Unit 10 p1

Caring for children and young people in health and social care Introduction:
In this task I will be discussing and explaining the term of a “looked after child” and who will be responsible for them. I will be talking about the reasons for which a young person may be looked after” and I will be providing some of the family reasons and reason from the child. P1:

The term “looked after children and young people” means those who are usually looked after by the state or local authority, but also need to abide by the legislation which differs between the UK. This can include those children who are being subject to a care order, or are temporarily classed as “looked after” on an arranged basis or a respite care.

The people who are responsible for these children while they are being “looked after” are the social services, as they will be keeping a close eye on the foster parents, and how they are meeting the child’s needs. Another person who will be involved would be the foster parents themselves, as they would be the ones who were providing the care, and meeting the child’s needs.

There are many reason why a child can be “looked after” and could fall under two headings, these are Child Related Reasons; such as learning difficulties, which the parent is not/ no longer able to cope with, or the child has committed a criminal offence, or the child has a physical disability, and the parent are not able to accommodate this into their lives (for example, wheelchair accessible housing). Or Family Related Reasons, these can include maltreatment (such as abuse and neglect) death and upheaval (this can include being a single parent, or the child becomes orphaned.

Family related reasons:
Bereavement and upheaval- defined as mourning: state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one. This is because looked after children are extremely vulnerable, as they are already faces with a lot of disruption. Some of these things can include, abuse, rejection, a death within the family. As a result of these factors some of these children begin to lack in their education, and fall behind their peer members.

Parental Illness or incapacity- this can be defined as when a parent or carer becomes ill to the point of no longer being able to meet the child’s needs. In this case, the child is usually able to return to the family home when the situation is improved. Within the time of being “looked after” they may be looked after by foster parents, in children’s homes or in residential schools. The length of time they remain in this care depends on the extent of the circumstances. Some of the reasons for the breakdown of this situation can include mental illness and substance abuse.

A child who is the victim of abuse may be taken away for their own safety and well-being. Suspected or actual maltreatment- This can be defined as abuse, some examples of abuse are physical, emotional, sexual, financial, neglect and discrimination. In the case of children, they will be removed from the situation to a place of safety, which may be with another family.

This may be the case if there is any sign of maltreatment towards the child as well. If the social services get a tip off that a child is a victim, or can be at risk of abuse, they will be taken away for their safety, this is while the allegations are being investigated. The child may be returned to the family if there is no deemed risk, or if there is too much risk there will be more permanent solutions. Child or young person related reasons:

Learning Difficulties- A learning disability affects the way a person understands information and how they communicate.

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