Research Paper About Rizal Essay

Research Paper About Rizal Essay.

I. Introduction

My intention is to give a basic outline of the lovelife story between Josephine Bracken and Jose P. Rizal. So for reasons of this outline and other constraints it will unfortunately be necessary omit some aspects of their story in this outline report. I ask of anyone who believes that anything is incorrect. Then, should it be necessary, it can be amended. I ask that any information that is offered is factually based rather than opinion or rumour. Many Filipinos are unaware of the degree of affection that existed between Rizal and Bracken.

The romanticised notion of Rizal as of a Filipino politician during his brief life with women from various parts of the world as his conquest overshadowed the real love and relationship he had with Bracken. Rizal was obviously happy in his relationship with the woman who filled in an emotional need during his lonely and boring days in exile life. Although his family was not happy about the relationship.

His deep concern over Bracken is quite evident and revealing in the numerous letters he penned during the later part of his emotional, boring and lonelyness with his love life. Those were Rizal’s efforts to bring josephine bracken closer to the members of his family. Many inaccuracies and rumours relating to their have originated, persisted and been added to ever since first stepped into the stage of their lovelife. Most of these have been promulegate on the paper of evidence, or indeed in the absence of any evidence whatsoever and unfortunately in some cases by personages who really should have known better. To the best of my knowledge there is an evidence that supports the validity of that statement because rizal had been maried with josephine bracken and together they live as man and wife happily ever after.. it appears to have simply been based on deliberately details in a contemporary report yet it was given an apparent posibility by power of the love.

José Rizal (1861-1896) was a Filipino intellectual who fought to reform, and ultimately to oust, the Spanish colonial government. He is best known for his controversial novel, Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not), which, though fictional, alluded to the corruption of the Spanish colonial government and the Catholic Church. He was eventually executed by a firing squad for the part he played in the Philippine Revolution. Rizal is still considered a revolutionary martyr in the Philippines.

In 1887, Rizal published Noli Me Tangere. His gripping and controversial tale of Spanish colonial injustice awakened national consciousness among Filipinos and contributed to the rise of the Filipino independence movement. According to “Rizal Without the Overcoat” by Ambeth R. Ocampo, Josephine Braken was the illegitimate daughter of an Irishman named Joseph Bracken and an unknown Chinese mother in Hong Kong. The social stigma of being Eurasian in 19th century Hong Kong was worse than even being illigeitimate.

There are many instances throughout her life where she fabricated accounts of herself, apparently, to overcome this stigma. The Jesuit Vicente Balaguer claims to have married Rizal and Josephine before his execution in the presence of one of Rizal’s sisters. However, the Rizal family denied this, and by Rizal’s own account, none of them were there on the day of the supposed marriage. Later, Josephine neither used Rizal’s name or produced a marriage certificate or other documentation to prove marriage to him. She failed to prove her claim of marriage during litigation over his library and other matters of his will.

Some time after Rizal’s execution, she married Vicente Abad, the Filipino representative of Tabaclera, Hong Kong. She eventually died on March 14, 1902 in Hong Kong of ulceration of the breast/military tubercolosis”. She died penniless and was buried in a paupers grave. Dispite the weight of evidence and general belief that Rizal and Bracken were never legally married, the issue remains a controvery. The Rizal family was opposed to Josephine, and there is some reason to believe the possibility that they colluded against her after Rizals death, perhaps succeeding at what they could not accomplish during his life.

II. Statement of the problem

1.) Who is Josephine Jracken and discribe based on Rizal’s discription?

2.) Who is Julio Llorente?

3.) Who is Dr. Jose p. Rizal?

III. Presentation of data

Josephine Bracken was born ‘Josephine MacBride Bracken’ to James Bracken and Elizabeth MacBride, in Victoria City, Hong Kong. She was later adopted by a German-American machinist from New York, George Leopold Taufer, from whom her other name “Leopoldine” was taken. Historians such as Austin Coates have scrutinized this history, and suggest that she might have been an illegitimate daughter of an Anglo-Saxon father and a Chinese mother. Josephine Bracken was said to be a person with a kind and gentle disposition, who took care of her blind father.

Upon hearing rumors of an excellent Filipino doctor returning to Manila, she quickly seized the opportunity to sail to Manila to diagnose her father’s illness. On 5 February 1895, she reached Manila with her adoptive father and 40-year-old Francesca Spencer from Macau. While they were staying at #3 Ylayu St. in Tondo, she arranged a consultation for her father’s double cataract. Later on, in the same month, they sailed to Dapitan for a follow-up consultation.

Discribe based on Rizals discription he said that josephine bracken was a pretty yuong Irish, with brown hair and blue eyes. Her parents ware Irish nationals, but she was born in Hongkong opn october 6,1876. Her mother died because of children delivery and that child was Josephine Bracken.

He  Jolio Llorente y Abelle was born in Cebu on May 22, 1863. He born to one of the wealthiest families in Cebu. His father was Don Ceferino Llorente, a Spanish who owned several inter-island vessels and a sugar estate in Medellin.Julio Llorente’s mother, Martina Aballe, was a Cebuano from Argao, a town located south of Cebu. Llorente was educated in a private school in his hometown. He then had the opportunity to go to the city of Manila in 1876 and study at Ateneo de Manila. Afterward he left for Spain and there he obtained a degree of Doctor of Laws in 1881 at the Universidad Central de Madrid. Llorente was then admitted to the bar and practiced law in the foreign country.

It was during this time that he got acquainted with Jose Rizal and other personalities from the Propaganda Movement. He got involved with this movement through some articles he regularly contributed to La Solidaridad. He was also a member of the editorial staff of the newspaper España en Filipinas published by the Filipino reformists. Moreover, he was a member of the nationalist society called R.D.L.M which was founded by Jose Rizal in Paris, France. Jose Rizal was a man of incredible intellectual power, with amazing artistic talent as well. He excelled at anything that he put his mind to – medicine, poetry, sketching, architecture, sociology… the list seems nearly endless. Thus, Rizal’s martyrdom by the Spanish colonial authorities while he was still quite young was a huge loss to the Philippines, and to the world at large. Today, the people of the Philippines honor him as their national hero.

On June 19, 1861, Francisco Rizal Mercado and Teodora Alonzo y Quintos welcomed their seventh child into the world at Calamba, Laguna. They named the boy Jose Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. The Mercado family were wealthy farmers who rented land from the Dominican religious order. Descendants of a Chinese immigrant named Domingo Lam-co, they changed their name to Mercado (“market”) under the pressure of anti-Chinese feeling amongst the Spanish colonizers. From an early age, Jose Rizal Mercado showed a precocious intellect. He learned the alphabet from his mother at 3, and could read and write at age 5. Jose Rizal Mercado attended the Ateneo Municipal de Manila, graduating at the age of 16 with highest honors. He took a post-graduate course there in land surveying.

Rizal Mercado completed his surveyor’s training in 1877, and passed the licensing exam in May 1878, but could not receive a license to practice because he was only 17 years old. (He was granted a license in 1881, when he reached the age of majority.) In 1878, the young man also enrolled in the University of Santo Tomas as a medical student. He later quit the school, alleging discrimination against Filipino students by the Dominican professors. In May of 1882, Jose Rizal got on a ship to Spain without informing his parents of his intentions. He enrolled at the Universidad Central de Madrid. In June of 1884, he received his medical degree at the age of 23; the following year, he also graduated from the Philosophy and Letters department. Inspired by his mother’s advancing blindness, Rizal next went to the University of Paris and then the University of Heidelberg to complete further study in the field of ophthalmology. At Heidelberg, he studied under the famed professor Otto Becker. Rizal finished his second doctorate at Heidelberg in 1887. Jose Rizal lived in Europe for 10 years.

During that time, he picked up a number of languages; in fact, he could converse in more than 10 different tongues. While in Europe, the young Filipino impressed everyone who met him with his charm, his intelligence, and his mastery of an incredible range of different fields of study. Rizal excelled at martial arts, fencing, sculpture, painting, teaching, anthropology, and journalism, among other things. During his European sojourn, he also began to write novels. Rizal finished his first book, Noli Me Tangere, while living in Wilhemsfeld with the Reverend Karl Ullmer. Rizal wrote Noli Me Tangere in Spanish; it was published in 1887 in Berlin. The novel is a scathing indictment of the Catholic Church and Spanish colonial rule in the Philippines. This book cemented Jose Rizal on the Spanish colonial government’s list of troublemakers.

When Rizal returned home for a visit, he received a summons from the Governor General, and had to defend himself from charges of disseminating subversive ideas. Although the Spanish governor accepted Rizal’s explanations, the Catholic Church was less willing to forgive. In 1891, Rizal published a sequel, titled El Filibusterismo. Both in his novels and in newspaper editorials, Jose Rizal called for a number of reforms of the Spanish colonial system in the Philippines. He advocated freedom of speech and assembly, equal rights before the law for Filipinos, and Filipino priests in place of the often-corrupt Spanish churchmen. In addition, Rizal called for the Philippines to become a province within Spain, with representation in the Spanish legislature (the Cortes Generales). Rizal never called for independence for the Philippines. Nonetheless, the colonial government considered him a dangerous radical, and declared him an enemy of the state.

In 1892, Rizal returned to the Philippines. He was almost immediately accused of being involved in the brewing rebellion, and was exiled to Dapitan, on the island of Mindanao. Rizal would stay there for four years, teaching school and encouraging agricultural reforms. During that same period, the people of the Philippines grew more eager to revolt against the Spanish colonial presence. Inspired in part by Rizal’s organization, La Liga, rebel leaders likeAndres Bonifacio began to press for military action against the Spanish regime. In Dapitan, Rizal met and fell in love with Josephine Bracken, who brought her stepfather to him for a cataract operation. The couple applied for a marriage license, but were denied by the Church (which had excommunicated Rizal). The Philippine Revolution broke out in 1896. Rizal denounced the violence, and received permission to travel to Cuba in order to tend victims of yellow fever in exchange for his freedom.

Bonifacio and two associates sneaked aboard the ship to Cuba before it left the Philippines, trying to convince Rizal to escape with them, but Rizal refused. He was arrested by the Spanish on the way, taken to Barcelona, and then extradited to Manila for trial. Jose Rizal was tried by court martial, charged with conspiracy, sedition and rebellion. Despite a lack of any evidence of his complicity in the Revolution, Rizal was convicted on all counts and given the death sentence. He was allowed to marry Josephine two hours before his execution by firing squad on December 30, 1896. Jose Rizal was just 35 years old.

Jose Rizal is remembered today throughout the Philippines for his brilliance, his courage, his peaceful resistance to tyranny, and his compassion. Filipino school children study his final literary work, a poem called Mi Ultimo Adios (“My Last Goodbye”), as well as his two famous novels. Spurred on by Rizal’s martyrdom, the Philippine Revolution continued until 1898. With assistance from the United States, the Philippine archipelago was able to defeat the Spanish army. The Philippines declared its independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. It was the first democratic republic in Asia.

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Research Paper About Rizal Essay

Rizal Homecoming Essay

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1887-1888-Decision to return home.Because of the publication of the Noli Me Tangere and the uproar it caused amongthe friars. Rizal was warned by Paciano (his brother).Silvestre Ubaldo (his brother in-law), Chengoy (Jose M. Cecilio) and other friends not to return home. But he did notheed their warning. He was determined to return to the Philippines for the followingreason: 1) to operate his mother’s eyes, 2) to serve his people who had long beenoppressed by Spanish tyrants; 3) to find out for him how the Noli and his otherwritings were affecting Filipinos & Spaniards in the Philippines; 4) to inquire whyLeonora Rivera remained silent.

-Delightful Trip to ManilaRizal left Rome by train for Marseilles. He boarded the streamer Djemnah.The samesteamer which brought him to Europe five years ago.

There were about 50passengers including 4 Englishmen, 2 Germans, 3 Chinese, 2 Japanese, manyFrenchmen and 1 Filipino (Rizal). On July 30, he transferred to another steamerHaiphong which was Manila-bound.-Arrival in ManilaAugust 5, the Haiphong arrived in Manila. He stayed in the city for a short time.

Hefound Manila the same as when he left it 5 years ago.-Happy HomecomingOn August 8, he returned to Calamba. His family welcomed him affectionally, withplentiful tears of joys. His family became worried about his safety. Paciano did notleave him to protect him from any enemy assault.He establish a medical clinic in Calamba, his mother was his first patient. He couldnot perform any surgical operations because her eyes cataracts were not yet ripe.Patients from Manila and other provinces flocked to Calamba.

Rizal who came to becalled “Dr. Ulman” his professional fees were reasonable. By February 1888, heearned P5,000 as medical fees. Rizal did not selfishly devote all his time to enrichinghimself. He opened a gymnasium for young folks and introduced European sports.He failed to see Leonora Rivera. Leonora’s mother did not like him to be son in-law.-Storm Over NoliFew weeks after his arrival, Rizal received a letter from Governor General Emelio Terrero requesting him to come to Malacanang Palace. When Governor General Terrero informed him of the charge, he denied it. Gov. Gen. Terrero was pleased byRizal’s explanation and curious about his book. Gen.Terrerofriend. But he promised to secure one for the General. Fortunately, Rizal found a copyand gave it to General Terrero.

Rizal Homecoming Essay

Like Move by Zulueta Essay

Like Move by Zulueta Essay.

“Not yet Rizal, not yet.” means the Filipinos should not forget Jose Rizal yet. “Sleep not in peace.” means to never give up. Meaning: Rizal cannot rest yet because we are still very dependent on others and we need to become independent.

Stanza 2:

Stanza 2 is about that we, the Filipinos, sacrifice our life for freedom. “Not yet Rizal, not yet” means the Filipinos should not forget Jose Rizal yet. “The land of young blood…“ means the Filipinos and “…and what younger than your own.

” means the younger generation of Filipinos. “Forever spilled in the great name of freedom.” and “Forever oblate on the altar of the free?” means sacrificing for freedom like what Jose Rizal did. Meaning: the Philippines needs young people’s blood like Rizal so we can have the courage to fight for the country and we can have true freedom

Stanza 3:

Stanza 3 is about the how we should be strong like the Molave tree. “Not you alone, Rizal.

” means Rizal is not alone in the fight for freedom. “O souls and spirits of the martyred brave arise! Arise and scour the land!” means that he is calling on the spirits to cleanse the land. “Shed once again your willing blood! Infuse the vibrant red into our thin anemic veins…” means that we want to make us strong. “…until we pick up your Promethean tool and strong out of depthless matrix of your faith in us and on the silent cliffs of freedom.” means we want to be inspired like you. “We carve for all time of your marmoreal dream.” means that we are want to reach your goal of freedom. “Until our people seeing are become like the Molave, firm, resilent, staunch, rising on the hillside, unafraid, strong in its own fiber; yes like the Molave!” means that we are strong, independent and brave. Meaning: Rizal cannot be alone. Heroes also need to help. They have to cleanse the land of our problems and they are inspiring us to be like them so that we can be like the molave.

Stanza 4:

Stanza 4 is about

“Not yet Rizal, not yet” means the Filipinos should not forget Jose Rizal yet. “The glory hour will come. Out of the silent dreaming.” means we should wait for success. “From the seven thousand fold silence, we shall emerge saying WE ARE FILIPINOS! And no longer be ashamed.” means we should not be quiet but we should fight for freedom. Meaning: So out of the dream, all of us filipinos will be courageous enough already saying that WE ARE FILIPINOS and no longer be worried.

Stanza 5:

Stanza 5 is about how we stand to anything even though we trying to be stopped. “Sleep not in peace.” means to never give up. “The dream is not yet fully carved.” means we have not achieved our freedom. “Hard the wood, but harder the blows. Yet the molave will stand, yet the molave monument will rise.” means the Filipinos will never back down even though something or someone is blocking them. “And gods walk on brown legs.” means the gods will support us and give us strength. Meaning: The dream is not yet finished, we might be like the heroes but there are harder problems yet wen will stand up and change that always and once and for all, we have become like gods.

The main interpretation of the Filipino poem Like The Molave is one regarding how the people of the Philippines must work to make the nation stronger. The poem states that a region of the Philippines – Rizal – cannot yet rest, as there is still much work to be done to make the area successful.

At the beginning of the poem, the poet outlines how the Philippines is dependent on other nations, and must work towards becoming independent in the future in order to support its citizens. Like The Molave also highlights the importance of the younger generation, and how they must fight for their country and improve the Filipino way of living. The poet believes this will grant the nation freedom.

Further analysis

Like The Molave also talks about heroes and how they inspire regular Filipinos to be great themselves and join them on the quest to make the Philippines a more prosperous place. The poem states that whilst many Filipinos are achieving great things for their country, there is still much more to be done and more residents must contribute to the efforts. In short, Like The Molave is about inspiring the Filipino nation to improve their country and make it self-sufficient.

The Philippines

The Philippines is a country located in southeast Asia, with a population of around 95 million. Over recent decades standards of living have improved greatly in the nation, with many political and cultural changes, and the country’s economy is strong. It has a large export market, which consists mainly of electrical products and petroleum fuels. Unemployment currently stands at just over 7%. In most respects the Philippines is now considered a developed nation, with a strong industrial sector.

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Interpretation of the poem, “Sa Aking mga Kabata“ Essay

Interpretation of the poem, “Sa Aking mga Kabata“ Essay. The first stanza speaks that Rizal wants us to love our own language and it is a gift from above that was given onto us to be grateful of. It is a blessing that like any other nationalities we were gifted of. We are aware that Rizal was motivated to write this poem during the time of Spanish supremacy because we were under their colony. He addresses us to love our language for it is our step towards liberty. As Rizal correlated it to a bird that can freely fly up in the sky, it has a will to fly wherever it wants to go and whatever it wants to do.

Interpretation of the poem, “Sa Aking mga Kabata“ Essay

But if this bird is in a howl like us, Filipinos, who cannot stand for what we believe is right, we will never experience independence.

The next stanza implies that a nation that loves a God-given language also loves freedom. “For language is the final judge and reference upon the people in the land where it holds and sway.

” A Filipino who loves his native tongue will definitely fight for his freedom seemingly like a bird “lumilipad nang pagkataas-taas para sa mas malawak na liliparan”, a person who preserves the marks of its liberty, as man preserve his independence. Language is not merely a communication tool but as an expression of one’s identity, of one’s individual and social consciousness. Without a common identity, there could be no real sense of nationhood. Love and use of one’s native tongues was one of the badges of a true patriot .

In the succeeding stanza, Rizal compared the person who doesn’t love his native tongue from a putrid fish. Just like a fish which originally lives in water, stinks every time it goes out of its place. Like some of the Filipinos that we could observe, we could see that when they have reached a foreign country and adapted the foreign language and culture, they tend to forget their own. And as they have adapted that culture, they will be so haughty to despise and scorn their own fellowmen. They hide and cover their identity for being a Filipino even though it’s very discernible. They just make themselves look foolish and shameful. And with the last two lines from the third stanza, Rizal addressed to us that our own language must be cherished and should not be forgotten because it’s a very valuable possession of our own country.

Fascination when we discovered that Rizal was just an eight-year-old lad when he wrote this poem. At a very young age and a boy who grew up speaking several languages, it is very inspiring to hear someone say these lyrics with such great nationalism with great love of his own tongue. Reflecting our past, we saw ourselves unconsciously patronizing foreign languages. We wanted to be those whites who have slang tongues. Where have our native tongues has gone? We were gaining colonial mentality without our awareness. The bad news is, we allow it to happen. And what Rizal was trying to resound is that even our very own

Finally, the last stanza implies that we, just like the other nations existing, have its own exceptional characteristics that we can be greatly proud of, those distinct qualities of being a Filipino such that the blood itself that runs through your veins, the culture, and your innate YOU is a certified Filipino that you can never obliterate. Sad to say, the cornerstones established by our forefathers to come up with a better country is now into annihilation…Annihilation caused by the influx of challenges doomed to spoil what we have


Jose Rizal was then eight years old when he wrote this poem because he wanted to reveal his earliest nationalist sentiment. In the poetic verses, he proudly and pompously asserted that a people who trully love their native language will definitely srtive for liberty like the bird which soars to freer space above. Indeed, he is a great hero! was dedicated to the Filipino Youth.

Interpretation of “My first inspiration”

The word “inspiration” has two levels of meaning: the conventional one we use every day and the root meaning rarely used in modern language but always present as a connotation of the other: (1) Stimulation of the mind or emotions to a high level of feeling or activity, and (2) The act of breathing in; the inhalation of air into the lungs.

This poem speaks to (2) in the first stanza: the breathing in of sweet aromas on what is declared to be a “festive day.” The second stanza moves to the sweet, musical sound of birds singing in the woods and vales on such a day. The third stanza, of course, begins to merge the two images in a subtle way: the birds “start” to sing (or are startled into singing) by the sound of the wind blowing. The wind would supply them breath for singing, but it also seems to “inspire” their singing, as in (1) above; that is, it stimulates them to a high level of activity. In the fourth stanza, the spring of water tunes its murmur likewise to the sound of the breezes (zephyrs) as it flows along among the flowers.

Hence, in this first half of the poem we have music of birds and brook “inspired” by the wind; that is, the very air we breathe. And also we breathe the fragrance of the flowers (among which the brook flows), for it is borne on the wind. The imagery of these first four stanzas is, thus, neatly tied together, giving us a sense of the festivity of a beautiful spring day in nature. The poem could be complete at this point; it would be a sweet little nature poem, a song.

But the poem moves in a different direction now. Why does this day seem so much brighter, more beautiful than others? Why is morning brighter today? The next two stanzas answer this question. The poem, it turns out, is addressed to the speaker’s mother, and it is her day of “blooming” (birthday, probably). The perfume of the flowers, the songs of the birds, and the sound of the bubbling brook all celebrate her day, they “feast” in her honor. They wish her all the best: “Live happily ever after.” Now the poem becomes more fragile, more understated. For one’s “dear mother” is also one’s inspiration–there at one’s first breath in life, there to move one toward creative acts or ideas. But to say that in so many words would be trite and sentimental. So in the last stanza the speaker acts out the feeling. Joining the music of the brook (and of the birds and the winds), the speaker will play upon a lute. The mother is asked to turn from Nature to Human art, from the birds and the brook to the sound of the lute expressing emotion wordlessly. And what is the “inspiration” that moves the lutist to play? Why, “the impulse of my love.”

The speaker’s love for the mother. The mother’s love reflected in her child. This is the first sound of music, which is inspired by the mother/child love; but, indeed, the whole poem–the music of its verses–has already been inspired also in the same way. I think you should be warned, however, that is not THE interpretation of Rizal’s poem (indeed, it is an interpretation of a translation, which may or may not accurately reflect the original–especially with its carefully, but somewhat laboriously rhymed stanzas, ABBA). Therefore, this is MY interpretation. There will be as many as there are readers, and one’s written interpretation never adequately conveys one’s experience of the poem–which will always be beyond words. It is, furthermore, merely AN interpretation. There will be as many others as there are readers. I am curious: what is YOUR interpretation. That’s what’s important to you. I hope mine may have been helpful to you, but it cannot be definitive.


Mi Primera Inspiracion (My First Inspiration)-was dedicated to his mother on her birthday.He was delighted to see his mother, Doña Teodora Alonso, released from prison that same year so he dedicated the poem to her.

Interpretation of “My last Farewell”


The first stanza speaks about Rizal’s beautiful description of his Fatherland. He used the biblical Eden to describe the Pre-Hispanic Philippines which is an imaginary time of purity and innocence. He adores the beautiful country that he and others are fighting for. He said that he is glad to give his life to Filipinas even though his life was brighter, fresher, or more blest than it is now – pertaining to the time when he wrote the poem.

The second stanza speaks about the men who gave their life to his beloved country. Rizal said that their dedication and patriotism to the country is without second thoughts. It doesn’t matter how one struggles, that all struggles, all deaths, are worth it if it is for the good of the country.

The third stanza speaks about Rizal’s love of liberty. The image of dawn that Rizal used in the first line signifies the liberation that he adores. In the third and fourth line, he says that if the colour of liberation lacks his blood, he must die for the country to attain freedom.

The fourth stanza presents the flashback of Rizal’s love for the patria that started when he was young. He was young when he saw the martyrdom of the GOMBURZA and promised that he would dedicate himself to avenge one day for those victims. His dreams were to see his country in eminent liberation, free from sorrow and grief.

The fifth stanza repeats Rizal’s dream of complete liberation. “All Hail!” signifies that he is positively welcoming the dawn of freedom after his death. He also repeats what he has said in the third stanza that it is his desire to dedicate his life to the Patria.

The sixth stanza describes the image of Rizal’s grave being forgotten someday. The grassy sod may represent the country’s development, the growth of liberty, and that with the redemption of the country, he becomes forgotten. Rizal does not say here that he wants monuments, streets, or schools in his name, just a fond kiss and a warm breath so he could feel he is not forgotten.

In the seventh stanza, Rizal says he wants to see or feel the moon, dawn, wind, and a bird over his grave. The moon’s beam may represent a night without its gloom like a country without its oppressors. The imagery of dawn has been repeated here and its radiant flashes represent the shining light of redemption that sheds over his honour. Only the wind will lament over his grave. The bird does not lament him but sings of peace, the peace that comes with liberation and the peace with which he rests below.

In the eighth stanza, the metaphor of the sun drawing the vapors up to the sky signifies that the earth is being cleansed by the sun like taking away the sorrows and tears that has shed including his last cry. Line 3 reminds us to remember why he died – for the redemption of the country. And he wants to hear a prayer in the still evening – evening because he may also want to see a beam of light from the moon which he stated in the stanza 7, and that it is before the dawn. Prayers he stated that will make him rest in peace in God’s hands.

Rizal said in the ninth stanza that he also wants his fellowmen to also pray for others who also have died and suffered for the country. Also pray for the mothers, the orphans and widows, and the captives who also have cried and have tortured, and again, for his soul to rest in peace.

The tenth stanza says that Rizal’s tomb is on the graveyard with the other dead people. Rizal says that in the night, he does not want to be disturbed in his rest along with the others and the mystery the graveyard contains. And whenever we hear a sad song emanating from the grave, it is he who sings for his fatherland.

In the eleventh stanza, Rizal says a request that his ashes be spread by the plough before it will no longer take significance. His ashes represent his thoughts, words, and philosophy making it his intellectual remains. The symbolic ashes should be spread all over Filipinas to fertilize the new free country long after he is forgotten.

The twelfth stanza again speaks about being forgotten but Rizal does not care about it anymore. Oblivion does not matter for he would travel far and wide over his beloved fatherland. He keeps his faith with him as he sings his hymn for the nation.

Rizal says goodbye to his adored Fatherland in the thirteenth stanza. He gives goodbye to his parents, friends, and the small children. He gives everything to Filipinas. Now, he satisfies his death by saying he will be going to a place where there is peace – no slaves, no oppressors, no killed faith. He is going to a place where God rules over – not the tyrants.

Finally, in the last stanza, Rizal cries his farewell to all his fellowmen – his childhood friends, and his sweet friend that lightened his way. In the last line, he repeats that “In Death there is rest!” which means that he, being ready to be executed, is happy to die in peace.


As the name (which Rizal himself did not give) suggests, this patriotic poem was Rizal’s final farewell to the land he so adored before being executed by firing squad. Since he arranged to have it delivered to his sister Narcisa he did intend that it should be published. Presumably it was intended to serve as a rallying cry to his fellow patriots who opposed the Spanish subjugation.

Rizal dedicated this poem to his dear fatherland

Jose Rizal talks about his “Goodbyes” to his dear Fatherland where his love is dedicated to. He wrote it on the evening before his execution.

Interpreation of to “the Filipino youth “

In the poem Rizal praises the benefits that Spain had bestowed upon the Philippines. Rizal had frequently depicted the renowned Spanish explorers, generals and kings in the most patriotic manner. He had pictured Education (brought to the Philippines by Spain) as “the breath of life instilling charming virtue”. He had written of one of his Spanish teachers as having brought “the light of the eternal splendor”. In this poem, however, it is the Filipino Youth who are the protagonists, whose “prodigious genius” making use of that education to build the future, was the “Bella esperanza de la Patria Mia!” (beautiful hope of the motherland).

Spain, with “Pious and wise hand” offered a “crown’s resplendent band, offers to the sons of this Indian land.” In the poem Rizal praises the benefits that Spain had bestowed upon the Philippines. Rizal had frequently depicted the renowned Spanish explorers, generals and kings in the most patriotic manner. He had pictured Education (brought to the Philippines by Spain) as “the breath of life instilling charming virtue”. He had written of one of his Spanish teachers as having brought “the light of the eternal splendor”. In this poem, however, it is the Filipino Youth who are the protagonists, whose “prodigious genius” making use of that education to build the future, was the “Bella esperanza de la Patria Mia!” (beautiful hope of the motherland). Spain, with “Pious and wise hand” offered a “crown’s resplendent band, offers to the sons of this Indian land.”

“A la juventud filipina” was written by Rizal when he was only eighteen years old, and was dedicated to the Filipino Youth.

Dr. Jose Rizal composed the peom, To The Filipino Youth, to the youth of the Philippines. He wanted the Filipino youth to use their abilities and skills to excel not only for their success but also for the success of the country. Dr. Jose Rizal wanted us to develop our talents and use them to help those who are in need.

Interpretation of “They ask a verses”

He wrote this because he was actually asked for verses. He reminisced his childhood days. It can be seen in the poem how he missed the Philippines very much and how painful it is for him to leave his motherland.

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Rizal-Ang Bayaning Third World Essay

Rizal-Ang Bayaning Third World Essay.

Sino si Rizal? Every Filipino who at least have been to school and received a formal education could answer this for sure with “Our national hero”. But beyond being a hero, do we really know this guy with a statue in Luneta? Was he really that god-like during his entire life? Most of us don’t really care, I bet. But there are really some who go beyond what have been taught in school and study every loop holes about Rizal and even question his being a hero, just like the brains behind the film “Bayaning Third World”.

The film was all about different controversies surrounding Rizal and the highlight was the Retraction Controversy. Did Rizal, in his last few days, ever wrote a letter withdrawing his attacks to the Catholic Church? If he did, what could have driven him to write that? The retraction letter is really controversial because if Rizal did write that, it would turn out that he does not deserve to be called a hero after all.

The film makes me feel like I am in the Hispanic time because of the black and white feature. But this did not bring me to sleep because of the film’s humor that balanced a very serious topic: The Retraction Controversy.

It was not an ordinary film about Rizal’s heroic life and suffering like many directors and filmmakers have done before. I salute every brains behind the film, for going beyond the normal and for making me see that Rizal is not that godly since he also had unrevealed secrets and unsolved controversies just like any human. He could have been inconsistent with his ideals because if not, controversies like this would not arise. His alleged inconsistencies made him a “Bayaning Third World”. I even think Rizal would agree as him being a “marupok”, he was just like any of us who had weaknesses and didn’t want to be perceived as god-like.

After watching the film, I asked myself whether Jose Rizal would have wanted the fame he has right now. Along with the fame are cluttered stories and even different judgments. Would the humble Rizal like all of these? I don’t think so. His last words to his mom, Teodora, can attest to this. He just wanted a simple burial and no anniversaries. I think he even wanted to bury his living memories with him. Now, his memories are not just remembered but questioned. I pity a dead man, who cannot even defend himself from all the judgments thrown at him. If Rizal could just rise from the dead and answer everything or at least just The Retraction Controversy.

I like the film’s approach in searching for answers for the controversy, bringing to life important characters in Rizal’s life like Paciano, Fr. Balaguer, Trining, Teodora, Josephine Bracken and even Rizal himself to personally ask them about what really happened in Rizal’s last few days. Each character’s answers, I understood are subjective or if not are from the different writings or diaries found. After all those effort of finding the truth about Rizal’s alleged retraction, there has been no strong evidence that could put an end to it. Some believed he wrote that just to marry Josephine, some says the signature was forged, some says everything was just all invented by the Catholic Church at that time to erase to the notion of Rizal, mortal enemy of the Church, as our hero. Indeed, Rizal buried with him the truth about this controversy and we are left to believe what we want to individually believe.

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Rizal-Ang Bayaning Third World Essay