Mini-Literature On Cardiovascular Diseases

Mini-literature on Cardiovascular Disease

The topic that I decided on for my Capstone project is Cardiovascular disease in the minority population. My rationale for selecting this particular subject matter is that it is not discussed in my African American community

American Hospital Association (AHA), in an article published on Jan 18th, 2022, stated that Disparities in cardiovascular disease (CVD)—the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally—are one of the starkest reminders of social injustices and racial inequities, which continue to plague our society. People of color—including Black, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian, and others—experience varying degrees of social disadvantage that puts these groups at increased risk of CVD and poor disease outcomes, including mortality. 

The American Heart Association (AHA) reports that approximately 82.6 million people in the United States currently have one or more forms of cardiovascular disease (CVD), making it a leading cause of death for both men and women (Roger et al., 2010Links to an external site.). Common types of cardiovascular disease include coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, hypertension, and congestive heart failure (CHF).

NIH-National Library of Medicine, in a study, concluded that African Americans and Hispanics constituted the largest minority group that CVD severely plagues.

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Heart disease is the leading cause of death for men, women, and people of most racial and ethnic groups in the United States.

Certain behaviors, particularly lifestyle, do contribute to the rising number of Black people being diagnosed with CVD at an alarming rate.  Cigarette smoking is known to cause hypertension.  Poor diet is a contributing factor to CVD.  Minorities are known for eating fried food. Culturally, blacks and Hispanic consume a great deal of carbohydrates. These are known factors that are associated with CVD. The demographic largely affected by CVD is adults in their 50s.

Cultural biases for CVD or healthcare, in general, are Religious beliefs, language barriers, delays in treatment, and lack of empathy.

The critical issues in acute and long-term care from a patient and provider perspectives are as follows:

Staff shortage: This problem has persisted long with no end insight. When there is a shortage of personnel to work, the clients or patients are not getting the quality care that should be provided. Poor benefits and pay incentives also contribute to issues affecting acute and long-term care.

An inter-professional team can remedy this problem by working together and communicating well with the individual patient’s progress. For instance, physical therapy services and nurses share ideas on how to best care for patients. 


 Zulqarnain, Javed, Muhammad, H. Maqsood. (Jan 18, 2022). American Hospital Association (AHA). Race, Racism, and Cardiovascular Health: Apply a Social Determinants of Health Framework to Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease.

NIH-National Library of Medicine 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

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