Importance of early ambulation in surgery patients

Background Information

Your expertise paper will be created exclusively in Academic Writer. There are several positive reasons to use Academic Writer: 

  • Because the program is web-based, you do not need to worry about losing a paper if your computer crashes.
  • Academic Writer archives your references in one list from all previous assignments. As you develop a personal library over time, you will not need to recreate reference lists from scratch. You can simply add your perfected references to new documents you create.
  • You can store excellent quotes from sources with their reference lists to use in future assignments.
  • You can add notes on your sources into the reference manager so you can differentiate between articles without having to reread them every time.

The only drawback to using Academic Writer is that you need to be connected to the Internet to use it. This will be true of most web-based programs you may use. 


  1. Review the associated grading checklist to make sure you understand the criteria for earning your grade.
  2. Read the bias-free language content related to APA Style in the APA Publication ManualORAcademic Writer:
    1. APA Publication Manual: Reducing Bias by Topics
      1. Sections 5.3 – 5.5
      2. Sections 5.7 – 5.10
    2. Academic Writer:
      1. Age(new tab)
      2. Disability(new tab)
      3. Gender(new tab)
      4. Intersectionality(new tab)
      5. Racial and Ethnic Identity(new tab)
      6. Sexual Orientation(new tab)
      7. Socioeconomic Status(new tab)
  3. Refer to the previous resources from each workshop to create a new document using Academic Writer:
    1. 4.2 Generating a Paper in Academic Writer(Word document)
    2. 2.1 Grammar Basics(new tab)
    3. 2.2 Punctuation Basics(new tab)
    4. 4.3 APA Style Basics for Journal References(new tab)
    5. 5.2 APA Style Basics for Quotations and Paraphrases(new tab)
  4. Review this Sample Nursing Expertise Paper(Word document) and follow the formatting presented here. The content in the right margin provides hints and tips for an excellent scholarly paper.
  5. After creating the title page, navigate to the body of the paper to write a single introductory paragraph. The introduction should
    1. capture the reader’s attention.
    2. inform the reader on the topic of your expertise and briefly explain how you ended up in this area of nursing.
    3. use a separate sentence to introduce each of the three topics to be discussed in your paper in the same order as they will be discussed.
      1. Use direct sentences such as “___ nursing is unique because …”
      2. Do not use phrases such as “I will discuss” or “The paper includes.”
    4. conclude with a summary sentence that transitions the reader from the introduction to the first topic of the paper.
    5. be in Arial size 12 font.
    6. be no more than eight (8) sentences in length.
  6. The body of the paper is about your expertise, what happens in this specialty, and what nurses who work here need to know. The body should fully discuss the following topics:
    1. How is this nursing specialty unique compared to other nursing specialties? For instance, medical-surgical nursing requires knowledge in multiple disease entities versus urology is very specific. What do nurses need to know in your area of expertise? What are the common practices that occur in this setting?  Use of first person is permitted in this section of the paper.
    2. What is the most significant cutting-edge research applications or best practice in this specialty? What are the best or newest things that happen in this specialty? Use of first person should be avoided in this section of the paper.
    3. What is a common ethical consideration encountered in this specialty? Review these Frequently Asked Questions(new tab) related to health care ethics to help you correlate ethical considerations to your work setting. Use of first person should be avoided in this section of the paper.
  7. Incorporate Level 1 headers in the body of your paper:
    1. Word the headers of your paper to incorporate your area of expertise and topic.
    2. Do not copy and paste the headers below word-by-word. Customize them to your specialty.
  8. The required topics for this paper include
    1. Uniqueness of area of expertise (Example: The Unique Role of the Urology Nurse)
    2. Best practices and/or cutting-edge research (Example: Neobladder Reconstruction for Bladder Cancer Patients)
    3. Ethical considerations (Example: Ethical Dilemmas When Considering Participants for Clinical Trials)
    4. Conclusion (Use the word “Conclusion” for the last section.)
  9. Gather the articles from the literature search assignment to use as evidence to support your viewpoint by incorporating quotations into the body of the paper:
    1. Do not use more than the approved three sources to create your paper. 
    2. Do not use new articles that were not previously approved during the literature search in Workshop Two.
  10. An expertise paper differs from the evaluation of a literature paper:
    1. This expertise paper is about what makes your nursing specialty unique in the world of healthcare.
    2. Do not talk about the articles in the expertise paper.
    3. Do not include article names and publishing information (journal title and volume numbers, etc.) in your expertise paper.
    4. Review your three articles. Each article must be cited once in your paper. Two articles will be used for quoted content. The third article will be used for paraphrased content. Do not include more than the following two quotes in your paper:
      1. One parenthetical short quote in the body of the paper using the following formatting: “Quoted content” (Author, year, p. #).
      2. One narrative block quote in the body of the paper using the following formatting: According to Author (year), “Quote” (p. #).
      3. There should not be quotations in the introduction,  conclusion, or at the beginning or end of any paragraphs in the body of the paper.
    5. The third article must be cited in the paper for a paraphrase:
    6. You may select the formatting style of the paraphrase using (Author, year) at the end or using the author in the sentence followed by the (year).
    7. Page numbers are not required for paraphrases unless the content contains numbers or statistics.
    8. Content not considered common knowledge must be cited.
  11. All three sections of the paper must be supported by at least one source. You may select where your short quote, block quote, and paraphrase are located, but each section must cite at least one source.
  12. Cited content after the required short quote, long quote, and first paraphrase must be paraphrased.
    1. There should be no more than three paraphrases total in your paper.
    2. Each paragraph of your paper should contain original thoughts that belong to you.
  13. The total length of the paper should be a minimum of three pages and no more than four pages in length. The title page and the reference page are not part of the page count.
  14. If necessary, revisit the Academic Writer (APA 7): In-Text Citations(new tab) video at the 3-minute mark to incorporate your quoted content in your paper so Academic Writer does the formatting for you. Trying to manually format quoted content in Academic Writer means you are “fighting” with the software.
  15. Finish the rough draft of your paper by writing the conclusion:
    1. Add a Level 1 header before your final paragraph using the word “Conclusion.”
    2. Sum up the main ideas covered in the paper.
    3. Relate why these topics are important.
    4. Include how these elements contribute to your expertise.
    5. Do not introduce new topics in your conclusion.
  16. Utilize Grammarly or as necessary to support your writing development.
  17. Proofread your paper with the techniques outlined previously in class.
  18. Export your completed paper template from Academic Writer into Microsoft Word:
    1. Save the paper to your computer as Last name, First name 5.4 Rough Draft.
    2. Insert a hard page break after the end of the paper.
    3. Copy and paste the 5.4 Grading Checklist(Word document) to the paper after the page break.
    4. Save the paper again.
  19. Submit a copy of your rough draft to Assignments: 5.4 Rough Draft by the end of the workshop.

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