Indirect assessment explores how individuals feel or perceive a particular situation

Indirect Assessment Methods

Supporting Lecture:

Review the following lecture:

  • Indirect Measures

Before beginning work on this discussion forum, please review the link Doing Discussion Questions Right, the expanded grading rubric for the forum, and any specific instructions for this topic.

Indirect assessment explores how individuals feel or perceive a particular situation

Indirect assessment explores how individuals feel or perceive a particular situation. While many faculty and administrators in higher education employ a combination of indirect assessment methods, common choices are surveys, focus groups, and interviews.

From the bullet point list below, select one topic for which you will lead the discussion in the forum this week. Early in the week, reserve your selected topic by posting your response (reservation post) to the Discussion Area, identifying your topic in the subject line. Be specific about your topic so that someone else could select the same bullet point but focus their post differently. By the due date assigned, research your topic and start a scholarly conversation as you respond with your initial or primary post to your own reservation post in the Discussion Area. Make sure your response does not duplicate your colleagues’ responses.

  • Explore the advantages and disadvantages of surveys in terms of cost, ease, and impact on students.
  • Explore the advantages and disadvantages of focus groups in terms of cost, ease, and impact on students.
  • Explore the advantages and disadvantages of interviews in terms of cost, ease, and impact on students.

Additionally, provide a brief paragraph describing a personal or professional experience where you participated in an indirect assessment—survey, focus group, or individual interview—and explain how that experience impacted your understanding of the material this week.

As the beginning of a scholarly conversation, your initial post should be:

  • Succinct—no more than 500 words.
  • Provocative—use concepts and combinations of concepts from the readings to propose relationships, causes, and/or consequences that inspire others to engage (inquire, learn). In other words, take a scholarly stand.
  • Supported—scholarly conversations are more than opinions. Ideas, statements, and conclusions are supported by clear research and citations from course materials as well as other credible, peer-reviewed resources.

******* Please include citations to justify your premises. The general rule is one citation per paragraph. 

******Cite from your course text in addition to outside/relevant scholarly resources.

Forecasting and Financing Projects

Week 3 Discussion

Before beginning work on this week’s discussion forum, please review the link Doing Discussion Questions Right, the expanded grading rubric at the end of this assignment, and any specific instructions for this week’s topic.

By the due date assigned, respond to the discussion questions below and submit your responses to the Discussion Area. By the end of the week, comment on your classmates’ responses.

Respond to the questions using the lessons and vocabulary found in the reading.

Support your answers with examples and research and cite your research using the APA format.

Start reviewing and responding to the postings of your classmates as early in the week as possible.

Forecasting and Financing Projects

On the basis of the knowledge you gained from your readings, respond to the following questions:

It can be difficult to accurately forecast a project’s cash flows because many risk factors may be present. As an analyst, what will you do to increase the accuracy of the project’s cash flow forecasts? Provide details of the techniques that you would use and explain why.

Some firms use more debt in their capital structure than other firms. Some would argue that the use of debt in the capital structure enhances the owners’ return on their investments. Others would say that the use of debt only increases the level of risk for the owners of the company. Which argument do you agree with and why? Explain your position. If debt is to be used when raising funds for a capital investment, how would you determine the proper level of debt? Explain your answer using examples.

Comment on the postings of two of your classmates. Do you agree with their position? Why or why not?

What is the reason for calling Chicago cubs “cubs”? What is the history behind it?

What is the reason for calling Chicago cubs “cubs”? What is the history behind it?

During the turn of the time (18 to 1900), teams did not have official nicknames this lead to the newspapers changing what they called teams every few years. Since the Chicago baseball club had an unusual number of very young athletes, this leads to them being called the “orphans” for a few years. Chicago had a huge orphan dilemma at the moment so people didn’t bother for the nickname, so the newspapers began calling them the “cubs”(baby bears).

The Cubs organization started out life as the Chicago White Stockings (a name that was later appropriated by the cross-town rival Chicago White Sox) and changed its name to the Chicago Colts in 1890 because of the relative youthfulness of the team. When the owner refused to renew the contract of the team manager, Cap Anson, in 1898, the club became known as the ‘Orphans’ and remained so for three years.

Orphans is a pretty odd name for a team, a new nickname was sure to emerge before too long – and after the dismal season of 1901, the club began a rebuilding project, using rookies and other young players. Check out the most amazing collection of Chicago cubs hats and Chicago cubs shirts.

A few years later the National league picked teams that required to have official nicknames as some towns were preparing 2 or 3 teams( earlier each team was called [city name] baseball club) so the “Chicago baseball club” officially stuck with “Chicago Cubs “.

What implications has it had on the Juvenile Justice field? Requirements

Overview: As you start to navigate the Juvenile Justice field you will find many topics of interest. This research paper will be a topic that interests you. There are many topics in the Juvenile Justice field that you can choose from; many of which are discussed as part of this course. This research paper will explore the topic in Juvenile Justice. Instructions:

• Conduct research on a topic of interest within the Juvenile Justice system. Through your analysis of the subject you should demonstrate your understanding of the concepts studied throughout the term by incorporating facts about the juvenile justice system and the societal impact of the topic you have chosen for your final paper.

• In addition to the research conducted on the topic, include answers to the following:

o Explain the topic as it relates to the Juvenile Justice field.

o Discuss the current state of your topic in the Juvenile Justice field as well as some of the unresolved or controversial issues that might be present.

o What implications has it had on the Juvenile Justice field? Requirements:

• Submit a Word document in APA format. • Maximum ten pages in length, excluding the Title and Reference pages. • At least ten resources.

Be sure to read the criteria below by which your work will be evaluated before you write and again after you write.

CRJ201 – Juvenile Justice

Research Paper

Evaluation Rubric for Research Paper Assignment

CRITERIA Deficient Needs Improvement

Proficient Exemplary

0 – 38 points 39 – 51 points 52 – 64 points 65 points Content Does not cover

the assigned topic; assertions are not supported by evidence; paper is seriously lacking in content and detail.

Does not do an adequate job of covering the assigned topic; assertions are weakly supported by evidence.

Sufficient coverage of the topics; most assertions are supported by evidence.

Provides in- depth coverage of the topics, assertions are clearly supported by evidence.

0 – 5 points 6 – 7 points 8 – 9 points 10 points Resources Less than 5

resources 6-7 resources 8-9 resources More than 10


Paper Length More than 10 pages

n/a n/a 10 pages or less

0 – 8 points 9 – 11 points 12 – 14 points 15 points Clear and Professional Writing and APA Format

Errors impede professional presentation; guidelines not followed.

Significant erro rs that do not impede professional presentation.

Few errors that do not impede professional presentation.

Writing and format are clear, professional, APA compliant, and error free.

  • Overview:
  • Instructions:
  • Requirements:
  • Evaluation Rubric for Research Paper Assignment

Thinking About Experience And Goals

Discussion 1

WRTG 112 is a required course for all students, so that is probably one reason you are taking it. However, we all have individual backgrounds and goals that affect how we approach a learning experience. Read over the course syllabus, and then post your responses to the following questions in two paragraphs:

Thinking About Experience And Goals

  1. What prior experiences do you have that inform how you approach this class? This could be, for example, writing experience that you think will either help or hurt you as you work on the academic writing assigned in class.
  2. What are some of your aspirations (educational, professional, or other goals) that you can work toward by taking Introduction to Writing, and how might this course help you on your path toward your goals? Which, if any, of the reasons for taking college courses discussed by Michelle Singletary in “Getting to the Real Point of College” apply to you?

Discussion 2

Personal Grammar Challenges

Each week in WRTG 112, we will have a brief lesson on a grammar or punctuation topic, and you will be encouraged to apply the lesson to your own writing. At the same time, you can be working toward your own goals for improved mastery of grammar and punctuation.

Initial post (by Friday):

Identify at least one area of grammar or punctuation in which you think you have room for improvement. How could you work towards the goal of improving in this area? Answer in one paragraph.

What does the term ‘shadow economy’ mean?

GDP and shadow economy

Click on Resources – Library – type the title of the article in the Search window and Read the articles. You can also use pdf. files with the articles posted in Content – Week 1 – Articles for Discussion week 1 area.  

  • “More Americans Work in the Shadow Economy” by Zumbrun, Joshua
  • “Cultural Implications for the Shadow Economy”  by Buszko, Andrzej Tomasz
  • “On Estimating the Size of the Shadow Economy  by Kirchgässner, G 
  • “Shadow Economies on the Rise Around the World”  by Prentice, Chris  

In your initial response to the topic you have to answer all questions:

1. What does the term ‘shadow economy’ mean?

2. How does the shadow economy affect GDP in different countries?

3. What are the main factors influencing the shadow economy?

4. Why is the shadow economy a challenge for the governments?

5. Reflection – the students also should include a paragraph in the initial response in their own words, using macroeconomic terminology, reflecting on specifically what they learned from the assignment and how they think they could apply what they learned in the workplace or in everyday life.

Please also note that your answers should be written in your own words. Don’t use quotes from the articles.

Types Of Leaders: Transformational/Transactional/Narcissistic

Give examples of the following types of leaders. Explain what traits that they exhibit that supports your choice of leadership style.

  • Transformational
  • Transactional
  • Narcissistic

Go back to the business that you described in Week 4. What style of leadership would you use to run the business? Why is that style suited to your business and the type of leader you would be?

  • Autocratic/Authoritarian
  • Laissez-Faire
  • Participative/Democratic

How to Do Well in Discussions

  • Make your initial post responding to the above questions by Saturday, and comment on at least three of your classmates’ posts by Tuesday. Posting late may lose you points.
  • Respond to the specific questions posed in the discussion.
  • Be sure to base your initial post and responses on course materials, using APA citations in every post.
  • If you post your responses over three days and you respond to more than three students, you will receive full credit for the frequency of participation.
  • Include citations for your sources in APA format or you lose points.
  • Write clearly and proofread; errors can lose you points.
  • Quality of posts, citations, frequency, and timeliness of posts all factor into your discussion grade. See the Participation Grading Rubric for details.

Why is it advantageous to have baroreceptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinus rather than in some other location?


Discuss part A in about 350 words.

Read about capillary blood flow and how it is regulated. Based on this, would you assume it is more beneficial to rest or to exercise after consuming a heavy meal? Explain your reasoning.


Critical Thinking Exercise, you will answer the following questions using your critical thinking and reasoning skills:

1. Common side effects for someone experiencing shock include: a weak pulse, pale skin, cool skin, and tachycardia. Explain the physiological basis for each of these signs.

2. Why is it advantageous to have baroreceptors in the aortic arch and carotid sinus rather than in some other location?

3. It is a common untrained assumption that systolic blood pressure should be 100 plus a person’s age. Discuss the validity of this statement.

Exploring Your Future Career Path Essay

Exploring Your Future Career Path Essay

Instead of seeing a career as something that you discover, see it as something that you choose. You don’t find the right career. You create it.… There’s a big difference between these two approaches. Thinking that there’s only one “correct” choice for your career can lead to anxiety: Did I choose the right one? What if I made a mistake?  

Viewing your career as a creation helps you relax. You don’t have to worry about finding the “right” career. Choose a career today, knowing that you can choose again later. 

—David Ellis, From Master Student to Master Employee 

Today you will engage in a career self-assessment to help you dig deeper into your understanding and exploration of your chosen career field. Work through this process even though you have already declared a major and you may know what career you would like to pursue. This exercise will either validate your choice or motivate you to explore more options.  

In Week 1, you identified your personal values and interests. Now, think about how your personal values can guide your future career path and career planning research. 

Part 1 

In this activity, you will explore the university’s student career planning resources (CareerQuest, Vault, Steppingblocks, and Candid Career) and complete a career self-assessment. Let’s take a moment to look at some of the features available within each career planning resource tool. 

Career Services offers current students and alumni easy access to career-related support and resources. Whether you are a career changer entering the workforce for the first time or an experienced professional looking to climb the corporate ladder, the Career Services website provides you with professional development tools applicable for any stage of your career. 

CareerQuest is the university’s online platform that connects you to the university’s Career Services. As a student, you can use this platform to discover and apply for internship and job opportunities, browse resources and online tools available to you, register for events, including virtual and in person recruiter sessions, online webinars, and career fairs, access Community Connect for quick connections or extended connections with mentors who can offer career-related advice, set up an in-person, video, phone, or email appointment to meet with a career advisor. 

Vault is a website that provides comprehensive information on jobs, companies, and industries to help job seekers learn about and launch their target career. Each year, Vault compiles an influential list of rankings, ratings, and reviews on thousands of companies, jobs, and internships. 

Steppingblocks serves as a data-powered career exploration tool where you can take a deep dive into over 60 million personal career journeys, and unlock the skills and education needed to get hired. 

CandidCareer provides thousands of informational interview videos featuring industry professionals. Get the inside scoop on careers and advice that will help you with your job search. 

In this part of the activity, you will complete the following tasks: 

Part 2 

Now that you have completed the career self-assessment, leverage your assessment results to help identify two potential professional career paths you could be interested in pursuing, based on your current academic program and current career goals. Depending on whether you are researching your first professional career, changing careers, or are simply interested in advancing your current career, you will now be able to leverage one or more of the research tools discussed below. 

In this activity, complete the following tasks: 

  • Access the CareerQuest website select Tools > select Career Research. 
  • Review the Vault Demo video and access the Vault website (first-time professional); or review the Steppingblocks Demo video and access the Steppingblocks website (career changer/career advancement professional). 
  • Explore CandidCareer for Business careers of interest (all).

Reflect on the personal motivations, values, and interests you identified in Week 1 as you consider your career options. Respond to each of the following: 

  • List the requirements and jobs skills needed to be successful. What skills do you still need? How could you get them? 
  • List the first steps that can lead to your long-term goals. What job titles might you seek upon graduation? Will you need any special certifications or qualifications at that time? If so, what are they, and how will you attain them? 
  • What did you learn from your self-assessment?

Your Experiences As A Consumer


The purpose of this assignment is to reflect on your experiences as a consumer, as this will help prepare you to provide excellent service to your customers.

Your Experiences As A Consumer


Think about two different experiences you have had as a consumer. One of these experiences should be positive and one should be negative. Write two letters to the company following the letter guidelines described in your reading assignment including the following:

  1. A description of the experience
  2. Specific reasons your needs were or were not met
  3. The perception you had of the company, and specifically how that perception will impact your future relationship with the company involved
  4. Specific reasons for the company meeting or not meeting your customer expectations

All five of the customer needs should be addressed in both of the letters.