“Land, Growth, and Justice: The Removal of the Cherokees”
Analytical Paper Assignment
The forced removal of the Cherokees was the result of the persistent issue of land and the
increasing expansion of the United States. “As white populations mushroomed and settlements
moved ever westward, the question of how to deal with Native Americans came up again and
again, especially when Native American peoples refused to sell or give their lands to whites by
treaty” (177). By 1828, the Cherokee faced several challenges in being able to remain on their
traditional homeland. First, the discovery of gold brought many white settlers onto Cherokee
lands. Second, President Andrew Jackson was a strong proponent of Native American removal.
Third, Georgia passed new legislation that extended its jurisdiction over all Cherokee territory
within Georgia’s borders.
As the pressure to remove the Cherokees mounted, both the white community and the Native
American community were divided over how to proceed forward. Some whites supported
removal, while others opposed it. At the same time, the Cherokees could not agree on a unified
response to the increasing white pressure.
Land, Growth, and Justice: The Removal of the Cherokees
After reading the Problem (pages 176-178), the Background (pages 179-185, and the
Evidence (pages 187-207), write a 1,250-1,500 word essay that persuasively argues whether
the Cherokee should have been removed OR whether the Cherokee should have been
permitted to remain in their homeland and Why. Your paper must be 1,250-1,500 words,
12 point font, Times New Roman, 1” margins, and double-spaced. You do not need a cover
page. Your first page should state your name, the date, and the title of the assignment in
the left hand corner.
The use of any outside sources (sources not in “Land, Growth, Justice: The Removal of the
Cherokee”) will result in an F. Only use “Land, Growth, Justice: The Removal of the
Cherokee” to complete this assignment.
You must cite your quotes. Your citation must include the name the source and the page
**Citation example: “We have raised all of you on the land which we now have, which God
gave us to inhabit and raise provisions (“Petition of Cherokee Women, May 2, 1817,” 197).
Introduction: Your introduction should use to Problem and Background sections to describe
the Cherokee situation in two to three sentences (what was the situation? what was the
conflict?). Following the description of the Cherokee situation, you should have a clear thesis
that states your position. You must state if you believe the Cherokee should have been removed
from their homelands OR should have been permitted to stay in their homelands. Your thesis
must provide three arguments that you will defend in the body of your paper.
Thesis Example: The Cherokee should have been permitted to stay because their traditional
homelands were considered sacred, they had demonstrated that they could co-exist with the
white population, and they had established treaties with the United States that had guaranteed
their right to continue living in their homelands.
Thesis Example: The Cherokee should have not been permitted to stay because they would not
have been able to survive in an environment surrounded by white settlers seeking land and gold,
they would be able to thrive if they moved to a new territory, and new legislation threatened the
treaties that the Cherokee had established with the United States.
Body of the Paper: The body of your paper must have three paragraphs. Each paragraph will
have a topic sentence stating the argument of that paragraph.
Topic sentence example: The Cherokee believed that their traditional homelands were sacred.
Topic sentence example: The Cherokee would not have been able to survive in their homelands
because white settlers were eager to gain more land and gold.
After the topic sentence, you will support the argument in the paragraph by providing and
analyzing at least three quotes from the Evidence section (pages 187-207). In other words,
each body paragraph will have at least three analyzed quotes. YOUR QUOTES SHOULD
BE SHORT. YOUR FOCUS IS TO ANALYZE THE THREE QUOTES TO SUPPORT
YOUR ARGUMENT IN EACH BODY PARAGRAPH.
**You must critically analyze quotes from at least four different documents from the
Evidence section throughout the body of your paper. Additionally, two of the minimum
four sources must be white sources (pages 187-197) and two of the minimum four sources
must be Cherokee sources (pages 197-207).
**You CANNOT use the Problem or Background sections in the body of your paper.
Conclusion: Your conclusion must summarize your position and three arguments. You must end
your conclusion by writing a sentence or two that provides the historical significance (why does
this matter? what is the larger meaning?).