Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application

Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application.

Environmental Ethics

Read the introduction to Chapter 9 and the following:

1. Mylan Engel: Hunger, Duty, and Ecology: On what We Owe Starving Humans (See Chapter 9)

2. Garrett Hardin: Lifeboat Ethics (Chapter 11: This was also assigned in the previous assignment.)

Please write at least 300 words for this assignment. You may always right as much as you want to do good work.

Question 1: Do moderately affluent people have the two obligations that Mylan Engel argues they have? He is arguing for the two claims he labels: (O1) and (O2). Find them.  I want you to carefully consider his moral argument for these two claims. He says that the existence of “global hunger and absolute poverty” implies that people who are “affluent and moderately affluent” have an obligation “to provide modest financial support to famine-relief organizations ….”  Please don’t say that no one can argue that anyone can have an obligation to give people money, or something like that, or that he is rude to suggest that. That misses the whole point of the moral argument. It is very common for people to have a moral obligation to give people money and even help people. The question is whether this particular argument is any good or not. You have to deal with his argument. Are his claims true or not? Why or why not? If they are true, do they even support the conclusions (O1) and (O2)? Why or why not?

Question 2: Contrary to Engel, Garrett Hardin argues that it would be wrong to help starving people. See especially the “ratchet effect” he talks about. Explain his view.

Question 3:  Who seems to be more correct about the subject of helping people in other countries who are starving in poverty, Engel or Hardin? Critically discuss their views. Explain your views.

 

Answer3:

Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application

Ethical and Cultural Issues:Explain the skills necessary to be a successful group facilitator for this population and/or issue type and within your chosen setting

Ethical and Cultural Issues:Explain the skills necessary to be a successful group facilitator for this population and/or issue type and within your chosen setting.

Ethical and Cultural Issues

As a human and social services professional, it is likely that you will often be called upon to work within a group. Whether in your organization or within your community, the ability to successfully work within a group setting and to navigate group dynamics is essential to providing services to your clients.

For this Assignment, you consider ethical and cultural issues that may present when working with groups, such as pre-existing relationships within the group, hierarchy or seniority of members, and traditional roles and expectations of inclusion in the process.

To Prepare:

  • Choose a specific group work scenario that you either encounter regularly or that is of particular professional interest to you (e.g., group social work within hospitals, youth groups in schools, substance abuse co-led groups in prisons).
  • Review Chapter 12, “Ethical Issues in Group Work,” in the Corey course text, and reflect on the guidelines related to your chosen scenario.

The Assignment (3–4 pages):

  • Briefly describe the group scenario that you are using for the Assignment.
  • Explain the skills necessary to be a successful group facilitator for this population and/or issue type and within your chosen setting.
  • Explain the ethical and cultural issues that must be addressed before you can begin a group in this scenario.
  • Identify the three most important guidelines for multicultural and social justice competence that would guide you professionally and ethically once the group was underway. Explain why you selected these guidelines in particular.
  • Of the three guidelines you described, explain which one(s) you believe you need to develop additional knowledge or experience with as part of your professional development and why

Ethical and Cultural Issues:Explain the skills necessary to be a successful group facilitator for this population and/or issue type and within your chosen setting

Regulatory, Environmental & Social Considerations In Sourcing

Regulatory, Environmental & Social Considerations In Sourcing.

Regulatory, Environmental & Social Consideration

Popular media has been very vocal about encouraging companies to treat employees ethically and to not cause harm to the environment.  In fact, your reading assignment this week included links to companies that take a “triple bottom line” (people, profit, and planet) approach to business success.  However, the public is now holding companies responsible for the people and planet practices of supplier factories overseas.

You may remember hearing about a story in 2012 about the issues at a Chinese factory –Foxconn—that makes iPhones.   The first link below is the New York Times story that initially presented the issues to the public.  Not only is the story interesting, but it also discusses the relationship between companies and their suppliers half way around the globe.  What are the company’s responsibilities?

http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/26/business/ieconomy-apples-ipad-and-the-human-costs-for-workers-in-china.html?pagewanted=7&_r=2Links to an external site.

The second link is a CNN story by Leslie T Chang, who wrote “Factory Girls” about young women who work in these Chinese factories.  Please watch Leslie’s TED Talk, the first video on the far left of the CNN webpage.  Her position may surprise you.

http://www.cnn.com/2012/09/30/opinion/chang-chinese-factory-workers/Links to an external site.

After reading the article and watching the TED Talk, please write a 3-page paper that includes the following:

  • An introduction that summarizes the differing perspectives presented in the two links.
  • An overview of each perspective as it would be presented by an advocate.
  • Explain your own view of the issues and your personal reconciliation of these differing views.

The final section of your paper will require some critical thinking skills.  Please take the time to be thoughtful in your response.   If you find yourself falling completely on one side or another, please be sure to clearly explain the thought process that brought you to that decision.

Regulatory, Environmental & Social Considerations In Sourcing

In addition, ethical and legal considerations, including crisis management or suicidal or homicidal ideation, will be addressed in the proposal to promote a successful implementation of the group.

In addition, ethical and legal considerations, including crisis management or suicidal or homicidal ideation, will be addressed in the proposal to promote a successful implementation of the group..

crisis management or suicidal or homicidal ideation

In this assignment, you will build on the research conducted for the group counseling special topic paper. The purpose of this assignment is to design a developmentally appropriate and culturally sensitive group for the specific clinical issue or population you selected in M4 Assignment 2 RA. Group counseling theories and techniques will provide the framework for the activities outlined in the group counseling proposal. In addition, ethical and legal considerations, including crisis management or suicidal or homicidal ideation, will be addressed in the proposal to promote a successful implementation of the group.

Scenario:

Your agency administrator has given you the green light to develop a new counseling group for the specified population or clinical issue. You have been asked to create a six-session group counseling proposal to work with the identified population to provide counseling or psychoeducation for a specific treatment issue. You may or may not be leading this group yourself. Thus, the group proposal needs to be detailed enough for a coworker to run the group without you.

Instructions:

Develop a proposal for a psychoeducation or counseling group that will run for six sessions (90 minutes per session with adults or 30–45 minutes with children). The proposal should include the following:

  • Describe the overall structure of the group.
  • The purpose and goals of the group (e.g., treatment issue, rationale for group).
  • The length, frequency, and duration of the group.
  • The cultural and developmental considerations in the rationale for the group.
  • Define eligibility criteria, recruitment strategies, and screening techniques. Include cultural and developmental considerations as related to participant recruitment.
  • Analyze and recommend group leadership appropriate for this proposed group.
  • Describe a leadership style and roles for the leader of group.
  • Give concrete examples of appropriate group intervention strategies, such as process comments, empathic responses, self-disclosure, feedback, confrontation, and pacing skills across the various stages of a group’s development.
  • Generate proposed group norms, process, and procedures. Be specific.
  • Structure of the group (e.g., open or closed groups).
  • Group rules.
  • Describe how to build group consensus around the group structure and rules.
  • Propose activities and interventions for each session, giving details, and describe how these fit the anticipated stage of the group process. (Include group handouts in an appendix as needed).
  • Include cultural and developmental considerations while describing activities.
  • Explain ethical and legal considerations.
  • Describe how crisis in the group will be handled (e.g., psychological first aid strategies for suicidal or homicidal ideation).
  • Briefly mention any additional ethical or legal considerations as noted in the special topic paper or additional considerations that are relevant to this specific group.
  • Explain the group’s evaluation criteria. What will determine whether group goals have been met?
  • Summarize your proposal and rationale in a paragraph.

Your final product should be a 12-page Microsoft Word document (including the cover page, references, and appendix), using a minimum of 5 scholarly sources. At least one of your references should be from the Journal for Specialists in Group Work. Be sure you write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources; display accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation. Use the most current APA format.

In addition, ethical and legal considerations, including crisis management or suicidal or homicidal ideation, will be addressed in the proposal to promote a successful implementation of the group.

Describe how the ethical dilemma was an ethical trap.

Describe how the ethical dilemma was an ethical trap..

  The ethical dilemma

My discussion:

Prior to beginning your discussion response, read The ethical trap (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site..  Discuss an ethical dilemma that you are aware of in an organization.   Describe how the ethical dilemma  was an ethical trap. Evaluate how the  ethical dilemma and the ethical trap could have been avoided.

Your response must be a minimum of 300 words.

Guided Response: Review several of your classmates’  posts and respond to at least two of your peers by 11:59 p.m. on Day 7  of the week. You are encouraged to post your required replies early  during the week to promote more meaningful interactive discourse in the  discussion. When responding to your classmates, offer additional  suggestions that could help to avoid either the ethical dilemma or the  associated ethical trap.

Your responses must be a minimum of 150 words.

Reply to Jeffreys discussion below:

 

For  this ethical trap discussion, I will describe a situation that I was  faced with several years ago. I was a database architect for a publicly  traded company. I worked very closely with the company’s treasurer to  develop a report that was going to be used to report financial  information to shareholders, investors, and credit facilities. After  weeks of gathering requirements and developing the report, I thought we  finally had a good solution. The report used data that we pulled from  external sources and loaded into the data warehouse. Having worked with  data for many years, this is normally the process; get data from the  source systems and use it for accurate reporting.

However, much to my surprise I later found out that the treasurer was  using the report as more of a starting point or ‘guideline’ and was  then filling in the blanks and actually changing numbers to what he  thought they should be. This didn’t feel right to me because if we could  just change numbers on what seemed like a whim, how could we justify  our numbers to investors, credit facilities, and stockholders? How could  this be SOX compliant? I was in an ethical dilemma. Should I confront  the treasurer and risk him getting upset or defensive? Should I not say  anything and potentially put the company at risk?

An ethical trap consists of a primary and a secondary ethical  decision. If I didn’t say anything and the company was later found to  have fraud through an audit, was I also to blame? I needed to ask myself  two questions: what should I do and what will I do? I needed to weigh  actions that would benefit myself or the organization.

In the end, I decided to raise the issue with my superior, the CIO.  We talked about it and decided that it would be a good idea to have a  conversation with us, the treasurer, and the CFO. We had the  conversation and described our concerns. The treasurer described his  procedure and reasons for what he was doing. The CFO seemed to agree  with what he was doing but also thanked me for raising the concerns. The  treasurer was understanding and acknowledged that I was just looking  out for the good of the company. Thankfully he did not hold any bad  feelings towards me.

I still feel that this was the best possible way to handle the  ethical dilemma. By making a good ethical decision right away, I was  able to avoid the ethical trap. Had I made a bad ethical decision and  looked the other way, I could have spring-loaded the trap potentially  resulting in other conflicts, legal, or administrative actions had  things gone differently.

Reply to Edwards discussion below:

 

There  was an ethical dilemma at my current work from home job when I was in  training grouped with several other associates. We broke apart in  training sessions after taking live calls to discuss what type of calls  we took and practice learning new information about company services and  products while communicating through headsets with each other. I  remember 2 of the employees talked about how they wrote down a few of  the customers credit card numbers because they seemed wealthy due to the  vacation package they purchased. They also mentioned how they were  going to unplug their systems and argue to tech support how their  computers froze to get time off the phones. At first, I didn’t realize  was in the ethical trap or could be held accountable for situation for  not reporting it to upper management because I played no action in  participating with what they were doing.

What we didn’t know was that are training sessions were not private  because everybody was being recorded and supervisors listen to them  randomly. While the associates who were stealing company time and  customers financial information were terminated, the rest of the group  was giving a onetime warning for not immediately reporting the  information. “When making ethical decisions, people conduct a personal  risk-benefit analysis. Studies confirmed that people confronted with  ethical decisions do less than they believe they should do and choose a  course of action that benefits themselves over the benefit of others”  (Schafer, 2011).

I could have easily avoided receiving a verbal warning if I had told  my training supervisor what the associates discussed but I did not want  to be portrayed as an informant which is why I remained silent. Being  labeled on the job as a snitch or a tattle on the job will cause other  colleagues to have a negative perception about you on the job which will  put you in isolation from everybody else. A few months later other  employees were involved in the same situation again and they were fired  as well with the culprit because they didn’t want to be viewed as an  informant which cost them their job.

References

Schafer, J. (2011, Apr. 16). The ethical trap. Once caught in the ethical trap, few people can escape. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/let-their-words-do-the-talking/201104/the-ethical-trap (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Describe how the ethical dilemma was an ethical trap.

Project Managers and Ethics, Leadership, and Technology

Project Managers and Ethics, Leadership, and Technology.

Ethics, Leadership, and Technology

Please refer to your instructor’s feedback in week 7 for the draft you submitted for your final paper and make sure to implement your instructor’s feedback in your final draft.

To recap: Project managers do a lot more than calculations and reporting; they must keep the team on track, ensure ethical decisions are made, deal with conflict, and, depending on the type of organization, they may perform employee evaluations, issue bonuses, hire and lay off personnel, and other tasks. In this paper, you will discuss some of the key elements of the project management process.

Write a ten to twelve (10-12) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe the different organizational structures as it relates to project management (i.e., functional, project-based, matrix).
  2. Discuss at least two (two) different roles that project managers can play in organizational leadership.
  3. Describe at least three (3) human resource factors that affect project management.
  4. Recommend five (5) conflict resolution techniques that project managers can utilize to keep team members productive.
  5. Explain at least three (3) leadership approaches and when they are best utilized.
  6. Describe five (5) ethical situations or dilemmas that project managers might face in their role within an organization.
  7. Summarize tools and techniques commonly used in project procurement.
  8. Assess the role of technology in project management.
  9. Provide your expectations for the development of the project management field aided by modern technologies.
  10. Use at least four (4) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Describe and demonstrate ethical practices in project management.
  • Examine the human resource factors that can impact project management.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in IT project management.
  • Write clearly and concisely about issues in IT project management using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.

Project Managers and Ethics, Leadership, and Technology

This case is one of thirty-two cases which address a wide range of ethical issues that can arise in engineering practice provided by the Center For the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University edited by Michael Pritchard.

This case is one of thirty-two cases which address a wide range of ethical issues that can arise in engineering practice provided by the Center For the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University edited by Michael Pritchard..

ethical issues 

  • *This case is one of thirty-two cases which address a wide range of ethical issues that can arise in engineering practice provided by the Center For the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University edited by Michael Pritchard.

Gerald Wahr was not prepared for such a sudden turn of events. He was scheduled to complete his degree in chemical engineering in June. He planned to return to help his parents run the family farm right after graduation. However, in early May his father, Hans Wahr, became seriously ill, and it was evident he would be hospitalized for an extended period of time. Gerald’s mother and his older brother could continue to run the farm. But the medical bills would quickly mount. Without an additional source of income, the family would soon begin defaulting on its mortgage payments. The best hope for saving the farm would be for Gerald to find employment as an engineer.

Since Gerald had expected to return to the farm, he already missed many opportunities for job interviews. He would have to work quickly. After an intensive search, only one solid opportunity  surfaced. Pro-Growth Pesticides, Inc. would be on campus next week to interview candidates for a supervisory job requiring a degree in chemical engineering.

Gerald certainly seems well qualified for the job. However, there is a hitch. The Wahr farm uses strictly organic methods. Gerald’s father had always opposed the use of pesticides on their farm. In fact, he was rather outspoken about this among the farmers in the area. Gerald admired this in his father. As a young child he often proudly announced that he wanted to grow up to be just like his father. Hans Wahr, however, had different ideas about this. A high school dropout, Hans advised young Gerald to further his education. “Without a college degree,” he told Gerald, “you’ll be as ineffective as I am. You have to fight fire with fire. If you really want to show those pesticide folks a thing or two, you’ve got to be able to talk their language.” So, Gerald decided he would go to college and study chemical engineering.

Gerald’s study of chemical engineering did nothing to shake his conviction that organic farming is best. Quite the contrary. He is now more convinced than ever that the pesticide industry is not only harming the environment generally, but farm products in particular.

Should Gerald go for the interview? Discuss.

  • What do you think Gerald would do if he followed each of the following?
  • Kantian Duty, Intutionism, Aristotelian Virtue, Confucian Virtue, Utilitarianism, Egoism, and the Principles of Autonomy, Goodness, Honesty, Justice, and Value of Life?

 

At first Gerald rejects the idea of going for the interview. He thinks of it as a matter of integrity. How could he work for a company that researches, produces, and markets the very products he and his family have so long opposed? However, his friends counsel him otherwise. Here are some of their arguments:

Allen: Look, if you don’t go for the job, someone else will. The job won’t go away just because you stay away. So, the work’s going to be done anyway. Your refusing the job won’t change a thing.

Bob: Right! Furthermore, you need to look at this from a utilitarian point of view–the greatest good for the greatest number. If you don’t go for the job, someone else who really believes in pesticides will–and that’s going to make things even worse! If you take the job and aren’t gung ho, that might just slow things down a little.

Don: Besides, you might be able to introduce a few reforms from the inside. That won’t kill the pesticide industry, but it might make it a little bit better–certainly better than if some zealous pesticide nut takes the job.

Allen: So, it’s pretty clear what to do. All things considered, you ought to go for the job. It’s your only real chance to save the farm; and if someone else gets the job, Pro-Growth will cause even more harm. You can’t be a purist about these things. It’s not a perfect world, you know.

  • How reasonable are these arguments? How might Gerald respond to them?
  • Consider the costs and benefits of taking the job/NOT try to get the job.
  • Argue that Gerald Should or Should NOT try to get the job and explain why.

Describe the conflicts experienced by Gerald as the result of competing values, obligations, and interests.

Refer to ethical theories and humanitarian principles in your discussion of the issues raised in this case.

The Interview – Imagine the following scenario:

Gerald Wahr is uncomfortable during the interview, but it seems to be going rather well. However, the interviewer then asks: “There are a lot of people who disapprove of the use of pesticides in farming. Of course, Pro-Growth disagrees. What are your thoughts about78erthy the use of pesticides?”           How should Gerald answer this question?

            Other   questions to consider:

  • To what extent should one be concerned about whether there is a good match between one’s basic ethical commitments and job selection?
  • What kinds of engineering related jobs, if any, would you decline because of ethical concerns? At what point would you feel obligated to resign from a position? Be specific and explain why.
  • If you were going to lay out your own principles/criteria for determining when to reject a job offer, or to resign, what would they be? What about whistleblowing?
  • Are there any organizations/companies you would refuse to work for? Why/why not?

Have you ever faced a dil

This case is one of thirty-two cases which address a wide range of ethical issues that can arise in engineering practice provided by the Center For the Study of Ethics in Society, Western Michigan University edited by Michael Pritchard.

What Are The Humanities And How Are They Relevant To Our Lives?

What Are The Humanities And How Are They Relevant To Our Lives?.

What Are The Humanities And How Are They Relevant To Our Lives?

Write a five to six-page essay on the following topic: What are the humanities and how are they relevant to our lives?

In your introduction include a clear definition of the humanities and a concise summary of their relevance for our lives. (No more than one page)

In your next paragraph, explain the methodology you will use to illustrate your claim about the humanities. State which text you will use and which humanities framework you will use to analyze your chosen text. Give a very brief summary of that framework, making sure to explain why it is considered part of the humanities, what distinguishes it from other humanities disciplines, and why it is a good framework for interpreting your chosen text. (No more than one page)

Give an interpretation of your chosen text using the specific framework you selected, focusing primarily on the aspects of the text that are relevant to life in modern society. You may need to summarize some aspects of your chosen text before trying to explain its relevance, but your discussion should be primarily analysis rather than mere summary. In other words, explain the meaning of the text from your framework’s point of view, not just what the text says or what happens in the plot. (No more than three pages)

In conclusion, summarize how your chosen text fits into the definition of the humanities you stated in your introduction and also how it serves as an example of the humanities’ relevance to our lives as you summarized it in your introduction. (No more than one page)

Must use at least two scholarly sources in addition to the primary text you are analyzing.

What Are The Humanities And How Are They Relevant To Our Lives?

Ethical Standards

Ethical Standards.

Ethical Standards

In this assignment, you will explore specific ethical standards that apply to the practice of professionals working in the human services field. You will demonstrate your ability to analyze potential dilemmas that might arise in this work by discussing the inherent challenges with practicing within the parameters of many different types of regulation standards.

Tasks:

Using your textbook, the Argosy University online library resources, and the Internet, research the ethical standards of one type of human services agency in your state or province. In a 2- to 4-page analysis paper, address the following:

  • Describe the type of service you have selected.
  • Briefly explain the related laws that govern the practice of the selected service.
  • Discuss the specific ethical standards (at least three) that are in place for direct service providers or human services agencies providing the selected service.
  • Identify and discuss at least one potential conflict that might arise in work under these standards if they were different from the agency’s policy or direct service provider’s own moral standards.

Submission Details:

  • By the due date assigned, prepare a 2- to 4-page analysis paper. Your response should rely upon at least three sources from professional literature. This may include the Argosy University online library resources, relevant textbooks, peer-reviewed journal articles, and websites created by professional organizations, agencies, or institutions (.edu, .org, or .gov). Write in a clear, concise, and organized manner; demonstrate ethical scholarship in accurate representation and attribution of sources (i.e., APA format); and use accurate spelling, grammar, and punctuation.

Ethical Standards

Making the Case for Ethical Decision-Making Models

Making the Case for Ethical Decision-Making Models.

Making the Case for Ethical Decision-Making Models

In preparation for this assignment, read the assigned article, “Making the Case for Ethical Decision-Making Models,” and the following case study:

Case Study

Carrie, a 26 year-old female, is admitted to the hospital following a major motor vehicle accident. She is unresponsive and on life-support machines. The physicians and staff have expressed concerns regarding her ability to recover, as she is now in a persistent vegetative state with no brain activity. Her parents believe that she will recover given time and are insistent that she continue to receive aggressive treatment. Carrie’s husband, Bob, is at her bedside. He is requesting that the physicians stop providing treatment and is adamant that keeping her on the machines is against her wishes. The patient does not have a living will or a medical power of attorney identified. As a member of the ethics committee, you have been contacted to determine the best course of action.

Assignment

Based on the article’s discussion, apply the four key aspects of decision-making models to the case study.

Write a 1-2 page letter to the attending physician and family in which you:

  1. Describe the ethical dilemma.
  2. Offer your recommendation for the best course of action.
  3. Provide rationale for your recommendation.
  4. Identify the ethical problem.
  5. Gather relevant facts and information, considering others in terms of impact, views, and opinions.
  6. Identify different possible options and choose and justify one option.
  7. Implement the decision.

APA format is not required, but solid academic writing is expected.

You are required to submit this assignment to Turnitin.

Making the Case for Ethical Decision-Making Models