Pascal’s Wager Essay

Pascal’s Wager Essay.

There are many things in this world that we have no means to confirm. This is especially true when we are talking about things that are spiritual in nature, such as the existence of God. While no living person has claimed that he has seen God using the limits of his sight, there is no way to prove otherwise. Since I don’t believe in God, I would surely be in trouble if Pascal’s wager turns out to be correct.

He states that it is better to believe in God because there is nothing to lose if God exists.

In fact, if it turns out that God does exist, the one who believes will have a reserved slot in heaven. While Pascal has a point, his argument is not in the least bit persuasive. I am an atheist not just because I chose not to believe in God. It’s just that I can’t see the proof of His existence anywhere.

I can’t imagine that there is an omnipotent God who watches over all of us. But Pascal’s wager suggests that atheists like me should leave their “sinful” ways and start believing in God because it is the most logical and beneficial choice.

Why should I choose to believe just for that reason? Pascal should have provided tangible evidence of God’s existence and cited other convincing reasons to make me believe in God. Thus, I have to disagree with Pascal’s wager because his argument does not provide sufficient reasons to believe in God. In fact, his reason to believe is childish and shallow. Another reason why I disagree with Pascal is that his wager is flawed in many ways. First, it assumes that God is a rewarding or punishing god when he has no basis to state this.

Since nobody has seen God, then nobody can claim that he has seen God award or punish anyone. And if God does turn out to be a rewarding or punishing god, it suggests that reward or punishment would be based on belief alone. It disregards how one spent his life on earth, regardless of whether he believes in God or not. Second, it overlooks the fact that many religions claim that their god is the only god. Therefore, we cannot determine through Pascal’s argument what would happen if there is one true God and we chose the wrong God to believe in.

Pascal’s Wager Essay

Gerald Manley Hopkins` `The Windhover` Essay

Gerald Manley Hopkins` `The Windhover` Essay.

  1. Explain: “he rung upon the rein of a wimpling wing.”

The word “rung” used here is an old technical term meaning in this case to rise spirally in flight. The falcon Hopkins describes here circles the air upon the “rein of a wimpling wing.” His flight is reined like a knight would rein his horse. The wing does the reining, and its feathers wimple, or fold, to produce the graceful spiral in flight. Hopkins’ falcon as described in this poem is at the height of his glory and grace.

I can see it as being a traditional Medieval image of Christ as a knight on horseback. The falcon is the Christ performing beautiful and miraculous actions while challenging the writer to follow him to these heroic heights

  1. Why is your “heart in hiding”?

The falcon or Christ stirs his heart that was in hiding. Christ awakened his heart and brought his heart back to the light from which it was hid.

I see the “heart in hiding” meaning the poet knows that his heart is not fully committed to God/Christ so therefore it is not fully committed to the purpose of spiritual striving even though he seems to acknowledge that when a person’s entire being is brought into accordance with God’s will they will be at the best place they can be, he knows even he himself isn’t there yet. He acknowledges that something glorious happens to those who relinquish themselves for a higher striving and he draws inspiration from the falcon who is already at that point he hasn’t allowed himself to be at, yet.

  1. What is the connection between the `blue-bleak embers` of a fire and a plough (plow)?

The blue-bleak embers gash, fall and break apart and let out a gold glow when they fall or crack open—radiates in destruction before death, like the heart becomes radiant in sacrifice and death. The soil reveals its beauty also when that wound is ripped into by the plow. It can be seen as the striving to serve God brings out one’s inner glow just as for example, by using a plow one is actually polishing it as it is serving its finest purpose, the purpose it is made for. Simply by doing the work it, the plow and we, the creation was put here to do, causes us to shine. The poet is telling us there is a luminous core to every single individual which when living a life close to God/Christ it is seen or exposed.

  1. Why does Hopkins compare the Falcon to a skate, bows bend, and a plow? How are these metaphors for Christ?

The ice skater and the falcon glide atop their support and control it in a supreme, artistic fashion. Because the poet uses the word, “dauphin,” the falcon is the ruler of the day or dawn. The falcon serves as an image of Christ. To me, I feel the metaphors for Christ are apparent when one thinks of all the grace and effortless majesty displayed by the falcon and the skater, how much greater is the reward of one moment’s communion with God.

Gerald Manley Hopkins` `The Windhover` Essay

The Role of Gods in Ramayana Essay

The Role of Gods in Ramayana Essay.

  1. Introduction

Discussion that serves as preface for the entire content and discussion of the paper

  1. Gods as providers

 Laid out the proofs wherein the god-characters in the story Ramayana acted as providers for the human beings, particularly blessing King Dasaratha with a gift from the gods.

III. Gods and their role in political intervention

 This part discusses the role of the gods in the story as central characters that exercised political intervention in the realm of the human beings.

  1. Gods as the guide towards truth, light and what is right

This part discusses the role of the gods as the guide of the human beings towards finding the right path towards righteousness and salvation.

  1. Gods as central characters

This part of the paper is focused in the significance of having the central human characters as the incarnation of gods themselves, therefore improving the role of the gods in the story even more.

  1. Conclusion
  2. References

Introduction

The important and significant major religions of the modern times are always with epic stories that narrate the adventures of lead heroes and heroines and how they are blessed by the gods, and sometimes how gods in some occassion directly interfere through incarnation or by revealing themselves to a person or to a group of individuals.

These stories are always with moral lessons. The role of the gods in the story is always essential because the stability of the faith of the people who believe in religion as much as it venerated these texts rely on the presence of a god to help make their faith work.

Ramayana, a Hindu epic tale, tells of the story of a young man destined to become king who battles demons to save the woman he loves and restore the order in his kingdom upon his return. While at the onset of the story it may seem that the story is hinged largely on the efforts of the mortal character, a deeper and further reading of Ramayana will reveal to the reader the extent of the role of the gods in this particular literary piece and the significance of the roles that the gods played here.

God as providers

One of the roles of the gods in the story Ramayana is the role of the provider. Like the role of the other different gods, either found in the literary or as central personalities in real-life religion, the king Dasaratha raised to the gods his concern about the need to produce offspring so that his lineage will continue and someone from his bloodline will inherit the throne.

The gods’ action of granting the wish of King Dasaratha by providing the king with a bowl of nectar which the queens consumed and resulted to their pregnancy and the birth of four heirs to the throne showed the role of the gods as the provider for the human beings, particularly the provider of a future ruler who is very powerful and talented and at the same time a ruler that is in the good graces of the gods – Rama.

Rama was born with the aura of a person blessed by the gods – a first-born and heir, a talented young man with skill for both battle and leadership, worthy of kingship and worship that Rama’s father was easily calmed from the fear that something bad may happen to Rama and his brother Lakshamana at the eve of the start of their exile. “Do not fear for your sons,” said Viswamitra. “I have not run from demons in fear; but the retreat of a strong man is like the silent drawing back of a fist to strike a blow! (from Ramayana 48).”

Gods and their role in political intervention

 But this action – the providing of the ability for the king to produce heirs – is not merely an act that demonstrates the role of provider. It also demonstrates the role of the gods as influential political dictators. Should the gods wished to place the rule of the land to another bloodline, they would have easily refused the request of the king and have the kingship of the land contested. But because the gods believe that the bloodline of Dasaratha deserves to rule this land, they allowed this particular political dynasty to continue, hence in the process affecting the political situation in the realm of the human beings. Another proof that the gods in the epic story acted the role of political dictators is the fact that the gods used the realm of the human beings as the stage where they can demonstrate their power and might against other gods.

The gods allowed king Dasaratha to have a child because it is through his child that the god Vishnu will take form as a human incarnate. One of the roles of the human incarnate form of Vishnu is to stop the wrong doings of Ravana, not only because Ravana will kidnap Rama’s wife (and Vishnu’s partner), but also because Ravana was blessed by another god Brahma of power that will make Ravana invincible to mortality and death if it will be handed to him by a god, a demon or a spirit. As a god but in the human form, Vishnu and Rama knew that through this, they can stop Ravana and put an end to whatever blessing the god Brahma provided Ravana.

This indicates which gods are inclined towards doing what is good and which gods are inclined in doing what is not good for the people, also showing which gods are more powerful over the other. This is necessary because the message of the story of Ramayana is about leading the life doing what is good, and to demonstrate such morals, it needs the gods and the human heroes to win over the evil by doing what is good so that the followers would follow the idea of moral right in their day to day lives.

Gods as the guide towards truth, light and what is right

 An important role of the gods in the Ramayana is their role in letting the people and the readers know what the right path is in life. By assisting towards the victory of what is right and what is good, the gods did not only set an example which the faithful believers will follow through the practical applications in their day to day lives. But it also strengthened the image of god in the minds of the readers, believing that the god that they worship are the foremost followers of living the path towards what is right, fair and just for everyone. In the story, the god-characters opted for actions that is right, from the decisions of the king to the actions of Rama and to the eventual turnout of the events, wherein the theme of the good defeating the bad is very much noticeable and directly affects the consciousness of the readers.

Gods as central characters

 The most important role of the gods in Ramayana is attributed to the fact that the central characters of the epic story, Rama and Sita, are both in fact the human form of the Hindu god and goddess Vishnu and Lakshmi, who are both incarnated as a human form and lived a romantic episode of their lives in a human form. “Rama, representing him as impersonal absolute existence, quiescent, contained within himself; Sita (the ‘furrow’, symbol of fertility) representing him as personal, creative, self-projecting. Both are recognized as God by all the characters in the poem, and as such are devoutly worshipped (Prabhavananda 85),” while Dutt was more straightforward when saying that “Rama, the true and dutiful, was accepted as the Spirit of God descended on earth, as an incarnation of Vishnu the Preserver of the World (Dutt 199).”

Rama and Sita’s different roles in the story are all automatically ascribed as the role of the gods in the story since Rama is a god and Sita a goddess after all. Because of this, it can be said that the gods had an indirect as well as a direct role in this epic story; the gods acting as observers as the story unfolds while the god Vishnu and goddess Lashmi takes an active and central roles in the story, as the story is much about the kingship and rule of a kingdom in the realm of man as much as it was a story about the love story and trials of a god and a goddess who are both in the human form. Besides Rama and Sita, there are also other gods who are incarnated in flesh, like Hanuman, the monkey leader who is believed to be the incarnation of another Hindu god, Shiva.

Conclusion

 The epic story Ramayana is an important story for those who believe and follow Hinduism. There are many reasons why this is an important theological material for the believers of Hinduism, but one of the possible reasons is the fact that the gods used this story and used human life as the setting through which they will teach the humans about the path of right and wrong, about what is right and what is evil. “Distinguishing between the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the author says in conclusion that in the Ramayana God had come to set an example of a life of dharma through mortal sufferings, whereas in the Mahabharata humans set the example. A life of dharma bridges earth and heaven, though salvation surpasses even heaven (Sivaraman xxxiv).”

The story Ramayana is important to the believers of the Hinduism faith because in this story, the gods are took a very active role, which may symbolize the idea that in real life, the gods are also taking active roles to ensure the safety of those who believe in them and to keep people from harm if they choose to remain doing what is right, like what Rama did (who is actually a god, Vishnu).

The story shows the many roles of the gods in the story. They acted as provider, providing the king and Rama’s father his wish. They acted as political dictators or even political hegemon, as the gods Vishnu, Brahma and Shiva, even in their flesh, human form, was largely responsible in the shift and ebb of the political tide present in this story of rule, kingdom and kingship, while the role of political dictatorship is also very much noticeable in even the simplest actions of the gods, like giving the king a son – an act which in the near future would have a serious political significance in the story.

Works Cited

 

Buck, William. Ramayana. University of California Press, November 2000.

Dutt, Romesh C. Ramayana. Kessinger Publishing Company, June 2004.

Prabhavananda, Swami. Spiritual Heritage of India. Vedanta Press, June 1979.

Sivaraman, Karshana. Hindu Spirituality I: Vedas through Vedanta (World Spirituality #6).

Crossroads Publishing Company, November 1989.

The Role of Gods in Ramayana Essay

No definition of a miracle is adequate Essay

No definition of a miracle is adequate Essay.

Many philosophers have attempted to define what exactly constitutes a miracle in a number of ways outlining definitions which contain the criteria for what phenomena can be counted as miraculous. Whether a definition is adequate seems highly subjective but will likely be one that is acceptable by non-Christians as well as Christians who in all probability will want a definition that accepts many of the miracle in the Bible to indeed be miraculous.

Mackie’s definition of miracles describing them as events that occur when the world is not left alone and is intruded by something that is not part of the natural order necessitates that miracles are caused by a supernatural entity which may be considered to be God.

This appears to suggest that his definition would indeed be adequate for some Christians given that it sets apart miracles from coincidences turning them into occurrences which could provide evidence for their faith. Moreover it allows a more specific idea of what constitutes a miracles disallowing events with an entirely naturalistic explanation maintaining them as unique events.

However, Hick likely would criticise Mackie’s arguments for not be adequate given the ambiguity of what the natural order and the laws that govern it are. Hick suggested that laws were generalisations that are formed after events have happened, suggesting that that the natural order couldn’t be intruded upon. Also it may be that what is perceived to be an intrusion by something outside of the natural order is actually just a lack of understanding of the natural order on our part.

This means that though an event such as the Moon Landing would have been defined as inadequate centuries ago, today it would not. This undermines the adequacy of the definition given that what it encompasses will change with time. A further issue with the adequacy of Mackie’s definition is that it could be argued to not be sufficiently specific given that it makes no attempt to define what exactly constitutes something distinct from the natural order, and it may in fact not be God.

This would undermine its adequacy for Christians who believe that God is responsible for causing miracles and may not accept they are caused by other beings. Swinburne’s definition of a miracle appears to resolve this issue defining miracles as a violation of a law of nature by a god (a very powerful rational being who is not a material object). That said, the requirement for God to intervene in the world poses a number of challenges to Swinburne’s’ definition especially given that God’s need to intervene in his creation contradicts the idea that he is an all powerful being if the world requires changes.

Additionally philosophers like Wiles would argue that if God has the ability to intervene in the world in order to perform miracles in certain instances then his failure to prevent evil and suffering in the world undermines his characteristic of omni-benevolence. For this reason a definition that requires God’s intervention to cause miracles may be inadequate given the contradictions that would occur if such an event happened.

On the other hand, many Christians do accept that God intervenes in the world and if so this definition of miracles may indeed be adequate also determining whether God is responsible for an event may be impossible as it may just be due to limited understanding of events. Additionally, Swinburne’s definition is undermined by Hick’s challenge arguably even more so than Mackie’s given his explicit use of the term ‘natural laws’ and also would likely be subject to change as understanding changes.

Holland’s definition of miracles appears to avoid the contractions associated with Swinburne and Mackie’s explanations not requiring the physical intervention of God suggesting from the outset that it may be more adequate. This is because Holland only requires miracles to be an extraordinary coincidence of a beneficial nature interpreted religiously. The emphasis on interpretation also removes the difficulties associated with determining the cause of the miracle while still encompassing Biblical miracles.

However it would likely be criticised for being too subjective given that different people would differ on whether the same event is miraculous. Additionally the Catholic church which usually requires a person to have performed at least two miracles in order to be Canonized as a saint would likely not accept miracles as defined by Holland as they only accept events without naturalistic explanation suggesting the definition is inadequate for how the term miracle is used by some Christian denominations.

In conclusion, it seems probable that no definition of miracles is adequate given that although Swinburne and Mackie’s definition of miracles may encompass many of the instances of how miracles are used, they are undermined by the difficulty in determining natural laws and also whether God physically intervened. Likewise while Holland goes some way to avoiding these contradictions in his definition it remains highly subjective and also doesn’t reflect how miracles are used in Christianity.

Additionally it will likely also lead to significant differences between what people consider miracles. Moreover, the existence of so many contrasting definitions of miracles suggests that there isn’t a single definition that is adequate given that there is no consensus on what makes an event miraculous so any definition will be subject to significant disagreement. For this reason the statement that no definition of miracle is adequate can be considered to be true.

No definition of a miracle is adequate Essay

Being a true disciple of Jesus Essay

Being a true disciple of Jesus Essay.

A03. “It is not possible to be a true disciple of Jesus in the modern world” Do you agree?

Christianity is a worldwide religion and this leads us to believe that it is possible to be a true disciple in the modern world. “Modern Christians believe that they are called to follow the example Jesus set. They spend time discovering the teachings of Jesus from the bible and trying to put those teachings into practice”. (Michael Keene).

There are many examples of modern day Christians.

Priests, Nuns and missionaries are examples of people who devote their whole lives to God. Oscar Romero was an archbishop in El Salvador where the government has constantly violated human rights. There are also many people living in poverty. Oscar spoke out about the government in sermons. In 1980 he was gunned down by four masked men. His last words were “May Christ’s sacrifice give us the courage to offer our own bodies for justice and peace”.

I believe that Romero is an example of someone who followed Jesus’ example and was a true disciple.

Many religious people take vows of poverty so that God is placed first above everything and that they do not get distracted by money. The Rich Man didn’t take this vow. “It is much harder for a rich person to enter the kingdom of God than for a camel to go through the eye of a needle.” (10:25).

Maximilian Kolbe was a polish Catholic priest who was arrested and taken to Auschwitz, one of the Nazi death camps, in 1941. After three weeks of dehydration and starvation, only four of the ten men were still alive, including Kolbe. During the time in the cell, he led the men in songs and prayer. One day the guards picked out a man to be tortured to death but Kolbe said “take me instead”. The cells were needed, and Kolbe and the other three were executed with an injection of carbolic acid in the left arm. His heroism echoed through the camp and in 1982 he was made a saint. He once said, “My aim in life is to serve others”. He sacrificed his life for another and put God at the centre of his life. This makes his out to be a true disciple.

Corrymeela is a peace group on the Antrim coast in Northern Ireland. The community is made up of Protestants and Roman Catholics. They live together, work together and worship together. It is a place where people can meet to discuss their differences in an atmosphere of mutual respect and trust. I think the people involved with Corrymeela are good modern day disciples.

However, there are many challenges that make being a modern day disciple difficult. War, hatred and violence make it very hard to love our neighbour and forgive. The event of the world trade centre collapsing due to a terrorist attack on September 11th is an example of a difficult time to forgive. 2992 people were killed due to this attack.

We live in a consumerist society were the emphasis on wealth is great. This can lead to injustices and selfishness. It distracts Christians from living a Christian life and makes it difficult for them to be true disciples.

Years ago there wasn’t any trading on a Sunday leaving more time for prayer and worship. Nowadays most shops are open from 1pm to 6pm this leaves little time for the people who work to pray and worship. It has an impact on our Christian lifestyle.

Modern moral challenges such as abortion are unchristian. Many women have this procedure done to remove a foetus from their womb. People see this as a form of murder and that it is immoral.

I believe it to be possible to be a true disciple of Jesus in the modern world, although it is very difficult as there are many obstacles in the way. Christians today still see it as being their duty to spread the Good News of Jesus Christ to others. This may be by doing missionary work or more simply by living out the Christian life and being an example for others.

Being a true disciple of Jesus Essay

Gardian Angel Essay

Gardian Angel Essay.

The guardian angel is a unique “spiritual being” that I find very interesting to talk about and real in every way and this is based on facts that happened to other individuals and from my own personal experience. A guardian angel in my opinion is a protector that guards you or a group of people from evil and can also guide you through the toughest of times. I believe a guardian angel is given powers from the good man upstairs. Guardian is to guard and angel is an angel sent from God.

Religious people who have faith and believe in God are more typical to believe in guardian angels. It is a blessing from the good Lord to have a guardian angel walk by your side. A guardian angel is like a shadow and is always there to assist you from the evil. The little miracles that happen to a family or a person are the work of God and his helpers, the Guardian angel.

For example, the time when I was eleven years old and I was helping my uncle Don paint a Denny’s restaurant.

I was up on the upper deck painting the ceiling when I went too much on the side and fell straight down, at least 13 feet from the top. My uncle Don said that he found me on a pile of tarps sleeping. I know that I had a guardian angel looking over me at the time; it was as if my guardian angel took control of my body providing me some wings to slow me down from a bad and dangerous fall. The evil things that we are sometimes surrounded by are when a guardian angel is most needed and present themselves.

Another example is when Congress woman Gaby Gifford’s got shot in the head and even doctors thought there was no chance she would remember who she was, or even live for that matter. But she overcame all the challenges that bestowed her. A lot of people, who did not believe in the lord before are finding themselves believing now since Gaby Gifford’s situation. Her guardian angel interceded for her and helped her so that the bullet would not go in the area that would kill her.

Another time was when I was living in Los Angeles. I was in middle school walking home with my little brother Ricky and we got held up by gang bangers. They had held a knife to my throat with my feet dangling in the air. I don’t know how we got out of that alive but I do believe it was my guardian angel. In conclusion my personal definition of a guardian angel is a spiritual being that guards, guides and provides safety to people at any point or time of need and danger in their lives.

Gardian Angel Essay

Caste System and Religion of Aryans Essay

Caste System and Religion of Aryans Essay.

The second group was of priests, scholars and philosophers and were called Brahmans. These two groups struggled politically for leadership among the Aryans. In this struggle the Brahmans got to be the leaders of the Aryan society. The third group was named as Vaishyas and people of this group were farmers, traders, merchants and craftsmen. The lowest caste were Shudras and were considered as non- Aryans. Members of Shudras were laborers, peasants and servants of other castes. Vaishyas took control of many parts of the region and they made local people their servants.

So with the passage of time the Vaishyas who were the farmers and craftsmen became the landlords and businessmen of the society. There was another caste consisted of local people and were called “Untouchables”. They were not considered as a caste infect. They were outcaste. They were used to perform the least desirable activities like cleaning toilets, dealing with dead bodies etc. They were disallowed to touch high caste and stand at some distance from high castes.

This is not enough. Well, they have some other restrictions too.

They were not allowed to enter holy places, schools and were not allowed to even touch the things belong to high castes. In some parts of Southern India, even the sight of untouchables was thought to be polluting so they were forced to sleep during the day and work at night. To remain an upper caste of the society, Aryans resolve some rules. The castes were to identify the occupation of people of that caste and some marriage restrictions were also imposed. Castes were unchangable groups. A person belong to one caste can never change his caste.

One had to lived, married, ate and worked within one’s own caste. A everything has its own advantages and drawbacks. So the caste system of Aryans also benefited them in some aspects. Marriages within the caste ensured continuity of occupation as the sons usually followed the fathers occupation. This reduced unemployment and brought about perfection of several arts and crafts. Furthermore, since the caste system was based on the principle of division of labor, the Aryans were able to establish and maintain a sound economy.

But soon caste system became a social evil. It suppressed an individual’s talent and became an obstacle for his personal development. It gave rise to untouchability and acted against the feeling of common brotherhood. Due to this injustice, many people left it and converted to Islam, Christianity and Buddhism. Religion Aryans seem to have believed in monotheism. They believed that God is one, but he is called by many names. The early Aryans worshipped phenomena of nature in the form of nature gods. They have male or female gods to which they were used to worship.

Indra was the god of strength, foremost in battle, always ready to smite dragons and demons and to destroy cities. He was the God of thunder, the rainmaker. Agni considered as the God of fire and marriages were solemnized in the presence of fire. Fire was the purest of the five elements and was held in high esteem. Surya (Sun), Savitri (a solar deity to whom the famous Gayatri mantra is dedicated). Varuna was the god of water. He was the sustainer of plant and animal life. It was his responsibility to uphold the natural order.

Soma (god of intoxicating juice soma). Yama the god of death and had a prominent place. Vayu  (the god of winds). Prithvi was the goddess of Earth Usha, the goddess of Dawn. Although a large number of gods are referred to in the Vedas, yet they were polytheistic and believed that there is one god only but with different names. They believed in one god who is the creator, preserver and destroyer of the whole universe and called him Ishwar. Although, Aryans worshiped different signs of powers but yet they believe in only one god.

So this can be concluded that they believe in monotheism. This concept is still present among Hindus. They worship Sun, Moon and many other powers as well as many gods. ——————————————– [ 1 ]. http://adaniel. tripod. com/historycaste. htm [ 2 ]. Dowling, Mike, “The Caste System of Ancient India at mrdowling. com,” available from http://www. mrdowling. com/612-caste. html; Internet; updated Sunday, July 10, 2005 . ©2009, Mike Dowling. [ 3 ]. http://indiansaga. com/history/aryans_religion. html

Caste System and Religion of Aryans Essay

Bible Essay

Bible Essay.

There are many accounts in the Bible that state God as the creator. Genesis 1 and 2 are both creation stories but slightly differ in their accounts; Genesis 1 is a day by day account of all the things God created in not so much detail whereas Genesis 2 explains the creation story in a way that focuses more on the creation of man and woman than just the lands. Having two accounts of the creation story means that it is easier to come up with your own conclusion as to how the earth was created.

The first line of Genesis 1 is “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” There is no explanation as to where God came from or why He is there, He just exists and creates the heavens and the earth. This alone is showing God as the creator. Genesis then carries on to state all the things God created all with no scientific or physical proof or evidence as to why and how God is doing so.

“So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them” This quote is from line 27 and is on the 6th day.

The repetition of the word ‘created’ is enforcing to the reader that God is the creator of everything and this is done so that there is no doubt in the readers mind whether God is the creator or not. God creating man and woman in his own image is showing that we are superior to other beings such as animals which shows that God is the humans superior. Being made in Gods image is his way of blessing the humans in life as we are made in the ‘Creators’ image. “Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air…” This quote is saying that God is passing down his ‘ruler ship’ on to the humans.

This means that God is starting to ‘back away’ from his previous role and now feels that he has created a world that the inhabitants (humans) can look after. Genesis two is another creation story but has a few differences to Genesis 1. While Genesis 1 speaks a lot more of the specifics of how and when each part of the earth was made, Genesis 2 speaks a whole lot more about the creation of humans rather than the land. The most time that the creation of land is mentioned is at the beginning of Genesis 2.

“This is the account of the heavens and the earth when they were created. When the LORD God made the earth and the heavens-“ This is the first thing said in Genesis 2 and it is stating that God is the creator. It says that God created both the heavens and the earth; there is never any question or vagueness about God creating the heavens and the earth it is all very matter of fact. Although Genesis 2 doesn’t always speak of God ‘creating’ things it often personifies God in such a way that he is planting or making objects.

“And the LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground-“ This quote doesn’t say that God created the trees but made them grow from the ground, this is essentially saying that He created them as it was the first sighting of trees but is said in a different way as so not to force the ‘creation’ down your throat like Genesis 1 does. This is so that you can come to your own conclusion about which one is more plausible or correct but there is still no doubt as to god being the creator.

Job 38 from the Book of Job is a story of how Satan and God have a disagreement where Satan was saying that Job only worships God because he is prosperous in his life, God then agrees to take away all his possessions and leave him with nothing to show Satan that Job would still worship him even if he was left with nothing. Job’s three friends Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar try to comfort Job but they end up doing the opposite and tell Job that the reason for all his losses is because he has sinned and now God is making him suffer.

In the end Job has had enough and questions God, this makes God angry and then Job has a better understanding and realises that he should have trusted God all along. God then returns all of Jobs health and possession in better amounts than they previously were. This story is God showing his power and his superiority to humans. “Where were you when I laid the earth’s foundation? ” This is God saying that he is mightier than any human and they do not compare to His power. This is also showing that God is omnipotent and that we know nothing compared to him.

This is all enforcing that God is the creator and better than all the humans. “Have you ever given orders to the morning, or shown the dawn it’s place,” This is saying that God has dominance over everything in the world, humans and nature. After Gods account of all his majestic works (such as the world and humans) and power, Job has to acknowledge God’s right as creator to do as he pleases and to not be questioned. Job is essentially the personification of all humans who do not believe god as the creator, Job doubted God and his ability so god became angry; this is supposedly what happens every time someone doubts God.

Psalm 8 is a song about the lord God and his creation. “You have set your glory above the heavens” While this quote form the first verse isn’t directly linked to God being the creator it is saying that God has stated his glory in a way that so far in this psalm we do not know yet, we know that God has glory which could mean he has done something great. “When I consider the heavens, the work of your fingers” Now we start to work out what it is that causes God to have glory, “the work of your fingers” we are literally told that God has made the heavens with his ‘fingers’.

This personification of God shows that people saw him as one of them but also appreciated his greater power, this could possibly relate to humans being made in God’s image. “you made him a little lower than the heavenly beings” This quote is, like Job 38, stating God’s dominance over the humans. God made humans a little lower than heavenly beings so that they knew their place and that they were lesser than himself ‘the creator’.

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Bible Essay

Access Control Models Essay

Access Control Models Essay.

It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data.

This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. ViNetwork Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews.

2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments.

These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1Network Hardening Network Hardening Unit 8 Assignment 1 It is very important to go through the process of hardening. Hardening is where you change the hardware and software configurations to make computers and devices as secure as possible. I picked the network layout 1-the workgroup . First with the worksta Premium287 Words2 Pages NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions

NT2580: Unit 1 Match Risks/Threats to Solutions Data Classifications Standards Richman Investments Data Classification Standards help Richman Investments to consistently define how this organization should handle and secure our various types of data. This report will focus on the… Premium789 Words4 Pages Definitions for Unit 1 Nt2580 NT2580 Unit 1Assign 1 Crystal Johnson 1. Violation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews. 2.

Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control. Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments. These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments.

Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages Unit 3 assignment 1olation of a security policy by a user… (C) Place an employee on a probation, review acceptable use policy (AUP) and the employee manual, and discuss status during performance reviews. 2. Disgruntled employee sabotage…(I) Track and monitor a Premium372 Words2 Pages Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models NT2580 Unit 3 Discussion 1: Access Control Models 10/01/2013 Scenario 1: (DAC) Discretionary Access Control.

Being that the business is small and not in need of higher security measures, it would be the easiest to maintain and monitor for a small business. Scenario 2: (MAC) Mandatory… Premium286 Words2 Pages NT2580 Graded Assignments ? Graded Assignments STUDENT COPY The following sections contain student copies of the assignments. These must be distributed to students prior to the due dates for the assignments. Online students will have access to these documents in PDF format, which will be available for… Premium5288 Words22 Pages

Access Control Models Essay

Accidental Buddhist Essay

Accidental Buddhist Essay.

I’d never heard of this book before I started this class. I’ve always been interested in the nature and customs of different cultures in other countries. That may be one of the reasons why I took this class. I believe another reason is that I had already taken Western Religion and wanted to learn more. This book didn’t really spark my interest at first but after I got to reading it I seemed to keep going back to it and reading more.

In the book the author Dinty Moore takes a year and begins to ponder the shift to Buddhism. He does this along with a couple other Americans. Along with some other things that he does he got to a strict Zen Monastery and a loose Theravada Center. Moore also interviews experts and visits a pair of struggling cushion makers. The author gets the extreme honor and pleasure of being able to ask the Dalai Lama a question when he attends a talk at Indiana University.

This inspires a little of his own quest for meaning after the God from his childhood left him for the most part but also left a sense of suffering.

His travels proved worth while and often modestly told exploration of one mans mid-life quest for something that was spiritually missing. This book moves more towards the less visible and un-promoted side of how Buddhism is starting to filter into today’s American life. For Moore this fits better than the shaved head, mantra chanting, and incense wreathed thought that most Westerners have associated with Dharma. The author looks for something or someway for him to replace what he lacked from his childhood faith.

In the book, he seeks guidance towards confronting and being able to answer the big questions that leave us dissatisfied and wanting more information. My favorite parts of this book were Chapters 6 “Catholic Boy Zen” and 9 “The Plain-Spoken Theravada. ” In Chapter six the author talks to Fr. Robert Jinsen Kennedy who is a Jersey Jesuit that combines Zen and Catholicism. Their intelligent conversation addressed the lack of maturity in ways that Catholicism has been presented to those who came from his generation.

There were the last ones to get the pre-Vatican II version of the negative “thou shalt not” mindset which was combined with a simplified version of God and Jesus that was manufactured for an easy transmission to about a billion followers. Moore acknowledges that his current attraction towards Buddhism may be an overreaction to the Catholicism from his childhood. Even the Dali Lama’s own caution for Westerners not to over romanticize Buddhism as opposed to their “Judeo-Christian” mentality hits a nerve as the author listens to the Tibetan leader respond in Indiana to his own question.

Inside Chapter Nine it reveals a growing comfort with Dharma. Moore takes pains not to glamorize those who adapt to Buddhism. Being well-read in this field his sources remain largely invisible and he aims for an accessible jargon-free presentation that anyone can understand. The author concentrates on overcoming his “rock” with in, his resistance and his angst, his entrapment in the cycle of suffering, and keeping his anger in. this is similar to many Irish Catholic males of at least a certain age and upbringing.

Everything that has happened in his life has compelled him to look for what is missing and wanting to find out more about Buddhism. Moore attempts to get over the thing that permeates our mental habits which he calls the “if only” postponement of happiness. The author compares this to missing the sights and sounds of a hiking trail because your rushing down it eager to finish. He also compares it to him driving down the interstate thinking of how the vehicles engineering detracts from distractions but it also blurs any sense of the journey’s own beauties and discoveries. One of the things that challenge Mr.

Moore to slow down and appreciate wisdom is his fear that forty-five years of work and the worry of twenty years over lost opportunities will zip past him. The author knows full well a few hours of practicing Buddhism over a years’ time won’t bring on dazzling illuminations. However, after he attends a second Zen retreat gets a glimpse of more than he had in the beginning. He tries as a mediator to silence the restless “monkey man” inside, before calming down: “Maybe enlightenment is when the monkey just sees the sunset and when the sunset ends that monkey just looks at the stars. Another thing Moore brings up is that “You can’t slow the brain down with a few brief attempts any more easily than you can stop a speeding freight train with a white picket fence. ” To the authors astonishment he adapts well to being able to sit still. Even though there are no dramatic changes in his life he grows calmer, more equitable, and perhaps become a lot happier. Instead of being a self-promoting journey towards insight this book ends up being very quiet. If this book were found at the right time and in the right mood it should be satisfying to a patient and quiet seeker.

However, this could be too much for the eager inquirers to handle. Concerning whether God exists or not Moore realizes that he isn’t going to worry to much about it. “If God does in fact exist, I should live my life according to the principals of kindness, compassion, and awareness. Even if there isn’t a God the same principals apply which is his summation of an intimate Buddhist perspective. ” I recently had the opportunity to go and see Dinty Moore speak here at Sinclair. I learned quite a lot about him during his talk starting with that he was born in Erie, Pennsylvania.

One of the things that I learned about him is that he sees writing and Buddhism as being connected. While Mr. Moore was on his journey to finding himself he traveled around the country. I learned two aspects of Buddhism are you can’t control outside aspects and you can control the reaction people have. He informed the group that came to see him speak that after writing the book he became a writing teacher. He also let us know that to him Buddhism and other religions have wide similarities.

Accidental Buddhist Essay