Identify a nursing theory that is applicable to designing care for the patient

This is a formal APA paper, not an opinion paper. Include the APA title page and reference pages. The paper should be submitted using APA: 12 point font, Times New Roman, double-spaced, in Word format. The content should be covered in 6 pages or less (there is no minimum, be sure to adequately develop each section), not counting the title page and reference page. Do not submit an abstract. Do not submit more than 6 pages of content (not counting the title page and reference pages). Be sure and include a good introduction and conclusion, without repeating content. Use topic headings to separate each section (page 62 of the APA manual). Do not overspace between headings and topics. Submit your paper in Canvas through Turnitin.

Do not quote unless it cannot be paraphrased without losing the meaning. Wikipedia/other online dictionaries are not scholarly and cannot be used. Points are deducted if you use an online dictionary and each quote that can be paraphrased. No date (n. d.), anonymous, or no author references are not acceptable. Do not use only web sites. Only .edu or .gov sites or a professional web site may be used. For all references, especially a weblink, the instructor must be able to access it without any special login information. PowerPoints/lectures/personal communications are not allowed.

Criteria

Potential Points

Actual Points

Within your area of nursing that you are currently working, select a recent patient. Do not identify the patient by name. A deduction of 5 points will be assessed if confidentiality is violated. Provide an overview of the patient in regards to health history, health issues, present problem, etc. See example provided below.

15

Identify a nursing theory that is applicable to designing care for the patient you describe (write this part in first person: I, not the student or author)

6

Discuss how this theory views this patient

20

With this theory, discuss the goal of nursing for this patient

10

Use the unique concepts of the theory to guide your plan. Describe how the care will be designed according to this theory.

25

Use of at least two peer reviewed journal articles for references. You may use your textbook but do not count it as one of the two required peer reviewed journal articles.

4

APA guidelines, grammar, syntax, spelling; Unnecessary quotes.

20

Total

100

Case Study example:

Ms. P. is 18 years old and dying from bone cancer. She just graduated from high school and was planning to attend college. Her parents are divorced and she lives with her mother. Her mother is employed at Wal-Mart and has health insurance from Wal-Mart. Her father is living in another state and contacts her frequently. She has a 16 year old brother. She has many friends from school and church. She is at home with home health nurses visiting. She has severe pain that is not completely relieved with medications. She asks you if she can refuse her next dose of chemotherapy because it is “not working any way. I am only taking the chemotherapy because my mother wants me to.”

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Outline the critical steps inherent in planning an audit and designing an effective audit program.

It is common industry knowledge that an audit plan provides the specific guidelines auditors must follow when conducting an external audit. External public accounting firms conduct external audits to ensure outside stakeholders that the company’s financial statements are prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) or International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) standards. Use the Internet to select a public accounting company that appeals to you. Imagine that you are a senior partner in a public accounting firm hired to complete an audit for the chosen public company. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: 1. Outline the critical steps inherent in planning an audit and designing an effective audit program. Based upon the type of company selected, provide specific details of the actions that the company should undertake during planning and designing the audit program. 2. Examine at least two (2) performance ratios that you would use in order to determine which analytical tests to perform. Identify the accounts that you would test, and select at least three (3) analytical procedures that you would use in your audit. 3. Analyze the balance sheet and income statement of the company that you have selected, and outline your method for evidence collection which should include, but not be limited to, the type of evidence to collect and the manner in which you would determine the sufficiency of the evidence. 4. Discuss the audit risk model, and ascertain which sampling or non-sampling techniques you would use in order to establish your preliminary judgment about materiality. Justify your response. 5. Assuming that the end result is an unqualified audit report, outline the primary responsibilities of the audit firm after it issues the report in question. 6. Use at least two (2) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

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Designing a telehealth intervention for a rural population

Designing a telehealth intervention for a rural population.

This paper focuses on designing a telehealth intervention for a rural population. Write a 25-page research paper in current APA format that focuses on an applied topic of your choosing related to healthcare economics

Designing a telehealth intervention for a rural population

Write a 25-page research paper in current APA format that focuses on an applied topic of your choosing related to healthcare economics and decision-making in the healthcare industry or a healthcare facility. The paper must include at least 20 references

More details;

Designing a multifaceted telehealth intervention for a rural population using a model for developing complex interventions in nursing

Background

Telehealth interventions offer an evidenced-based approach to providing cost-effective care, education, and timely communication at a distance. Yet, despite its widespread use, telehealth has not reached full potential, especially in rural areas, due to the complex process of designing and implementing telehealth programs. The objective of this paper is to explore the use of a theory-based approach, the Model for Developing Complex Interventions in Nursing, to design a pilot telehealth intervention program for a rural population with multiple chronic conditions.

Methods

In order to develop a robust, evidenced based intervention that suits:

Firstly, the needs of the community, stakeholders,

Secondly, healthcare agencies involved,

Thirdly, a design team comprised of state representatives,

Fourthly, telehealth experts,

Further, patient advocates was convene.

Also, each design team meeting was guided by major model constructs

(i.e., problem identification,

defining the target population and objectives,

measurement theory selection,

building and planning the intervention protocol).

Overarching the process was a review of the literature to ensure that the developed intervention was congruent with evidence-based practice and underlying the entire process was scope of practice considerations.

Results

Ten design team meetings were held over a six-month period. An adaptive pilot intervention targeting home and community-based Medicaid Waiver Program participants in a rural environment with a primary objective of preventing re-institutionalizations was developed and accepted for implementation.

Designing a telehealth intervention for a rural population

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Publications Designing Qualitative Research

Publications Designing Qualitative Research.

Question:

Discuss About The Publications Designing Qualitative Research?

 

Answer:

Introduction

The term “Research” in its broad sense, refers to the practice of exploring into concerned areas of interest and studying the materials and relevant sources regarding the concerned area in order to find out new facts and to establish new assertions and conclusions. Research is a crucial part of any genre of education, especially higher education and over the years, both of these have undergone significant dynamics and have become more integrated and complementary to one another (Gay & Mills, 2015).

Research is one of the primary components in any stream of exploration, particularly in social sciences. The main purpose of this domain of research is to explore and investigate different aspects of the human behavior. Social science being mainly the study of behavioral aspects of individuals, the research framework in this genre of behavioral science is mainly used to study the behaviors and actions taken by concerned individuals on the topics or phenomena of concern. Thus, research in educational and social science aspects is highly linked directly to the individual’s perception and actions, thereby keeping high scopes and avenues of direct interactions with the subjects for the researchers in this domain (Neuman, 2013).

In conducting any kind of research, one of the primary categories, which have to be satisfied by the researchers, especially in the contemporary period, is the ethical considerations in conducting the concerned research. The term “ethics” in the aspect of social research, refers to a structure of regulations and guidelines, which exists to make the research efficient and productive, keeping the integrity of the research, the researcher as well as the other direct and indirect participants maintained. This is especially mandatory for those researchers who directly depend on interactions with live subjects (mostly humans), in order to ensure that to fulfill the management of the research, the researcher does not compromise the welfare and dignity of his or her subjects (Resnik, 2015). Keeping this need for ethics in social science and educational research in concern, the paper tries to study the different ethical aspects present in social science research framework, how they are followed and the limitations of the same, taking reference to an article. The article, which has been considered for the purpose of analyzing the ethical considerations in the educational and social science research, is a peer reviewed article on the impact of bullying in the childhood on the health, wealth and crime in the adult age and the social outcome of the same.

Article Summary

The article, named “Impact of Bullying in Childhood on Adult Health, Wealth, Crime and Social Outcomes”, had been published in the Psychological Science Journal of the National Institute of health. The main objective of the article can be seen to be of exploring the implications of one of the social problems of bullying. The term “bullying” in its broad sense means exerting force or superiority for the purpose of intimidating the people who are weak or are at a comparatively disadvantageous position. This highly unfair practice is found to be highly present, in all strata of the society, especially among children and adolescent population (Wolke et al., 2013).

Keeping the problem into consideration, the authors try to assess the short term as well as the long-term implications of bullying. It also tries to analyze whether the problem of bullying only leaves short-term impacts on the victim who lasts for some days or whether it has long term implications and leaves a lasting impression on the victim in his or her adulthood also. The basic findings of the article points out towards the fact that though bullying often leaves long term and evidently negative implications on the adulthood of the victims, the same is not true in the case of those who bullies. Little evidences were found regarding the long-term impacts of bullying on the adulthood of the bullies (Anderson et al., 2012). The article, thus does a crucial work in asserting the implications of one of the most common social evils, faced by a major share of the children of any society and also asserts that most of the times bullying leaves long lasting negative impacts on those who are being bullied. It also points out that intervention of the parents and relevant caregivers, as well prompt medical attention to the victims of bullying in the childhood only most likely reduces the long term implications which are left by the bullies on the children who are bullied (Battiste, 2016).

Research Procedures

The article, in order to study the impacts of bullying on the childhood as well as the adulthood of both the bullies and their victims, takes a primarily quantitative approach in doing the same. The authors have mainly taken the quantitative because the study has been a population-based study and the same includes a considerably high number of participants from different age groups and geographical locations (Cohen, Manion & Morrison, 2013). The total sample who agreed to participate (80% of the total recruitment) amounts to 1420 individuals, divided into three age groups at the intake. The ages being 9, 11 and 13 years, which indicates that the sample size of the study, at the intake, has been only children. Of the 1420 children who had been interviewed in their childhood, 89.7% (1273 individuals) were followed up when they reached their young adulthood. This had been mainly done to cater to the objective of the article to observe the implications of childhood bullying on the adulthood of the victims and the bullies as well.

Ethical Considerations

The primary feature of the article is that it deals with a very sensitive and personal, yet widespread societal problem of bullying. Another important feature of the same article is the nature of the sample size, which has been taken by the authors, especially at the beginning of the study. Children of ages 9, 11 and 13 years have been taken as sample in the article. This makes considering the ethical aspects regarding conduction of the research procedures, especially direct interactions extremely crucial for the researchers concerned.

The first ethical requirement, which has been claimed to be met efficiently in the article, is the requirement for consent of the participants. The participants, only after singing the consent forms, which have been viewed and approved by the Review Board of the Duke University Medical Center, have been approached by the authors for interview. Another ethical aspect that has been considered by the article is the fact that the main participants belonged to the minor age group. Considering this, the authors have allowed the parents to participate in the interviews along with the children also (Hartas, 2015).

Ethical Gaps in the concerned article

The methods of research incorporated in the concerned article, includes the conduction of extensive interviews with the sample selected , who have been children aged not more than 13 years during the first  phase of the interviews. The article states that the parents or the primary care givers had also participated in the interviews along with the children and their opinions have also been taken into account.

However, the article is not seen to highlight the precautions and additional cares which had been taken during the periods of interviews of the children. Children, falling under the most vulnerable class for the purpose of direct human interaction and interviews, taking extra care about the implications of the interviews on their mental and physical conditions needs to be taken by the researchers as improper questions or throw of questions can trigger negative emotional distress or extreme fear and intimidation among them.

The topic of concern being bullying, it had to be account by the researchers that their actions and questions could have left impressions on the brain and mind of the children interviewed. For combating the same, it was necessary to keep proper arrangements, which could have soothed the child after interview. On the other hand, though the consent forms had been used, however, it had been mostly the parents who decided about the consent of the child. The consent of the child interviewed and whether he actually perceived the intentions and questions of the researchers correctly is not clear from the assertions of the authors.

Ethical Issues presented in the article

As is evident from the above discussion, the article which has been taken into consideration by the concerned research deals with the implications of bullying on both the short term as well as the long-term mental and physical healthcare of the bullied as well as the bullies. The issue of bullying is an extremely sensitive and personal issue for those who remain at the receiving side as well as those who create the problem (Miller et al., 2012). The victims of bullying feel vulnerable and embarrassed to depict the incidents which happened to them to any person, especially to strangers. On the other hand those who are involved in bullying others also remain secretive in opening up and accepting their faults, mostly due to the fear of negative repercussions and judgments on part of the listeners.

Dealing with such a sensitive issue becomes even more complicated if the sample size chosen is underage. This makes the incorporation and proper addressing of the ethical issues which can arise during the research process an absolute necessity. The primary issues which had been most likely to have cropped up in the ethical aspect of the concerned research, includes the issue of integrity and dignity of the respondents, the effects on their mental and physical health, personal biases in the perception of rights and wrongs and the long term implications of the interview procedure on the respondents (Hoe & Hoare, 2012). Another crucial ethical consideration, which is especially true for this particular research, is that the questions for the children could have distorted their mental stability to a considerable extent, which in turn had the chance to make the research ethically unacceptable.

Implications of the issues as ethical challenges

The issues put forward by the personnel interviewed in the concerned article, which has been taken into reference by the project, are of considerable importance and can be treated as the common ethical challenges in the contemporary research framework. The issues, which are highlighted, can be linked with the existing theoretical and conceptual framework existing in the ethical aspects of research, especially with the most popular framework already existing in this respect, the Belmont Principles on ethical obligations in any kind of research (Department of Health, 2014).

Ethical Challenges: Belmont Report

As per the Belmont report, there are three ethical principles, which need to be abided by all the researchers to make their research wholesome, unbiased and socially and ethically acceptable. These are as follows:

Respecting persons- According to this principle, the researcher needs to ensure that the research techniques and interaction methods, which he or she is applying, respect the autonomy of the people who are participating in the research. For this, the participants need to be provided with relevant and adequate information regarding the concerned research (Miracle, 2016). The decisions of the participants regarding participation in the research and sharing their opinions should also be completely respected and accepted by the researcher and there should not be any forced or influenced views taken in the research. Moreover, special protections are required to be taken if vulnerable people and children are also involved in the research. The anonymity and confidentiality of the participants also needs to be maintained (Bromley et al., 2015). 

Beneficence- Another crucial aspect which has to be incorporated in the ethical framework, is that there remains no or minimum risks for the participants and the research actually benefits them. This indicates towards the fact that often the research processes leave negative implications on the participants, physical as well as mental, which reduces the integrity and acceptability of the concerned research considerably. This needs to be minimized as per the ethical requirements of researches (Brakewood & Poldrack, 2013).

Justice- This highlights the need for equal implications and considerations of all the parties involved in the concerned research, such that the burdens as well as the benefits of the researches are accrued to all the participants and are not accumulated to any one particular section of the participants. All the sections of the population should be included and given same opportunity, as per the ethical requirements of the researches (Dresser, 2012).

All the three principles point towards the challenges which exists in the ethical framework of research in the contemporary world, which are highly in relevance to the concerned article as they have similarity with the issues highlighted in the article. These have to be taken into account by the researchers in the educational and social science domains as for any research to be qualitatively superior, unbiased and acceptable, it is of crucial importance that the same is done keeping the ethical issues in mind. The research are done mainly to find out facts and solutions which cater to the increase in the overall welfare of the society as a whole (Fujii, 2012).

Reflection

As discussed above, ethics has been increasingly becoming one of the primary components in every arena of human life, which also includes research and academic practices. In this context, studying the concerned article and the assertions put forward by the participants whose views has been quantitatively incorporated in the article, gave me useful insights regarding the implications and significance of ethical considerations in the contemporary periods.

The primary thing, which I understood by reviewing the concerned article, is that of the many roles of the academic and especially social science researchers, one of the primary ones is to conduct the research in an ethical framework (Marshall & Rossman, 2014). This is primarily because if while carrying out the research the integrity and dignity of the participants are compromised or if any biased or forced views are incorporated by the researchers, then the research findings are bound to be compromised in terms of quality and can face non-acceptance in the ethical grounds (Bryman, 2015). This becomes even more crucial if the sample set considered includes vulnerable age groups or those with other vulnerabilities (Lange, Rogers & Dodds, 2013). Researches being mainly done with the objective of increasing the overall societal welfare, I also understood the challenges of trade-offs between long-term welfare of the society and integrity and welfare of the participants, which the researchers need to face. This in turn made me more intrigued to study the theoretical frameworks present in these aspects and to search for the effective ethical frameworks to combat these challenges. The importance of the ethical committees also became more prominent to me.

Conclusion

From the above discussion, it can be concluded that ethics is one of the primary components, which have to be taken into consideration by the researchers across the world. With the approaches becoming more humane and the assessment of the procedures becoming more stringent and vigilant, the  challenges of the researchers have also been increasing  and often they are subjected to face tradeoffs between their own convenience and the welfare of the participants. This also makes the coordination and cooperation of the researchers with the ethical committees necessary to improve the quality of research works. There still exits gaps in the aspect of efficient ethical frameworks for research, which with proper addressing can help the researchers in reducing the hurdles in these aspects.

References

Anderson, E. E., Solomon, S., Heitman, E., DuBois, J. M., Fisher, C. B., Kost, R. G., … & Ross, L. F. (2012). Research ethics education for community-engaged research: A review and research agenda. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics, 7(2), 3-19.

Battiste, M. (2016). Research Ethics for Chapter Protecting Indigenous Knowledge and Heritage. Ethical futures in qualitative research: Decolonizing the politics of knowledge, 111.

Brakewood, B., & Poldrack, R. A. (2013). The ethics of secondary data analysis: Considering management application of Belmont principles to the sharing of neuroimaging data. Neuroimage, 82, 671-676.

Bromley, E., Mikesell, L., Jones, F., & Khodyakov, D. (2015). From subject to participant: Ethics and the evolving role of community in health research. American journal of public health, 105(5), 900-908.

Bryman, A. (2015). Social research methods. Oxford university press.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2013). Research methods in education. Routledge.

Department of Health, E. (2014). The Belmont Report. Ethical principles and guidelines for the protection of human subjects of research. The Journal of the American College of Dentists, 81(3), 4.

Dresser, R. (2012). Aligning regulations and ethics in human research. Science, 337(6094), 527-528.

 Fujii, L. A. (2012). Research ethics 101: Dilemmas and responsibilities. PS: Political Science & Politics, 45(4), 717-723.

Gay, L. R., & Mills, G. E. (2015). Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications, Global Edition: Edition 11. Pearson Education Limited.

Hartas, D. (Ed.). (2015). Educational research and inquiry: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Bloomsbury Publishing.

Hoe, J., & Hoare, Z. (2012). Understanding quantitative research: Part 1. Nursing Standard (through 2013), 27(15-17), 52.

Lange, M. M., Rogers, W., & Dodds, S. (2013). Vulnerability in research ethics: a way forward. Bioethics, 27(6), 333-340.

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. Sage publications.

Miller, T., Birch, M., Mauthner, M., & Jessop, J. (Eds.). (2012). Ethics in qualitative research. Sage.

Miracle, V. A. (2016). The Belmont Report: the triple crown of research ethics. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 35(4), 223-228.

Neuman, W. L. (2013). Social research methods: Qualitative and quantitative approaches. Pearson education.

Neuman, W. L., & Robson, K. (2014). Basics of social research. Pearson Canada.

Resnik, D. B. (2015, December). What is ethics in research & why is it important. In ideas.

Wolke, D., Copeland, W. E., Angold, A., & Costello, E. J. (2013). Impact of bullying in childhood on adult health, wealth, crime, and social outcomes. Psychological science, 24(10), 1958-1970.

Publications Designing Qualitative Research

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Designing Qualitative Research Publications

Designing Qualitative Research Publications.

Questions:

How Efficient Is The Fishing Industry In The Australian Market?

How Has The Industry Help In Employing More Number Of People?

How It Has Helped In Alleviating The Poverty Of The Country?

 

Answers:

Introduction

The demand of fish has increased on a global scale, which has put a lot of pressure on the fisheries that harvests the fishes from the wild. Most of the demands have been met by shifting the global trend towards increasing the productivity within the aquaculture sector. The Australian fishing industry is estimated to be worth over AUD 2 million on an annual basis and helps in contributing towards the employment of many numbers of people. It can be seen that aquaculture in its present form is one of the fastest growing industry in the Australian economy (Voyer et al., 2017).

The managing part of the fisheries that harvests the wild fishes is done jointly by the States and the Commonwealth. The responsibility of the Commonwealth is beyond the 3 nautical mile territory from the states. The States are responsible for the harvests that are done within the boundary of 3 nautical miles. The present fishing industry that is present is Australia is managed by both the States and the territories that is within the three nautical miles and the requirement for legislative framework is currently under development within the range of 3-200 nautical miles. The managers of the fisheries of both the state and the territory are taken in to consultation so that it can provide a better view of the value chain to the government (Byrnes et al., 2016).

Purpose of the project

The project will deal with the fishing industry of the Australian market, as iot is one of the major markets in the country, which has been helping the country in rising its export incomes and is also providing people with employment. The project will help in analyzing the opportunities that are present in the fishing market in Australia so that it can help the economy in gaining profits.

Aim and objectives

The main aim of the project will be as follows:

  • To understand the efficiency of the fishing industry
  • To understand the employment factor that is generated due to this industry
  • To understand the social contribution from this industry

Literature Review

The seafood that is edible and non-edible in nature has been almost stable over the last twenty years and it is estimated that it is over 230,000 tons on an annual basis. The consumption of the seafood by an average Australian has increased from 13 kilograms in the past decade to around 15 kilograms during 2013-14. The production of the fisheries that are present in Australia has been estimated to be around $2.4 billion per year, which has shown a positive impact on the economy of the country.  The industry also has export earnings of an estimate $1.2 billion on an yearly basis, which has helped them in maintaining the balance of payments in the international market. The majority of the imports are done by countries such as the European Union, the United Kingdom, Japan and the United States, which has helped them in gaining popularity for their quality of catches (Fowler, Roberts & Rigney, 2016).

This quality of catches and the increase in their exports has taken a heavy toll on the Australian market, which has to be borne by the Australian consumers, as they have to pay a heavy price for their own share of meals. The products of the fisheries fetch a high price in the export markets, as a result of which the Australian consumers have to pay a bigger price in consuming the local products (Frusher et al., 2014).

It can be seen that the fishing industry that is present in Australia is able to fill in the gaps that is present within the demand and supply of the materials. The shortfall of the supply is lean because of amount of fish that is harvested in a wild manner is fit for consumption for the non-humans, which are often discarded in the sea. This has helped the country in increasing its consumption and supplying to the rest of the world, as most of the fishes that are caught are largely for the humans to consume (Fleming et al., 2014).

Employment factor

The fishing industry that is present in the country has helped in attracting large employment opportunities, as the requirement of labors have increased many times. The pattern of employment includes the harvesters of fishes, traders, processors, builders of boat, suppliers of ice and makers of net just to name a few. There are even employment opportunities for people who are experts in scaling and gutting of the fishes. These opportunities have helped in increasing the opportunities for employment, which has further led to the increase in the purchasing power of the people and a better growth of economy within the country (Marchal et al., 2016).

Women play an integral part in the fishing industry, as they carry out the critical tasks in this industry alongside the shore line of the operations. The women counterparts unlike the males also have an opportunity in going out to the sea, which has helped them in being independent. They are even known to gear the boats and some of them are also owners of the boats that are being given to the fishing companies on rent. This helps in increasing the wealth with the Australian community (Shaw, Stocker & Noble, 2015).  

Balance in foreign exchange

The heavy fishing activity that is carried out within the country has helped in contributing generously towards the foreign exchange by exporting the fishes to other countries as well. fishes such as salmon and lobsters fetch high price in the export market and the country has developed in producing harvesting these catches in a better manner by utilizing the latest technologies that are available to them. This has helped the country is substituting their deficiency in exporting other rich protein items, which needs to be imported from the other countries as well (Kienzle, Courtney & O’Neill, 2014).

It has also helped in alleviating the poverty, as people from the societies that are not affluent can turn up to seek jobs within the fishing industry on a temporary or a permanent basis. This has helped them in increasing their capacity to purchase items and strengthen their income levels as well (Holbrook & Johnson, 2014).

Research Methodology

It is an organized method through wehich the dissertation will be carried out in an efficient manner. It is inclusive of the types through which the researcher can carry out the process of research study so that the results can lead to a finite conclusion. It also enables the researcher in identifying the various techniques that are available in conducting the process of research.

Types of investigation

There are primarily three types of investigation methods that the researcher needs to consider for conducting the process of research, which are as follows:

  • Exploratory
  • Descriptive
  • Hypothesis (Macket & Gass, 2015)

Justification of the investigation type chosen

In carrying out the process of research in a successful manner, the researcher will take the help of descriptive type of investigation, as there are lot of datas that are available previously in carrying out the research in an efficient manner.

Method of data collection

The use of data collection method helps the researcher in collecting the data in  an organized manner. It is basically of two types such as primary and secondary. The data that is collected on a primary basis is inclusive of the questionnaire sample that is distributed among various participants whose responses are collected along with the interviews that are conducted so that the answers can be collected (Herr & Anderson, 2014). The data that is considered to be secondary in nature consists of the various books, articles and journals that are already present along with all the necessary information that has been published previously by other researchers, which will help the process of research to be conducted in a better manner (Wall & Stokes, 2014).

Method chosen for the proposal

The researcher will consider the secondary sources of data, as a preferred choice in carrying out this present process of research in an efficient manner. The researcher will use the books, journals and other sources of information that are already established by other researcher so that it can be compared and a finite conclusion can be reached (Marshall & Rossman, 2014).

Accessibility issues

The research her may encounter various difficulties in accessing the information, as the facts and figures can be manipulated, which can lead to wrong conclusions in the final study. These problems need to be taken in to account by the researcher while carrying out the process of research.

Reference List

Byrnes, T., Buckley, R., Howes, M., & Arthur, J. M. (2016). Environmental management of boating related impacts by commercial fishing, sailing and diving tour boat operators in Australia. Journal of Cleaner Production, 111, 383-398.

Fleming, A., Hobday, A. J., Farmery, A., Van Putten, E. I., Pecl, G. T., Green, B. S., & Lim-Camacho, L. (2014). Climate change risks and adaptation options across Australian seafood supply chains–A preliminary assessment. Climate Risk Management, 1, 39-50.

Fowler, M., Roberts, A., & Rigney, L. I. (2016). The ‘very stillness of things’: object biographies of sailcloth and fishing net from the Point Pearce Aboriginal Mission (Burgiyana) colonial archive, South Australia. World Archaeology, 48(2), 210-225.

Frusher, S. D., Hobday, A. J., Jennings, S. M., Creighton, C., D’Silva, D., Haward, M., … & van Putten, E. I. (2014). The short history of research in a marine climate change hotspot: from anecdote to adaptation in south-east Australia. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries, 24(2), 593-611.

Herr, K., & Anderson, G. L. (2014). The action research dissertation: A guide for students and faculty. Sage publications.

Holbrook, N. J., & Johnson, J. E. (2014). Climate change impacts and adaptation of commercial marine fisheries in Australia: a review of the science. Climatic change, 124(4), 703-715.

Kienzle, M., Courtney, A. J., & O’Neill, M. F. (2014). Environmental and fishing effects on the dynamics of brown tiger prawn (Penaeus esculentus) in Moreton Bay (Australia). Fisheries Research, 155, 138-148.

Mackey, A., & Gass, S. M. (2015). Second language research: Methodology and design. Routledge.

Marchal, P., Andersen, J. L., Aranda, M., Fitzpatrick, M., Goti, L., Guyader, O., … & Macher, C. (2016). A comparative review of fisheries management experiences in the European Union and in other countries worldwide: Iceland, Australia, and New Zealand. Fish and Fisheries, 17(3), 803-824.

Marshall, C., & Rossman, G. B. (2014). Designing qualitative research. Sage publications.

Shaw, J., Stocker, L., & Noble, L. (2015). Climate change and social impacts: women’s perspectives from a fishing community in Western Australia. Australian Journal of Maritime & Ocean Affairs, 7(1), 38-51.

Smyth, L., Stewart, W., Stewart, Y., & Butler, T. (2016). Project update: Aboriginal fishing values on the New South Wales South Coast. Native Title Newsletter, (Aug 2016), 18.

Voyer, M., Barclay, K., McIlgorm, A., & Mazur, N. (2017). Connections or conflict? A social and economic analysis of the interconnections between the professional fishing industry, recreational fishing and marine tourism in coastal communities in NSW, Australia. Marine Policy, 76, 114-121.

Wall, T., & Stokes, P. (2014). Research methods.

Designing Qualitative Research Publications

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