Harvard Style Citation

Introduction

Citing sources is an essential part of academic writing. It helps to give credit to the original authors and to avoid plagiarism. There are many citation styles, but one of the most popular is the Harvard style. In this article, we will discuss what Harvard-style citation is, how to use it, and why it is important.

What is Harvard Style Citation?

Harvard-style citation is a system that students, writers, and researchers can use to incorporate other people’s quotes, findings, and ideas into their work to support and validate their conclusions without breaching any intellectual property laws. The popular format is typically used in assignments and publications for humanities as well as natural, social, and behavioral sciences. It is a parenthetical referencing system that is made up of two main components:

  1. In-text citations including the author’s surname and the year of publication should be shown in brackets wherever another source has contributed to your work.
  2. A reference list outlining all of the sources directly cited in your work.

While in-text citations are used to briefly indicate where you have directly quoted or paraphrased a source, your reference list is an alphabetized list of complete Harvard citations that enables your reader to locate each source with ease. Each entry should be keyed to a corresponding parenthetical citation in the main body of your work so that a reader can take an in-text citation and quickly retrieve the source from your reference list. Note that some universities, and certain disciplines, may also require you to provide a bibliography. This is a detailed list of all of the material you have consulted throughout your research and preparation, and it will demonstrate the lengths you have gone to in researching your chosen topic.

How to Use Harvard Style Citation

Harvard-style citation is relatively easy to use. Here are some guidelines to follow:

  1. In-text citations should be placed in parentheses at the end of a sentence or paragraph that contains a direct quote or paraphrase from a source.
  2. The in-text citation should include the author’s surname and the year of publication, separated by a comma. If you are quoting directly from a source, you should also include the page number(s) in your citation.
  3. If you are citing a source with multiple authors, you should include all of their surnames in your citation, separated by commas. If there are more than three authors, you can use “et al.” after the first author’s name.
  4. The reference list should be arranged alphabetically by author’s surname. If there is no author, the title of the work should be used instead.
  5. Each entry in the reference list should include the author’s name, the year of publication, the title of the work, and publication information such as the publisher and place of publication.

Why is Harvard Style Citation Important?

Harvard-style citation is important for several reasons:

  1. It gives credit to the original authors and helps to avoid plagiarism.
  2. It allows readers to locate the sources you have used in your work.
  3. It demonstrates the lengths you have gone to in researching your chosen topic.
  4. It is a widely recognized citation style that is used in many different disciplines.

Conclusion

Harvard style citation is a popular citation style that is used in many different disciplines. It is a relatively easy system to use, and it is important for giving credit to the original authors and avoiding plagiarism. By following the guidelines outlined in this article, you can use Harvard-style citations to support and validate your conclusions in your academic writing.

!Harvard Citation