Immoral Traffic Prevention Act Essay

Immoral Traffic Prevention Act Essay.

In 1950 the Government of India ratified the International Convention for the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Persons and the Exploitation of the Prostitution of others. In 1956 India passed the Suppression of Immoral Traffic in Women and Girls Act, 1956 (SITA). The act was further amended and changed in 1986, resulting in the Immoral Traffic Prevention Act also know as PITA. PITA only discusses trafficking in relation to prostitution and not in relation to other purposes of trafficking such as domestic work, child labour, organ harvesting, etc.

The following is an outline of the provisions in this law that pertains to children below the age of 18. The act defines child as any person who has completed eighteen years of age. The first section of the act has provisions that outline the illegality of prostitution and the punishment for owning a brothel or a similar establishment, or for living of earnings of prostitution as is in the case of a pimp.

Section five of the act states that if a person procures, induces or takes a child for the purpose of prostitution then the prison sentence is a minimum of seven years but can be extended to life.

To ensure that the people in the chain of trafficking are also held responsible the act has a provision that states that any person involved in the recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring, or receiving of persons for the purpose of prostitution if guilty of trafficking. In addition any person attempting to commit trafficking or found in the brothel or visiting the brothel is punishable under this law. If a person if found with a child it is assumed that he has detained that child there for the purpose of sexual intercourse and hence shall be punishable to seven year in prison up to life imprisonment, or a term which may extend to ten year and also a maximum fine of one lakh rupees.

If a child is found in a brothel and after medical examination has been found to have been sexually abused, it is assumed that the child has been detained for the purpose of prostitution. Any person committing prostitution in public with a child shall be punishable to seven year in prison up to life imprisonment, or a term which may extend to ten year and also a maximum fine of one lakh rupees. If prostitution of a child is being committed with knowledge of an establishment owner such as a hotel the license of the hotel is likely to be cancelled along with the given prison sentence and/or fines.

Any child found in a brothel or being abused for the purpose of prostitution can be placed in an institution for their safety by a magistrate. Landlords, leasers, owner, agent of the owner who unknowingly previously rented their property to a person found guilty of prostituting a child, must get approval from a magistrate before re-leasing their property for three years after the order is passed. In 2006, the Ministry of Women and Child Development proposed an amendment bill that has yet to be passed. The amendment does not really concern any of the provisions related to the child but has many important consequences for the right of women sex workers

What is Human Trafficking?

Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/human-trafficking/what-is-human-trafficking.html

WHAT IS HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Human trafficking, is a part of the larger problem of slavery. Human trafficking is one of the most common way people end up in slavery. While the term is increasingly used instead of the word “slavery”, this is misleading. The term is often misused when it is confused with human smuggling. In essence, human trafficking is when people are transported, by force or deception, to become enslaved. By transported, we are typically talking between countries, but people can become trafficked within their own country.

The UN’s definition, which is the one most other countries including the US base their definition is : Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs. http://www.madebysurvivors.com/humantrafficking

Statistics are often hard to come by in this field. Trafficking is an illegal industry so finding out just how many victims there are annually is difficult. Conservative estimates say that 15,000 people are trafficked into the U.S. annually, while others guess the number is high at 60,000. It is reasonable to say that whichever number or wherever in between the truth lay, the number is one too many. Finding local statistics may also be difficult, but local organizations are better equipped to tell you how big of a problem trafficking is in your area.

Ideally, you need to know the number of persons trafficked locally, the number of victims presenting as emergency care patients, and the number of survivors who escaped because of hospital intervention. Also important to know are which facilities the referrals are coming from. States with the greatest concentration of trafficked persons are New York, California, and Florida; Washington DC also has a large trafficked population. Some organizations to contact for more info in this, and in all areas regarding trafficking are:

Immoral Traffic Prevention Act Essay

Poem “Frankie and Johnnie” Essay

Poem “Frankie and Johnnie” Essay.

The speaker of the poem “Frankie and Johnnie” is telling the story of two people that were in a relationship, where Johnnie was cheating on Frankie, and then Frankie kills Johnnie. The poem starts out telling the readert he backstory of Frankie and Johnnie. The speaker says that “Frankie and Johnnie were lovers…They swore to be true to each other/ As true as the sky above;” (ll.1,3-4)Then it goes on to say that Frankie bought Johnnie a lot of nice, expensive things and gave him a lot, if not all, of her money for presumably no particular reason.

After that, Frankie goes away to Memphis for some reason and when she comes back, she learns that Johnnie has been cheating on her this whole time. “[Frankie] Gave her money to Johnnie, /he spent it on those parlour whores;” (ll. 23-24).

Then Frankie goes down to a bar and asks the bartender if Johnnie had been there. The bartender says he had and he had been with a girl name Nellie Bly.

“She said “Oh, Mr. Bar-tender, / has my loving Johnnie been here? / He is my man and he’s done me wrong.”/…But I saw Johnnie an hour ago/with a girl named Nellie Bly;” (ll.28-30, 33-34). Frankie then goes to the pawn shop and bought a gun. “Frankie went to the hock-shop, /Bought her a big forty-four” (ll.36-37). She finds Johnnie at a local brothel with Nellie Bly and goes upstairs and shoots him. “Frankie went down to the hook-shop,/ …there she saw her Johnnie / loving up Nellie Bly/…Roota-toot-toot, three times she shoot” (ll.41, 43-44, 63)

Frankie then goes on to tell everyone to bring a hearse and she would bury Johnnie, and then to call the police and lock her up for murder. “Bring out your rubber-tyred hack, / I’ll take my man to the graveyard, / but I won’t bring him back; /… Bring round a hundred policemen, / bring ‘em round to-day, / and lock me in that jail-house” (ll.77-79, 86-88). But before the police come she goes and tries to apologize to Mrs. Halcome but she won’t accept it. Then Frankie goes to look at Johnnie in his casket and wishes she could trade places. “Looked down at his face, / Said, “Oh, Lord, have mercy on me, /I’d like to take his place;” (ll.107-109). Finally, Frankie goes to jail and then gets hanged for killing Johnnie. “The Sheriff took Frankie to the gallows, / Hung her until she died, / they hung her for killing Johnnie,” (ll. 121-123)

There are a few cases of figurative language in this poem. “Lovers” (l. 1), “swore” (l. 2), “true” (l. 2), “gave” (l.8) are all positive words that make you believe that they have a good, healthy relationship. But words like “wrong” (l. 5), “shot” (l.39), “hurts” (l. 74), “hack” (l. 77), “hearses” (l. 81), “graveyard” (l.83), and “coffin” (l. 106) are all negative words that lead you to the conclusion of Johnnie’s death.

The theme of the poem is that there are always consequences for mistakes that you make. Both Johnnie’s and Frankie’s punishment was death for what they had done. Even though most consequences aren’t this harsh, the author exaggerates this so he could prove his point.

This poem is tied to the real world because this poem is based on a true story of a woman named Frankie Baker, who was a prostitute, and how she killed Allen Britt, who was her pimp. Over the years, the story has had its discrepancies and a lot of the facts have changed, but the overall message is the same.

Poem “Frankie and Johnnie” Essay

Should Prostitution Be Legalized? Essay

Should Prostitution Be Legalized? Essay.

Legalizing prostitution, defined as the act of engaging in sexual activity in exchange for money, has been widely debated since its time of recognition in our society. Some characterize prostitution through violence and oppression against women and girls, while others express their opinions about its fulfillment and empowerment. Prostitution laws vary among countries, and in the United States prostitution is illegal in every state except for Nevada. Despite the strict prostitution laws that the United States government stands behind, it is evident that the laws have not succeeded in stopping prostitution.

It is important to distinguish that prostitution is not sex trafficking, those opposing the legalization of prostitution view the two as mutually exclusive and believe that it would only institutionalize exploitation and abuse (Weitzer 2011). Sex trafficking involves non-consenting adults and children forced into selling sex, those individuals deserve the full protection of the law. Conversely, prostitution involves consenting adults who wish to negotiate payment in exchange for sexual services, it is a service industry like any other (Kempadoo 1998).

Prostitution laws violate every citizen’s human and civil right to choose their trade and occupation.

To understand why prostitution should be legalized it is first important to consider why people choose to prostitute. To put it plainly, the number one reason people choose to prostitute is to make money (Ditmore 2011). It is an extremely liquid business, and because of that it is very appealing to many individuals who are struggling just to put food on the table. It may not be the most desirable idea of work, but for many prostitutes it is the best alternative available. According to Veronica Monet, sex work is a better alternative to being president of someone else’s corporation or someone’s secretary. She chose to be a prostitute after experimenting with various other occupations that she hated. Many other prostitutes view their work in the same way that Veronica does, sex workers often get to set their prices and choose their hours, making it all the more appealing.

Opponents to legalizing prostitution feel that it is demeaning, and that it would only further exploit women (Hughes 2004). What they don’t understand is that women prostitute because they feel that it is empowering and a woman’s choice to choose what they do with their bodies, if they want to sell sex in exchange for money that is their prerogative. Prostitution is an extremely lucrative business that allows women to control how to budget, who they want to see, who to be polite to, and who to decline (Stryker 2012). Legalizing prostitution would allow women to be appreciated in ways that they would not regularly be appreciated in an office setting.

The strict prostitution laws that exist in the United States promote the criminality of sex work, creating a setting where prostitutes are vulnerable to abuse, exploitation, and trafficking against their free will (Macy 1996). Whether or not a law to legalize prostitution is passed, it will always exist because there is an endless demand for sex services. Recognizing it as a legal institution would allow for women to gain legal and social rights through choosing prostitution as an occupation, and allow the government and police to punish those who were abusing and exploiting non consenting individuals (Hughes 2004).

There are many injustices that exist in the sex industry because of the strict prostitution laws. If society could understand what prostitution was really like rather than seeing it as a delinquency, legalization would be the obvious choice. Prostitution is when consenting adults decide to exchange various sexual services in return for financial gain, yet prostitution as a career choice is about much more. Like any other industry, prostitutes must work hard in order to achieve the monetary gains they are seeking. Prostitutes must maintain professional facilities, the places where they will meet clients, as well as maintain their appearances.

They do this by spending time at the gym, tanning salon, and beauty parlor. Just as banks spend time doing credit checks on possible clients before agreeing to extend them a loan, prostitutes must perform background checks on their perspective clients to ensure their safety. They must advertise their services and provide professional feedback through phone calls and emails, and they must network in order to expand their business and clientele (Albert 2001). Prostitutes operate their business similarly to many other industries, yet they risk being charged with a felony every day that they operate their business. If society could get past the linkages between prostitution and sex trafficking they would be able to view it for the legitimate business it is.

Most of the focus in the prostitution debate has been on the women involved and the individuals who are offering their sexual services. However, it is also important to consider who uses the services, and who is benefitting from the services. Studies have shown that men of all ages, races, religions, and backgrounds have been known to purchase sex (Macy 1996). Individuals who purchase sex often do it because they are looking for sexual excitement, or because they are not satisfied with their wives at home. Most studies show that sex buyers do not respect the women; they are not required to be nice or polite, and the majority of them patronize the prostitutes (Bennetts 2011). Because of all the negative energy surrounding prostitution, women are seen as inhuman commodities, and their work poses a threat to their well-being. Prostitution is an extremely dangerous occupation because of its illegality.

Purchasers believe that because they paid for sex, they have the right to behave however they want. They believe that their payment gives them the right to degrade and assault prostitutes freely. One man who was interviewed noted “you get to treat a ho like a ho – slapping, choking, and having aggressive sex beyond what your girlfriend will do” (Bennetts 2011). Men believe that if they pay for sex they have total control over the woman, and this is the reason why prostitution becomes dangerous. Women who feel they have been abused or violated by their clients will not report it to the police for fear of being arrested for prostitution, and the men who abused them get off completely untouched. If prostitution were legalized, then the men who abused the prostitutes and committed crimes would be punished by law. It would allow prostitutes to operate their business without the constant fear that their life and well-being could be threatened (Kempadoo 1998). Despite what the laws say about prostitution, it is always going to exist because for every prostitute arrested, there will be two more to replace her.

The demand is high and the supply of poverty stricken individuals looking to make money is never ending. Legalizing prostitution would allow the government to instate rules and regulations to control criminal acts and protect prostitutes against abuse (Kempadoo 1998). Opponents to prostitution argue that it is immoral because the women are vulnerable and exploited through selling their bodies for sex. On the contrary, it is immoral for the government to turn their back on prostitutes who are being abused. Sex workers are not granted basic human rights that all other professionals are granted. Despite opposition to the idea of commercial sex, the “moral” course of action would be to grant the prostitutes basic rights and protection, so that they can practice their trade safely and responsible (Albert 2001).

There are organizations of prostitutes working under illegal conditions across the country, and activists are arguing whether or not legalizing prostitution will improve the corruption and criminality surrounding sexual labor today. The Netherlands provides a perfect example of how legalizing prostitution limited the crime and violence associated with the sex industry. After the country instated laws that regulated the sex industry and designated certain areas where legal prostitution could take place, violence exponentially declined (Weitzer 2007). There is less corruption because police and government officials are no longer being paid off to look the other way when witnessing an act of prostitution, and there is less reported abuse and murder. The police are now able to walk the streets and monitor the legal sex institutions. Legalization has given prostitutes rights that protect them against violent predators looking to take advantage of their services. Legalizing prostitution and regulating certain aspects of it has proven to be effective in limiting corruption and violence in the community (Weitzer 2007).

Opponents to legalizing prostitution are consumed by the idea that prostitution is immoral, exploitative, and criminal. The government is worried about how legalizing the institution would affect crime, public health, taxes, poverty, etc. Some believe that it promotes rape and homicide and would increase the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases, comparing brothels to slavery (Lankford 2008). What these opponents do not understand is that prostitution involves consensual sex and legalizing prostitution would in fact reduce crime because it would keep the prostitutes off the streets. Public health is in more danger with the current prostitution laws than it would be with legalization because the government could impose regulations and require mandatory health screenings for all working in the industry. Tax revenue would be increased because the prostitutes would have to declare their profits to the state, legalizing prostitution would create a legitimate business operating under the laws of any other industry.

The benefits of legalizing prostitution will come after society can understand exactly what the prostitution industry entails and why prostitutions choose it as a career option. The bottom line is that prostitution is not a crime, and it is not a harmful act against society. Women who choose to sell sex in exchange for money are doing so on their own account. They are consenting individuals and they should have the right to decide which occupation they want to pursue without receiving scrutiny from the rest of society. Prostitution is not sex trafficking, it involves consenting adults and choice. Sex trafficking forces victims into sex work through various acts of violence, threat, and manipulation, they are recruited from poor areas because they are uneducated and naïve.

Sex trafficking victims get brainwashed into staying in the organization (Ditmore 2011). Prostitution and sex trafficking are vastly different acts, yet because prostitution is illegal the two often get lumped together in debate. Legalizing prostitution would allow society to separate prostitutes and the illegal sex trafficking business. Prostitutes would gain the rights of every other human being in the work force, and the government could stop the illegal sex trafficking of children and non-consenting adults into the sex industry. After analyzing the reasons why individuals choose to prostitute, what it is really like for those individuals, and which individuals benefit from their services, it is clear why prostitution should be legalized.

Should Prostitution Be Legalized? Essay

Tricking and Tripping Essay

Tricking and Tripping Essay.

The article Tricking and Tripping by Sterk was an interesting article about prostitution. I found it interesting because she was actually integrating herself into prostitution without actually prostituting and how some of the prostitutes accepted and befriended her, and one pimp was actually nice and had her back. When Sterk said, “I’m sorry for you,” to one of the prostitutes, she got offended thinking that Sterk meant she felt sorry for the prostitute because she was a failure when Sterk really meant she was genuinely concerned for the prostitute.

I think fieldwork would be an extremely difficult job because you have to actually go out and basically get your hands dirty and put your life in dangerous situations. Sterk had to deal with most of the things that prostitutes had to like pimps, crack-heads, other prostitutes, rude costumers, and weather along with barely an access to a restroom.

I think that the fact that Sterk grew up in Amsterdam, where prostitution is legal, didn’t affect her research because even though she grew up where it was legal she was doing research where it wasn’t.

On the other hand, I could see how it may have affected her research and maybe even started her interest in it because if prostitution was legal, then she would probably see more STD infected women therefore, making her more interested in why women are risking their lives for money. I think all the themes that she listed were important but two that really stuck out to me were themes one and six. Theme one is basically what got the prostitute to decide to enter the business and theme six is how she escaped.

Tricking and Tripping Essay

Sociology of Prostitution Essay

Sociology of Prostitution Essay.

Prostitution is one topic in which the causes have been debated by many. There are three theories that I will discuss throughout this paper. The theories include a functionalist, feminist, and social psychological view of the subject. The argument that appears more correct is a matter of opinion. The functionalists believe there are two main reasons why a person would become a prostitute. The first reason deals with sexual morality. To break it down further the argument is that our sexual morality system, while condemning prostitution, actually and inadvertently encourages it.

We live in a society that encourages the belief that sex with a spouse is “meaningful” while sex with a prostitute is “meaningless. ” This idea may actually encourage men to seek sex with a prostitute if all they want is meaningless sex. Additionally certain sex acts, such as oral copulation or anal sex, are considered immoral by our society. This means that the common belief among society is that these acts should not be done with their spouse.

This may motivate men who desire these acts to seek the services of an immoral prostitute.

Another reason proposed by the functionalist is the belief that prostitution actually serves to strengthen sexual morality. Basically the sex industry keeps the “respectable” women pure because men can satisfy their immoral sexual desires elsewhere. There is some evidence to support the functionalist view of prostitution. Studies have shown that in certain societies such as traditional Asian societies where prostitution is prevalent, respectable women are less likely to engage in immoral sex acts.

Read more: Essay on Prostitution

On the other hand many western societies where prostitution is less common, respectable women are more likely to engage in immoral sex acts. Now let’s look at the feminist view. Feminist believe that the functionalist theory is nothing more then a reflection of our society’s sexist views. They believe that the men partaking in the acts are just as immoral as the prostitutes themselves. They take their argument a step further by suggesting that the topic of prostitution is a small part of the larger patriarchal system in which men dominate the exploited women.

Feminist also argue that society teaches boys to dominate girls and are expected to continue this behavior into adulthood. On the other hand society teaches girls to be submissive to boys, and to remain that way into adulthood. To prove this the feminist point out that prostitution is more prevalent in societies in which there is a greater presence of gender inequality. The basic idea is that prostitution and a male patriarchy support each other. This is because prostitution supports and encourages the idea that all women can be bought or are less valuable then men.

Finally let’s look at the Social Psychological Theory. This theory argues that there are three main reasons why some women become a prostitute. First are predisposing factors such as parental neglect, child abuse, or some other traumatic event. Attracting factors such as the belief that a women can have an easy life or make allot of easy money as a prostitute. And precipitating factors, such as unemployment, peer pressure, or other outside influences. While predisposing factors may cause a women to consider becoming a prostitute, it is unlikely she will actually become one without some of the other listed factors.

In my opinion each theory states a very convincing argument. It is difficult to remain unbiased when thinking of this topic due to our personal beliefs. Although the supporters of each theory may not want to admit it, the fact is that if you look close enough you will see they all say the same basic thing. This one thing is the fact that prostitution is not merely an issue that involves prostitutes; it involves all of society and many outside influences.

Sociology of Prostitution Essay

Causes of Prostitution Essay

Causes of Prostitution Essay.

Social issues have been present since the early days of Adam and Eve. They have never stopped multiplying and are facing actually an exponential worsening. Solving them all at once would be surely the hardest goal to achieve; however, facing each issue separately would be the best solution. Social issues have become countless, complex, and are featuring actually over a million topics; most of them being kept taboo. One of the most talked about taboo these days is actually the oldest profession ever exercised by humans: Prostitution.

As we all know, prostitution is a sexual activity in exchange for financial gain being either a willing practice or a forced one. It has been expanding over the years with the goal of acquiring legalization all over the world. The effects of prostitution on the society are severely harmful justifying the need to abolish it. Therefore, in order to facilitate the vanishing of this uncontrollable practice, the causes leading to its expansion should be deducted and exposed clearly.

Prostitution has many identifiable causes that are related either to the mentality, to the economic situation or to the social environment of the prostitute.

First of all, one of the main factors leading to prostitution is psychological since the tendency towards it is found only in a minor section of the population. Actually, sexual aggression is an incident whose frequency is increasing over time and leading to the expansion of prostitution. In fact, O’Neill (2001) argues that many adolescent girls have suffered from physical violence and repulsive male submission either from a stranger or from an acquaintance; and that this has pushed them into prostitution with the intention of regaining trust and confidence (pp.91-93). Moreover, Crowley’s research reveals that 85% of young prostitutes testify the absence of their father and/or their mother throughout their childhood (Flowers, 1998, p.83). As a result, they have been victims of a substantial lack of care and affection; one which they hope to compensate for through prostitution. In parallel, infancy is revealed to be the most sensitive period in any person’s life considering its brittle nature and the fact that it can be affected by the merest of events.

Read more: Causes of Prostitution

Furthermore, “prostitution depends on personality rather than personality upon prostitution” (“Prostitution”, 1957, p.399). Accordingly, Freud enlightens the idea that women who engage in prostitution show an inherent lack of confidence and a continuous feeling of being dominated by men (Flowers, 1998, p.24). This is why prostitution is considered a refuge for young girls who suffer from a weak character and a lack of closeness with others. In addition, Macleod (2006) points out that prostitution is implicated when solitude, desertion and ennui are extremely troubling a person’s life making it the only way out with a seductive offer of good care, enthusiasm and self-sustainment (para.3). However, prostitution isn’t always the result of a human behavior determined by a disturbed infancy but it could be also due to a genetically inherited disorder. As said by Flowers (1998), many investigations discovered that prostitutes usually have mental illnesses whose high severity could lead to permanent psychological disorders such as schizophrenia, a case frequently followed by suicide (pp.24, 28-29).

Finally, some girls consider prostitution an ordinary job because they belong to a family and a culture in which it is acceptable. This enormously affects their perception of sex trade making them more apt to be engaged in it. And given that “frigidity is far from universal among prostitutes” (“Prostitution”, 1957, p.399) these women continue to be more convinced in their wrong convictions and beliefs concerning prostitution. However, searching for pure psychological causes remains unreliable since prostitution could just be a matter of choice. On the other hand, a different cause leading to prostitution is intimately associated with the economic condition. In these situations, prostitution becomes the only get-away for these unfortunate people rather than being a choice.

Farley (1994) assures that “for women, prostitution is not about sex but about survival” (p.14). Indeed, homelessness is a common situation encountered by girls who become prostitutes afterwards. In other words, they are found bartering sex for money and especially for housing. In addition, almost 120 000 prostitutes are traded to Europe every year with the majority of them originating from the former Soviet Union such as Russia and the Baltic countries (Lethi, 2003 as cited in Hagstedt, Korsell, & Skagerö, 2009, p.166). Thus, poor countries provide a manipulating background pushing young girls to enter prostitution by seducing them with money which can obviously improve their financial situation. After countless studies on women involved in prostitution, Young, Boyd, & Hubbell (2000) found out that the majority of these women absolutely need to fund an addiction. Not having enough financial resources, they run to prostitution and are even willing to sustain any kind of violence in order to obtain their drugs and nourish their addiction (pp. 789-790, 796-797).

In fact, these prostitutes are the ones who will never be able to quit this work since they need a continuous financial support and fail to take the risk of searching for another way to provide it. In the book The Prostitution of Women and Girl, the author Ronald Barri Flowers (1998) points out that 80% of young girls were drug abusers before becoming prostitutes (p.27). Moreover, Young, Boyd, & Hubbell (2000) present evidence which proves that the relation between drug abuse and prostitution could be illustrated by a vicious cycle in view of the fact that one will conduct to intensification in the other (p.795). The latter is due to the fact that the addicts become more and more dependent on a certain drug because they crave for a larger quantity by the day, which means they need more money by the day. To afford the every rising price they end up working incessantly ignoring the bitter fate their lives had come to.

Furthermore, Shrage (1989) explains that women become prostitutes after failing in finding a profitable job since their weak personality and lack of authority makes the competition with others very difficult and hardly possible (p.358). Besides, these women with no self confidence brainwash themselves believing that prostitution is the most suitable job for their status and ruling out the possibility of finding a decent job someday. Research by Young, Boyd, & Hubbell (2000) points out that 55 out of 58 prostitutes have children and that prostitution becomes the most profitable job for these uneducated and unemployed single women (pp.793, 797). Therefore, permanent unemployment and need for financial support makes young girls infatuated about money and ready to enter prostitution in order to get it. The social environment has been strongly identified as a crucial factor contributing to the expansion of prostitution. First of all, it would be illogical to discuss the issue of prostitutes without pointing out that men buying sexual services are also deeply involved. In fact, following any economic module, high demand means more supply is needed and if there are no clients, prostitution will eventually fade away.

Thus, the high demand is an issue becoming more and more dangerous with time since it makes prostitutes stick to their “profitable” jobs. Moreover, Weitzer (2005) and Mansson (2006) highlight numerous factors related to the purchaser explaining the increase of the demand of buying sex such as timidity, physical problems, impatience, young age of the prostitute, and feeling of control (as cited in Hagstedt, Korsell,& Skagerö, 2009, pp.175-181). There are many network factors that facilitate human trafficking and push people to purchase sex such as: taxi drivers, hotels, pubs and restaurants. These encourage certain individuals to buy sexual services even if they haven’t thought of doing it before. In other words, lots of taxi drivers are allied with pubs with specific orders indicating them to circulate at night with the aim of finding people who want to party and have no special destination; hence they take advantage of these individuals and direct them to pubs in which the clients will be seduced by prostitutes.

For example, in Sweden, with the aim of publicizing sexual services and facilitating the meeting and contact between the prostitute and the client, a profile for each prostitute is found on internet (Hagstedt, Korsell, & Skagerö, 2009, pp.166, 174, 188, 192-193). Furthermore, people are always subjected to a huge influence coming from their surrounding which will completely mutilate their perceptions and behaviors. Discovering that their so-called boyfriend is a pimp trying to drift them into prostitution so that he could earn money is a very common situation among prostitutes (O’Neill, 2001, p.79-84). Likewise, O’Neill (2001) presents evidence which shows that girls who used to live in care institutions are the most likely to fall into prostitution (p.118).

This represents a very flagrant example of social differences since these women were not raised under the supervision of their parents. Gangoli (1998) affirms that decriminalization makes the work of the pimps and prostitutes much easier since there is no police control and censure (p.505). This is very logical since no one will fear government and there will be no limit and restrictions for prostitution. Davis (1937) emphasizes that capitalist system, opposed to communist one, makes the abolition of prostitution very difficult since business is extremely free and couldn’t be limited by boundaries (p.752). Nevertheless, legalization should be also more restricted since it has entailed a common tolerance and acceptance for this sexual practice that will in return lead to the engagement of more women in this work.

In conclusion, prostitution is clearly a social issue with dangerous consequences deeply affecting today’s society. It is either caused by the mentality of the prostitute, by her economic circumstances or by her social background. In fact, poverty is the number one cause of prostitution and can be abolished with clear and identifiable measures. However changing the faulty subconscious convictions of the individuals involved in prostitution is the hardest target to do.

In addition, the people buying sex should not be hidden behind curtains anymore because their presence is making prostitution one of the most profitable, dangerous jobs in the world. Nevertheless, searching for the real causes behind prostitution will always be limited. Accordingly, Davis (1937) explains that “any particular person’s connection with prostitution is a result of his or her own unique life-history, into which an infinite variety of strands, some economic and some not economic, are woven” (p.750). Finally, prostitution must be put into an end and social measures should be taken in order to prevent its legalization all over the world.

You may also be interested in the following: cause and effect of prostitution, causes and effects of prostitution, causes and consequences of prostitution.

Causes of Prostitution Essay