Gift from the Sea Essay

Gift from the Sea Essay.

“One should lie empty, open, choiceless as a beach—waiting for a gift from the sea. ” — Anne Morrow Lindbergh Gift from the Sea (17). Although some may see the differences in my life’s goals and objectives to be far greater than the similarities of that of Anne Morrow Lindbergh, commonalities between our goals and lives do exist. I feel that I am a motivated and ambitious person in my own right, although my personal career path is leading me towards the area of business management.

In her book, Gift from the Sea, Anne Morrow Lindbergh always mentioned the importance of balance and alone time in one’s life.

She wrote on how it is important to remember to be one’s self in addition to being a parent. Lindbergh reiterated throughout the book on the importance of alone time with one’s self and alone time with one’s partner. My personal goals and objective have always included time alone, time alone with my significant other and individual growth along with growing within a family structure.

These objectives are all ones that have been and will continue to be important in my life. In what would be considered a more personal and spiritual side, I can also relate to Ms.

Lindbergh. On page 69 of her book she writes, “True identity is found in creativity activity springing from within. It is found, paradoxically, when one loses oneself. One must lose one’s life to find it,” (“Gift” 69). Many people probably think of this concept as a relatively new one. I was surprised to find it within the covers of this 1955 book. Although we can find it in religious text, here Anne Morrow Lindbergh is also using it to the importance of women giving themselves alone time regardless of their economic status in life.

She goes on to say in her own way that we all die alone so it is important that we each make for ourselves the quiet connection time to understand ourselves. Lindbergh relates to the reader that it is only through understanding ourselves can we really understand our family and others in general. I too can relate to this and make this an important part of my life. What I wouldn’t want to do is to get in a daily routine while half-consciously allowing this routine life to take me through life.

So that too is an objective in both my personal and professional life and goals. I consciously make the time to meditate on what I’m currently doing, where my current path is leading me and in doing this, take the extra time to consider whether I need to make changes that will lead me closer towards all of my personal and professional goals and objectives. Part of Lindberg’s life goals and objectives were in making it a priority in balancing her family life, her time with her spouse, time with her children and her alone time.

She would do this while at the same time still accomplishing things in life she felt were important for her as an individual to accomplish in her lifetime. Not only is this an objective of mine, but most likely an objective of many. Her family’s wealth and education contributed in her being able to accomplish some of her goals and objectives while understanding the importance of each of them. Through my personal education process, I am realizing the importance of my own goals and objectives and taking the time to contemplate and follow through with each one of them.

We can all have hopes and dreams but as Anne Morrow Lindbergh helps me and others to understand, it’s the follow through part that can separate us from those who merely have hopes, dreams, goals and objectives in our lives. Not least of all, I like Anne have a great fondness for the water, the shells, having a private sanctuary where there are few necessities. “Patience—Faith—Openess, is what the sea has to teach. Simplicity—Solitude—Intermittency…But there are other beaches to explore. There are more shells to find.

This is only the beginning” (Gift, 128). Anne Morrow Lindbergh was most famously known for being married to Charles Lindbergh, the man who piloted the first solo non-stop Transatlantic flight from New York to Paris. However, in her own right, Anne became a co-pilot in many of Charles Lindbergh’s historic flights along with authoring and co-authoring books, diaries and poetry. In 1930, Anne Morrow Lindbergh was also the first American woman to earn the First Class Glider Pilot’s License.

Along with her husband she explored and charted different air routes between different continents. Her and Charles were the first two people in history to fly from Africa to South America. Anne was married to Charles Lindbergh for 45 years. Anne Morrow Lindbergh died the seventh day of February, 2001. Bibliography “Anne Morrow Lindbergh. ”

Biography

Resource Center. “Contemporary Authors Online. ” Thomson-Gale, 2007. Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, and Carl Howard Pforzheimer. Gift from the Sea. New York: Pantheon, 1955.

Gift from the Sea Essay

Posted in Sea

The Caspian Sea Essay

The Caspian Sea Essay.

The Caspian Sea is located in an inland depression on the border of Europe and Asia1. It is the largest enclosed sea in the world, with a catchment area of 3. 5 million square kilometers, and is brackish, with salinity up to 13. 7 ‰1. The significant changes in water levels that occur combined with the presence of large shallow areas constitute a potential threat to biodiversity and to the many endemic species1. The rate of biological endemism in the Caspian Sea is extremely high and it has a large number of representatives from almost all major phyla on earth1.

The most important fauna of the Caspian Sea is the sturgeon, which constitute 85% of the standing stock of the world’s sturgeon population1. If there can be a single generalization about sturgeons, it is that they tend to be poky at life: their heart beats slowly; they respire slowly; they move deliberately, mature slowly, reproduce infrequently, and are slow to die4. These conservative life history traits have served sturgeons well over geological time scales4.

These fish species, which are living fossils, are now on the verge of extinction due to reduction of reproduction grounds, overfishing and water pollution by pesticides, heavy metals and oil products2. Poaching has dramatically increased during recent years and is thought to be among the main causes for the population decline of the sturgeon2. This paper discusses the urgent need to determine the ecological effects of overfishing sturgeons for caviar production including the steps taken for sturgeon conservation.

The current regulations being implemented for commercial caviar production and trade are also reviewed. Sturgeon Conservation 3 Sturgeons in the Caspian Sea Six species of sturgeon exist in the Caspian, belonging to the genera Huso and Acipenser1. During the early 20th century, the beluga (Huso huso), considered as the biggest sturgeon, accounted for approximately 40% of the sturgeon catch. Presently, the beluga accounts for less than 10% of the sturgeon catch1. The Russian sturgeon (Acipenser guldenstaedtii) accounts for between 40 and 50 % of the catch1.

The other species include: Persian sturgeon (Acipenser persicus); Sevryuga sturgeon (or starred sturgeon) is represented by the north Caspian (Acipenser stellatus stellatus) and the south Caspian (Acipenser stellatus stellatus natio cyrenis) forms1; Spiny sturgeon (or bastard sturgeon, or ship; Acipenser nudiventris); and Sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus)1. North American Sturgeons Several of the 27 sturgeon species have a high commercial value on international markets, for caviar, meat, as well as sport fishing in North America3.

Populations are declining through increased poaching, illegal trade, habitat loss due to dam construction (preventing migration to spawning grounds), pollution, inefficient aquaculture and re-stocking techniques, lack of regional co-operation in conservation programs, and poor law enforcement3. As sturgeons are migratory fish that regularly cross international borders as part of their life cycle, international cooperation is a critical component of any plan to conserve them3. Sturgeon Conservation 4 Caviar Production and Possible Market Crisis

Caviar is made with unfertilized eggs from the female sturgeon, which can produce up to 15% of its body weight in eggs5. The fish is killed, the ovaries removed and the roe (ovaries containing mature eggs) is mixed with salt and canned for export to the lucrative international market, or for sale locally5. In the Caspian Sea, Russian anti-poaching officials and border guards have so far found more than 70 tons of sturgeon entangled in illegal nets, which is estimated to be only a small fraction of the illegal catch5.

Overfishing, for both legal and illegal markets, has continued to undermine the conservation prospects of the species and could herald the collapse of the stock and the international caviar market5. In theory the legal trade in caviar should act as an incentive to the governments around the Caspian Sea, but this trade is in severe risk of ending unless urgent action is taken to clamp down on the illegal trade5. Conservation

In the late 1990s, in response to international concern over the survival of sturgeon, both the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS) and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) included sturgeon on their lists of concern3. Sturgeon Conservation 5 Recommendations While recognizing the complex nature of issues facing sturgeon conservation, the experts’ recommendations for future action include the following3: • Control poaching and illegal trade in caviar through:

• development and implementation of regional trade and law enforcement agreements; • improvement of social and economic conditions of people in the sturgeon range states; • improved enforcement of existing laws. • Improve efficiency in aquaculture, stock assessment and re-stocking through: • development of a unified method for stock assessment and monitoring; • Formulation of a “code of conduct” for each species that will increase the effectiveness of re-stocking programs. • Improve regional and international cooperation for sturgeon conservation through:

• regional agreements for sturgeon conservation and management particularly for the Amur River, the Black Sea, Azov Sea, and the Caspian Sea; • identification of potential protected areas in sturgeon Sturgeon Conservation 6 habitat; • national level action stimulated by NGOs, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), conventions and other organizations; • funding support for sturgeon conservation from major financial and economic mechanisms such as the Global Environment Facility and World Bank as well as the private sector;

• increased public awareness of the threats facing sturgeon and opportunities for their conservation; • an information exchange network involving all parties involved in sturgeon conservation including FAO, Convention on Biological Diversity, Sturgeon Specialist Group, Convention on Migratory Species, and IUCN’s European Sustainable Use Specialist Group. Cited References 1. Mamaev, Vladimir. The Caspian Sea. European Environmental Agency. Europe’s biodiversity, biogeographical regions and seas. 2. [cited 2008 December 3]. Available from http://www.

caspianenvironment. org/newsite/Caspian-EnvironmentalIssues. htm 3. [cited 2008 December 3]. Available from http://www. ecoworld. com/Animals/articles/articles2. cfm? tid=262 4. Secor DH, Anders PJ, Winkle WV, Dixon DA. Can We Study Sturgeons to Extinction? What We Do and Don’t Know about the Conservation of North American Sturgeons. [cited 2008 December 3]. Available from http://www. cbl. umces. edu/~secor/sturgeon. html 5. [cited 2008 December 1]. Available from http://www. panda. org/about_wwf/what_we_do/species/news/index. cfm? uNewsID=2171

The Caspian Sea Essay

Posted in Sea