Impact of the Great Depression on Families and Children
The Great Depression impacted families in an emotional way. The Great Depression was the worst and longest reduction in the economy in the years 1929 until 1941. During this time most people experienced unemployment and money loss. The “Dust Bowl” also accorded during this time which brought farmers in to the depression. During the Great Depression women started having more children than the years before and after. Then the children had terrible role models, they started dropping out of school to work, and families started to change the way they lived, but it also drew families closer together.
Women had a higher average of children in the 1930s than women in the 1910s and 1960s. “Women born in 1935 had an average of three children per woman, compared with an average of 2.4 for those born in 1910 and those born in 1960,” (Consumer Health News). The reason that might be the why in 1960s woman had fewer children was because reliable birth control had developed and work and educational opportunities occurred. “Women born in 1910 were most likely to be childless by age 50(19.7 percent), compared with 15.6 percent of woman in 1960 and 11.4 percent in 1935,” (Consumer Health News). The Great Depression created a difference in the amount of babes being produced before, within, and after the effect of the Great Depression.
The Great Depression showed today’s world that good role models are needed to show children what’s wrong and what’s right. The Great Depression is the explanation why children today are suffering from greed and corruption of modern-day society. Reason one is that children had lacked of love and affection from mostly their fathers but sometimes their mother too. Second, the economic decline made parents stressed and have anxiety which led unleash negativity on the children. Thirdly, unfair laws were created by corruption and greed of political leaders. Lastly, the children had turned to God and prayers as the only way to comfort and overcome their problems. Children need good role models so they don’t turn out like parents were in the Depression.
Children in the Depression started to quit school to work in factories to earn money for the family. Children ages 7 to 17 started to drop out of school which equaled to about 3 million children all together. The Children couldn’t support themselves alone. Some children dropped out of school because they were embarrassed they couldn’t afford a different outfit every day. Now they created laws that children are unable to work under the age of 16, so that led to children staying in school.
The daily lives of families were changing. Parents started to delay marriage because they couldn’t afford a wedding. The divorced rate dropped because it was too expensive to spend money on legal fees. Families even children started to have stress. Instead of woman relying on her husband, the husband had to rely on the wives and children. “By 1940, there were 1.5 million married women living apart from their husbands. More than 200,000 vagrant children wandered the country as a result of the break-up of their families,” (The Human Toll).
The Depression sometimes ruined families, but it also brought them closer. “Families had to devise strategies for getting through hard times because their survival depended on it,” (The Human Toll). Their survival depended on their religion and they went to federal government for help. The started living with their relatives so they saved money and bought old bread that was cheap. So the Depression showed that families need each other. The Depression had a powerful impact on American families and their children. Then the children had to work because of the Depression. Which cannot happen today which is because of The Great Depression. Women now and day don’t have as many children as they did back during the Depression. They showed today’s world that children need good role models or else they will leave and become bad. The Great Depression impacted both children and their families in today’s world to be better.