Mesopotamia continuities and changes

Great evolution took place with our ancestors in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia as time continued, evolved in numerous ways. This led to Mesopotamia becoming more advanced as time progressed. While time went on during 10,000 to 1,000 B. C. E changes occurred, including: hunting and gathering, agriculture and the domestication of animals, and villages evolved to cities, and later onto city-states. Although there were many changes continuities were no exception. Some continuities included transportation and metallurgy. As previously stated, changes in “The land between the rivers” were very vast.

The action of hunting and gathering evolved by a considerable amount. It was changed from hunting and gathering in the Ice age times, to later evolve to agriculture ( an example of agriculture would be wheat and barley) , and later to the domestication of animals. Animals such as cats and dogs. In addition to hunting and gathering, the villages where the peoples of Mesopotamia lived as time went on evolved. They grew to be cities and later on to be city- states. Villages emerged and appeared around 8000 B. C. E . An example of an early village would be Catal Huyuk. Catal Huyuk was one of the best known neolithic settlements.

Even in the early days, cities differed from Neolithic villages and towns in two principal ways, cities were larger and more complex than Neolithic villages and towns. After villages were around for awhile cities then appeared around 4000-3500 B. C. E. A well known city would be the city of Ur. This city was located in Mesopotamia. Later after cities were around, city-states appeared. One of the most recognized and acknowledged city-states was that one of Babylonia. Changes in Mesopotamia were many, but we cannot and must not leave out continuities from the picture.

Transportation in Mesopotamia evolved abundantly during 10,000 to 1,000 B. C. E. We can see that c. a 3500 B. C. E the use of the wheel begins at Ur in Mesopotamia (Part of modern day Iraq). The genius invention of the wheel then leads to more proficient and effective methods of transportation such as the chariot. The chariot was an invention and addition to the wheel. After the chariot was invented we then can see the appearance of boats. Boats were a big leap in technology and advancements of transportation. Metallurgy was also a continuity that was realized and had great impact in Mesopotamia.

This happened because with the formation of complex, city-based societies, peoples of the Nile Valley were able to draw on a rapidly expanding stock of human skills. Thus, allowing them to commence woodworking, stonecutting, and pottery. Peoples of Mesopotamia started off with the production of copper, after advancements were made c. a 3000 B. C. E the production of bronze grew substantially. Later the production of iron was realized making metallurgy a tremendous step for Mesopotamia. This also meant the peoples of Mesopotamia were able to create new weapons for use in battle.

As stated before Great evolution took place with our ancestors in Mesopotamia. Mesopotamia as time continued, evolved in numerous ways. This led to Mesopotamia becoming more advanced as time progressed. While time went on during 10,000 to 1,000 B. C. E changes occurred, including: hunting and gathering, agriculture and the domestication of animals, and villages evolved to cities, and later onto city-states. Although there were many changes continuities were no exception. Some continuities included transportation and metallurgy. Truly Mesopotamia evolved and changed as time progressed and to me that is what made them so great.

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