Genetics and Genomics

 

Develop a patient education fact sheet for a genetic-based health care issue. Advances in genetics and genomics in healthcare are influencing nursing practice and becoming a routine part of taking care of patients and their families. When a nurse notices a genetic predisposition to a genetic-based health issue, he or she can take the opportunity to begin educating the patient as well as being more aware of possible signs and symptoms of onset. Disease prevention can easily be considered the best path toward a cure, but there are some diseases to which many people are hereditarily more susceptible.

Understanding those predispositions requires an understanding of genetics and genomics in healthcare, including screening, diagnosis, treatment, pharmacogenomics, and the ethical considerations of advocating for patients and families who carry genetic predispositions to an illness. How can you, as a nurse, provide the best care possible for your patients and their families? Throughout this competency, you will explore strategies to educate patients with genetic health problems and explore how genetics and genomics influence nursing practice. In the nursing profession, we must stay abreast of advances and changes in genomic healthcare and remain current. For this Performance Task Assessment, you will create a patient education fact sheet for a genetic-based health issue that can be used to provide patient education in nursing practice.

Submission Length: Two-part Assessment: 1- to 2-page patient-education fact sheet and a 1-page written response to prompts Competency Statement: Analyze the nurse’s role in the delivery of genetic- and genomic-related healthcare. Type of Assessment: Performance Task To complete this Assessment: Review the scenario. Complete a fact sheet for a genetic-based health issue. Complete your responses to the two questions related to the genetic-based health issue. Scenario: You are a nurse who treats patients that have many different genetic health issues. At your last staff meeting, your nursing supervisor asked each nurse to develop an educational fact sheet for a genetic-based health issue that you encounter in your day-to-day practice, as well as to respond to some questions related to the genetic-based health issue.

You will select a genetic-based health issue, create a fact sheet for the genetic-based health issue you selected, and provide a written response related to the genetic-based health issue you selected. Part 1: Fact Sheet Create a 1- to 2-page patient education fact sheet for a genetic-based health issue that addresses the following: Provide a brief history of the genetic-based health issue you selected, including a description of the genetic-based health issue. Analyze statistical information on the genetic-based health issue you selected. Be sure to support the statistical information on the genetic-based health issue you selected with evidence from at least three additional scholarly resources. Summarize the characteristic signs and symptoms associated with the genetic-based health issue you selected. Explain how patients are screened, diagnosed, and treated for the genetic-based health issue you selected. Describe patient screening and diagnoses related to the genetic-based health issue.

Explain any medications that may be used to treat the genetic-based health issue. Explain whether pharmacogenomics are being used to treat the genetic-based health issue, or whether research in pharmacogenomics is being conducted for this genetic-based health issue by providing two examples. When developing your patient education fact sheet, keep in mind that the fact sheet should be visually appealing and appropriate for your patient audience. The patient education fact sheet should be formatted for easy reading, including the use of bullet points and short sentences. Be sure to include at least three scholarly resources in the creation of your patient education fact sheet in addition to the resources for this competency.

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