multiple bags of 0.9%NS. One day into the admission the client develops severe shortness of breath. An X-ray shows pulmonary edema.

Question # 5: What puts this client at risk for pulmonary edema? (5-10 sentences)

Format

  • Standard American English (correct grammar, punctuation, etc.)
  • Logical, original, and insightful
  • Professional organization, style, and mechanics in APA format
  • Submit document through Grammarly to correct errors before submission.

The Different Types of Business Plans

Part One :

· Evaluate the different types of business plans you learned about in the article The Different Types of Business Plans and identify the business plan that best fits your business.

· Create an outline of a business plan for your approved topic. You may use headings and bullet points to do this.

Approved Topic :

My business idea is based on the beauty industry and its market. The main business will be reselling new and lightly used cosmetics. This business is intended to be very successful in the market due to the increase in demand for beauty products among residents in the town. More so, most of the residents who live in town are women who work in most of the town’s offices. Furthermore, students who study in colleges and universities within town require cosmetics to maintain their cleanliness in schools. This paper aims at discussing the business idea as a step towards starting a small business that will later grow to a big business in town.

Part two :

Write a 1–2 page paper in which you:

· Describe your primary target market in terms of demographics, income or revenue, household or business size, region, employment, and any other features of your target market relevant to your product or service. Discuss three reasons for your selection.

· Describe your secondary target market in terms of demographics, income or revenue, household or business size, region, employment, and any other features of your target market relevant to your product or service. Discuss three reasons for your selection.

· Explain the ways these markets are underserved and the ways your business would be positioned or qualified to address the opportunities in this market.

Quantity Total Fixed Cost Total Variable Cost

Task brief

Description:

· Individual task. Each problem 25 % of the total grade.

1. Calculate different costs of production by a firm which makes tires for cars:

Quantity Total Fixed Cost Total Variable Cost

0 200 € 0

1 200 55

2 200 75

3 200 95

4 200 145

5 200 205

6 200 365

a. Calculate the following: marginal cost, average total cost average variable cost, average fixed cost, at every level of production.

b. Make a graph all three curves. What is the relationship between the marginal-cost curve and the average-total-cost curve? And between the marginal-cost curve and the average-variable cost curve? Explain in detail.

2. Consider a demand schedule for sandwiches is as follows:

Quantity Demanded Quantity Demanded

Price (income 24,000 €) (income 28,000 €)

8 32 42

10 24 37

12 16 22

14 8 12

16 5 10

a. Calculate price elasticity of demand as the price increases from 8 € to 10 € if your income is 24,000 and your income is $28,000.

b. Calculate income elasticity of demand as income increases from 24,000 € to 28,000 € when the price is 12€ and the price is 16 €.

3. A and B are two food companies. They make cheese and ham. A takes 6 hours to make 1 kg of cheese and 2 hours to make 1 kg of ham. B takes 6 hours to make 1 kg of cheese and 4 hours to make 1 kg of ham.

a. Calculate the opportunity cost of making ham and cheese. Who has the absolute advantage in making ham? Who has the comparative advantage in making cheese?

b. If both trade food with each other, who will trade away cheese in exchange for ham?

c. The price of ham can be expressed in terms of cheese. What is the highest price at which cakes can be traded that would make both companies better off? What is the lowest price? Explain.

4. Classify the following markets (monopoly, oligopoly, monopolistic competition, and perfect competition) for these products? Explain in detail each type of market for every product.

a. telecomunications

b. copper

c. lipstick

d. movie streaming movies

Formalities:

· Cover, Table of Contents, References and Appendix are excluded of the total word count.

· Font: Arial 12 pts.

· Text alignment: Justified.

· Students are only allowed to use the slides / book and exercises provided for the course.

It assesses the following learning outcomes:

· Outcome 1: Demonstrate an understanding of microeconomic theory and exercises

· Outcome 2: Evaluate real life situations using required theoretical tools and knowledge

Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues 

Part One :

When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view?

This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking by playing the “Believing Game.” The Believing Game is about making the effort to “believe,” or at least consider, the reasons for an opposing view on an issue.

Instructions

. Select one of the topics from  Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues,  state your position on the issue, and identify three premises (reasons) listed under either the Pro or Con section—whichever section opposes your position.

. For the three premises (reasons) that oppose your position on the issue, answer these “believing” questions suggested by Elbow:

. What’s interesting or helpful in this view?

. What would I notice if I believed this view?

. In what sense or under what conditions might this idea be true?

· Read the excerpt about critical thinking processes:  The Believing Game and How to Make Conflicting Opinions More Fruitful [PDF] .

· Engage in prewriting to examine your thoughts.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:

· Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.

· Address the main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.

· Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.

· This prewriting assignment has no page requirement.

· There is no requirement at this time to include references in the assignment.

Part Two :

When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do you try to resist biases toward your own point of view?

This assignment asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking.

Instructions

Write a 3–4 page paper in which you:

1. State your position on the topic you selected Part 1.

2. Identify three premises (reasons) from  Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues  that support your position, and explain why you selected these specific reasons.

3. Explain your answers to the “believing” questions about the three premises opposing your position from  Pros & Cons of Controversial Issues.

4. Examine at least two types of biases that you likely experienced as you evaluated the premises for and against your position.

5. Discuss the effects of your own enculturation or group identification that may have influenced your biases.

6. Discuss whether your thinking about the topic has changed after playing the “Believing Game,” even if your position on the issue has stayed the same.

The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing:

· Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.

· Address the main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.

· Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling.

· Use four sources to support your writing. Choose sources that are credible, relevant, and appropriate. Cite each source listed on your source page at least one time within your assignment.