How society affects the Beauty

How society affects the Beauty

TOPIC: How society affects the beauty

GENERAL PURPOSE: To inform my classmates how beauty is affected by social practices and cultural diversity

SPECIFIC PURPOSE: the purpose of this speech is to educate my classmate the perception of beauty in the different cultural and social groups and how social practice affects the beauty of individuals in a specific group.   

THESIS: different societies through their social, cultural practices have greatly influenced the human beauty in various aspects.   

  2. ATTENTION GETTER: Human beauty is a manifestation of social perceptions and thoughts of aesthetics of society in a particular locality.
  3. REASON TO LISTEN: Beauty is not a personality of an individual but a reflection of social, cultural practices from the society that one comes from.
  4. THESIS STATEMENT:  different societies through their social, cultural practices have greatly influenced the human beauty in various aspects
  6.  As westerners, beauty is perceived as the desire for the opposite sex.
  7. The survey indicates how the different societies have affected the idea of beauty in various circumstances.
  9. I will describe the in detail the meaning and understanding of beauty as per different scholars.
  10. I will compare and contrast the understanding of beauty among the westerners and easterners and how they affect the human beauty.   
  11. I will describe how religious practices among different societies influence beauty of individuals. 
  12. BODY
  14. Beauty is a sexual attraction to the opposite sex that drives women to do enormous beautifying functions (Wolf, 2013).
  15. Beauty is body confrontation, image, size and shape that make someone attractive to other individuals in the society (Thompson, Heinberg, Altabe & Tantleff-Dunn, 1999). 
  17. In western and eastern society they have a phobia of human nakedness they use different attires that cover the body as a representation of individual beauty.
  18. The western ideology of beauty is always in mind of many individuals from different society in the world and used as a comparison tool of beauty in different society.
  19. The western culture perceives tallness, slenderness, large breast and thin waist as beauty in women while the eastern culture applauds women with bosoms and waists (Banner, 1983).
  21. Hinduism, schism, Buddhism and Islamism beauty as dignified and respected by once doctrine.
  22. Western religion like Christianity and Hebrew they perceive beauty as covering the body of a person.
  24. Western and eastern society differs greatly in perception and description of beauty.
  25. The religious group, they dignify the human beauty and refer nakedness as the worship of an idol.


Banner, L. W. (1983). American beauty. Alfred a Knopf Inc.

Thompson, J. K., Heinberg, L. J., Altabe, M., & Tantleff-Dunn, S. (1999). Exacting beauty:         Theory, assessment, and treatment of body image disturbance. American Psychological     Association.

Wolf, N. (2013). The beauty myth: How images of beauty are used against women. Random        House.

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The employees affected have mainly been found in healthcare, food services and in beauty services

Over the last decade, many employees have developed allergies related to the use of latex.  “The employees affected have mainly been found in healthcare, food services and in beauty services.”   As employees in these areas, as well as other areas have learned of the potential risk from the contraction of disease leading to death, caused by the exposure to bodily fluids, they have realized that the use of products to stop the exposure is absolutely essential.  This has substantially increased and spread the use of latex products, mainly gloves. “The use of so many is very costly, so many employees turned to third world countries who produce a cheaper, untreated latex, which although it cannot be blamed alone for the development of latex allergies, does contribute to the problem.” 

            The repeated use of latex in the work place can lead to allergies that affect the worker’s ability to function both at work and at home.  “The allergies developed can result in degree from a minor irritation to an anaphylactic shock.  Out of the many types of allergic reactions only two types, Type I and Type IV have been observed as being related to latex.  Type IV reactions have proved to be a response to additives used by the manufacturer.  They are uncomfortable, but not life threatening.  This is the opposite of Type I reactions.  Type I reactions are caused by an antibody called IgE which recognizes the cause of the allergy from previous exposure.” 

            “The Type I allergens in latex products exist naturally.  They remain in the latex during processing.  Three proteins found to be involved with the latex allergies are Kd-14, Kd-20 and Kd-27.  The proteins can be airborne through powder residue on the gloves, so they can be transmitted through the air.  The proteins are also water-soluble.  The reactions from Type I include eye, nose, and respiratory symptoms.  If left untreated the reaction may be life threatening.” 

            “The death count associated with Type I reactions up until 1995 is 16 due to latex.”   These deaths prove that the latex allergies that are being developed are a serious risk to employee health, and the matter needs to be dealt with seriously.  Both employers and government need to take charge of the issue to ensure the safety of the employees.

            The employer needs to provide policies and procedures to reduce the exposure to latex.  Until recently latex gloves were the automatic protection worn by all employees dealing with people, or products for people, and in many places this is still the case.  This has to stop, and employers are the ones who must implement other options.  “This is extremely important because those employees most at risk are the ones who frequently use latex products, and once the allergy is developed, it does not ever go away.”   “Other people who are at high risk are those who apply latex gloves while their hands are still wet.”   Since the proteins are water-soluble, the skin can absorb them more easily once they are part of the water.  “More groups of people at high risk are those who suffer from various other allergies, and those who use latex products when they have a rash or any other skin disorder, because it gives the proteins an entrance to the body.”  Employers need to make sure that employees use alternatives to latex as much as possible, and must ensure that employees know about the potential allergies and the best ways to avoid them. From the employee’s point of view, their knowledge of these issues is the key to the protection of their health.

            Employees’ lives will be changed forever once they develop latex allergies.  Those employees such as nurses and doctors, who must use latex gloves throughout their job, will no longer be able to provide adequate care to the patients unless there is an alternative available to use.  This however, is obviously through no fault of their own.  “Other gloves, that are latex free are available, and employees need to provide them, regardless of the cost.  Latex gloves that do continue to be purchased need to be certified by the Canadian General Standards Board to ensure the safety of employees.”   If measures are taken to reduce latex risk, fewer workers will develop allergies. “Often allergies are so severe that working in an environment where latex proteins may be airborne is no longer possible.”   The employees have to find new jobs, with less latex contact.  This is hard on the employee, especially today, where not only a good job, but also any job at all is extremely difficult to find.  The biggest part of looking for a new job would be acquiring the necessary skills, because the employees are searching for something new, something that they are not trained for.

            When employees develop latex allergies, it affects their ability to function at work, but also to function at home. “Latex is found in many household products such as sponges and cleaning/kitchen gloves.  Even something as simple as putting a bandage on a child or cleaning up toys, such as teething rings, becomes a health hazard.  A regular rubber band could also cause a reaction.”   The employee (as well as the average consumer), as an individual, must find alternative products to these things.  He/she must search for special products.  “Other items like balls parents use to play with their children, balloons, and braces for teeth pose a health risk.  More personal items like condoms, diaphragms, and clothing that contain latex also become a health risk for those who have developed latex allergies.”  Latex allergies have been proven to affect work, home, and leisure life.  “In one case study, a dental assistant who developed an allergy to latex, through contact with moist skin from hand washing, experienced a severe anaphylactic reaction when putting her gloves on.  In another case, a health care worker experienced an anaphylactic reaction from the handle of her squash racquet.  She lost consciousness within ten minutes after the match ended.  She was treated at a nearby Emergency Center; however, the handle of her racquet could have cost her her life.”   These examples show the effects that latex allergies can have on employees and shows that it is crucial for employers to do everything possible to avoid having employees develop these allergies.

            Once an employee has developed a latex allergy it affects every aspect of their life, including when they are treated as a patient.  It is very important that anyone taking care of the employee from a doctor/dentist to a hairdresser is made aware of the allergy.  “Some common products that contain latex in the healthcare environment are air masks, blood pressure cuffs, catheters, dressings, bandages and I.V. tubing.”   These are just a few of the commonly used products, however, there are thousands more. “In one scenario in a hospital a healthcare professional was admitted for routine abdominal surgery.  Her allergy to latex was known but the latex in the mask used for the induction of the anesthesia was overlooked.  This caused an anaphylactic reaction that would have been fatal had it not been treated so quickly.  The surgery was later re-done in a latex-free environment.”  “Another healthcare worker who developed an allergy to latex had a similar experience at an orthodontist.”  The severity of these reactions does not only show the need for employers to give employees with latex allergies a latex-free environment to work in but also the need to reduce the risk of developing the allergy to latex all together.

            The employer needs to take responsibility for decreasing the percentage of employees that develop latex allergies but they are not alone.  The government needs to be involved also.  The government needs to enforce standards for latex production to ensure a higher quality of latex processing to reduce the risk of allergy.  “In 1992 the Medical Devices Bureau began discussing the growing problem of latex allergy.  Their goal was to minimize health risk, however today, four years later employees are still developing the allergies.”   “A new law requiring the labeling of latex gloves was implemented in May 1995 but did not become effective until month later.  The labels include how to minimize health risk and how well the gloves were processed.”   From the employees’ point of view, this is an improvement but it is not nearly enough.  Latex that is not processed and treated to a high standard should be illegal.  Until it is, the employers still have the option of using cheaply processed latex.  This means that those out to “make a buck” will still choose price over employee safety; unfortunately many do.  This is not morally right and it is only through government legislation that this will be corrected.

            The government needs to not only enforce standards of latex, but also increase awareness of latex allergies by distributing information.  A lot of the awareness currently distributed to workers focuses on information about how the workers should be careful when dealing with those who have latex allergies; however, very little of the information distributed is directed at the employees and how they and their employers need to minimize the risk of allergy development.  If the employers are not aware of how to protect their employees, they cannot effectively do so.  This adds to the number of employees who develop allergies and increases the number of employees that employers lose.  “The importance of this awareness is demonstrated by noting that in 1995 over 250 000 healthcare workers were found to be allergic to latex.”   These may be good and efficient employees but they have simply become allergic to their jobs.

            “Many of the employees who develop severe reactions to latex, cannot find a job that they can practice safely.  As a result they end up on disability allowance.”  As well as being costly to the employer and to the government, this is also costly to the employee.  “It costs the employee their normal way of life and can make them feel less valued.  Not being able to function in their work environment can have many psychological effects.”   “When it is at all possible, an alternate job is found for the employee, but even this option is costly.  It costs the employer the employee’s work and the cost or retraining.”   It costs the employee time and often a pay cut.  This seems unjust to the employee, as he is not responsible for the situation in which he finds himself.  These costs to the employee are the main reason that the government needs to become involved in this issue.

            It is not possible to stress enough the importance of the prevention of latex allergies.  The great cost it has on each employee affected is enough to determine what action must be taken now.  Suggesting that employers should provide employees with protection is not sufficient; it needs to be the law.  The government, employers, workers’ unions, and employees all need to work together so that the destruction of the lives of the employees can be stopped.  Improperly treated latex poses a risk to the employee and must be banned from the workplace.  As well, unnecessary use of latex gloves should be discouraged.  In places where latex must be used, precautions must be taken to ensure those who are using them are at the least risk.  If all these things are done and the issue is taken seriously, the costs may be high, but the lives that are saved as a result will be more than worth it.


    Steelman, V. “Latex Allergy Precautions.” Nursing Clinics of North America. Vol. 30 (Sept 1995) p. 479.


   Steelman. P. 477.


  Steelman. P. 477. 


   Steelman. P. 478.


   Steelman. P. 478.


   Stapleton, C. “The Latex Scare.” Women’s Day. (Jan 2, 1993) p. 75.


   Stapleton. P. 75.


   Stapleton. P. 75.


   Government of Canada. Health Canada. “The Latex Allergy Project.” (Ottawa:  Health Protection Branch. June 1995.) p. 1.


  Charous, B. MD. The Solution to Latex Allergy Starts with Education. (Franklin Lakes, NJ. Becton Dickenson and Company. 1995.) p. 3.


   Latex-free Product Alternatives. (Pamphlet) (Published by the Spina Bifida Association of Canada. Winnipeg, 1995.) p. 1.


   Bund, C. ed. “Coming to Grips with Latex Allergies.” (Brantford, ON:  St. Joseph’s Hospital.) p. 6.


   Steelman. P. 479.


   Latex-free. P. 1.


   Rawlins, Donna. “The Unsuspected Allergy.” Canadian Operating Room Nursing Journal. (Nov/Dec 1992.) p. 6.


   Steelman. P. 479.


   Government. P. 1.


   Stapleton. P. 1.


   Steelman. P. 482.


   Bund. P. 2.


   Bund. P. 2.


   Steelman. P. 483.

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Aestheticism: Philosophy of Beauty Essay

Aestheticism: Philosophy of Beauty Essay.

Aestheticism is presently defined by the Encyclopedia Britannica as “intended to designate a scientific doctrine or account of beauty, in nature and art, and for the enjoyment and originating beauty which exists in man”. In other words, aestheticism is a philosophy of beauty. An Aesthete has a great appreciation for nature. One may look at an object, place, or person and perceive it a different way than another person may perceive it. For an Aesthete to obtain pleasure, “it is the perspectives of perception that is necessary to an understanding of both appreciation and creation”.

Aestheticism is a very deep and meaningful philosophy whose meaning has been changed and interpreted by many historical figures such as Alexander Baumgarten, Immanuel Kant, and Oscar Wilde. The philosophical discipline of aesthetics did not receive its name until 1735, when the twenty-one year old Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten introduced it in his Halle master’s thesis to mean episteme aisthetike, or the science of what is sensed and imagined.

Initially, the focus of aestheticism was not so much on art as it was on the experience of, and judgments about, beauty in all its forms. Aesthetics is necessarily interdisciplinary and may be interpretive, prescriptive, descriptive, or a combination of these. The younger Baumgarten started at the university at sixteen (in 1730), and studied theology, philology, poetry, rhetoric, and philosophy, especially Leibniz, whose philosophy was not banned.

He began teaching there himself in 1735, upon the acceptance of his thesis on poetry, and published his Metaphysics in 1739. In 1740, the same year as he published his Ethics, he was called to a professorship — or more precisely, ordered to accept it — at another Prussian university, in Frankfurt an der Oder. The first volume of his Aesthetica appeared in 1750. It was written in Latin, like Baumgarten’s other works, and was the first work ever to use the name of the new discipline as a title.

The next year, however, Baumgarten’s health began to decline and a second volume of the Aestheticacame out only in 1758, under pressure from the publisher. Baumgarten’s Meditations on Poetry conclude with his famous introduction of the term “aesthetics”: “The Greek philosophers and the Church fathers have always carefully distinguished between the aistheta and the noeta,”that is, between objects of sense and objects of thought, and while the latter, that is, “what can be cognized through the higher faculty” of mind, are “the

object of logic, the aistheta are the subject of the episteme aisthetike or AESTHETICS,” the science of perception. However, in the 18th century, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant defined aestheticism as both “the analysis of taste” and “the analysis of sensible cognition or intuition”. Immanuel Kant was a Prussian philosopher who is widely considered to be a central figure of modern philosophy. He argued that human concepts and categories structure our view of the world and its laws, and that reason is the source of morality.

One part Kant’s philosophy of aestheticism was the “Deduction of Taste”, which instilled that everything interesting and fundamental happened in the formation of concepts, or in the receiving of intuitions. But now Kant argues that judgment itself, as a faculty, has an fundamental principle that governs it. This principle asserts the purposiveness of all phenomena with respect to our judgment. In other words, it assumes in advance that everything we experience can be tackled by our powers of judgment. Normally, we don’t even notice that this assumption is being made, we just apply concepts, and be done with it.

But in the case of the beautiful, we do notice. This is because the beautiful draws particular attention to its purposiveness; but also because the beautiful has no concept of a purpose available, so that we cannot just apply a concept and be done with it. Instead, the beautiful forces us to grope for concepts that we can never find. And yet, nevertheless, the beautiful is not an alien and disturbing experience – on the contrary, it is pleasurable. The principle of purposiveness is satisfied, but in a new and unique way.

For Kant, the other basic type of aesthetic experience is the sublime. The sublime names experiences like violent storms or huge buildings which seem to overwhelm us; that is, we feel we ‘cannot get our head around them’. This is either mainly ‘mathematical’ – if our ability to intuit is overwhelmed by size (the huge building) – or ‘dynamical’ – if our ability to will or resist is overwhelmed by force (e. g. the storm). The problem for Kant here is that this experience seems to directly contradict the principle of the purposiveness of nature for our judgment.

And yet, Kant notes, one would expect the feeling of being overwhelmed to also be accompanied by a feeling of fear or at least discomfort, whereas, the sublime can be a pleasurable experience. In contrast, Oscar Wilde prefaced his novel, The Picture of Dorian Gray, with a reflection on art, the artist, and the utility of both. After careful scrutiny, he concludes: “All art is quite useless” (Wilde 4). In this one sentence, Wilde encapsulates the complete principles of the Aesthetic Movement popular in Victorian England. That is to say, real art takes no part in molding the social or moral identities of society, nor should it.

Art should be beautiful and pleasure its observer, but to imply further-reaching influence would be a mistake. The explosion of aesthetic philosophy in fin-de-siecle English society, as exemplified by Oscar Wilde, was not confined to merely art, however. Rather, the proponents of this philosophy extended it to life itself. Here, aestheticism advocated whatever behavior was likely to maximize the beauty and happiness in one’s life, in the tradition of hedonism. To the aesthete, the ideal life mimics art; it is beautiful, but quite useless beyond its beauty, concerned only with the individual living it.

Aesthetics found that through their great interest in beauty, pleasure that is derived from objects of art is more beautiful than other pleasures. Overall, many philosophers have interpreted the principle of aestheticism in their own ways. Without aestheticism, the deep understanding we now have of the connection of our lives with all forms of art would not be possible. Therefore, after centuries of conceptual making, aestheticism remains as a very complex subject which any poetic heart would be delighted to learn for the benefit of further understanding the purpose for the existence of art.

Art through music, paintings, dance, and performance are all unique, but alike in one way: they are products of an artist’s ability, and desire, to create beauty.

Works Cited

Burnham, Douglas. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Immanuel Kant: Aesthetics. n. d. 9 February 2014 . Duggan, Patrick. The Conflict Between Aestheticism and Morality in Oscar Wilde’s The Picture of Darian Gray. n. d. 9 February 2014 . Guyer, Paul. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: 18th Century German Aesthetics. 16 January 2007. 9 February 2014 . Rohlf, Michael. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Immanuel Kant. 20 May 2010. 9 February 2014 .

Aestheticism: Philosophy of Beauty Essay

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The beauty and nature of the Philippines Essay

The beauty and nature of the Philippines Essay.


Have you ever dreamt of traveling around the world of seeing amazing spots. Travel and Experience the Philippines 7,107 islands, its natural wonders, colorful and warm engaging people. Among its popular and breathtaking sights are: Boracay beach, Pearl farm island resort, marine life and beaches that will surely test your adventurism . Witness the heavenly beauty of nature in the Philippines and experience the unfogetable leisure you’ve ever been experienced. Because nothing’s worth more than experience.

This simple term paper aims to:
1. Explain the nature of tourism;
2. Explore the beauty of nature ;and
3. List down some beautiful places to visit in the Philippines. Furthermore, this paper also aims to answer the following questions:
1. What is tourism?
2. How to explore the beauty of the nature in the philippines?
3. What are some beautiful places to visit in the Philippines? The researcher gathered the data or pieces of information presented in this term paper through library and internet only.

The Pearl farm Island Resort is located in a secluded Samal Island off the coast of Davao city.

The Pearl Farm Island Resort is the best place to relax and unwind. It is about 45 minutes by boat from Davao city. Aptly called the Pearl Farm, this world-class private resort was once of place where a white, pink and gold pearls are cultured from a special breed of oyster coming from Sulu Island. The Philippine Eagle Foundation is considered as an endangered species, the Philippine Eagle has found its home in Davao. The Philippine National Center is a sanctuary of the world’s largest eagle. It natures these birds and conducts continuous research and advocacy programs to preserve this mighty king of the skies. As a matter of fact, it has already successfully bred eagles in captivity. Located in Malagos, Calinan District, this little tropical paradise welcomes visitors to its place and witness its wondrous sorroundings. Visit this place and feel what it’s like to be close in Nature only here in Davao.

Read more: It’s More Fun in the Philippines Background

The Eden Nature Park is another place to visit for those who love to commute with nature to unwind from work and busy city life. The Eden Nature Park is a perfect place if you want to engage in nature activities with your friends and family. It is also a producer of organically grown fruits and vegetables.

Davao Museum, one of the ways you can understand the soul of the people of Davao is by taking a short-trip back in time. The Davao Museum, located within the compound of the Insular Village, has captured Davao’s rich and colorful heritage. The museum is a repository of Native crafts, tribal artworks, ancient musical instruments, and colorful costumes of the different early tribes of Davao.

The Crocodile Park, Giant crocodiles, big snakes, and colorful butterflies. These are among the many featured animals in this wonderful tourist destination in Davao City. The Davao Crocodile Park has world-class facilities and recreation areas that kids, as well as at kids at heart, will definitely enjoy. “A child on a farm sees a plane fly by overhead and dreams of a faraway place. A traveller on the plane sees the farmhouse and dreams of home”.

The Paradise Island is a very proud of its humble beginnings. What started out as a weekend picnic destination back in the seventies, catering mostly to friends and their families has become what it is today as not only the preferred island getaway for families but is also the byword of those growing impulsive groups who are so busy and yet wise enough to squeeze-in leisure in their hectic schedules at the spur of the moment. Having a shoreline of almost eight hundred meters (800m), it is the only part of Samal Island that has maintained its shores by feeding the fishes, clean them with having periodic “Scubasurero Aciivities”, and has placed a “safety net” to ward off jelly fish and rubbish, discouraging anglers from poaching the area and encouraging its visitors to enjoy the marine life and leave the same so that others may also enjoy them. Its white sand beach as well as its sorroundings are combed and cleaned throughout the day giving a pure and clean ambiance for its visitors and workers alike.

The swimming area is adequately manned by lifeguards all day which makes swimming more enjoyable and worry free even diving Surely, a wet experience beyond compare to a man-made swimming pool. Only seven (7) minutes away and traffic-free from Davao City, Paradise Island is very near and visitors are ferried by a fleet of ten (10) colorful boats efficiently operated by the management of the resort from 5:00 AM up to 5:00 PM, those who wish to go to Samal Island may ride the ferry Boat (see Travel Map for directions) which serves the public until 11:00 PM. Guests staying at Waterfront Insular Hotel Davao may arrange a boat trip to Paradise Island and back at the reception.

This is the shortest route from Davao City only takes five (5) minutes. Car owners need not worry where to park their cars when going to paradise. Our dock has a wide, fenced and canopied parking area that can accommodate a sizeable number of vehicles and is secured 24/7. If you wish to part with your cars and plan to bring them to the island, we also have an equally secured place to park your cars inside the resort.

The Diving Zone, we have made made taking care of the Marine Life on our shores a serious business and commitment. Left with a dying coral garden and diminishing fish population due to illegal and dynamite fishing before, the Management became aggressive and is doing everything to stop all forms of fishing within the resort’s perimeter and applied for said area to be converted into a “Diving Zone” hoping to apply more teeth in safeguarding the shores from who do not care much. With this strong commitment in mind, we go out of our ways to find solutions in keeping up with a modern approach in taking care of our environment and set the pace among the industry players in Samal Island.

The Guests’ well-being remains the top priority on our list. The Resort’s Management especially its Safety and Security Team pledge to look the welfare of all guests. Training programs are well in place throughout the year to keep up with the times and having drills on a regular basis to ensure that the system flow smoothly during emergencies. • Bomb Awareness Program – this exercise is undertaken yearly with the help of the Provincial Police Office of Davao Province • Monthly Fire Drill – the drill is being undertaken every second Thursday of each month. This is the time when all fire fighting equipment are tested and accounted for.

• First Aid Seminar – being conducted bi-annually before each peak season (Christmas holidays and summer). • Lifeguards Re-orientation – taking place just before each peak season wherein the lifeguards re-train on their swimming and life-saving techniques. • Sea-Tragedy drill – a major activity which requires almost everybody and also taking place before summer and Christmas holidays. • Gun Handling Training – this is done once a year for the guards to establish a routine so that they can perform effectively during emergencies. • Nurse on Duty – nurse on duty at the resort’s infirmary. • Doctor on Call – Doctor on Call from the neighboring area. • Security Details – Security Guards surround the resort and augmented by the local Police during night time. • CCTV Cameras – CCTV cameras are installed in strategic places around the resort.

Paradise Island has established connection with all in Davao City as an option for help in case of emergencies especially involving life-threatening situations. Paradise Island Park and Beach Resort, a secluded place along the famous Davao Gulf, offers a bundle of unique experiences from the boat ride to the shores of the island. As you cruise across the gulf, be amazed by a great panoramic view of Davao city and Mount Apo as its background to your right and the best side of Samal Island ahead which shows the white sand and azure blue waters on a sunny day. Be lulled by the sound of the soft waves at the same time feel the sea breeze in your face. In this part of the world, who says it takes a lifetime to reach Paradise?

The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park (PPSRNP) is one of the most important protected areas of the Philippines. It features a spectacular limestone or karst landscape with one of the most complex cave systems. It contains an 8.2 km long underground river that flow directly to the sea. The lower half of the river is brackish and is affected by the ocean’s tide. An underground river directly flowing into the sea, and the associated tidal influence, makes it a significant natural phenomenon. The discovery of at least 11 minerals, crystal and egg shape rock formations, and a 20 million year old Miocene age serenia fossil in the cave further add to its scientific value. The Puerto Princesa Underground River is declared as one of the New 7 Wonders of Nature. The PPSRNP contains a full mountain to the sea ecosystem and protect the forest, which are among the most significant in Asia.

It represents significant habitat that are important for biodiversity conservation. In recognition of the PPSRNP’s globally significant natural value, it was inscribed to the list of World Heritage Sites on December 4, 1999. Inscription on the list confirms the outstanding universal value of the Park and it’s well integrated state of conservation. The PPSRNP is managed by the City Government of Puerto Princesa based on a program centered on environment conservation and sustainable development. It has the distinction of being the first national park devolved and successfully managed by a Local Government Unit.

It is managed by the City thru a protected Area Management Board (PAMB), multi-sector body that provides policy direction and other oversight functions. It is a model for effective protected area management and sustainable tourism in the Philippines. The Puerto Princesa Subterranean River National Park is a source of pride, and a key element in the identity of the people of Puerto Princesa in particular, and of the Philippines as a whole. The conservation of the park is a commitment by the Filipino people in the global efforts to conserved our natural heritage.

In Wildlife, the Calavit Island is a 3,700-hectare game preserve and wildlife sanctuary alive with indiqeneous species and Africa wildlife like girrafes, zebras, and gazelles. Sea turtles, sea cows and a variety of marine life nestle on its shores.

The Tabon Caves is the oldest known habitat site in Southeast Asia. The Tabon Caves, unearthest a skull that dates back to 22,000 years ago.  The Beaches, visit the Balsahan or Tagbarung Swimming Resort, kalis point, or better yet, get a taste of El Nido. El Nido features black marble caves, table top corals, fantastic marine life, and the requisite white sand beach. Named after the swallow’s nest which prolife rates in its mountain caves. El Nido also features one of the most delicious samplings of the freshest seafood in the land.

The Archaeological hunts, go down Cuyo Island and visit the Cuyo Spanish church for with its massive ten-meter high and wide walls. Archaeogist have also unearthed stone-age tools, Chinese burial jars and ancient ornaments in Palawan’s numerous caves.

The Boracay is paradise for certified sun-worshippers all over the world. In fact, local and foreign tourist have made Boracay their yearly destination. Others have chosen to live on this haven. Sheltered from the fierce easterly typhoons, Boracay can be found on the northwestern tip of Panay in Aklan, a province on the Visayas Island known for its colorful Ati-Atihan Festival.

Boracay’s thousand-hectares boast of all the element of a tropical heaven, crystal blue waters, powder white sand, liberal doses of tropical palms and flowering plants, and a healthy and diverse marine life. Boracay has three little communities, Yapak in the north, Balabag in the middle, and Manoc-manoc in the south. Hilly elevations of up to 100 meters above sea level characterize Yapak and Manoc-manoc. Intertwining trails link the small villages and many something lead to lush tropical jungles. The culinary fare at Boracay ia as diverse as the nationalist of its visitors, French, Chinese, Australian, Belgian, German, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, Korean, and Thai- are all fused into the native cuisine. Truly, Boracay has become the premiere destination of beach lovers around the globe.

The Water Fun, the beach beckons for some serious swimming, or just wading by the shore. For the move active vacations, windsurfing and parasailing gears are readily available. Go sailing with the help of locals acutaly altuned to thr rhythms of the sea.

The Beach Combing, there are over a dozen beaches dotting the island, these are: White Beach, Diniwid, Alinghai Beach, Manoc- manoc Beach, and Cagban Beach, among others. Work on on your tan, read a book, relax and have a massage. White Beach, probably the most famous stretch in the country, features bright, fine sand and clear, shallow waters.

In Night Life spend the last hours of the day at any of Boracay’s Bars and discos. Beer in hand, you can dance on the sand with a few brilliant fireflies. If this seems too rowdy for your taste, take on the moonlit beach.

At Bat Caves, explore the bat caves of Yapak. Preferably with an experienced guide and take photos of these night creatures. The Kar-Tir Seashell Museum located at the village of ilig-iligan, Kar-tir features an interesting collection of seashells, woodcarvings, pottery, hand-woven articles, and traditional costumes from over the Philippines.

The capital of the Philippines its heart and soul is Manila. It sets the archipelago’s rhythm and is a puisating hub that blends the Oriental with the Occidental, the quaint with the modern , the mundane with the extraordinary. At the heart of Manila’s history is Intramuros. It features the grand Manila Cathedral with its detailed stone carvings and stamed glass mosares, For Santiago, the site of torture chambers and dungeons, and the favorite wedding spot, the San Agustine Church. Greater Manila, made up of 14 cities and 3 towns. Is where the country’s most prestigious business addresses and the trendiest leisure establishments are found. Fashionable hotels, restaurants, discos, music bars, boutiques, and specialty shops converge around the sleek Ayala and Ortigas Centers.

Other major cities include Quezon City, also an entertainment hub as well as a government center; Marikina City , the shoe center of the Philippines; Paranaque City, known for its dry goods, and seafood markets and restaurants; and Las Pinas City, which houses the world’s only bamboo organ at St. Joseph’s Parish Church. Calabarzon, comprised of the five provinces of Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal, and Quezon, is only a few hours away from Manila. The area boast of great destinations and leisure activities for day trips or overnight getaways as well as export processing centers.

Museums, the u-shaped government belt within Luneta features the National Museum, the Museum of Filipino People, and the Department of Tourism building, features address of the Museum for Natural Sciences.

Tourist Belt, A stone’s throw away from Rizal Park are the Ermita and Malate districts, known as Manila’s Tourist Belt. Ermita is antique and art galleries, curio and souvenir shops, while Malate is cozy cafe’s, music lounges, and performance theaters.

Sunset Boulevard; Roxas boulevard, which extends from Paranaque City to Manila, is the bay area from where one can have a view of the famed Manila sunset. It is also lined with posh hotels, casinos and lively nightspots. The Bay walk, a promenade along the boulevard, features bars and restaurants with nighty entertainment.

When it comes to Food Trip Metro Manila is one big gastronomic adventure, Fusion cuisine as well as authentic fare abounds in centers and hubs as well as alongside streets and off-the-beaten-track. To name a few, The Illustrado Restaurant in intramuros serves Spanish provincial cuisine; the old Malate district is a favorite watering hole; while authentic Chinese cuisine can be had at Binondo.

The Taal Volcano is the enchanting volacano within a lake is the smallest in the world. Witness the splender of the volcano with a panoramic view from the Tagaytay ridge. Ilocos Norte, the northern tip of Luzon, is wedge between the steep Gran Cordillera Central in the east. The rugged Ilocos, Mountains in the northeast and the Ilocos Range in the south. The centuries old churches that dot every town of Ilocos are testimonies to the colonial past. They formed part of the nucleus of the plaza complex town planning instituted by the Spanish colonizers. With a coastline that stretches to 90 statute miles, Ilocos Norte is blessed with rich marine life; shells, giant turtles, seaweeds, starfishes, tuna, and avariety of fishes.

Below Ilocos Norte is Ilocos Sur, located along the western coast of northern Luzon, bound by Abra on the northeast Mt. province on the east, Benguet on the southeast, La Union on the south, and China sea on the west Ilocos Sur’s topography has elevations ranging from 10 to 1,700 meters above sea level. Though unmistakably in form, the churches of Ilocos Sur reflect a distinctly Ilocano characters. The hardiness and strength of the Ilocanos are reflected in the massiveness and sturdiness of the structures.

Old Churches, the Spanish colonial churches are a must-see in Ilocos Norte. The paoay Church, originally built between 1699-1704, displays ingenuity in the use of corals,mortar bricks and molasses. The Laoag Cathedral, massive short and barn-like, was constructed between 1650-1700. Watch out for the sinking Bell Tower. Dingras Church, set in the midst of expansive rice fields, was built by natuves in 1680 using red bricks. Ilocos Sur’s famous churches include the St. Paul’s Metropolitan Cathedral, Bantay Church Sta. Lucia Church, and the Sinait Church.

Beaches, Fort Ilocanada Resort and Hotel is situated in the midst of fetching sandhills in coastal Calayab, Laoag City. Some 26 km south of Laoag is Currimao, lined with beautiful beaches dotted at times with corals. The White Beaches of Pagugpud, the farthest end of Ilocos Norte towards the Laoag Alacapan Road, are a varitable paradise.

Museum, the Ilocos Sur’s national museum, the Padre Jose Burgos House, contains the memorabilia of the martyr-priest Jose Burgos and Ilocano artifacts and ethnic arts of the Tinggians, while the Magsingal Museum is a repository of Ilocano heritage featuring collections of pottery and porcelain artifacts.

In Ancestral Houses, Kamestizoan District in Vigan is replete with ancestral houses with ancient tile roofs, massive hardwood floorings, balustrades, and azoteas in varying Spanish-Mexican-Chinese architectural styles.

In Baguio and Banaue a mountainous topography of towering peaks,plateaus, and intermittent patches of valleys. The cordillera mountain range has a history as vast and beautiful as its mountainous curves. Populated by the Ifugaos, a gentle yet fiercely proud ethnic community, The cordilleras enjoy abundant mineral reserves. Metallic ores such as gold, silver, copper, zinc, and non-metallic reserves are found in Abra, Benguet, Kaling, Apayao, and Mountain Province. Dubbed as the watershed Cradle of the Philippines, the Cordillera Administrative Region was out of the predominantly Ilocano regions of Ilocos and Cagayan, located in the North Central part of Luzon, the region is composed of the six provinces of Abra, Apayao, Benguet, Ifugao, Mountain Province, and Chartered City of Baguio.

The Cordillera consist of 76 municioalities and 172 barangays. Total land area of 18,294 square meters account for seven percent of the total land mass of the Philippines. The people in the region enjoy a cool climate throughout the year, particularly in highly elevated places like, Benguet, Mt. Province, and Baguio City,. General climate , though, is the dry season from Novenber to April and the rainy season for the rest of the year.

Summer Capital, in the summer months of March, April, and May, Baguio lives up to its title as the “Summer Capital of the Philippines” when thousands of local and foreign visitors take their annual exodus to the city to cool off. From November to May, Baguio becomes a tropical paradise. A refreshing break from the hot humid Philippines climate. Christmas season is when Baguio denizens enjoys the nippy winter air.

The Rice Terraces in Ifugao is home to a thriving ancient culture and host to the famous rice terraces. Carved from the base of the mountainsides to the top. The rice terraces seem to be a massive green stairway reaching to the sky. The rice terraces were formed by the Ifugaos tribespeople using primitive implements over a period of 2,000 years. The famous terraces had been inscribed in UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 1995 as “a continuing cultural landscape” and likewise considered by the U.S Association of Civil Engineers as an engineering marvel built by unschooled and free men not of slave labor.

Weaver’s Paradise is located in Mountain Province is known as the “Weaver’s Paradise” with the presence of various weaving centers and different weave designs that reveal the province’s cultural heritage.

The Subic Bay Leisure Zone, 37,000-acre virgin triple canopy rainforest with wildlife and rare marine life, is a destination one should not miss. The former U.S Navy Facility was vacated in 1992 and is now among Asia’s emerging tourist destination. Trekking through the tropical rainforest on foot or on horseback accompanied by native guides is both a challenge and delight. One can enjoy the numerous beaches, or go camping, or just take a tour around the zone.

At the end of an adventurous day, one can recharge in a comfortable air-conditioned hotel room, or go all the way by spending the night inside a tent in the wind. Similar to Subic, the Clark Special Economic Zone was a former U.S Air Force Base and has a long been the principal aviation center of the Philippines. Aside from the popular Fortana and Mimosa Leisure Parks, duty-free shops, and excellent golf courses, Clark also hosts one of the largest annual hot-air balloon festival in Asia.

Leisure, accommodation at Subic Bay Leisure Zone includes world-class hotels and resorts, residential units for larger family groups, and campsites for the outdoors type. Choose from a wide selection of delectable cuisine guaranteed to satisfy the most discriminating palate. A marvelous blend of East and West, exotic and subdued to suit your mood.

The activities is apart from a jungle tour, there’s a complete selection of aqua sports, including yachting, water skiing, coral and shipwreck diving, jet-skiing, fishing, and more. Adrenaline Rush, a grand prix racetrack offering diving lessons is available for the brave and daring for those who want to try their luck, Subic has a host of casinos. First class videoke clubs are available for those who just want to sit back and sing to their heart’s content.

The Hot Air Balloon festival in Clark field is an annual tournament of balloonist from various countries held during the month of February. Cebu is the traveller’ dream of a tropical islands come true, balmy weather, pristine beaches and luxurious resorts with all frills of modern living. The island-province of Cebu is where the sweetest mangoes can be found and where Portuguese navigation, Ferdinand Magellan planted the cross of Christianity in the name of Spain in 1521. Metropolitan Cebu, the country’s second biggest metropolis, is the political, economic, educational, and cultural center of Visayas. Hotels, shopping malls, entertainment halls, casinos and golf fairways are present in the metro to cater to every tourist whim.

Fast of Cebu is Bohol, with its rolling hills and plateaus and crystal springs and beaches. The country’s tenth largest island, it is a picturesque province replete with ancestral homes and centuries-old churches. Bohol is home to the world famous Chocolate hills and the smallest monkey, the tarsier. Other equally exotic flora and fauna can be found in the province forests. The site of the 1565 blood compact between; Rajah Sikatuna and Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, Bohol’s historicity is evident in the province’s related, laid-back to China’s T’ang dynasty, revealing strong trading ties with the Chinese long before the Spanish set foot on Philippine shores.

Magellan’s Cross on April 14, 1521, Ferdinand Magellan planted a cross to mark the spot where some 800 natives were baptized into the catholic faith. The original cross is now encased in a hallow hardwood cross and can be found in a foofed kiosk along Magellan’s street.

Chocolate Hills ,consisting of 1,268 haycock hills with heights ranging from 40 to 120 meters, the Chocolate Hills is one of nature’s wonders. The dome shaped, grass-covered limestone hills dry up and turn brown during the summer transforming these into rows and of “Chocolate Kisses”.

Smallest monkey, in Bilar, a 3-kilometer man-made forest is sanctuary to the province’s endangered species including the tarsier, the world’s smallest monkey. Island of Imagination, derived from the word “Kamagong” the name of a tree in the ebony family. Camiguin is a pear-shaped volcano island in the Bohol sea. Marvel at the island’s wife array of flowers and taste the juiciest “Lanzones” in the yearly lanzones festival. Explore majestic Volcanoes, hot springs, magnificient water falls, and its famed underwater cemetery.


Tourism is a travel for recreational, leisure or business purposes. The world tourism organization defines tourist as “People travelling to and staying in place outside their usual environment”. You may explore the beauty of the nature by traveling some beautiful resorts, mountains, cities, nations, provinces, or even barangays which is a places outside your usual environment. Some of these beautiful places to travel are Boracay, Puerto Princesa, Metro Manila and Environs, Davao, Palawan, Cebu, Laoag, Baguio, and Subic.

The researcher concludes that tourism can be recognized as long as people have travelled, whether it is worldwide, domestic, and even the neighboring cities or provinces, as long as it has a relaxing place, good weather, and beautiful views suitable for you. For you to be able to explore the beauty and comfort of our mother nature, travel and feel the heaven’s happiness here on earth.


“Baguio/Banaue,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure “Boracay,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure “Cebu/Bohol/Camiguin,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure Crocodile Park. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from (fictional entry)
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“Laoag/Vigan,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure “Metro manila and environs,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure “Palawan,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure Paradise Island. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from (fictional entry)
Pearl farm island resort. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from (fictional entry)
Philippine eagle foundation. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from (fictional entry) Puerto princesa. (n.d) Retrieved February 9, 2012 from (fictional entry)
“Subic/Clark,” Philippines 7,107 islands beyond the usual: a brochure

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