Edward Gibbon and the Decline and Fall of Roman Civilization Essay

Edward Gibbon and the Decline and Fall of Roman Civilization Essay.

Gibbon comes up with this theory through the major experiences in life: beginning at his early childhood, with a frail and diseased body, to the youthful Gibbon under the constant oppression of a demanding father, to the experiences of his life on the grand tour. These things have helped form his worldview and caused him to create theories, and a seemingly emotional disdain for religion. All of these things have had a tie into influencing his works, and how he became the historian he is famous for today.

Edward Gibbon was born April 27, 1737 at Putney, Surrey.

Gibbon was the eldest of six children and, as it turned out, was the only child to not die at infancy; thus, Gibbon was their only child. His mother was a “pretty and vivacious woman, and found little time for her son. ” The role of “mother” for Edward Gibbon was filled by his maiden aunt, Catherine Porten, who encouraged Edward’s “intellectual inclinations. ”[2] When Edward was born, he had a disease until the age of fifteen and his “puny constitution was afflicted with almost every species of disease and weakness.

[3] Due to these conditions, Gibbon spend most of his time at home in bed instead of at school;

Gibbon did not mind this because he hated school. [4] Due to his weak condition, Gibbon was “kept from the joyous play of his equals”[5]; his condition was the center of many taunts. Due to this childhood, Gibbon carried on a, “lifelong aversion to schools and doctors,” causing him to hold a negative view of all educational affiliations. [6] When Gibbon was fifteen, his disorders suddenly vanished and his father enrolled him at Magdalen College in the town of Oxford.

Edward Gibbon and the Decline and Fall of Roman Civilization Essay

Character Sketches of Julius Caesar Essay

Character Sketches of Julius Caesar Essay.

They enter and begin to chastise commoners for celebrating on a working day. Their first communal trait, arrogance, can be seen here, in the way that they address and respond to the people. It is obvious that the cobbler and carpenter are of lower social status to them, and they speak to them in a somewhat derogatory manner. “Hence, home, you idle creatures, get you home! ” says Flavius in the opening line. They begin to question the cobbler, and he replies in puns, which appears to anger them more.

Not only do the puns enrage them, showing their short-temperedness (another trait), but they also confuse them, which is interesting to note. This can be interpreted as simplemindedness, as they seem to misinterpret the cobbler’s puns. “Nay sir, I beseech you, be not out with me, yet if you be out, sir, I can mend you/What mean’st thou by that? Mend me thou saucy fellow? ” When the cobbler explains that he is celebrating the return of Caesar, Murellus begins a long rant about the fickleness of the Roman people.

He appears to be ‘anti-caesar’ or opposed to Caesar, perhaps because they supported Pompey.

Flavius shares this sentiment since he assists in chasing the commoners and instructing them to take down the images of Caesar. They are used to show that not everyone was in favour of Caesar and he was not truly ‘loved by all’. Also, the long monologue with Murellus about the faithlessness of the Romans can be seen as an allusion to the then current political situation in England. The Queens could not possibly produce an heir to the throne at her age, and everyone was worried as to who would become the new leader. Brutus Brutus is one of the main characters, one of the main conspirators, and also one of the most complex characters.

He is a good friend to Caesar, and an honourable man overall, but he values his country and morals above all, and this is a pivotal flaw which Cassius exploits. He is conflicted internally, but externally he is portrayed to be a disciplined and well respected man. He can also be considered naive, because he is unknowingly being manipulated by Cassius. This is specifically seen when Cassius fakes letters to Brutus which state that the Roman people do not want Caesar as king. He moulds his character based on his morals, and this is the only reason he considers to join the conspiracy because them.

He believes that if Caesar is to become king, and he does nothing to stop it, it is a worse sin than killing him before he can damage the country of Rome. “I would not Cassius; yet I love him well. /But wherefore do you hold me so long? /What is it that you would impart to me? / If it be aught toward he general good/Set honour in one eye and death I’th’other/ And I will look indifferently; / For let the Gods so speed me as I love/ the name of honour more than I fear death/” says Brutus in pertinence to Caesar becoming king.

He can be seen as a contrast to Cassius, who kills Caesar for power, due to his greed and envy, or lack of morals. Cassius He is the manipulative mastermind of the conspiracy. He is jealous of the power that Caesar has which leads to his wanting to dethrone him. His manipulative nature can be seen when he coerces Brutus into joining the plot to kill Caesar. He is meticulous in his planning, and leaves nothing to chance. This is seen when he fakes the letters that he sends to Brutus.

He appears to have no morals, and no personal life, i. e. hings that are important to him, and can be seen as detached from emotional things. He is also perceived to be a knowledgeable, yet devious man. This is noted by Caesar when he speaks to Antony saying “Yon Cassius has a lean and hungry look. / He thinks too much” Perhaps the ‘hungry’ look he is referring to is the hunger for power. By the third scene, Cassius has become somewhat obsessed with the storm. He appears to have lost all humanity and personifies with the storm that ensues. The storm is said to frightening and terrifying, yet he describes it as “A pleasing night to honest men”.

He appears to revel in the dark omens that scare men, showing that he is no longer a man but something of a beast. He says to Casca “And when the cross blue lightening seemed to open/the breast of heaven, I did present myself/ Even in the aim and very flash of it. ” Antony Antony is loyal to Caesar. He obeys Caesar without question and says “When Caesar says do this it shall be preformed”. He appears to be impulsive, spontaneous and pleasure seeking. Caesar has to warn Antony not to forget “in his speed” to touch Calpurnia.

He also appears trusting of other men as he misjudges Cassius when he say “Fear him not Caesar, he’s not dangerous. /He is a noble Roman and well given. ” Antony is also the one who offers Caesar the crown in the market-place Casca Casca is part of the conspiracy. He is seen to be rough and blunt speaking. When asked if Cierco said anything he said “aye, he spoke Greek” meaning that he did not understand. He is opposed to Caesar’s ambitions and he believes Caesar would like to be king because of the episode in the marketplace when Caesar was offered the crown. Caesar

Caesar is stubborn in his ways, as he chooses to dismiss the warning of the soothsayer. He shows this stubbornness once again when his refuses to listen to his wife who warned him not to go out into the storm. He is sometimes perceptive, but sometimes a little too trusting. He is perceptive when he judges Cassius as “Lean and hungry” but does nothing about it. He is betrayed by some of his closest friends, and he didn’t see it coming. Caesar eventually lets his ambitions get the better of him with the prospect of being king to alluring, and this leads to his fall.

Character Sketches of Julius Caesar Essay

Ancient Rome Languages Essay

Ancient Rome Languages Essay.

Different Languages in Ancient Rome Carrie Weatherspoon American InterContinental University ABSTRACT During the rise of the Roman Empire many colonies were conquered, which exercised many different languages. With so many diverse cultures, was it possible that one language that could have been inherited? There are three languages contiguous with Latin that will be introduced in this essay Different Languages in Ancient Rome Latin had a very large impact in early ancient Rome. Latin like many languages had more than one form which changed over time.

During the Ancient Roman times many cultures coexisted to make up of many languages, and each language embraced a little of each to one another. While Latin encountered through an evolution it was open to influence from numerous languages. Among Latin, the Vernacular languages that coincide in Rome during this time were, Celtic, Greek and Punic. Latin was the main language of the indo- European, a branch of the foundation of colonies which created urban centers of the Latin speaking people.

It eventually became language of the government of most Europe. Latin Literature is affluent and complicated as well as a prominent language. Depending on the social class is what enhanced the language. Well used among the wealthiest and the most educated. A portion of scholars say that the Romans mimic all the literature and culture from the Greeks. The Celtic language was a branch the indo- European which spread widely over Europe in pre Christian time.

Celtic that harvested toward the Latin language by the fifth century the Celtic language had essentially disappeared from the continental of Europe. Although the fragments of the Celtic language has survived as part of the Welsh language. Celtic language, words were used in Roman inscriptions and on coins. There is not a lot of evidence of the ancient language. Punic was the language spoken by Phoenician’s, although the alphabet was transmitted to the Greeks. This was influential for trading and international contacts.

In Roman studies the Punic language was a significant component. This was eventually passed down to the city of Carthage for the use of importing. Punic was a dialect that among multiple languages existed through the rise and fall of the Roman Empire. A component of Roman history is the Greek language. There are several theories on the origins of the Greek language, the origination with the migration of Proto-Greek into the Greek peninsula. The migration of Greece was during the Roman times, this is when the New Testament appeared.

Greek and Latin were the only written language for countless years. In the time of Christ Greek was a very common language. Latin eventually was accepted over the Greek language. Ultimately the Bible had to be translated to the most applicable language of the times which was Latin References www. PBS. org/empires/romans Sayre, H. (2013) Discovering of Humanities, Pearson,(2nd edition) Nelson,E (2002)The Complete idiots guide to Roman Empire. Alpha, Indianapolis, Ind.

Ancient Rome Languages Essay