Plagiarism – Impact of Internet Essay

Plagiarism – Impact of Internet Essay.

The advent of technology and internet in the last decade has opened up several avenues for unlimited information access. This along with the increasing academic pressures has led students to resort to plagiarism at an alarming rate (Elliot, 2004). The problem of plagiarism in the academic context can no longer be ignored as it is hampering the creativity and intellectual capacities of students. Overall, there has been a growing concern and an increase in awareness to find ways to counteract plagiarism.

Thesis Problem Statement

It has been said that internet hinders the creativity of students and encourages intellectual laziness.

This paper intends to explore the negative effects of internet on the creative thinking abilities of the students and find some ways to counteract it.

Internet and Plagiarism

While the concept of plagiarism is not new, it is certainly more widespread now than before. Plagiarism basically means copying someone else’s work and claiming it as own without giving due credit to the original author (Jones, 2007).

With the advent of technological era, information is easily accessible and the temptation to pass off someone else’s work as one’s own is high. There is no limit to the amount or type of information that is available on internet covering every subject imaginable. While this kind of information accessibility is advantageous in several ways and facilitates learning in some scenarios, it also leads to several problems with plagiarism especially in the academic context. Due to the availability and ease of access of the information without any restrictions, the effort to plagiarise is much less compared to earlier days when students had to go through a laborious process to get access to the relevant resources in order to copy. In this context, the impact of internet on cheating can be considered extremely high and is known as digital or cyber plagiarism.

Impact of internet

According to the NEC Research Institute, there are more than 1.4 billion pages on the Internet with 25 new pages being added every second (Dyrli, 2000). Due to this huge database of information, it is very easy to find papers and information related to the academic subjects This has led to a rapid increase in the percentage of cheating both intentional and unintended by students. According to a study conducted by the Centre for Academic Integrity of Duke University, plagiarism due to internet has increased fourfold in the last 6 years (Vencat, 2006). Several other studies have substantiated this claim of rising incidents of plagiarism and the blurring of moral lines among students.

Reasons and Effects of Plagiarism

Before delving deep into the effects of plagiarism and ways to prevent it, it is important to understand the reasons for it. While the availability of information is certainly a forerunner, there are several other reasons which lead to it as well, the main one being the academic pressure to which students are subjected and the emphasis on good grades in today’s competitive world (Elliot, 2004). However, since the focus of this paper is digital plagiarism, the main reasons why internet encourages plagiarism are stated below:

1. Access to unlimited information through websites and search engines.
2. The ease with which content can be copy-pasted as compared to the earlier traditional methods of copying the material by hand.
3. Difficulty in detecting plagiarism due to the sheer amount of information against which a particular essay or paper needs to be compared.
4. Lack of standards and criteria making it difficult to pin down a work as exact plagiarism.

Due to all the reasons mentioned above and many others, the incidents of cheating are steadily on the rise since the last decade. While a lone instance of plagiarism is negligible, massive increases such as these indicate a self-destructive trend among the student community and are becoming a cause of worry (Lathrop & Foss, 2000). Cheating students not only hamper their own intellectual growth, they also make it that much more difficult for honest students to get their due. Students may gain admission to courses which they do not deserve by using the grades obtained through wrongful means and this creates a permanent impact on the future of the society. This impact becomes especially dangerous if a cheating student decides to get into fields such as medicine, law etc. Also, if a particular student who plagiarises regularly receives good grades, it might compel others to do the same and hence the problem will continue to spread. Considering all these factors, it has become imperative for the academic community to take a strong stand against plagiarism.

Avoiding Plagiarism

The anti-plagiarism industry has been gaining more and more prominence in the last few years and educational institutions have started enforcing very strict guidelines to ensure that students do not cheat. Most of the institutions mete out severe punishments to offenders. Having said that, the subject of academic integrity is a debatable topic and since all the information available on internet is considered public, it is difficult to define intellectual property in a precise manner. Creating awareness is the first step towards preventing plagiarism and most institutions are taking steps to ensure awareness among students. There are also several resources available on the internet which give information about what constitutes plagiarism and what does not. Teachers are resorting to the use of plagiarism detection softwares to catch offenders.

As mentioned before, there are several reasons which ultimately culminate in plagiarism. Apart from the ones mentioned in the previous section, there are also several internal factors which lead students to cheat. Procrastination, poor planning and time management, peer pressure, lack of subject knowledge etc are some of the contributing factors (Elliot, 2004). Sometimes, students are genuinely not aware of the intricacies of citing works and thereby make mistakes which constitute accidental or unintentional plagiarism. However, the fact that the plagiarism was unintentional does not make it acceptable and is still considered wrong.

To avoid plagiarism, it is important to tackle the root of the issue. While the institute and teachers can play an important role in creating awareness and challenging assignments which encourage creative thinking, at the end of the day, the moral responsibility lies with the students and it is up to them to understand the consequences of cheating and make an effort consciously to avoid it (Martin, 1984). There are several ways in which students can contribute towards reducing such cases. It is important to create self-awareness by studying all the plagiarism related policies and literature provided by the university and also to understand the consequences of not following the rules as most of the universities subscribe to anti-plagiarism softwares lately. Along with policies, it is also important for students to understand the ethics behind the policies. There are several writing formats and referencing styles followed by universities which provide guidelines on giving credit to the original source and students should familiarize themselves with the ones accepted by their own institutes (Kirszner & Mandell, 2004). It is a good idea to ask for help whenever there is any confusion about citing.

Also, it is of utmost importance for students to develop good time management skills and plan their coursework in a proper manner as lack of time is one of the main factors for cheating. A good internal schedule with enough time allocated for understanding the subject matter can go a long way in preventing the temptation to cheat. By gaining a good understanding of the subject matter, it is possible to analyse what has been written on the subject by others and extract the relevant data from it rather than blind copying. Last but not the least, it is extremely important to cite all the information which has been borrowed from other sources (Neville, 2007).

Developing Creative Thinking

During his days as the editor of the Forbes magazine, Malcolm Forbes once said that “Education’s purpose is to replace an empty mind with an open one”. This quote aptly describes the actual intent behind the design of academic subjects and the related coursework. It has been said that the ability to think and react logically is critical for a person’s personal as well as professional success. While the internet or any other literary resource might provide the information and the facts relevant to a coursework, they do not serve the actual purpose of a course. Most of the times, the aim of a coursework, be it an essay or a dissertation is to test the subject knowledge and critical thinking abilities of the student. Mere copy pasting does not in any way, reflect the thinking abilities of a student. The internet can be a powerful source of data and information as long as the student learns to process the data and understand the information independently.  The information available can be used more productively if the students relate it to the task at hand and build upon it.

There are several ways to develop critical thinking abilities though it is not possible to simply learn them. Every assignment can be broken down into logical chunks which encourage thinking and analysing on the students’ part. Students can also participate in class room discussions to the maximum possible extent to understand various viewpoints and relate them to one’s own views. Participating in discussions and taking notes at appropriate places ensures that the original authors are always credited for their work. This also encourages asking questions and raising doubts as and when they arise thereby helping the students understand the subject better. Understanding the subject ensures that students do not blindly accept the facts presented by someone else without questioning the logic behind it or without asking for evidence (Martin, 1984).

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Plagiarism – Impact of Internet Essay

Internet security Essay

Internet security Essay.

Security issues in cyberspace continue to threaten the integrity of information distributed and accessed. In today’s digital economy, Alvin Toffler in his book Power Shift indicated that the axis of power is shifting towards the entity that possesses more substantial knowledge. Information technology in this case is both a powerful medium and a vulnerable platform. Although information is emerging as a new currency, it is not a guarantee that all information collected is true and accurate.

The entry and dominance of information technology in all aspects of life in this century have generated various issues that affect the entire social, political and economic structure of world economies.

The influx of information technology affects people as “every new technology creates hidden effects in its environment, rearranging the social order it penetrates. Many of these effects are inextricably linked to ethical issues” (Cooper 71+). Fillis & Wagner discussed in E-business Development: An Exploratory Investigation of the Small Firm some of the benefits of adopting small business into e-commerce.

The benefits include “improved communications, cost savings, greater visibility, ability to develop new markets and greater levels of information retrieval”(625). The authors likewise discussed the barriers associated with e-commerce. They include issues like privacy, security and inadequate technical knowledge (625). While information technology provides the impetus for a new business paradigm to develop, there are issues that remain. With e-business overcoming the national boundaries and barriers, companies engaged in e-commerce should not relax its vigilance on security concerns.

The Internet is a gateway for companies to globalize their operations but security issues remain a threat. Security as an Ongoing Concern Some of the major trends associated with recent developments in e-business include web-based platforms, content, search engines and database management, integration and security. When the dot. com bubble bursts in the late 90’s, e-business practitioners became more cautious and vigilant regarding their business practices. Competition on cyberspace also tightened with more businesses joining the bandwagon.

For many e-businesses are modeled after the ‘click and mortar’ structure, success is dependent on integration of online and offline activities to make e-businesses work. Recently, most e-businesses also had increased the security level of transactions online. Infrastructures were established so payments made online would be secure. Privacy has become a prominent issue in e-business. With the introduction of “smartcards, authentication devices and real-time fraud detection using sophisticated bank systems, security levels at online transactions increased.

Alternative online payment like SSL and Paypal offered secure payment systems” (Bwired). Despite those advances in security protocols in e-commerce, the problem of security is still an ongoing concern for most e-business enterprises. The absence of clear delineations and governing policies concerning the use of the Internet and the conduct of its users has also brought several issues to the forefront. For example, Maignan and Lukas’ study respondents used the words “anarchy” and “chaos” to describe the structure within cyberspace.

Other respondents though considered the Internet as a place for “communities” (366). Presently, while there may be no consolidated laws that regulates or punishes perpetrators that commit computer fraud, The Wiretap Act prohibits any individual from obtaining information illegally. If stored information is accessed, the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act and the Stored Communications Act are consulted (Hofstadt 14). The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has at its disposal countermeasures against cyber crime such as Carnivore.

The intention was to protect the interests of the American public against unlawful use of cyberspace to perpetrate crimes. The main targets of the Carnivore are “terrorism, information warfare, child pornography, fraud (including white collar), and virus writing and distribution” (Durham n. p. ). The Carnivore is capable of filtering e-mails from suspected criminals and tracing the origins of these messages. It operates on two modes, the “pen” and “full”. The “pen” mode will only capture the addresses of the messages while the “full” mode can access the entire contents of the e-mails (Etzioni 59).

Security threats are still difficult issues to address especially when the web is constantly subjected to attacks and hacking and perpetrators grew bolder. Compromised security and system integrity is something that every organization dependent on information technology wishes to avoid. Compromised security would be too costly and perhaps cause the collapse of businesses and institutions. With incomplete laws or the absence of regulations to prevent the onslaught of technology-driven improprieties would weaken any type of security measures.

The cost of procuring hardware to initiate a virtual existence may be expensive. The software tools are constantly evolving. There might be technical shortcomings when it comes to the required bandwidths and reliability of the system. There may be some compatibility problems with the infrastructure and the various institutions’ present IT structure. It would become more difficult to integrate the two systems. Resolving Security Issues in E-commerce Bob Worner in Choosing the Right Security Infrastructure for E-business Success reiterated the importance of security in E-business.

It is not enough that e-businesses put their focuses on employee and customer satisfaction. Critical to the success of companies engaged in e-commerce is a solid strategy for information security. The author suggested that security management must include limits to information access and use, criteria for evaluating security infrastructure choices underscoring the importance of choosing the right type of security protocol will spell the difference between the success or demise of an e-business enterprise.

David Thompson in The Social Engineering of Security provided a balanced view of the factors to consider businesses decide to create a virtual entity. E-business security management requires serious contemplation and e-business enterprises must look beyond the surface. Security strategies must be consistent and organizations must be able to strike a balance in mitigating the risks. The managers are the lead actors that should be able to understand the implications of going virtual.

Hence, e-business security strategies and solutions must emanate from prudent and careful selection of security tools, as well as being aware of the risks involved in establishing an e-business. Leon in Ten Tips to Combat Cybercrime, recognizing the lack of a unified front against computer fraud proposed strategies where individuals or companies can protect themselves against illicit intrusions. He advised that one should be suspicious of emails from unknown sources. Always open a new window and avoid accessing websites through direct URL links. Always use encryption and digitally signed emails when sending messages.

Almost all the residents of cyberspace agree on at least one thing: “For security reasons, or simply for privacy, encryption of certain transmissions over electronic networks is sometimes necessary” (Davis). Do not allow permanent cookies in the web browsers. Disable scripts in web browsers. Understand the vulnerability of the systems and institute preventive measures against intrusions such as putting up a firewall or installing countermeasures against hackers. Ruhnka and Bagby in Forensic Implications of Metadata in Electronic Files described the importance of metadata in forensics.

Metadata is referred to the electronic equivalent of DNA because it could reveal information on the “origins, context, authenticity and distribution of electronic evidence” (68). Metadata fall under two categories: one is application metadata and the other is systems metadata. The application metadata is created by software applications that usually are embedded on every file created every time a software application is used. The systems metadata resides in “the system registry of the computer system or server used to access and store that file” (69).

Metadata in litigation procedures could assist in discovering “human and system actions in information systems; can be used to investigate and verify fraud. abuse, mistakes, or system failures; and can help to establish elements such as causation, timing, and the extent of knowledge or mens rea (guilty knowledge)” (70). Fortifying the e-business against unauthorized breach is imperative. Just as information technology is a mediating tool to perpetrate fraudulent acts, it is also the best tool to secure the organization against such attacks. Fighting fire with fire is the most logical direction to take.

Network intrusion detection system (NIDS) is essential for any information system that requires vigilance against unauthorized incursions. They essentially run on the periphery of a local area network (LAN) primarily positioned to “detect log Internet-based attacks against a local network, such as attempts at buffer overruns, cross-site scripting, and denial-of-service” (Schuff, Choe & Pai 138). Unlike firewalls which shut off external access to suspected intrusions, NIDS monitors “attacks on externally-exposed ports used for running network services” (138).

The entire network of the organization requires that additional security features be implemented aside from the standard features offered in a typical OS platform. The implementation costs should also be minimal. When implementing Internet links and access to both internal and external users, the system must be protected from unauthorized intrusions. Overall, the implementation of a secure network infrastructure favors the business or production environment. It will deter possible malicious intrusions that are likely to affect the organization’s productivity.

While it is true that having a good network infrastructure makes a company function better, the presence of a network, wired system also exposes the e-commerce company to information security nightmares. Another solution that could secure e-commerce portals in cyberspace is to deploy honeypots to detect and trace unauthorized users. The biggest threat to system integrity comes from remotely controllable backdoors. Not only do they permit industrial espionage at the most sophisticated level, it also devastates the target victim’s entire system.

These malwares are commonly referred to as botnets (Wicherski 1). Botnets posed serious threat to the internet for two main reasons: the sum of resources available by a single botnet is so immense that they can cause severe damages…and the control of so many resources is the sending and delivering huge amounts of spam” (1). Applying the principles of hunting, honeypots were created to serve as bait to potential intruders and hackers. Security specialist put up systems that appeared to be vulnerable to attacks.

However, these systems are useless because they contain no data or information, administration controls, and computers to destroy. These dummy systems are referred to as honeypots. Honeypots are exposed to unwanted intrusion and they essentially lure hackers and intruders and deceive them into thinking they got into the system successfully. The security specialist can now monitor the movements of the would-be hacker while effectively keeping valuable system information safe. Honeypots can now “collect data for research or legal action, and alert administrators of attacks in progress” (Raikow).

This also sets a precedent for successful apprehension and prosecution of the perpetrator (Martin 1). Conclusion The foregoing discussion supported the view that companies engaged in e-commerce should not relax its vigilance on security concerns. The issue of security remains a threat. The reliability of security systems is constantly challenged, as newer and more sophisticated intrusive systems are developed. One should be concerned that security measures employed might not be able to keep up with the speed malicious hackers can compromise the security of network systems.

Businesses and organizations dependent on information systems to operate on a regular basis need to protect themselves from unauthorized intrusion. The use of information technology as a mediating tool for both solving the problem of intrusion and perpetuating illegal entry in network systems is a paradox that needs to be considered by organizations engaged in e-commerce. The law lacks teeth that could apprehend individuals with malicious intent and this increases the possibility of more individuals using information technology as a platform to commit inappropriate acts.

The lack of real understanding on the implications of new developments in information technology within a critical and analytical framework will always lead to incorrect assumptions. Information technology may have brought advances in today’s world but coupled with it are contentious issues that need to be resolved immediately. Security issues that came about merely signal the weaknesses of the integration of information technology into the business paradigm.

Internet security Essay

Swot Analysis: Javanet Internet Café Essay

Swot Analysis: Javanet Internet Café Essay.

JavaNet Internet Café is a newly opened coffee shop with an elite, advance, and unique Internet access. JavaNet Internet Café business creator and owner is Cale Bruckner. The business was created based on the Cale Bruckner opportunity of wanting to profit through what the public wants are; the ability to have Internet access and at affordable prices. His business plan is well laid out with good strengths and opportunity for profiting from his business. However, Cale plan did contain some weaknesses and threats that can contribute to his business being unsuccessful in the long run.

As I examine Cale’s business plan closely, below are four categories showing the strength, opportunity, weaknesses, and threat of his company.

Owner and creator of JavaNet Internet Café Cale Bruckner have opened a what-to-be profitable business that would tailor and market to what the public needs are. Although he did not have any previous experiences with in this profession, his idea is an original approach comparing to other companies.

His idea in starting his business is to find different approaches to bringing in more customers; and frankly, a simple café business would not be enough. Looking from a different marketing angle, Cale had found a successful approach in doing so; the creation of the JavaNet Internet Café. It is a café where all individuals can come to enjoy a cup of coffee or beverages while having the convenience of full internet access. Having his business located in busy downtown of Eugene, Cale strategies is to market his business to individuals ranging from the age of

Eighteen to fifty years old, those without a laptop or computer, or those without any sort of internet access. Cale had his JavaNet Internet Cafe business plan mapped out thoroughly. His business plan is mapped out in chronological order and fully detailed on where the location would be, how much it cost to operate the business, and who are his marketing targets. His main target is to profit from his business while keeping his customers satisfies.

There are couples of weaknesses that JavaNet Internet Café display. Firstly, there is too little of a demand and too much of a supple. JavaNet will the first Internet café in the town of Eugene and if there are not enough people demanding for the supply, there will not be a need for the café to be in business. Secondly, nowhere in his business plan did Cale mention about the hiring process of his staff, what are the paying wages, how many staff will be hired, nor how the business day to day operation should be. All these information are crucial to include in a business plan because it allows the owner business to operate in a smooth and friendly manner. Additionally, it allows the owner to see what kind of financial budget he or she must have and maintain. Thirdly, through the three year in business, JavaNet Internet Café did perform well or profit from the first year. According to business Projected Balance Sheet, JaveNet Internet Café net worth was below $4, 177.

Owner Cale Bruckner had his business JavaNet Internet café open when he realized the opportunity to profit in fulfilling the public demand; having internet access at an affordable price. The JavaNet Internet café is a profitable business of the reason that the demand of obtaining access to the Internet has increased more than ever. The Internet has become the modern day source of communication; from business to personal socializing.

Every company has threats, and for JavaNet Internet café is finding the demand for the service. JavaNet Internet café location will be in downtown Eugene on 10th and Oak Street. The current local population and competition will make it hard for Java café to do business if there aren’t enough of their services to go around. Moreover, comparing to other internet café, JavaNet café is still a new business and with the local people, they are not familiar with the business, the pricing, or service. As a result, JavaNet will not be profitable during the first year or business.

Cale Buckner business plan was laid out very nicely, however there are some areas within his business plan that I thought he should have elaborate more clearly on. For instance, employees play a major factor in an owners company. He should have elaborated more precise on how many employees are to be hired, the day-to-day operation, wages, and what is expected from each of them. Otherwise, Cale and his business seem to be doing better than the first year of business through the look of his Projected Balance Sheet.

Swot Analysis: Javanet Internet Café Essay

Internet Addiction Essay

Internet Addiction Essay.

1. State the author’s thesis in your own words. Then, using the guidelines on pages 126-27, evaluate the effectiveness of the thesis. Answer: In the article, “Internet Addiction”, Greg Beato’s main purpose or main idea is about how Internet affects people’s lives because of being addicted on the Internet.

The author states that people that are addicted on the Internet turns out to be out of their minds and having some kind of disorder. He explains and gives examples specifically of people being addicted on the Internet.

He also cites lots of evidence to support his thesis statement. The first evidence that Greg Beato put up to is about how many people are using Internet on their daily life basis. Greg Beato said, “The internet is a tool that many of us use on a day-to-day basis. We use it to communicate, interact socially, keep up-to-date with news, play games, took up information and provide us with an unending supply of inspiration and entertainment”.

He concludes that the percentage that people are using the internet is very high; Because of that high amount of percentage, many people drag themselves very much attached to the Web that affects them and leading them to have mental disorders. Another evidence that Greg Beato wrote about on his article is about those people who gone mad and had lost their minds. First, a student from Harvard lost his scholarship because of spending too much of his time playing video games.

Second, a guy who stays at his computer for hours to play games, which developed a blood clots in his leg and had amputated. And lastly, an 18-year-old guy who chose to move out from his parents rather than to quit playing Internet games. Many teenagers had lost their social life because their attention is all about video and Internet games. They don’t have the time to interact to people because their focus is to stay at home and play all day. Greg Beato said, “In 2007, an Ohio teenager shot his parents, killing his mother and wounding his father, after they took away his Xbox”. 137)

Worst scenario was because of too much attached from the video and Internet games, people lost their minds and began to kill at some reason. The author specifically writes about how the use of too much Internet affects our mental ability. He also writes about the program reSTART; a treatment for the Internet Addiction disorder. The author gives specific examples and explanations and focuses on one central point. Moreover, the evidences that the author put make his article more coherent.

2. Cite one paragraph from the essay in which you think the author provides detailed, specific information. Explain why you chose it. Does it support the thesis? Why or Why not? Answer: Granted, 3 percent is an awful lot of people…Cosette Rae tells me about a Harvard student who lost a scholarship because he spent too much time playing games, a guy who spent so many sedentary hours at his computer that he developed blood clots in his leg and had to have it amputated, and an 18-year-old who chose homelessness over gamelessness when his parents told him he either had to quit playing computer games or move out.

I chose this paragraph because it provides detailed and specific information about the author’s article, “Internet Addiction”. I also chose this paragraph because it supports the main idea or the thesis statement. It tells how using of too much Internet affects us human kind and lead us to do stupid things. This paragraph gives us details about how Internet can make us different and can make us build a new personality.

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Internet Addiction Essay

Definitions on the Internet of Things Essay

Definitions on the Internet of Things Essay.

Here is a list of existing definitions for the Internet of Things:- * “Things having identities and virtual personalities operating in smart spaces using intelligent interfaces to connect and communicate within social, environmental, and user contexts” or “Interconnected objects having an active role in what might be called the Future Internet” or semantically “Internet of Things means a world-wide network of interconnected objects uniquely addressable, based on standard communication protocols”

ETP EPOSS 05/2008

* “A global network infrastructure, linking physical and virtual objects through the exploitation of data capture and communication capabilities.

This infrastructure includes existing and evolving Internet and network developments. It will offer specific object-identification, sensor and connection capability as the basis for the development of independent cooperative services and applications. These will be characterized by a high degree of autonomous data capture, event transfer, network connectivity and interoperability.”

Casagras 02/2009

* “A world where physical objects are seamlessly integrated into the information network and where the physical objects can become active participants in business processes.

Services are available to interact with these ‘smart objects’ over the Internet, query and change their state and any information associated with them, taking into account security and privacy issues.”

Stephan Haller, SAP 05/2009

* “Internet of Things (IoT) is an integrated part of Future Internet and could be defined as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self-configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable communication protocols where physical and virtual ‘things’ have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network. In the IoT, ‘things’ are expected to become active participants in business, information and social processes where they are enabled to interact and communicate among themselves and with the environment by exchanging data and information ‘sensed’ about the environment, while reacting autonomously to the ‘real/physical world’ events and influencing it by running processes that trigger actions and create services with or without direct human intervention. Interfaces in the form of services facilitate interactions with these ‘smart things’ over the Internet, query and change their state and any information associated with them, taking into account security and privacy issues.”

CERP-IoT 09/2009

* “The future Internet of Things links uniquely identifiable things to their virtual representations in the Internet containing or linking to additional information on their identity, status, location or any other business, social or privately relevant information at a financial or non-financial pay-off that exceeds the efforts of information provisioning and offers information access to non-predefined participants. The provided accurate and appropriate information may be accessed in the right quantity and condition, at the right time and place at the right price. The Internet of Things is not synonymous with ubiquitous / pervasive computing, the Internet Protocol (IP), communication technology, embedded devices, its applications, the Internet of People or the Intranet / Extranet of Things, yet it combines aspects and technologies of all of these approaches.”

Definitions on the Internet of Things Essay

Is Google Making Us Stupid Essay

Is Google Making Us Stupid Essay.

In his article, “Is Google Making Us Stupid,” Nicholas Carr, a former executive editor of the Harvard Business Review and a member of the steering board for the World Economic Forum’s cloud computing project, criticizes the overall impact of the internet, as a whole, on the human process of thought, comparing his past level of conception to “a scuba diver in a sea of words” whereas his current understanding simply “zip[s] along the surface” (Carr 68). Carr targets the prominent internet search engine as the black sheep for web user’s dwindling in capacity to comprehend and concentrate on high-brow literature.

However, due to the fact that the objective of the corporation is to ultimately be monetarily successful, Google’s approach to providing proficient, while immediate, information is not based upon their own preference, but rather that of its’ consumers. Based on trends on college campuses, Scott Carlson, a journalist for The Chronicle, finds the number of students using libraries has drastically decreased over the years, using the convenient “‘virtual library’” at their disposal instead (Carlson 1).

This infers research found on the internet is the same, and or suffice to that acquired from a hard-back encyclopedia, periodical, etc. Therefore, while I agree with the general trend of decreased absorption Carr suggests, the internet still contributes to human potential for critical, deep thought through the application of habituation and the numerous online resources offering the equivalent of any printed scholarly work. My inclination to agree with Carr’s theory is solely based on his reference to the work of Maryanne Wolf, a developmental psychologist, who elicits that the skill of deciphering symbolic characters into an understood language is not instinctive (Carr 69). Instead, in parallel to any activity one would like to develop themselves in, “practicing the craft of reading play[s] an important part in shaping the neural circuits inside our brains” (69).

The many interruptions encompassing the internet, such as info-thickets, e-mails, headlines, blog posts, etc., undermine the brains’ ability to transfer newly learned information into your long-term memory. Multitasking by attempting to read bits and pieces of a handful of information online is not beneficial and rather proves to be a less efficient way of preserving knowledge. According to the Social Science Research Network, in a study of the brain’s ability to process various data, switching mindsets proved to incite mental exhaustion. By analyzing the affects of these assorted changes in five separate experiments, the researcher found that “switching mindsets is an executive function that consumes self-regulatory resources and therefore renders people relatively unsuccessful in their self-regulatory endeavors,” simply concluding that it is in one’s best interest to “try to change hats as infrequently as possible” (Hamilton 10).

Like muscle memory, the brain retains its ability to understand complex literature material only if training, or reading, is continuous. Yet, skipping out on the workouts of “immersing [oneself] in a book…or getting caught up in the narrative” will overtime deteriorate this strength, depreciating a powerful recollection into a weak grasp (Carr 67). Though I concede that skimming online undermines one’s effort behind scholarly reading, I still insist that the internet provides more benefits than detriments. The nature of technology, in general, broadens our potential to change our environment and has historically provided the power for civilizations to develop. From the late 21st century to the present the World Wide Web has been that force and statistics show its presence directly draws a parallel to an improvement of our brainpower.

According to the Pew Internet & American Life Project, seventy six percent of technology stakeholders and critics disagree with Carr and accept the statement: “people’s use of the Internet has enhanced human intelligence; as people are allowed unprecedented access to more information they become smarter and make better choices” (Anderson 1). While thirty two percent of professionals, like Association for Computing Machinery U.S. Public Policy Councilman Gene Spafford, think “most writing online is devolving toward…quick, throwaway notes with abbreviations and threaded references,” the overwhelming majority agrees that by 2020 the internet will have boosted and advanced our ability to comprehend, inscribe and exchange knowledge (Anderson 10).

These statistics are vital because they shed light on the long term positive effects of Google and the Internet, altering the premises people have established prior to research. The argument of advertisements being distracting and undermining the reader’s focus is a valid point. Carr describes these commercials as overwhelming “the medium’s content with hyperlinks, blinking ads, and other digital gewgaws,” which scatter our interest and distribute our attentiveness (Carr 71). However, the law of habituation refutes this theory, stating that our response toward a stimulus lessens with increased exposure. According to the Harris Poll, sixty three percent of U.S adults completely ignore banner and search engine advertisements and ninety one percent ignore nearly all commercialized announcements (Braverman 1).

The perception Carr creates of ads, specifically hyperlinks, is misleading for he depicts the internet user to have very little say, if any, and is often coerced into utilizing the resource. In reality, rather than “propelling you toward [related works],” they merely serve as suggestions used at the expense of the consumer (Carr 67). What Carr does not draw attention to throughout his article is the fact that internet tools, like cookies, and hyperlinks, are solely approaches supporting the web’s convenience. Therefore, a correlation may exist between the surfing of the internet and lower reading comprehension and concentration levels, but there is no way to measure an online reader’s intent and correspond it to the depth of what they read. Carr is mistaken because he overlooks the serving nature of the internet and attempts to draw parallels between Google and Taylorism.

The “industrial choreography” of Taylorism suggests that in order to achieve maximum results, an individual system of work must be established (71). By drawing this comparison, he utterly disregards human ingenuity, depicting internet users as cookie cutters following “the perfect algorithm” to suit our requests (72). As Peter Norvig, Google Research Director, conveys, “Taylorism shifts responsibility from worker to management, institutes a standard method for each job/Google does the opposite, shifting responsibility from management to the worker, encouraging creativity in each job” (Anderson 2). While Carr presents a suitable case to support his dilemma, his tendency to prove the null hypothesis of Google is overly pessimistic.

His argument that the long term influence of the internet on our comprehension and concentration will be damaging is blemished. Although researching online may not be traditional, exposure to information we intentionally choose to look at only leads to obtained knowledge we did not know before. I italicize intentionally to make a point: the medium of information people use is based on their preference. When discussing reading over scholarly literature versus scanning for a quick answer, the fact is both are optional at the disposal of the consumer.

In response to advertisements being distracting, not only are there web sites containing few, if any, but humans generally ignore them as well. Thus, if it were definitively true that the intelligence Google provides was overall harmful, the blame could not be put on the corporation. Instead, the people whom the business adhere to are at fault. Because of these reasons, and the strong correlation between the internet’s unlimited amount of knowledge and improving intellect, Google and the Web as a whole are large contributors to human potential.

Works Cited
Braverman, Samantha. “Are Advertisers Wasting Their Money?” PR Newswire. Harris Interactive, 3 Dec. 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. Carr, Nicholas. “Is Google Making Us Stupid?” The New Humanities Reader. Ed. Richard E. Miller and Kurt Spellmeyer. 4th ed. Boston: Wadsworth, 2012. 67-74. Print. Carlson, Scott. “Technology As Students Work Online, Reading Rooms Empty Out –Leading Some Campuses to Add Starbucks.” The Chronicle. The Chronicle, 16 Nov. 2001. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. Hamilton, Ryan, Kathleen Vohs, Tom Meyvis, and Anne-Laure Sellier. “Being of Two Minds: Switching Mindsets Exhausts Self-Regulatory Resources.” Social Science Research Network. Social Science Electronic Publishing, 18 Dec. 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2012. Rainie, Lee, and Janna Anderson. “Future of the Internet IV.” Pew Internet & American Life Project. Pew Research Center, 19 Feb. 2010. Web. 23 Sept. 2012.

Is Google Making Us Stupid Essay

Influence of Internet on Students Essay

Influence of Internet on Students Essay.

The influence of internet is uniformly shared by all the age group of the society in spite of being young or old. But the school and college students under the age of 20 are more involved in INTERNET.

They have become active users of social networking sites like Orkut, Facebook, and Twitter. Even though these social networking sites have restricted the use by users under the age of 18, there are currently millions of users who overcome this age group restriction and join these sites.

The over use of such social networking sites make the younger generation addicted to these sites. As a result, they become less interested in School and College activities and start to lag behind in studies.

They are online 24 hours which indeed cause health problems because they do not get enough sleep. They are also crazy about downloading new films of Hollywood and Bollywood which indeed causes problems for film producers as their income gets reduced. There are countless sites in internet through which we can download movies for free.

Other than movies, they also download and view content which are not appropriate for their age which makes them addicted to PORN and other vulnerable stuff. They become addicted to these at such young age, which creates problem for them in future.

As the activities of youth on internet are not monitored, they do not need to fear anything to misuse the contents available on internet. Also they join bad forums and get involved in hacking and stuff like that which makes the mind of the young reader enslaved to such stuff which takes a lot of effort to recover from.

The new generation is enslaved to the world of internet. They destroy their youth by sitting in front of the PC all the time. They do not even trend to go out even for shopping. They do not know the joy of playing outside. In spite of going out and play, they sit at home in front of Pc or gaming consoles such as play station and play violent games which are violent in nature.

It is high time that they started thinking about the problems internet is creating on students and restrict the over use of internet.

Influence of Internet on Students Essay

Role Of Internet In Our Daily Lives Essay

Role Of Internet In Our Daily Lives Essay.

In our present time, many of us are already using internet for our daily lives. The Internet is the mechanism or matrix that connects networks around the world to each other and is generally referred to as the World Wide Web. Internet has been the most useful technology of the modern times which helps us not only in our daily lives, but also our personal and professional lives developments. The internet helps us achieve this in several different ways. For the students and educational purposes the internet is widely used to gather information so as to do the research or add to the knowledge of any sort of subject they have.

Even the business personals and the professions like doctors, access the internet to filter the necessary information for their use. The internet is therefore the largest encyclopedia for everyone, in all age categories.The internet has served to be more useful in maintaining contacts with friends and relatives who live abroad permanently.

The easiest communication means like the internet chatting systems and the emails are the best and the most common for the maintaining contacts with the people around the world.Not to forget internet is useful in providing with most of the fun these days.

May it be all the games, and networking conferences or the online movies, songs, dramas and quizzes, internet has provided the users with a great opportunity to eradicate the boredom from their lives. Internet is also used to upgrade the internet and use special software to work on the projects and documentation works as the internet enables the user to download a myriad of different software for a variety of different purposes, making it much easier than buying the costly software cds.

There are millions of applications of internet. We are in fact as dependent on internet as we are on other utility things like electricity, water etc. In fact many people would think that a part of their life is missing if they are not able to log on for even one day. Before a few years, people used to get up in the morning and read the newspaper or watch television. Now most people log onto the internet first thing in the morning.

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Role Of Internet In Our Daily Lives Essay

The Advantages of Internet Essay

The Advantages of Internet Essay.

It is true that more and more inventions are being made which have made life more comfortable than what it was before. Internet is one of the greatest inventions in 20 th century. The Internet is like a network of networks where any computer can link up to information stored within it. I strongly believe that internet is an integral part of the development of society. There are many advantages to using the internet. First of all, Internet is a great mean of communication.

Distance is no longer a matter of concern when we can send mails within a few seconds or make cheap internet phone call. We can also update ourselves with the latest news in the world with some simple mouse clicks. Internet can be used to send messages, also known as emails, to friends and family anywhere on the Earth. It can be used to keep in contact with friends or family who are currently overseas as there are many messenger services available on the internet.

Another biggest advantage of the internet would be information. The internet is full of information about any topic we can think about, ranging from news to services or even movies. There are several search tools like google or yahoo that we can use for research about any topic that we want to find data on. Nowadays, even schools are making use of the internet by asking the students to do research or collect data from the internet. Entertainment is also one of the many advantages of the internet.

With the internet, we will not feel bored anymore as there are countless games that can be free downloaded from the web. We can also use the internet to surf the web, enter chat rooms or even watch movies for free on the internet. Chat rooms have also helped people to find their lifelong partners. Besides that, many services are also provided on the internet ranging from purchasing and booking tickets for movies, hotel reservations and restaurant booking in case you want to eat in a very crowded restaurant.

Even with all these advantages, many people believe that someone who pays too much attention to online activities may become passive, sluggish in real life because of their lacks of communication, and physical activities. However, all of us also cannot doubt of their benefits. In short, I completely believe that the internet is good for our life today and in the future. However, we should use it for right purposes in order to take advantages effectively.

The Advantages of Internet Essay

E-safety: Internet and Young People Essay

E-safety: Internet and Young People Essay.

E-Safety is an area of growing importance and you need to be informed of the issues involved in children and young people using technology. An explanation of the risks and possible consequences for children and young people of being online and using a mobile phone. Technology is rapidly growing and offers a vast amount of benefits for children and young people. This ever growing development however also poses risks for children and young people and they need to know how to protect themselves.

The various risks of mobile phones and being online can be; exposure to inappropriate content, cyber bullying, grooming for paedophiles, disclosure of personal information, piracy or illegal downloads and viruses or hacking.

•Exposure to inappropriate content- This could include images that are pornographic or even images of children in a sexual nature. If children or young people view such contents it is important that they are encouraged to talk to someone they trust about this and that they are made aware of the ways in which they can be protected from such content.

Parental controls help to minimise any inappropriate content being displayed but it is still not 100% safe and any content that shows harmful images of children should be reported to the internet watch foundation that monitor all contents on the internet.

•Cyber bullying- This can be done using social network sites and texts and can be done anonymously and in front of a large audience. It is important to make children and young people aware of the different forms of cyber bullying and to encourage them to save any evidence of bullying received. It is also important to help children and young people understand that even if it is done on-line or via text it is still bullying and is unacceptable.

•Grooming/paedophiles- Used by people with a sexual interest in children to attempt to engage them in sexual acts either over the internet or in person. The adult attempts to make contact with children over the internet; this may be in social networking sites, chatrooms or games. This is done by pretending to be someone else, or showing an interest in them. Children and young people need to be made aware of the threats around, and encouraged to talk to adults that they trust and not to do anything that makes them uncomfortable in real life or online.

•Disclosure of personal information- Social networking sites and chat rooms are based on users creating profiles including their personal opinions and in most cases their photographs. The problem with posting personal information to the internet is that as soon as it goes online, you have lost control over who will see it and how it will be used. Pictures can easily be copied and displayed in a completely different context. Because of the digital nature of the photos, they can even be altered or distorted. Children and young people need to be educated on how to keep their personal information safe so that it is not divulged to anyone.

•Piracy and illegal downloads- Illegal use or duplication of material covered by laws, such as copyright. It is important to explain to children and young people that piracy or illegal downloads are the same as stealing and set out boundaries for them. There is also ways in which you can limit the sites that children and young people can visit. •Viruses and hacking- This is a very common threat to all technologies and it is needed to be understood by children and young people the importance of protecting their personal information such as passwords, home address, bank details etc and also the need to protect your system from damages through viruses.

Adults can reduce the risk of children and young people being subjected to the above threats by limiting the amount of time spent using the internet, restricting access to websites, applying parental controls, being available for the child to approach you with any problems, making them aware of the dangers and helping them gain the skills to be able to recognise the dangers. There are many websites that are also available for children and young people to become educated on how to stay safe online.

A description of ways of reducing risk to children and young people from social networking, internet use, buying online and using a mobile phone.

•Social networking. Talk to the child or young person about predators and about not talking to strangers or agreeing to meet them and also making them aware that many adults pose as young people to lure in children and not to be intimidated into doing anything they feel uncomfortable with online or in real life. As the adult you can use control systems that are built into some systems or download it free from sites such as Windows Live Family Safety Settings. Restrict access to social networking sites. Most social networking sites have age limits so make sure they adhere to this. As children become older help them to find sites that are well-monitored and are especially for children. Monitor the social network sites that they visit and the content of the conversations that are taking place and also take an interest in what the child is doing on the social networking website.

•Internet use. Apply parental control to filter out sexual images. Monitor children’s online activity and block site’s that are inappropriate and limit the amount of time the child/young person spends online. Block their ability to send out personal information, use browsers that are specially designed for child/young people. Talk to children/young adults about not trusting others, not to meet people in person and not to give out personal information (names, numbers, address, e-mail, photos or school information). Tell them to log out if uncomfortable about anything. Encourage the children/young people to be aware of the risks of the internet. You should encourage children and young people to talk to you about things that might be happening on-line and guide them in the right direction. This will help them to recognise the dangers that could develop. Placing the computer in a main room where you can supervise the use and support them whilst they are using the computer on-line will help minimise the risks.

•The Byron review was published in 2008 which has stated in order to minimise the risks for children and young people, that parents will hold the key role. Video games must now be clearly labelled with age ratings (from 3 years to adult, a logo on the back of the game to represent each age group) and computers sold for home use should be kitemarked with parental control measures (software). They also set up an awareness campaign on child internet services and behaviour and advised that schools should have an acceptable use policy in place that Ofsted will monitor.

•Buying online. There is a risk of others hacking into your computer to get your identity this can be minimised by a firewall. A firewall can help by preventing hackers or malicious software from gaining access to your information. There is a risk to young persons of fraud whilst buying online. This can be prevented by using a secure payment system (PayPal), which enables you to buy from multi online shops and pay using one account set up by PayPal. The account is set up and verified by PayPal who take two small payments from your debit card to verify that you are who you say you are, then you can use the account via a password system.

•Using a mobile phone. There is a risk to their health by means of cancer/tumour which can be reduced by using landline phones, hands free, loud speakers or blue tooth. Using less time on phone calls by perhaps the use of text messages instead can also make a difference. There is also a risk of the child or young person being attacked if they have expensive phones so a cheap pay as you go phone for them to use will minimise the risk and still allow the child/young person to have access to a phone.

E-safety: Internet and Young People Essay