Homophobia in Schools Essay

Homophobia in Schools Essay.

Homophobia is more alive than ever. Each day homophobia takes places in the world through vicious spoken, written and physical acts. One place in society that homophobic acts are alive and predominant is in our schools. Homophobia takes places in a variety of ways in school, from offensive jokes, threats, harassment, or physical assault made towards lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender youth. As Campos describes in Diverse Sexuality and School, “homophobia denotes a fear or hatred of gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender youth; it encompasses the prejudice or discrimination experienced by such persons based on their sexual orientation or gender identity” (8).

Society may be advancing in the aspect of understanding, but schools still have a long way because all students need to be educated on every type of sexuality.

From a personal reflection, I recall taking a class on teen education in my tenth year of grade school; I do not recall being educated on any other sexuality other than heterosexuality and this was only six years ago.

Today I ask the question, why? Are teachers just as homophobic as some students are? In a Canadian report entitled, Every Class in Every School: Final Report on the First National Climate Survey on Homophobia, Biphobia, and Transphobia in Canadian Schools, Taylor and Peter explore alarming statistics.

“70 percent of all LGBT and non-LBGT students reported hearing expressions such as ‘that’s so gay’ every day in school, and almost 48 percent reported hearing remarks such as ‘faggot, lezbo, and dyke’ every day in school. 10 percent of students have heard homophobic statements from teachers. 70 percent of LGBT students said they feel unsafe in school” (Taylor and Peter 15). These facts are alarming, scary, and most of all true. The focus of my research is to focus on homophobic acts and examples, the effects of these acts, and ways to overcome homophobia. Homophobia is defined as a extreme rage and fear towards lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender which causes devastating effects; the only way to overcome homophobia is through education in our schools, education on the beauty, tolerance, and acceptance of each individual’s diversity.

To truly understand homophobia, it is important to hear real-life stories and incidents that have perpetrated young homosexual, bisexual or transgender youth. The stories that will be introduced truly show that some adolescents have extremely difficulty accepting persons who do not conform to the social norms of society. Homophobia acts become a part of the daily routine at school. “I was chased all the way to my house by a mob of students as things were thrown at me and I was kicked and hit” (Campos 34). If these students chasing the young individual do not get caught, the students believe their mistreatment of a homosexual youth as permissible and justifiable; they will do it and again. As Campos describes, “befriending, supporting or defending a gay or lesbian youth is risky for a nonviolent heterosexual youth because they could potentially be labelled as gay or lesbian and face potential harassment as well” (34).

They biggest fear for heterosexual youth is that he or she does not want to be called gay or lesbian because the heterosexual youth knows that he or she will become the next victim. It is truly a game of fear. An example of fear is shown in the following taken from Gender, Bulling and Harassment: Strategies to End Sexism and Homophobia in Schools, “On February 12, 2008, 15 year old Larry King was shot in the computer classroom of his California junior high school by another male student after Larry had asked him to be his valentine. Larry was known in his school not only for being openly gay but also wearing high heels, nail polish, and makeup. The tragic incident is one of the more recent and extreme examples of why it was important to write this book” (Meyer 9).

The outcome of extreme homophobia is devastating as shown in the above example. The extent a heterosexual youth would go just to eliminate the label of being associated with a homosexual youth is inhumane. What bothers me the most is the extreme spectrum between the acceptance and hatred of non-heterosexual youth; there is not a “free to be” attitude all together. For example, we have Nicole who won’t associate with Kayla, who is a lesbian, because she fears Kayla will like her and other girls will think Nicole is also a lesbian; therefore Nicole calls Kayla a “dyke” everyday in gym class and bullies Kayla because she wears boxers.

Then on the other side of the spectrum, we have Hayden who is more than happy to accept his best friend Max as homosexual. In fact, Hayden asked Max to join the soccer team with him and the rest of the soccer team warmly welcomed Max as one of the guys. Both examples are very possible in society and schools today and both examples reflect the culture of the school as a whole. Unfortunately, the example with Kayla and Nicole is something that takes place much more frequent than the story of Hayden and Max because “rarely do schools contribute positively to gay and lesbian youth’s sexual identity development” (Campos 23). Schools lack education on sexual and gender diversity which leads to horrible acts causing LGBT youth to endure the overwhelming effects of homophobia.

The effects on a LGBT youth because of homophobia can be fatal. In the past few years, there have been numerous suicides as a result of homophobia and bullying. In Understanding Gay and Lesbian Youth, Campos introduces us to Robbie who is a 14 year old gay youth who ended his life. In Robbie’s suicide note he wrote, “I am sorry for the pain that I have put everyone through, I hope I can find the peace that I couldn’t find in life.” One can only imagine the amount of unbearable pressure and pain that Robbie endured every day of his young life to believe that his only option was to take his life. However, students still do not stop bullying despite the fact that they are killing non-heterosexual youth, emotionally and physically. “LGBT youth face three major problems: (1) isolation, (2) family difficulties, and (3) violence” (Martin and Hetrick, 85). Suicide among homosexual youth is one of the greatest at risk factors because some researchers believe that no other group of youth suffers more than gay and lesbian youth. The biggest reason for these effects is because of the lack of education, supports and resources.

Schools choose not to teach about homosexuality because either a) teachers do not feel competent enough, b) teachers do not feel comfortable enough in regards to school policy, or c) teachers are also homophobic. Whatever the reason may be, schools must put students first. When gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender youth face unacceptance from their teachers who are supposed to be their role models, the youth feels “cognitively, socially, and emotionally isolated and alone leading to the development of severe problems” (Campos 30). Some problems that occur among school personnel are that they are wrongly educated on what it means to be homosexual and the effects of homophobia. In my research and personal interactions I have found that school personnel assume that gay and lesbian youth have a sexual identity crisis or an internal conflict which causes them to consider suicide. “The fact is that most gay and lesbian youth consider suicide as a means to escape the pain of prejudice, rejection and isolation” (Campos 21). The question is how the youth reaches the point of choosing suicide as the only option left.

The best way to answer this question is to sit back and think about one’s adolescence as a heterosexual individual. As a heterosexual individual you were more than likely able to roam the hallways freely without be ostracized, alienated, ridiculed, condemned or harassed every day. I am not assuming that one, as a heterosexual youth, did not face harassment at all, but not on a daily routine and normal part of the day. The daily routine of feeling unsafe within the doors of the school would become unbearable. As Campos describes in Understanding Gay and Lesbian Youth, “they began to feel anxiety, fear, worthlessness, stress, isolation, and depression” (20).

The result of these feelings lead youth to engage in self destructive behaviours, beginning with skipping classes, dropping out, running away, and abusing substances. To validate this previous statement, Safe Schools Coalition in Victoria, BC, features official research on the impact of homophobic bullying. The following excerpt, taken from the SSVC website, explains why homophobia is so serious. “Critical new research has found that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth who experience high levels of school victimization in middle and high school report impaired health and mental health in young adulthood, including depression, suicide attempts that require medical care, sexually transmitted diseases and risk for HIV.

This is the first known study to examine the relationship between school victimization during adolescence – specifically related to sexual orientation and gender identity. The study demonstrates the importance of addressing and preventing anti-LGBT victimization at the structural or school level to reduce health disparities among LGBT young people. The study is published in the Journal of School Health, the journal of the American School Health Association” (SSVC) The last question left is “what can one do?” to overcome homophobia. There are many things within the school – academically, socially, and morally – that need to be altered, changed and transformed.

Homophobia in Schools Essay

Gay Men Born Gay Essay

Gay Men Born Gay Essay.

Gay men often claim that even as children they knew they were somehow “different” from other boys. Many say that sense even preceded puberty. And yet, though researchers have tried for decades to identify a biological basis for homosexuality — which seems to be present in all human societies — they have mostly come up dry. Tantalizing clues have surfaced: gays are more likely to be left-handed, for instance.

But in the end, there has been little proof that biology is sexual destiny.

Now new research offers evidence that there may indeed be a physiological basis for sexual orientation. In a study of 41 brains taken from people who died before age 60, Simon LeVay, a biologist at San Diego’s Salk Institute for Biological Studies, found that one tiny region in the brain of homosexual men was more like that in women than that in heterosexual men. “Sexuality is an important part of who we are,” notes LeVay, who is gay. And now we have a specific part of the brain to look at and to study.

That specific part is found at the front of the hypothalamus in an area of the brain that is known to help regulate male sexual behavior. Within this site, LeVay looked at four different groupings of cells, technically referred to as the interstitial nuclei of the anterior hypothalamus, or INAH for short. Other researchers had already reported that INAH 2 and 3 were larger in men than in women. LeVay hypothesized that one or both of them might vary with sexual orientation as well.

Routine autopsies provided the tissue LeVay needed. All 19 homosexual men had died of AIDS. So had six of the 16 presumed heterosexual men and one of the six women. Although LeVay hoped to include lesbians in his study, he was unable to obtain brains from women identified as such. After careful examination of the brain samples, he found that the INAH-3 areas of most of the women and homosexual men were about the same size. In straight men this region was on average twice as large — or about the size of a grain of sand.

In the past, much research on sexual orientation has focused on the role of interpersonal relationships in early childhood. Psychological literature is replete with material suggesting that male homosexuality is triggered by relationships with an overly protective mother or with a distant, even hostile father. “Here is a whole other way of looking at the question,” says LeVay. “These children may already be determined to become homosexual or heterosexual. The development plan that is laid out for them may be what causes them to develop certain troubled relationships with their parents. LeVay’s findings are certain to trigger a good deal of controversy. Many technical aspects of the study are subject to question, as the author concedes. He cannot be certain, for instance, that all the heterosexual men in the control group were heterosexual.

And since the AIDS virus attacks the brain, the size difference could be an artifact of the disease. It is also possible that the difference actually has nothing to do with sexual orientation or that it is the result rather than the cause of homosexuality. (2 of 3) My freshman biology students know enough to sink this study,” declares Anne Fausto-Sterling, professor of medical science at Brown University. Others are more receptive to LeVay’s work. “It makes sense,” says Laura Allen, a neuroanatomist at the University of California, Los Angeles. Finding a difference in the INAH, which influences male sexual behavior, “is what one would expect. “

The finding also has social implications. “People who believe that sexual orientation is a choice help legitimize discrimination against homosexuals,” says Melissa Hines, a UCLA psychologist. But if it is immutable, or partly so, then that argues for legal protections. ” The new study is the second to find some sort of difference between the hypothalami of gay and straight men. Last year a Dutch research team discovered that another group of neurons in this tiny gland is larger in homosexual than in straight men. But some scientists believe this structure governs daily rhythms rather than sexual behavior, so it is difficult to see any significance in the finding. Investigations of right- and left-handedness have also provided evidence of a physiological distinction.

Sandra Witelson, a professor of psychiatry at McMaster University in Hamilton, Ont. , has found more left-handers among homosexual women in her studies than among heterosexual women. Others have made the same observation among men. Since hand preference may be determined in part by the influence of sex hormones on the brain during gestation, Witelson believes these early hormonal influences could also play a role in sexual orientation. Animal studies provide a good deal of evidence for a biological basis of sexual orientation.

Through careful manipulation of hormone levels in newborn rats, Roger Gorski, a neuroendocrinologist at UCLA, has been able to produce male rodents that demonstrate feminine behavior. Other researchers, working with mice, have noted that female fetuses that develop between two male fetuses in a litter appear to be masculinized to some degree by their brothers’ testosterone. They look more like males than females, mature more slowly, have fewer reproductive cycles as adults and are less attractive to male mice. In many species, particularly among mammals, homosexual-like activity is an integral part of social interaction.

As any cattle rancher can attest, cows frequently mount each other. Apparently this ensures that all the females coordinate their reproductive cycles and then produce their calves at the same time. Female rhesus monkeys mount other females as a way of establishing a dominant rank in their troop’s hierarchy. (3 of 3) Researchers estimate that a third of American males experiment sexually with each other during their teen years, even though approximately 9 out of 10 eventually settle into relationships with girls.

But both men and women may switch gears later on or be bisexual throughout life. “There are some people in whom sexual orientation does not maintain itself,” says June Reinisch, director of the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender and Reproduction at Indiana University. “It’s not a matter of what they prefer; it’s whom they fall in love with. ” She cites the example of a woman who fell in love with and was married to a man for 10 years, then at the age of 30 fell in love with a woman and spent 11 years in that relationship, and at 41 fell in love with a man.

Clearly, even if sexual orientation does have a biological basis in the brain, it is not necessarily fixed. “All of us believe that genetic and hormonal influences are involved in homosexuality,” says Reinisch, “but there’s also an interaction with the environment. ” Over the years much research on homosexuality has been motivated by a desire to eradicate the behavior rather than understand, let alone celebrate, diversity.

Gay Men Born Gay Essay

Glass Roses Essay

Glass Roses Essay.

What does a child have to go through to have the courage to live his life for himself? “The Glass Roses” by Alden Nowlan highlights the conflicts within the main character, Stephen, a fifteen-year-old scrawny teenager working with his father in the woods. He has been brought up in an environment where there is a predetermined set idea of what It means to be a mam The protagonist either has to follow in the footsteps of his father or pursue his desires to embrace others and show compassion.

The friendships he develops and the ideas he grasps from his so called ‘outcast’ partner named Leka teach him more about growing up then his father ever did. But what really troubles Stephen is mustering up enough courage to change what the preconceived notion of what being a man really means and if those around him are willing to accept what being a man means to him. A glass rose can be seen as a fragile replica of what a real rose actually is.

Glass needs to be handled with care, it is weak and is not given the same admiration and appreciation as the ones we find in nature.

Although this Is completely up to the person, ltx safe to say that I speak for the majority of people. Earlier in the story Leka has nightmares and twists and turns in bed as the night goes on and Stephen always is there to wake him up. Stephen is the only one to do so among all the men. This shows that he Is undoubtedly the most caring of the group, and showing any kind of emotion isn’t something his father would approve of. I believe that he truly cares for others but must only do so openly a man. There’s a part in the story where Leka and Stephen are getting along and begin to regularly speak softly to one another at bed time.

Stephen wants to be just like his father but doesn’t want to change in order to do so. It’s clear that he has soft side, ‘Men did not tell one another fairy tales about cathedrals. But his father and the men at the bunkhouse need never know. This line makes me think about Stephen as having a split personality, one being an aspiring prodigy of his father, the other being a completely different individual yearning to be himself. It appears as if he has to act a certain way and if he acts any different, he forces himself back into that narrow mentality.

I feel sorry for him and the fact that he’s struggling so much to find himself while having the expectations of his father watching over him and breathing down his neck as he lives his life. All this makes him panic in the face of decision and a hesitant Stephen always turns back to his father’s notion of a man when in doubt. I always had friends in my age group so my parents weren’t really concerned about older kids taking advantage of me. I also have learned that parents can always see things in others that we may not see for ourselves in our younger ages.

Towards the end of the story, Stephen’s father pulls him aside and speaks to him seriously about his concerns of Leka. He mentions the touchy gestures he uses when he speaks such as ‘pat and poke’, things that Stephen never really picked up on. Once again it makes e think of the homosexuality hidden in the friendship they have and maybe that is why they outcast Leka. “Them Wops and Bohunks and Polacks has gotta lotta funny ideas. They ain’t our kinda people. You gotta watch them” in this line he hints to his son that Leka’s intentions may not completely be friendly.

Having to be told about one of his own friends is the same as questioning his own decisions, kind of like questioning his manliness. “Just make that Polack keep his hands off you…. IVe seen fellers like him before. ” As much as it is fatherly to look out for your son, it makes Stephen feel like less of a man. All this talk gets into his head, I know this because I know if my father was this concerned about one of my friends it would definitely about waking Leka during his nightmares.

The story ends and personally I believe that Stephen has decided to take the risk of becoming a man outside of the beliefs of his father and co-workers. He’s brought it upon himself to define what it means to grow up for himself, his own choices give detail to his character and knows that nobody but himself needs to be satisfied in order for him to live his life. The final decision of waking up Leka shows me that he hasn’t changed and trusts his own intuition.

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Glass Roses Essay

Assuming Is Dangerous Essay

Assuming Is Dangerous Essay.

When people make assumptions, based on things that they think they see, hear, or know; without confirming their conclusion first, anything can result. For Lester Burnham, it can be concluded, the result of someone else’s assumption would be his own death. Throughout the movie America Beauty, there were many miscommunications between the characters, but only one particular failure to communicate cost someone their life.

Colonel Frank Fitts was very concerned with his sons’ activities and his relationship with Lester Burnham, unaware of the true nature of the relationship between his son and Lester, the Colonel made accusations based on bits of information he gathered from short conversations with Lester and even “seeing” something he actually did not see.

Had he asked the right questions his conclusions would most likely not have caused him to take Lester’s life in the end of the movie.

There was also one particular moment where Lester could have possibly saved his own life by telling the Colonel that he was actually not a homosexual.

It was stated in our textbook Making Connections: Understanding Interpersonal Communication written by Kathy Sole that a very important part of communicating is making sure the message received is the correct message intended. It would appear that the Colonel has a problem with homosexuals but when he kissed Lester in the movie, there is more to understand about Colonel Frank’s sense of self.

As it says in our text “Today most researchers believe that who you think you are is a complex mix of how you see yourself; how others see you; what parents, teachers, and peers have told you about yourself; and what your society or culture tells you that you are or should be. ”(Sole, 2011) Colonel Frank must have never accepted his true self if he was a homosexual, instead he adapted to what others always believed he was. He appeared to have done his best to prove everyone else right.

Therefore, instead of the Colonel actually having a problem with homosexuals; he actually had a problem with himself. When the Colonel confronted Lester about his relationship with his wife, Lester’s responses were vague in a way that further solidified Frank’s assumptions that Lester was gay. When he kissed Lester and Lester said, “I think you have the wrong idea” Colonel Frank took it as a rejection, when Lester could have said, “No, man, I am not gay” or something of the sort.

If Lester had responded in a way that did not humiliate or make Frank feel inadequate he may not have killed Lester. Colonel Frank and, Lester both should have delved a little deeper, and made more of an effort to understand what each of them were actually trying to say, or the messages they were trying to convey. If they had done a better job and communicating, Lester would have been aware of Colonel Frank’s assumption that he was gay, and able to correct Frank.

If Colonel Frank had asked the right questions after Lester’s vague responses, he would have understood that Lester’s relationship with his wife was not “just for show” because he was gay but rather because they were trying to be the couple that others thought, they should be.

Assuming Is Dangerous Essay

An Imaginative Exploration of Same Love Essay

An Imaginative Exploration of Same Love Essay.

How and why is a social group represented in a particular way? Throughout history, revolution has been sparked by the influence of social change. Humans are clever, finding dozens of ways to adjust an unsatisfactory establishment into an adequate alternative. With methods ranging from strict non violence to genocide, and producing such change as radical transformation in government or sudden, fundamental shifts in public opinion on social issues.

Today, Americans in the United States find themselves in the midst of a new revolution; the equality and acceptance of the homosexual community.

Like all revolutions, there are many influential figures who affect this revolution through their actions and prominence in any given movement. In this essay, the music video for the song, “Same Love” by Macklemore and Ryan Lewis, will be analyzed in order to show how the homosexual community is represented by Macklemore in order to gain public support and empathy for their cause.

The music video for same love follows the life of a boy, from birth to old age, as he faces the trials and tribulations of a gay person throughout three major stages of his life and sexual identity; adolescence, adulthood, and finally old age.

These three stages are used to not only represent common issues in the homosexual community, but also show the underlying similarities between the homosexual community’s wants and desires with those of the heterosexual community.

In the first stanza of the song, the viewer is introduced to a teenager (for brevities sake we will call him Charlie) partaking in activities one would expect of someone his age; Playing football outside with his father, attending church, and going to parties with his friends. Charlie seems to be a normal kid. The camera cuts to a party. There is a group of racially ambiguous teenagers sitting around a bottle a young woman had just spun. The stops pointed at Charlie. Charlie laughs with his friends but something is wrong, Charlie looks down and rubs the back of his head. It is obvious he is uncomfortable.

Charlie is then seen walking up stairs, away from the party, locking himself in a room. It is at this point the chorus (sung by Mary Lambert) begins, “And I can’t change, even if I tried…” The viewer now realizes that young Charlie is gay. We follow Charlie through the entire chorus and part way through the second stanza. Charlie is seen having fun but whenever a romantic couple situation arises he looks unhappy and alone. Charlie is seen looking hard in the mirror, analyzing himself, who he is. The director of this video is very deliberate with how he wants young Charlie to be portrayed.

Charlie is made to look as a happy normal adolescent in public but forlorn when alone. The director does this to represent the young, closeted men of the homosexual community. There are two major messages the director wants to get across; one, the only difference between gay people and straight people is sexual orientation. And two, society is responsible for the unnecessary grief homosexuals feel which causes depression in thousands of teenagers in the United States. The first message is addressed by using Charlie as a generalized example of a person who is gay.

Charlie does all of the activities we would expect a normal teenager to do, Charlie dresses and looks like any other teenager, and finally Charlie has feelings like any other teenager. The director hopes that the act of giving the issue a face instead of leaving it as an abstract idea because, quite frankly, most Americans can not relate to the grievances of this minority. This tactic follows the same logic as the saying, “One death is a tragedy, a million is a statistic”, if the audience focuses on the woes of a single person then it is much easier for the people at home to empathize.

The second is accomplished by using Macklemore’s lyrics as the primary focus of the viewer while showing film that is passive in order for the viewer to focus on the meaning of the lyrics. For example, Macklemore when says, “If I was gay, I’d think hip hop hates me… ” video of Charlie is shown. However Charlie is not actually doing anything. He is the focus of the camera but does not make any active movements or facial expressions which would distract from the words. The viewer is now free to consider the meaning of the words.

Macklemore does not mean hip hop as a genre of music, no, he is talking about hip hop culture. This speaks specifically to his fan base as it corresponds with his style of music. Hip Hop is known for being stereotypically homophobic. Macklemore continues to say “have you seen the YouTube comments lately? ” this speaks to yet another subculture, internet users. The YouTube community is vast and is quickly becoming the face of new media with hundreds of personalities and literally millions of users.

This advanced new technology is quickly juxtaposed by the unsophisticated nature of the comments. It is a vulgar and malicious battleground of verbal attacks of anonymous internet users. Macklemore places blame on both the YouTube community and hip hop culture. Most of Macklemore’s general audience can relate to at least one of these groups and are known being consistently progressive. Because of the overall progressiveness of these groups, the members of them can become unaware of conduct that is derogatory of the gay community.

By doing this the artist makes the young audience of their own mistakes and creates the incentive to rectify their actions. It places responsibility on his established supporters to advocate for gay rights. The second stage of Charlie’s sexual identity is adulthood. He has a stable job, has come out of the closet, found a partner (We will refer him to him as Garth). He seems to have moved on from the unhappiness he felt in his teenage years and is finally living happily with his partner. Charlie and Garth are seen walking into a house to have dinner with his parents.

It is obvious his parents are religious, they hold hands and saying grace, and Charlie’s mother crosses herself. The parents do not seem too pleased to hear about Charlie and Garth’s relationship. Charlie is sad because of his parent’s disapproval, but accepts it to maintain his relationship. He has evolved as a person and realizes that living for other people is exhausting and ultimately unfulfilling. This gloomy mood shifts dramatically as Charlie and Garth experience pure joy in each others company.

They jump into river and go swimming together, they hold hands in public, and sit at home listening to records. All of the things you would expect from any couple in love. And even though people might look at the couple differently, or even threaten them physically, they just brush it off, ignore it, and continue living their lives. Eventually, Garth proposes to Chris and they have the cliche church wedding idealized by many couples lean towards when planning a wedding. They are married and kiss at the altar in front of all their friends.

The couple is overwhelmed with happiness at the reception as they dance and celebrate with all of the people who support their lifestyle and accept them for who they are. It is truly a heartwarming sight. This scene cuts in between the celebration and shows Charlie once again, as a teenager to show the extent of his development as a person then cuts back to the couple. In this section of the song the director makes a point to represent a second group of the homosexual community, the openly gay men of the United States trying to live their lives like everyone else.

He portrays Charlie as a mature adult who no longer tortures himself by seeking the acceptance of his peers or family, rather, he has accepted who he is to himself and has decided to do his very best to make himself happy. The reason the director chose to represent this group this way was because it; one, shows the audience how unthreatening they are. And two, highlights the similarities between homosexual and heterosexual couples. The first is a very important point to get across to those who are against gay marriage.

One of the main arguments the opposition uses to counter the support is that gay people are a threat to the traditional family and they are a threat to the institution of marriage. The video shows this gay couple and it is made apparent that the only agenda on these two peoples minds is the pursuit of happiness. The only thing these two men ask is that their inalienable right not be infringed. Some members of the audience may never have actually seen a gay couple and do not understand this fact. Showing it on video may change the way they view these people.

The second is very important as well and concerns the same people in the audience that the director was trying to reach in the first. By highlighting the similarities like holding hands or simply enjoying each others company, it makes the couple more relatable. The more similarities a person has with another, the more understanding said person will be of the other. And finally old age. The director is very poetic in the sense that the exact same shot of the light in the hospital that is used at the beginning of the video when Charlie is born is used to introduce Charlie, in a hospital, on his deathbed.

Charlie is laying down with his eyes closed and Garth is right there by his side, holding his hand just as Charlie’s mother held his at birth. The final image of the elderly couple, holding hands, proudly wearing their wedding rings, fades into white. The final message the director wanted to get across was the genuine love these two men felt for each other. He did this by showing the couple together until the very end, the commitment these two had for one another is unquestionable.

It dismisses the notion one might have of their relationship being based completely on lust. Ultimately it shows that the love is real and silences any naysayer. It completely validates the reason for supporting gay rights. At the end of the day the title says it all. A gay couple is no different from a straight couple. Homosexuals deserve the right to pursue happiness in the same way a heterosexual would. We share the same desires, the same needs, the same feelings, the same love.

An Imaginative Exploration of Same Love Essay

A night in the hills Essay

A night in the hills Essay.

Gerardo Luna, a jewelry store salesman in his 30’s, has always dreamed to go to the forest which he regards as a beautiful place. One day, when Ambo, an orchid gatherer who buys some jewelry for his wife’s store, tells Gerardo about living in the forest for weeks at a time, the latter gets more interested, and tells his wife about it. However, his wife is eyeing only the business aspect of such idea. Hence, he never mentions his dream again.

Then Gerardo’s wife dies. At last, he can fulfill his long-time dream, especially that Ambo has come again, with stories regarding newly opened public land on a forest plateau.

So, the two of them plan to go to the forest. Before actually going to the planned trip, Gerardo’s Ate Tere is not so keen on the idea. She wants him to marry Peregrina who will surely take him the minute he proposes. Ambo and Gerardo go to the hills, and it is among the foothills where they spend noontime.

Gerardo is tired and sweaty, and he asks for water, which, according to Ambo is ten minutes away. They walk and walk, and along the way Gerardo experiences nature in a manner that is not that wonderful for him. Finally they enter the dim forest.

Gerardo is uncomfortable on his bed of small branches and twigs. He cannot sleep that night; he thinks of his wife, not fondly, though. He also thinks of God. He is oppressed by nostalgia. There is an eerie light in the forest, and Gerardo hears strange sounds that are caused by tree worms. Then he hears water from afar. All in all, he feels that he will never understand the forest. Gerardo goes home, first getting his house’s key from his Ate Tere. There he meets Peregrina whom he tells “Pereg, as soon as I get these clothes off I shall come to ask you a question that is very—very important to me.

” As she smiled eagerly but uncertainly into his face, he heard a jangling in his hand. He felt, queerly, that something was closing above his hand, and that whoever was closing it, was rattling the keys. III. SHORT STORY ELEMENTS A. CHARACTERS 1. Gerardo Luna – a jewelry store salesman in his 30’s, Protagonist, Developing 2. His wife – Antagonist, Flat 3. Ambo – an orchid gatherer who buys some jewelry for his wife’s store. Who act as the fulfiller of the protagonist dreams, he lead Gerardo to his dream-the forest 4.

Ate Tere or Sotera – Gerardo was a younger brother to the former mistress of her also younger brother. Contradicting his brothers dream 5. Peregrina – the one that Sotera want to marry by his brother. B. PLOT – Linear a) Introduction Gerardo Luna is being introduced, with the mention of his secret long-time dream of going to the forest. b) Rising Action He tells her wife about such dream, but she brushes it off; thus, he forgets about that dream. Then she dies. c) Climax The peak of this short story is when Gerardo is finally in the forest, and he experiences things that he has never though the forest has.

d) Falling action Things start to “fall” when Gerardo realizes that the forest is not exactly what he has always dreamed. e) Denouement When he goes back home, Gerardo feels he should get back to reality. C. SETTING a) place – in Intramuros, Manila, Philippines b) time- a long time ago c) weather conditions- fine d) social conditions- Gerardo has a nice job e) mood or atmosphere- light D. POINT OF VIEW The Point of View used in this short story is the Omniscient Limited – The author tells the story in third person (using pronouns they, she, he, it, etc).

We know only what the character knows and what the author allows him/her to tell us. We can see the thoughts and feelings of characters if the author chooses to reveal them to us. E. LITERARY DEVICES A night in the Hills is in a form of allegory in which the forest is defined by Gerardo as heaven , where he can find things he missed and so he wish to have. Allegory is a literary device in which characters or events in a literary, visual, or musical art form represent or symbolize ideas and concepts.

Allegory has been used widely throughout the histories of all forms of art; a major reason for this is its immense power to illustrate complex ideas and concepts in ways that are easily digestible and tangible to its viewers, readers, or listeners. An allegory conveys its hidden message through symbolic figures, actions, imagery, and/or events. Allegory is generally treated as a figure ofrhetoric; a rhetorical allegory is a demonstrative form of representation conveying meaning other than the words that are spoken.

For me, the literary devices used in this story are Symbolism and Irony. Gerardo’s dream of going to the forest symbolizes the freedom he has always longed for. Meanwhile, this dream is ironic because the forest is not what he thinks it is. F. THEME In my opinion, the theme things are not always as they appear to be is applicable to this story. Living your dreams by embracing changes and realization G. CONFLICT The conflict here is Internal, that of Man vs. Himself. Gerardo has always dreamed of going to the forest, and he has kept this within himself. –ARV

A night in the hills Essay

Anti-gay bullying stereotypes and suicides Essay

Anti-gay bullying stereotypes and suicides Essay.

Anti-gay bulling has increased over the years. There are more gays and lesbians committing suicide as a result. Asher Brown, a 13-year-old Houston, Texas teen committed suicide because he could not take the daily ridiculing of being bullied at school for years. Asher was being picked on because his classmates assumed he was gay.

They also made fun of him because of his size, his religion, and because he did not wear name brand clothing and shoes. Some of his classmates went as far as performing mock gay acts on him in physical education.

His parents had complained about the bullying to Hamilton Middle School officials during the past 18 months, but no one listened to their concerns. He was ridiculed the day before his suicide when another student tripped him as he walked down a flight of stairs at his school. The other student then kicked his books everywhere and kicked him down the stairs. On the morning of his suicide he told his father that he was gay. Asher was found dead that afternoon on the floor of his stepfather’s closet after shooting himself (O’Hare, 2010). There are a few stereotypes about gays.

One of the stereotypes is that gay people want everyone else to have their same sexual orientation. There are others that are just ignorant because people think that you are gay because you are friends with someone who is gay and you will become gay. Another stereotype is that gay people will give you AIDS. These stereotypes are perpetuated through learned behavior. Most of these children that teased Asher learned about these things from society. They hear adults, other children, and even television shows that portray these stereotypes in gays.

Children tend to learn their beliefs from those that are closest like their parents and siblings. Those same children take those beliefs to school and share them with their friends. Stereotypes are not transmitted through parental influence and through peer Anti-Gay Bullying 3 discussion and pressure. It is difficult to determine who is responsible for the perpetuation of stereotypes because most beliefs can be traced back for generations. Something that may begin as a bad experience for one ends in a shared family belief. The media can also our beliefs about stereotypes.

It is hard to determine whether or not public opinion shapes the views of the media or whether the media shapes pubic opinion. It could possibly be both. There are multiple television shows that portray gay characters but there one cartoon that stinks in my mind. The Simpsons is a show that stereotype gays because the image of Waylon Smithers. Waylon Smithers is a regular character on the hit animated series, The Simpsons. Waylon is the assistant to C. Montgomery Burns, Homer Simpson’s boss and the owner of the Springfield Nuclear Power Plant.

Waylon is typically referred to as Mr. Smithers, or simply Smithers by Mr. Burns. On the Simpsons, Waylon Smithers plays the role of the stereotypical gay male who is still in the closet. Even though he has not declared himself gay he has several gay friends, he goes on vacation to a male only resort, and many of his fantasies of Mr. Burns have been revealed by his computer. Smither knows that the people in his town would turn on him if he ever disclosed his sexuality. He is afraid of losing the respect of those that are close to him.

Instead of looking at Asher as a person, his classmates only saw him as a gay and poor teenager. They all acted on their hatred and fear for homosexuality. Studies show that school-related experience of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender young adults between the ages of 21 and 25 reports higher levels of depression and decreased life satisfaction (Freeman, 2010). Our society is responsible for influencing his classmates to believe stereotypes about gays who Anti-Gay Bullying 4 harassed Asher repeatedly for years and up until the day before his death.

It is certain that stereotypes still persist in modern culture. It is not entirely possible to rid our culture of stereotypes. Hopefully in years to come, this world will evolve and society will look at everyone as being equal. Self preservation will always come first and part of preserving ourselves sometimes means identifying others that are weaker than us based on perceptions. Perception is never completely reality; we will find ourselves relying on stereotypes to classify those we need to fight against to survive. It is very unlikely that stereotypes will ever disappear.

Anti-gay bullying stereotypes and suicides Essay

A Modest Proposal Essay

A Modest Proposal Essay.

This is a beautiful land for millions that grants its people plentiful opportunities to start a wonderful life. The United States of America is the most honorable country to live in; we have been credited for our vast amount of freedom to all. America can easily be claimed the greatest nation in the world. We do, however, have an issue, an issue with the homosexuals. The true American people need to do something about this blasphemy. It continues to frustrate me on a daily basis to see them everywhere.

Homosexuals all over the place are an abomination. I was truly appalled to find out that they think they could gain equality rights to normal people; it is outrageous. Maybe, as a solution, for the greater good of our community, we take away this problem. Put them away; build isolated communities to house the gay. The government can go about this the same way they did the Japanese and the internment camps.

Homosexuals are a threat to society, to the value of marriage and the proper structure of family. If we as a community let this stand, it will ruin the lives of thousands.

Children will grow up wrong and heterosexual marriages will never be the same; this affects everyone. America has a history of poor civil rights decisions: slavery, segregation, women’s suffrage, racism, and discrimination. Now is this country’s chance to learn from history and protect the civil rights of heterosexuals! We cannot stand down and let the wrath of the seemingly harmless and loving Homosexuals need for “equality” reign down on future generations. The only solution, which is an obvious one, is to relocate any gay out of the public’s eye. This is a surefire way to handle such a controversial issue.

A Modest Proposal Essay