Dimensions Of Nursing Practice

Nursing theories come in many different models. To compare and contrast the two, we first need to define a theory. A theory is a speculative statement involving some element of reality that has not been proven(Catalano, 2020, pg 36). In simpler terms, it is an unproven guess that one believes can be made a fact. A model has the same idea. A model is a smaller version of a concept that should have the same concept and operation in a life-size version.

When it comes to nursing models or theories, they all have some form of similarities. The client or patient is the central focal point of each model. The complex relationship with the client has evolved to become more than healing or curing. Factors such as environment, mind, body, and family have a role in nursing for a client. Nursing models like to refer to people as clients because, in nursing models, being healthy doesn’t necessarily mean you are sick. Health has gone through many changes over the years, and it is why each model has different beliefs that make them different.

The two I would like to compare are Roy Adaptation Model and King’s Model of Goal Attainment. The clients in both models are products of their respective environments. Roy’s Model refers to inputs and outputs, with inputs being surroundings, family, and society. Outputs are the behavior the client demonstrates due to the inputs (stimuli). King’s Model, the client evolves threw time because of physical, emotional, and intellectual needs but also depends on others to help with these feelings. Health and illness are very different in each model. Roy’s model, health is in the eye of the beholder. Being able to adapt to your stimuli determines your health. King’s model, health is achieved when you reach your highest level of function. Environments have the same concept as they are affected by any and everything in and around them. Nursing differs as Roy’s is more close-ended nursing while King’s is more one on one with the client, open-ended.

The model I can relate to the most is King’s Model. Taking personal, interactional, and social into the evaluation of the client is important. All these things form a person, along with interactions with other people. The five key elements of nursing align with my beliefs about nurse-to-client care. This model can affect my way of nursing by providing a foundation to build my one-on-one interactions with clients.

Catalano, J. T. (2020). Nursing Now (8th Edition). F. A. Davis Company https://ambassadored.vitalsource.com/books/9781719641258

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