Discuss three (3) economic effects of your chosen policy or regulation:Next, describe the direct costs of implementation, as well as the effect the regulation has had on economic growth

Discuss three (3) economic effects of your chosen policy or regulation:Next, describe the direct costs of implementation, as well as the effect the regulation has had on economic growth.

Economic

There are several environmental laws, regulations, and policies that currently influence your life, and they include the following:

  • NEPA
  • The Clean Air Act
  • The Clean Water Act
  • The Endangered Species Act
  • The Superfund
  • CITES
  • The Montreal Protocol
  • The Basel Convention

Choose one (1) of these environmental regulations, or another policy that interests you; then, research your chosen regulation or policy’s requirements and environmental and economic impacts.

Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe three (3) key elements of the regulation or policy you chose. Specifically, discuss who is affected and what actions they are required to undertake, including federal and state agencies and specific industries, and how these requirements are enforced.
  2. Assess three (3) effects this regulation or policy had on our environment. Next, quantify its effects, if possible, to analyze whether or not the regulation had the desired effect on the environment.
  3. Discuss three (3) economic effects of your chosen policy or regulation. Next, describe the direct costs of implementation, as well as the effect the regulation has had on economic growth. If possible, find a benefits/cost analysis that will provide you with objective analyses of this regulation’s economic impact.
  4. Speculate whether or not you believe that this policy or regulation has been successful overall. Next, debate whether or not your chosen policy or regulation has promoted environmental benefits or outweighed its economic costs. Lastly, determine whether you would recommend renewing this policy or regulation when it comes to its expiration date, or whether you should let the policy or regulation expire. Justify your response.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality resources / references in this assignment, in addition to the course text. Note: Wikipedia and personal blogs do not qualify as quality resources.
  6. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
    • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
    • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, your name, your professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Assess the various methods used to understand natural phenomena and the human impact on it, and analyze the steps taken to protect the environment.
  • Analyze factors influencing the use and conservation of environmental resources.
  • Analyze the effect of human populations on various ecosystems, including agriculture, urbanization, waste management, and pollution.
  • Critically evaluate sources of information about environmental science and communicate them effectively.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in environmental science.
  • Write clearly and concisely about environmental science using proper writing mechanics.

Discuss three (3) economic effects of your chosen policy or regulation:Next, describe the direct costs of implementation, as well as the effect the regulation has had on economic growth

Research and summarize the effects of the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) on taxes and depreciation. What is your opinion of ACRS?

Research and summarize the effects of the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) on taxes and depreciation. What is your opinion of ACRS?.

Accelerated Cost Recovery System

As we have discussed, taxes are certain, but as we have seen in 2017, tax laws can quickly change. In fact, they change every year, with 2017-2018 being one of the most significant in recent years. In this discussion, please research what some of these changes are for businesses and answer the following questions:

  • What were the most significant changes in this new tax law?
  • What would be the effect on a business for which you might work as an engineer
  • Would there be any changes in the way businesses deal with depreciation?
  • A big change in taxes and depreciation also occurred in the 1980s. Research and summarize the effects of the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) on taxes and depreciation. What is your opinion of ACRS?

This discussion will address the following Module Outcomes:

  • MO1: Use depreciation methods to reduce book value of capital assets. (CO6)
  • MO2: Perform before and after taxes evaluations of engineering projects and systems. (CO6)
  • MO3: Use all concepts and evaluative processes presented in the course as appropriate in evaluating the economic potential of engineering projects and systems. (CO1, CO2, CO3, CO4, CO5, CO6)

Research and summarize the effects of the Accelerated Cost Recovery System (ACRS) on taxes and depreciation. What is your opinion of ACRS?

Transformational change and a built-to-change organization:What advice would you give Kent Thiry in terms of leading and managing the integration of the Gambro organization?

Transformational change and a built-to-change organization:What advice would you give Kent Thiry in terms of leading and managing the integration of the Gambro organization?.

Transformational change and a built-to-change organization

In this unit you learned about transformational change and a built-to-change organization. You also learned about trans-organizational change.

For each homework assignment that you submit in this course, you must have a minimum of 3 scholarly sources (peer-reviewed journal articles). Please ensure that you follow standard APA formatting. Your paper must have a title page and a reference page. You must have a minimum of five (5) in-text citations.

Read the case:  Leading Strategic Change at DaVita: The Integration of the Gambro Acquisition   beginning on page 645.

Respond to the following questions in an essay (3 page minimum).

1. How would you characterize DaVita’s strategy?

2. What advice would you give Kent Thiry in terms of leading and managing the integration of the Gambro organization?

3. What would be included in your “first 100 days” action plan?

4. How could you preserve DaVita’s culture in the face of an acquisition that includes Thiry’s former organization, Vivra

Transformational change and a built-to-change organization:What advice would you give Kent Thiry in terms of leading and managing the integration of the Gambro organization?

Employment Classification And Discrimination:Analyze whether Janice qualifies as an employee or should be classified as an independent contractor.

Employment Classification And Discrimination:Analyze whether Janice qualifies as an employee or should be classified as an independent contractor..

Analyze whether Janice qualifies as an employee or should be classified as an independent contractor.

Read the following scenario.

Janice was hired by Dream Massage to be a massage therapist. She is engaged as an independent contractor and, therefore, receives no tax withholding or employment benefits. Dream Massage requires Janice to work a set schedule, provides her with clients and all her massage products, and exercises complete control over how Janice does her work. In addition, when Janice shows up to work the first day, she is informed by Dream Massage that she cannot wear her hijab as it violates the company’s dress code policy.

The owner of Dream Massage comes to you, a human resources (HR) consultant, to find out if Janice is properly classified as an independent contractor and if there is potential liability concerning the hijab.

Create a 700- to 1,050-word HR report for Dream Massage in which you examine the employment issues presented in the scenario.

Include the following:

  • Analyze whether Janice qualifies as an employee or should be classified as an independent contractor.
  • Discuss whether Dream Massage has potentially violated any employment discrimination laws.
  • Analyze ethical considerations associated with the maintenance of a rigid company dress policy.

Cite a minimum of three references.

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.

Employment Classification And Discrimination:Analyze whether Janice qualifies as an employee or should be classified as an independent contractor.

In looking through the National budget entitlement programs such as Medicare and Medicaid represent the biggest threat to the U.S. budget deficit

In looking through the National budget entitlement programs such as Medicare and Medicaid represent the biggest threat to the U.S. budget deficit.

Medicare and Medicaid

One conservative argument against Medicare andSocial Securitystates that calling these programs “entitlement programs” is a misnomer and that they are actually the biggest income redistribution programs from the rich to the poor in the United States. Other conservatives state that stronger entitlement programs are nothing more than schemes for younger taxpayers to fund retirees. Proponents argue that Social Security benefits matter in the overall federal deficit reduction, and still others support privatization as the key to stabilizing the troubled system.

In a four- to five-page paper, address the following federal and state issues with entitlement programs:

  1. Are Social Security taxes a good investment?
  2. Evaluate the current funding process for Social Security and Medicare.
  3. In looking through the National budget entitlement programs such as Medicare and Medicaid represent the biggest threat to the U.S. budget deficit. What reforms do you suggest to help avoid an unsustainable increase to the debt?
  4. Do you think the federal government should increase spending on Social Security and Medicare for the elderly? If not, should the elderly fund retirement and medical costs?
  5. Do you believe government efforts to manage Social Security and Medicaid has made things worse or better? Provide research support for your position (in the summary of the paper).
  6. Discuss your recommendations to deal with the rising costs of Social Security and Medicare as well as the Welfare Reform Act of 1996.

Assignment Resources:

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Include an Abstract and Conclusion in the four- to five-page count. Your cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
  • Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze the basic skills and tools needed for budgeting for public sector agencies and / or departments.
  • Recommend appropriate policy actions based on the evaluation.
  • Evaluate a budgeting system at any governmental level.
  • Analyze the scope and sequence of budgeting in terms of sources of revenues, purpose of government expenditures, budget cycles, budget preparation, and debt administration.
  • Examine the process and components of preparing a viable operating budget.
  • Analyze the elements and principles of revenue estimating, forecasting, and adjusting budgets.
  • Analyze the steps required for budgeting, such as preparing a budget, making a financial plan, conducting a cost-benefit analysis, and making budget decisions.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in public budgeting and finance.
  • Write clearly and concisely about public budgeting and finance using proper writing mechanics.

In looking through the National budget entitlement programs such as Medicare and Medicaid represent the biggest threat to the U.S. budget deficit

EMS Roles During Emergencies and Disasters

EMS Roles During Emergencies and Disasters.

EMS Roles During Emergencies and Disasters

Natural Disasters

 

This case study requires you to select a natural disaster that has occurred in the past decade. You will start by researching the CSU Online Library for articles, preferably from a peer-reviewed journal, related to the disaster and how the community responded to the disaster. You may also do an Internet search for articles and information regarding how the aftereffects of the disaster were mitigated through a community-wide effort. What are the key components of a communications plan during a disaster? What are the components of an internal emergency operations plan for natural disasters?

 

Disaster suggestions Include, but are not limited to:

 

 Joplin tornado,  South Carolina flooding, and  Hurricane Sandy.

 

EMS 4306, EMS Roles During Emergencies and Disasters 5

Your case study should address at least three of these main points:

 

 disaster summary,  evacuation efforts,  rescue operations,  public education and notification efforts,  public utilities recovery, and  community recovery from the disaster.

 

Your case study should be well-organized and at least two pages in length, not including the title and reference pages. You are required to have at least two sources, and one must be from the CSU Online Library. Your textbook is NOT required for this assignment, although you may choose to use it when discussing concepts that apply to the disaster. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted materials must have accompanying citations in accordance with APA standards.

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EMS Roles During Emergencies and Disasters

Economics Calculations

Economics Calculations.

Economics Calculations

1. (10 total points) Suppose a consumer’s utility function is given by U(X,Y) = X1/2*Y1/2. Also, the consumer has $576 to spend, and the price of X, PX = 16, and the price of Y, PY = 4.

a) (2 points) How much X and Y should the consumer purchase in order to maximize her utility?

b) (2 points) How much total utility does the consumer receive?

c) (2 points) Now suppose PX decreases to 9. What is the new bundle of X and Y that the consumer will demand?

d) (2 points) How much money would the consumer need in order to have the same utility level after the price change as before the price change?

e) (2 points) Of the total change in the quantity demanded of X, how much is due to the substitution effect and how much is due to the income effect?

 

2. (16 total points) Suppose there are two consumers, A and B.

The utility functions of each consumer are given by:

UA(X,Y) = X1/2*Y1/2

UB(X,Y) = 2X + Y

The initial endowments are:

A: X = 9; Y = 4

B: X = 7; Y = 12

a) (10 points) Using an Edgeworth Box, graph the initial allocation (label it “W”) and draw the indifference curve for each consumer that runs through the initial allocation. Be sure to label your graph carefully and accurately.

b) (2 points) What is the marginal rate of substitution for consumer A at the initial allocation?

c) (2 points) What is the marginal rate of substitution for consumer B at the initial allocation?

d) (2 points) Is the initial allocation Pareto Efficient?

3. (24 total points) Suppose there are two consumers, A and B, and two goods, X and Y. Consumer A is given an initial endowment of 6 units of good X and 1 units of good Y. Consumer B is given an initial endowment of 2 units of good X and 7 units of good Y. Consumer A’s utility function is given by:

UA(X,Y) = X1/2*Y1/2,

And consumer B’s utility function is given by

UB(X,Y) = X1/4*Y3/4.

Therefore, consumer A’s marginal utilities for each good are given by:

MUX = (1/2)X-1/2Y1/2

MUY = (1/2)X1/2Y-1/2

Also, consumer B’s marginal utilities for each good are given by:

MUX = (1/4)X-3/4Y3/4

MUY = (3/4)X1/4Y-1/4

a) (8 points) Suppose the price of good Y is equal to one. Calculate the price of good X that will lead to a competitive equilibrium.

b) (4 points) How much of each good does each consumer demand in equilibrium?

c) (2 points) What is the marginal rate of substitution for consumer A at the competitive equilibrium?

d) (10 points) Illustrate the situation in an Edgeworth Box. Be sure to label your box carefully and accurately. Identify the initial endowment and label it W. Identify the competitive equilibrium and label it D. Draw the budget constraint that each consumer faces and identify the values where it intercepts the perimeter of the Edgeworth Box (there are two different intercepts to identify).

Economics Calculations

How would changes in minimum wage would impact the economy?

How would changes in minimum wage would impact the economy?.

Minimum wage would impact the economy

Listed below are several summary statements from the 2010 Census report:    

    1. The official poverty rate in 2010 was 15.1 percent—up from 14.3 percent in 2009. This was the third consecutive annual increase in the poverty rate. Since 2007, the poverty rate has increased by 2.6 percentage points, from 12.5 percent to 15.1 percent.
    2. In 2010, 46.2 million people were in poverty, up from 43.6 million in 2009—the fourth consecutive annual increase in the number of people in poverty.
    3. Between 2009 and 2010, the poverty rate increased for non-Hispanic Whites (from 9.4 percent to 9.9 percent), for Blacks (from 25.8 percent to 27.4 percent), and for Hispanics (from 25.3 percent to 26.6 percent). For Asians, the 2010 poverty rate (12.1 percent) was not statistically different from the 2009 poverty rate.
    4. The poverty rate in 2010 (15.1 percent) was the highest poverty rate since 1993 but was 7.3 percentage points lower than the poverty rate in 1959, the first year for which poverty estimates are available.
    5. The number of people in poverty in 2010 (46.2 million) is the largest number in the 52 years for which poverty estimates have been published.
    6. Between 2009 and 2010, the poverty rate increased for children under age 18 (from 20.7 percent to 22.0 percent) and people aged 18 to 64 (from 12.9 percent to 13.7 percent), but was not statistically different for people aged 65 and older (9.0 percent).2

Source: http://www.census.gov/hhes/www/poverty/data/incpovhlth/2010/highlights.html

Tasks:

  • Select any four of the six summary statements and explain in detail the significance and possible causes of each item.
  • Be sure to use the economic concepts and polices discussed in your textbook where applicable.
  • Identify possible economic policies that may explain these items and/or those which could be used to deal with the problems or situations described.

 

  • Prepare a 5 page Microsoft Word document that addresses the above tasks and meets APA standards.
  • Include a summary section in your report that contains 5-7 bullet points identifying your major findings or conclusions of your paper.

All submissions must be original and all resources must be properly acknowledged

How would changes in minimum wage would impact the economy?

When is inflation an important issue in conducting an analysis and creating a business plan?

When is inflation an important issue in conducting an analysis and creating a business plan?.

When is inflation an important issue in conducting an analysis and creating a business plan?

 

When is inflation an important issue in conducting an analysis and creating a business plan? Why bother?

Consider various options for pursing new market opportunities. How could the options for pursing market opportunities be applied to your career planning at various stages in your career? (Think of your skills as the products you have to offer.

Inflation – persistent increase in the general price level.

The inflation rate is a key statistic. High rates of inflation often discourage investment and lead to lower long term growth for the following reasons:

  • High and volatile inflation creates uncertainty and confusion about future prices and costs, this tends to reduce investment and lead to lower rates of growth in the economy, and therefore less demand for goods.
  • Menu costs of changing price lists. When inflation is high, prices need to be changed more frequently, which incurs a cost. Also high rates of inflation may incur frequent wage negotiations with trades unions who will be trying to maintain their real wages; this can be costly for a manufacturing firm.
  • High inflationary growth is often unsustainable. To reduce inflation often requires painful readjustment such as higher interest rates and deflationary fiscal policy; these lead to lower growth. Therefore countries with high inflation may be susceptible to a recession in the near future.
  • Less competitive. High inflation means UK costs will be rising and this will make the country’s exports less competitive compared to the rest of the world.
  • Less confidence. People are suspicious of country’s with high rates of inflation, it discourages inward investment and creates lower growth.
  • Note inflation is considered to be a serious problem at over 10%. Anything over 100% could lead to hyper inflation and serious destabilisation.
  • Inflation between 2-4% would be considered a good target.
  • However, reducing inflation could lead to lower growth and less demand

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When is inflation an important issue in conducting an analysis and creating a business plan?

Weak pay raises in Europe poses as a political threat

Weak pay raises in Europe poses as a political threat. Write an essay of approximately 350 words based on the article provided. The essay should be based on a WSJ article (so others can reference it) and need not necessarily be precisely related to the Chapter recently covered. It should, however, be a business relayed article hopefully in the domain of Corporate strategy, Corporate Governance, Corporate Culture, Corporate policies, procedures, practices.

Weak Pay Raises in Europe Pose Political Threat

Persistent wage issue has potential to boost anti-establishment parties in eurozone countries with weaker economies

An operator checks an industrial robot at the Gestamp Automocion factory in Abrera, near Barcelona. Photo: pau barrena/Agence France-Presse/Getty Images

By

James Mackintosh

Sept. 4, 2017 3:45 p.m. ET

14 COMMENTS

The biggest puzzle in economics right now is the apparent breakdown in the inverse relationship between unemployment and inflation set out in a famous curve by New Zealand economist and sometime crocodile hunter A.W. Phillips.

In Japan, Germany and the U.S., unemployment has dipped below what economists think is a sustainable level, yet few signs suggest that workers are responding in the usual way and demanding higher wages.

In the U.S., limp pay growth gives the Federal Reserve a reason to delay interest-rate hikes. In Japan it raises the specter of a slide back into deflation. But in Europe, it is a more serious problem, and it exacerbates the political tensions that pose the biggest threat to the survival of the eurozone.

Here’s the issue: The continent’s most troubled countries have undergone years of pain to shrink their way back to economic health. Cutting consumption and imports worked, after a fashion, but to get anything more than a temporary cyclical rebound means becoming still more competitive against Germany.

A gulf opened up between the competitiveness of Germany and the weaker euro states, where wages soared in the precrisis years even as German unions reined in pay demands. The gap has only been partially closed since, by raising wages—adjusted for productivity and known as unit labor costs— by less than Germany did. But German wage growth has been weak since labor reforms of the early 2000s, putting a lid on what workers elsewhere in the eurozone can receive. German hourly earnings were up just 1.5% year-over-year in the first quarter.

Central banks in Japan and the U.S. can afford to wait and see, keeping monetary policy loose in the hope that as unemployment drops, workers eventually will demand more pay.

The politics of the eurozone, unfortunately, make that a dangerous option.

For one thing, if the European Central Bank continued its €60-billion-a-month ($70 billion) quantitative easing, it would run out of German bonds to buy in the middle of next year. Changing the rules to buy more Italian and fewer German bonds would make Germans even more antagonistic toward the Frankfurt-based ECB.

For another, workers denied pay rises aren’t likely to be happy or to stick to voting for the establishment. The structure of France’s elections helped it avoid a political upheaval. In Italy, the populist Five Star Movement is running equal with the governing Democratic Party, and Spain has a minority government after the rise of the far left.

“The central bank is in a very challenging situation,” said Jean-Claude Trichet, Mario Draghi’s predecessor as head of the ECB. “Most of the other member states must re-establish their own relative competitive position within the euro area, which means they must have their own unit labor costs and national inflation less dynamic [lower] than Germany’s. So German inflation is a de facto cap for other countries.”

There are fiscal implications, too: With inflation low, high government debt in the weaker eurozone countries is even harder to bear.

For now, the ECB is helped by the cyclical pickup in the economy, which has been growing at the same pace as the U.S. over the past year and should withstand a cutback in quantitative easing. But it wants growth to be balanced, so there is no repeat of the last crisis.

And many economists think it’s just a matter of time before wages take off.

Angel Gurría, secretary-general of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, says the Phillips curve isn’t broken. “It’s taking a little longer to react in a predictable way,” he said at the Ambrosetti Forum in Italy over the weekend, but even in Japan he detects localized increases in wages in areas with labor shortages.

Plenty of reasons are advanced for the failure of wages to grow more strongly as unemployment has plummeted: workers more worried about their jobs than their pay following recession; expectations of low inflation; globalization; immigration; and, in the U.S., hidden unemployment in the form of workers who’ve given up looking for work.

It might also be that, as economist Frederik Ducrozet at Pictet Wealth Management says, “it’s normal to see a long lag between a recovery and a pick up in wages and inflation.”

It’s possible that Germany, the U.S. and Japan will all find that the mystery of missing wages was merely a delay, and the models used by central banks will start working again as tight labor markets lead to accelerating wage gains.

But if those pay increases don’t materialize, it will be still harder for the eurozone establishment to prevent populist resentment from bubbling up in the region’s weaker economies, Those include Italy, one of the world’s biggest bond markets. What looks like abstruse economic theory will rapidly turn into hard financial fact if Italy’s elections go the wrong way and its bond market sours.

Write to James Mackintosh at James.Mackintosh@wsj.com

Appeared in the September 5, 2017, print edition as ‘Weak Pay Rises Pose Europe Risk.’

 

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Weak pay raises in Europe poses as a political threat