What Legacy Did Alexander the Great Leave Behind Essay

What Legacy Did Alexander the Great Leave Behind Essay.

Alexander the Great’s actions and decisions have significantly impacted upon the world during his time, ultimately leaving behind a legacy that can be affiliated with the westernization of the globe. He helped bring the western civilization, which included the scientific and liberal thinking of the Greeks to much of the rest of the world. He introduced a study of science for science’s sake to the nations and he is also considered as one of the most successful military commanders in history, for by the time of his death he had conquered most of the world known as Ancient Greece.

However, his greatest achievement – which is to this day debated by scholars all over the globe – is his role in cultural diffusion. Contemporary scholars have viewed Alexander as a philosophical idealist, striving to create unity of man-kind by his so-called fusion of the races policy. He uplifted the status of ordinary human beings, or as Plato and Aristotle called them – barbarians, to the members of a polis –citizens as opposed to as just subjects.

Alexander introduced tolerance to the Greeks and Macedonians.

Through his liberal thinking he demonstrated that a Persian or any other race could be the equal of a Greek or Macedonian and participate equally in a mature government. It is clear that before such a revolution of thought, most Greeks and Macedonians followed the thoughts of Aristotle, who as previously mentioned, believe that Barbarians (who were particularly easterners and Persians) were menial, vile, treacherous and degenerate human beings fit to be only slaves of the Greeks.

When Alexander passed away there was, by a combination of integration, his own authority and stats, the intermarriage with Asians and the appointment of Asians of offices. Thus it can be said that Alexander revolutionized the thinking of the Hellenistic world, which in conjunction with his vast conquests, expansions and education of his empire, not to mention being responsible for the physical and cultural formation of the Hellenistic kingdom, Alexander did indeed leave behind a significant legacy, which is to this day commended and acknowledged around the globe.

Many scholars generalize that Alexander had a vision for the world, a vision of equality and cooperation. He believed in giving mankind the benefits of an advanced and enlightened civilization. He taught this world to look upon itself, encouraged humanity to cooperate and started the concept of a one-world government and the unity of human kind.

This is particularly evident in the argument presented by Tarn whom believes that Alexander did “aspire to be the harmonizer and reconciler of the world – that part of the world in which his arms reached…he was the pioneer of one the supreme revolutions in the world’s outlook, the first man known to us who contemplated the brotherhood of man or the unity of mankind” Alexander the Great also left behind a great military legacy, a legacy that every general seeked to emulate.

From the ages of antiquity and to the present, Alexander is described as a military genius. His accomplishments in the art of war were and still are astounding. Alexander was a clever strategist when it came to war – the extension of the boarder between Macedon into India demonstrates this. Hannibal, Caesar, Frederick, and Napoleon studied his military methods thoroughly and all admitted that without the knowledge they gained from Alexander the Great they would have never been able to accomplish what they did.

From one great leader, Napoleon, we hear, “Make offensive war like Alexander … read and re-read the history of their campaigns. Model yourself on them … that is the only way to become a great captain. ” Invariable were his countless successes, whether he fought against disciplined, highly trained troops or guerilla bands of wild hill tribes, on plains or on mountains, deserts, ravines, marshes or rivers, winter snow or burning sun; weather and darkness were not obstacles. Alexander never wasted time. He always arrived before his enemies expected.

His men followed him for more than 21,000 miles because they believed he had their best interests in mind. They always counted on him to lead them to victory after victory and he never failed. On the basis of military conquest, contemporary historians and especially those writing in Roman times who measured success by the number of human bodies left on the battlefield deemed him ‘great’. Professor Wright explains, “In the history of our European civilization four names stand out from all other: Alexander, Julius Caesar, Charles the Great, Napoleon.

All four were so superior to the ordinary level of human capacity that they can hardly be judged by common standards. … Alexander, both in his works and in his character, is entitled to the first place. … He was the fine flower of Greek civilization … the effects of his conquests in widening the horizon of men’s minds can only be compared with the discovery of America. ” Before Alexander the world was a mesh of comparatively isolated and insular empires. After him, empires were no longer isolated and insular, they worked together more than before.

It can be argued that the world encountered a transformation after Alexander’s reign – more people could communicated with and trade with more people, there was a diplomatic intercourse between nations and many came to share a common worldview that enabled ideas about the dignity of man to flourish and ultimately change the face of the world. Conclusively, Alexander the Great left behind a legacy, a legacy that will remain as his actions and forward thinking left a great impact on history and thus left much of the world was transformed.

What Legacy Did Alexander the Great Leave Behind Essay

Describe the conquests of Alexander the great and analyze the legacy of his empire Essay

Describe the conquests of Alexander the great and analyze the legacy of his empire Essay.

In just twelve years, Alexander the Great conquered many territories, and took control of lands from west of the Nile to east of the Indus. Alexander took control over Syria, Palestine, Egypt, most of the Middle East, and many more. Alexander was one of the eight children of Philip II. Philip II prepared Alexander for a political and military future, to make him a leader. He was educated very well by a Greek Philosopher named Aristotle. Aristotle taught Alexander many different things, not just basic; he opened Alexander’s interest to Science, Medicine, and Philosophy.

After his father was killed, Alexander became the new king of Macedonia when he was only twenty years old. As told Alexander was taught from a young age and was given power over the cavalry at the important battle of Chaeronea. He secured the frontlines, and defeated the Greek rebellion, then put his attention to the rest of the world. He began to campaign ( entered Minor Asia) along with 37,000 men on which 5,000 were cavalry and had his first confrontment and victory against the Persian Empire at a battle at the Granicus River that almost caused Alexander’s life.

In the Battle of Issus, the Persian’s troops greatly outnumbered Alexander’s troops. Never the less, the great advantage the Persian’s obtained didn’t really matter because the battlefield was narrow, and ended in Alexander’s success for Macedonia. After that, Alexander headed south, and by the winter of 332 BCE, Alexander had now obtained control of Egypt, Palestine and Syria. He took the honorable title of Pharaoh of Egypt and began to build the first cities that were named in great honor, after him.

He then moved archaic Mesopotamia in 331 BCE. Alexander’s troop contended with the Persian at the Battle of Gaugamela, northwest of Babylon and progressed into the Persian capitals of Susa and Persepolis where he obtained the Persian treasuries and immense amount of gold and silver. In 330 BCE, Darius III was deceived and murdered by one of his own men. Alexander then acquired the title and office of Great King of Persia.

Alexander still not quite satisfied to rest with the loot of the Persian Empire, decided to move east and northeast into Pakistan and by the summer of 327 BCE moved into India which was separated into a number of belligerent states. In 326 BCE, Alexander’s troops triumphed the merciless fought Battle of the Hydaspes River in northwestern India. Alexander requested to continue moving forward but, his army men rejected the idea to continue because they were tired and weary of fighting, mutinied and denied the idea of moving on.

Alexander then headed back and guided his troops across the parched lands of Southern Persia. Alexander’s troops suffered, and heavy casualties were occurred due to the lack of water and too much heat before they reached Babylon. In spite of the great casualties that his troop suffered, this didn’t stop Alexander from gimmicking more campaigns. Anyhow in 323 BCE, weakened from fever, wound and perhaps excessive alcohol consumption Alexander died at the age of thirty-two. Regardless of Alexander’s beliefs, views, and thought, the extension of the Greek language and ideas to the non-Greek world of the Middle East.

Alexander liquidation of the Persian monarchy build opportunities fro Greek merchants, soldiers, engineers, ect, and those who obeyed him and his followers could attend in the new political unity based on the principles of the monarchy. Alexander’s followers used force to build military monarchies that controlled the Hellenistic world after his death. Autocratic energy became regular resources of those Hellenistic monarchies and was a part of Alexander’s political endowment.

It’s quite evident that Alexander’s vision of an empire influenced the Roman who was the true brood of his legacy. Alexander didn’t just leave a new political view, but he also left a cultural legacy which developed the Greek language, art, architecture and literature which expanded throughout the Middle East. Urban Centers which was built by Alexander and his followers became of the Greek culture which spread in the clash and fusion of many different cultures, which is one of the main characteristic of the known Hellenistic realm.

Describe the conquests of Alexander the great and analyze the legacy of his empire Essay