2.1 Describe with examples the kinds of influences that affect children and young people’s development including: background, health and environment.
Children will be part of different ethnic backgrounds, cultures, environments and circumstances; with their families going through different changes school may not be aware of it. Deprivation and poverty can effect pupil’s development, statistics show that children who come from deprived backgrounds are less likely to achieve well in school as parents find it difficult to manage their needs. Some children may come from a home schooling environment so when they start a new school it will be difficult for them to adapt to different teaching methods so they will need additional support.
Development opportunities can be restricted if a child suffers from poor health or disability. For example, a child who has a disability may be less able to engage in some activates during school. This can affect their physical development but may also restrict their social communication, for example, on the playground. When a child is aware of their needs it can affect them emotionally. It’s important that children are supported to ensure they are included in as much as possible.
The different environment and circumstances that pupils are exposed to at school and during their childhood and teens can affect their development. Many families may go through changes, which will have an impact on the way children respond in different situations. Families may break-up, get divorced or a new partner may be introduced which may effect children emotionally. Families may move house or change country, which can affect individuals socially, there could be a bereavement or illness in the family, which can be traumatic and upsetting for the whole family. If a child is looked after or in care it can effect their development emotionally, socially and physically. Changes in a pupil’s behavior may be noticed and their ability to learn will be affected.