The Republic, though an ancient text that has long been heavily criticized, is a complete philosophical work in itself where the crucial details can be closely associated with one another. It is of equal significance that to succeed at grasping the meaning of one crucial part one is necessitated as well to have an understanding of the other chunks of his philosophical work. We are then called forth to carry out a rough analysis of his remaining conjectures in order for us to arrive at a comprehension of Platonic ideal state.
In constructing his ideal city, Plato makes use of his two basic principles—one about the distribution of human capacities and the other about efficiency. The task is to explain how these function in Plato’s account of….