King Arthur and His Knights Round Table Essay

King Arthur and His Knights Round Table Essay.

We have read King Arthur and the knights of the round table. It’s a fantasy/history book. Here is a short summary: After Uther Pendragon’s death, Merlin the druid forms a stone, and in it, a sword. On this sword, it is written that anyone who can pull it out of the stone will become the new king of England. After many years, the young Arthur, (secretly the son of Pendragon), pulls this magical sword out of the stone, and becomes king.

Together with Merlin, he constructs a round table, where only the best knights of England may sit.

More and more knights come to join the brotherhood of the Round Table, and each has his own adventures After many years, The holy knight Sir Galahad, the son of Sir Lancelot, comes to the court of Arthur. With his coming, all knights ride throughout Europe for the search of the Holy Grail of Jesus Christ. Only four knights see the Grail: Sir Lancelot, Sir Percival, Sir Bors de Gaunnes and Sir Galahad.

After the Grail is found, the last battle of the Round Table is close-at-hand.

In this battle, many knights die and with them, King Arthur, his nephew Sir Gawain, and also, Mordred, the wicked son of King Arthur and his half-sister Morgana le Fay. King Arthur is buried at Avalon, the secret island of the druids and damsels. A remarkeble quote from the book was; ‘and herewith I make you a knight. Go forward as you have begun, and there will be a place waiting for you at the Round Table. And I hold that you will be one of the truest knights in all the Realm of Logres, and one of the gentlest and most valiant.

Said Launcelot to Gareth of Orkney. ’ We decided to choose this quote because Gareth of Orkney was a kind of an outsider. When he came to Arthur’s castle, they were making fun of him, and bullied him. But even after everything he has been to, he made it to a Knight of the round table. Next thing you are going to see, are some pictures that deal with the book. We used some pictures from the movie King Arthur. We thought that these pictures were the most matching pictures we could find. You are going to see some pictures of the main characters and more.

King Arthur and His Knights Round Table Essay

Explore the Construction of Identiy in Hamlet and Beowulf Essay

Explore the Construction of Identiy in Hamlet and Beowulf Essay.

“’Identity has been increasingly used to refer to the social and historical make-up of a person, personality as a construct. Sometimes such identities are conceived narrowly psychological, individualist terms, as the cumulative result of personal experience and family history” This is seen particularly in Beowulf where all men are referred to as their fathers’ sons’. Family history was massively important in those times and men well often well respected because of the heroic things their ancestors had done. Warriors also felt the need to reach the same level of notoriety.

This is shown when we are first introduced to Beowulf. We are told about his father before even knowing his name: “In his day, my father was a famous man a noble warrior-lord named Ecgtheow” Similarly in Shakespeare’s Hamlet, purely through learning of Hamlet’s lineage we discover he is the son of the king and this plays an important part of his identity and the events throughout the play.

In most novels, plays and poems, the identity of the protagonist changes the more we get to know the character; the more that happens the more we think we know what they are like. This is the same for real life, when we first meet people we are often uncertain about their identity and personality, we usually learn more about them through their actions and associations. This is true for Beowulf; because it is set in the third person we learn about him through what he does and what he says. A text being in third person can also be useful; the narrator can offer definite and universal truths about the character which can be especially useful as it is almost impossible for a writer to create a character that will be interpreted the same way by every person that reads it.

Characters are read in different ways throughout the generations and from culture to culture. It could therefore be argued that identity is not created through the author but by the readers. Hamlet, being a play, has many long soliloquies where he reveals his inner thoughts to the audience in first person. In soliloquies the character usually asks a rhetorical question and then answers it; this allows the audience to understand the character’s emotions and motives, something especially important in Hamlet where some of his actions would be considered very unconventional or deranged. This helps us to empathise with Hamlet and engage ourselves in the plot. “O that this too too solid flesh would melt,

Thaw, and resolve itself into a dew!
Or that the Everlasting had not fix’d
His canon ’gainst self-slaughter! O God! O God!
How weary, stale, flat, and unprofitable”

This is the beginning of Hamlet’s first soliloquy when he learns of his father’s death and his mother’s betrayal by marrying Claudius less than two months after his father’s death. He contemplates suicide to escape what he describes as a ‘weary stale, flat and unprofitable’ world and wishes it was not a sin against God. Not only does this soliloquy reveal his true feelings about his mother and Claudius, it shows us that he is religious which accounts for his delay in murdering the new King even under his dead father’s orders.

The thoughts of other characters, not only the protagonist are important as they help to keep the play timeless. In Hamlet, murder is nothing abnormal, almost expected whereas now it is a very serious offence for anyone, including the monarchy. Not only that, but seeing a ghost is not normal behaviour for a 21st century reader, without the other characters seeing the ghost we would be unable to distinguish between reality and Hamlet’s madness. Horatio talks to the ghost like it is a real thing: “Horatio: Stay, speak, speak, I charge thee speak.”

It can be concluded that identity is how the characters act within the times in which they live in. Identity is therefore impossible to create without the concept of time and the context that the text was written in. Texts are sometimes altered to appeal more to certain audiences from different times and locations such as: “Hormone Imbalance’s Ophelia (1979), in which Ophelia is a lesbian and runs off with a woman servant to join a guerrilla commune; Curtis’s obscenely funny The skinhead Hamlet (1982) and Jean Bett’s Ophelia thinks harder (1993), in which the heroine acts assertively while the hero dithers.” This goes against the thesis that states identity is created by experience and implies that identity is subject to time, location and the audience it is written for. It could also be argued that each of these different variations of Hamlet have created a completely different identity in each text.

Someone’s identity is not fixed; it changes over time as the character develops and often through self discovery or even (In the case of Hamlet) an identity crisis due to conflicted values and internal and external pressures. The shift in opinions and ideas of the character constructs a more complicated identity that is more difficult to label. Throughout the whole text, Beowulf has the same ambitions and desires; to be a legendary warrior. Hamlet on the other hand discovers his morality and desires as he goes a long.

This makes Hamlet’s identity much less solid and more complex. He is not a normal character in the sense that he goes against social norms; his unorthodox approach to life and the truth means he is isolated and becomes a threat to those around him, specifically the new King. In the beginning of the play, Hamlet seems to have lost his identity; he has lost his father (like Beowulf lineage was of great importance, especially being part of the monarchy), his status as heir to the throne is in jeopardy as Fortinbras plans to attack and his uncle is now his step father.

Beowulf establishes his identity as a warrior and a hero by recounting his successful endeavours:

“They had seen me bolstered in the blood of enemies when I battled and bound five beasts, raided a troll-nest and in the night sea slaughtered sea-brutes. I have suffered extremes and avenged the Geats (their enemies brought it upon themselves, I devastated them).” Beowulf is a warrior more by reputation than what he actually does throughout the duration of the text. Although he defeats Grendel fairly quickly after being introduced to us, and after that Grendel’s mother, fifty years pass without much detail of Beowulf’s triumphs.

The form of both texts has an impact on the identity of both Beowulf and Hamlet as individuals but also society as a whole in the two texts. Beowulf is an epic poem which are traditionally used to recount heroic acts and important events in history. This gives the text an authentic feel as well as reflecting the culture of the times in which Beowulf lived in; most stories were shared by word of mouth, often by song or poetry and not often documented. Men craved the notoriety and were willing to die in battle do achieve it.

The unusualness of an epic poem also reflects complete difference of the world we live in where we not only have no warrior culture, people generally don’t die for fame and monsters don’t exist. Hamlet being a play is much more than just the text and was written to be performed instead of just read. Hamlet’s – and every other character’s – identity is created not only through his choices and the things he says but how he says them and facial expressions/movement.

For example Hamlet’s ‘madness’ can be seen much easier through exaggerated actions than it can be through stage directions or obvious comments from other actors. Personality traits such as thoughtfulness, arrogance, insecurity and Claudius’ guilt can also be seen more clearly when performed on stage. Another complication of Hamlet being on stage is that every actor will play the part differently. Not only will age and clothing affect perceptions of identity, the way in which scenes are acted out will also change the character.

One way of creating a complex identity is through giving the character a fatal flaw. This is most prominent in Hamlet; his fatal flaw is his indecisiveness to act on his father’s orders. Every event in the play leading to Hamlet’s death and including every other death except that of his father’s was down to his inability to make a decision to kill Claudius and act on it. Not only does his hesitation to kill Claudius in prayer expose his fatal flaw but if he had gone ahead with the act then he could have been seen as evil and his identity would have changed dramatically, this adds to the argument that it is the plot and events in the text that construct the character’s identity.

Language also has an effect on emphasising certain aspects of a characters identity. For example the clown – clown is not necessarily the same as a clown in the 21st century, in Shakespearean times a clown was not a very important member of society – in Hamlet creates a contrast and almost acts to remind us of Hamlet’s social status and power. The clown also adds an element of humour to the scene which breaks up the tension and acts to emphasise Hamlet’s melancholic nature. “HAMLET: Here’s another. Why may not that be the skull of a lawyer? Where be his quiddities now, his quillets, his cases, his tenures, and his tricks?

Why does he suffer this mad knave now to knock him about the sconce with a dirty shovel, and will not tell him of his action of battery? Hum! This fellow might be in’s time a great buyer of land, with his statutes, his recognizances, his fines, his double vouchers, his recoveries. Is this the fine of his fines, and the recovery of his recoveries, to have his fine pate full of fine dirt? Will his vouchers vouch him no more of his purchases, and double ones too, than the length and breadth of a pair of indentures?

The very conveyances of his lands will scarcely lie in this box, and must th’inheritor himself have no more, ha?” Contrasting language by using words together in this soliloquy such as ‘shovel’ and ‘dirt’ with ‘recognizances’ and ‘conveyances’ demonstate his conflicting identity. The ‘Ha?’ at the end also acts as a rhetorical question which marks a change on his views of wealth, power and death.

In conclusion, although identity of a character has many contributing factors, the protagonists in both texts would have no identity at all without experiences that shaped their personality and traits throughout the text. Although language and form have an effect on identity, it is the plot that has the most impact on the character.

Explore the Construction of Identiy in Hamlet and Beowulf Essay

The Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac Essay

The Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac Essay.

Everyone desires to find happiness, which can be found through anywhere: people, an object, an action, or even something as simple as a belief. People turn to religion at times of need to find satisfaction in life. In Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac, the main character, Ray Smith, turns to Buddhism for happiness. During his study of Buddhism philosophy, he meets a younger writer much like himself, Japhy Ryder. While Japhy is close to his spiritual awakening, Ray is barely beginning and has much to learn.

Ray encounters complications as he tries to focus on the two main elements of Buddhist philosophy, which are all life is suffering and the suppression of suffering can be achieved. Ray finds difficulty in accomplishing nirvana because it takes time for him to achieve the suppression of suffering. As Japhy and Ray are near the peak of the Matterhorn Mountain, Ray’s paranoia begins to grow and he decides that he will wait for Japhy because of his fear of heights.

He tells Japhy that he’s “staying right here! [Because] it’s too high! [Japhy] said nothing and went on. Ray] saw him collapse and pant and get up and make his run again” (63).

Ray decides he has suffered enough and doesn’t want to continue up the mountain; whereas Japhy continues to ascend even when it’s clear that he is almost out of energy, hence his collapsing. Japhy is persistent and doesn’t quit until he has reached the top and even then he continues to climb. Soon after, Ray finds how he can suppress that suffering from climbing the mountain. As Japhy comes down the mountain, practically leaping, Ray finally realizes that “it’s impossible to fall off mountains” (64).

When Ray saw Japhy descending from the peak of the mountain, he has his realization and is able to suppress the suffering he felt earlier from climbing the mountain. The mountain is a symbolism for nirvana because reaching the top of the mountain would be mirrored as reaching nirvana. Thus, once you reach nirvana, nothing can take that freedom and happiness away from you because nothing can go wrong, hence the thought of it being impossible to fall of mountains. Ray, once again, suffers because all life is suffering. The topic of pleasure and sex constantly comes up in Ray’s mind.

Each time it arises in his thoughts, he puts “sex out of [his] mind. As long as the sun shined then blinked and shined again, [he] was satisfied. [Instead he] wrote a pretty poem addressed to all the people coming to the party” (142). Ray suffers from the thoughts of sex, but he suppresses it with the outdoors and writing poems. Ray has a difficult time with this suffering because he watches as Japhy gives into his suffering. Japhy receives joy out of it rather than achieving his suppression. However, Ray is able to suppress his troubled thoughts and focus on poetry.

Finally, Ray reaches enlightenment and is honored with his spiritual awakening. One morning, while wandering around Desolation Peak, he has a realization. Ray discovered that “there is no answer. [He] didn’t know anything any more, [he] didn’t care, and it didn’t matter, and suddenly [he] felt really free” (184). Ray finally reaches his nirvana where he no longer suffers. It’s as if he reaches a whole new world after he finds nirvana, leaving him feeling free as if he were on top of Matterhorn Mountain. He is truly at peace because there is no one to bother home, interrupt him, or for him to listen to.

His studying of Buddhist philosophy finally pays off. There are many complications and sufferings Ray goes through in order to follow the Buddhist philosophy of all life is suffering and suppression of suffering can be achieved. At last, with the help of Japhy, Ray is able to achieve the suppression of suffering because Japhy helps inspire and motivate him. When Japhy leaves, Ray sets out to Desolation Peak alone and he is able to find his nirvana. After overcoming all of his suffering, Ray’s suffering pays off when he has his spiritual awakening and is at peace.

The Dharma Bums by Jack Kerouac Essay

Gaining Wisdom Through Suffering Essay

Gaining Wisdom Through Suffering Essay.

Wisdom is a difficult thing to define and understand. It’s easily recognized when people have experienced it. Wisdom is a tricky thing to obtain. Wisdom is the quality of having experience, knowledge, and good judgment. King Lear was foolish in the beginning of the play, but in the end he gained wisdom from his mistakes. Morrie from Tuesdays with Morrie was wise in the beginning of the book and became wiser in the end. Through suffering King Lear and Morrie obtained wisdom.

?At the beginning of the play, Lear was a selfish man.

Power was very important to him. Suffering turned Lear from a selfish man wanted to be treated as a king without having the responsibilities that come with running a kingdom, to a man that comes to realize his morals and values. Lear gave away his kingdom to Gonerial and Regan but still wanted the same status and power of king. Lear gained wisdom through his mistakes of banishing his youngest daughter, Cordelia.

Lear comes to the realization of his foolishness in act three. For instance, “Let thunder rumble! Let lightning spit fire!

The rain, the wind, the thunder and lightning are not my daughters. Nature, I don’t accuse your weather of unkindness. I never gave a kingdom or raised you as my child, and you don’t owe me any obedience. ” Here King Lear is coming to terms of his mistake of giving away his kingdom to the wrong people. He then goes on “So go ahead and have your terrifying fun. Here I am, your slave a poor, sick, weak, hated, old man. But I can still accuse you of kowtowing, taking my daughter’s side, against me, ancient as I am.

Oh, it’s foul! In this scene Lear is in the storm with Kent and the fool. In this act the king is turning from an arrogant man to a noble man. It takes king Lear a complete breakdown to realize his mistake. ?Next, Lear gained wisdom through insanity and the cruelness of his to eldest daughters. For example, his eldest daughter Gonerial humiliates his loyal messenger Kent. Lear is telling kent his own flesh and blood would never commit such an act. “They durst not do’t. They could not, would not do’t. ‘Tis worse than murder to do upon respect such violent outrage.

Resolve me with all modest haste which way thou mightst deserve or they impose this usage, coming from us. ” (II iv 16-20). In this scene Kent was telling the king how his own daughter betrayed him. Lear is astonished that they would want to humiliate him and is realizing he is losing his status as king. ?Morrie also gains wisdom through suffering. In addition, Morrie was wise from the start but through his sickness he gained more wisdom. Morrie says to Mitch, “Truth is Mitch, once you learn how to die, you learn how to live. (Albom 82).

Morrie learned to accept his sickness and that he is going to die. Once he learned to accept it he was able to live. He lives his life to the fullest he realized little things that you should be taking advantage of. Morrie used aphorisms to say how he lived his life. One of the aphorisms he told Mitch was, “Accept what you are able to do and what you are not able to do. ” (Albom 18). You forget about everything that doesn’t matter and you just learn how to live life.

His illness helped him to gain wisdom and to live life the fullest. ? Lastly, Morrie embraces his life. In order to gain wisdom one must experience suffering. Morries suffering from ALS caused him to grow weaker physically; however, it made him a stronger person mentally and emotionally. Furthermore, Morrie says, “Don’t assume it’s too late to get involved. ” (Albom 18). This quote shows us that even though Morrie had a sickness taking his life away, he still made a difference for other people. He didn’t lie around pitying himself.

Morrie embraced his life rather than fearing life. By way of example, Morries tells Mitch, “Mitch, I embrace aging” (Albom 118). This means he isn’t afraid of growing old, he embraces the years of life he has left. In conclusion, despite being very different in both characters and beliefs, both King Lear and Morrie acquire wisdom through suffering. Wisdom is comes when someone experiences it. Wisdom is the quality of having good judgement, knowledge, and having experienced hardships. Wisdom is hard to understand.

Gaining Wisdom Through Suffering Essay

Caliban as a Sympathetic Character Essay

Caliban as a Sympathetic Character Essay.

In the play “The Tempest”, Shakespeare introduces us to several different characters, each identified individually with their contrasting attitudes, nature and prior circumstances that have brought them to a deserted isle in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea. Shakespeare creates characters that exemplify the relationship between human nature and contemporary civilization and the distinction between men and monsters.

The character of Caliban is known to its complexity and numerous aspects, depths and sides to it. Caliban, the only native of the island is a vulgar, malice slave that is often referred to a beast.

He is the son of the witch Sycorax and his Father is unknown, hence associated with the devil and he was said to be “littered” on the island, a word generally used to describe the birth of animals. Shakespeare describes Caliban as a pure product of nature, of whom he is uncontrolled, wild, savage, innocent and uncorrupted by the influence of civilization. He is uneducated, untrained and uncivilized, a creature of the earth, being almost literally dug out of the ground.

Caliban used to own the island, however, was naïve enough to allow a foreigner (Prospero) to enter his most valued occupation and abduct it from him. Caliban and Prospero appear to have had an affectionate relationship, through Prospero educating him and offering him a shelter in his own cave, an intimate favor demonstrating compassion and abundant generosity as well as Caliban showing him all the parts of the island. Caliban takes Prospero’s affection for granted and underestimates Prospero’s power and magic, accordingly acts in an aggressive manner in an attempt to rape Miranda.

This causes the reader to be repulsed by his disgusting behavior, almost sensing animosity that Caliban does not display the minimal appreciation of Prospero’s considerable kindness. At this point, the reader can easily understand why Prospero treats him so poorly, and almost feel as if he deserves to be treated in such way, that he was not accounted and aware of the consequences that accompany such action and therefore had brought his situation upon himself. Consequently, the question remains, if Caliban had controlled his impulses, and held back his barbarous instincts, would he really had found himself in a better- off situation, or is being mistreated a part of his nature and fate?

Caliban as a Sympathetic Character Essay

The Despicable Daisy Buchanan Essay

The Despicable Daisy Buchanan Essay.

“On Wednesdays we wear pink”. Classic Mean Girls Regina George. Regina is the most beautiful, popular girl in school. Everyone seems to listen to her. But, under all her makeup, you can see she is also the meanest and ugliest of them all. In Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, Daisy Buchanan is Regina George. Daisy is by far the most contemptible character in the entire novel. Despite her outer beauty, Daisy exemplifies true ugliness through her looks and ditziness, selfishness and materialistic focuses, as well as her bad morals and lack of responsibility.

Looking at Daisy, she appears gorgeous inside and out. She has the “full of money” voice that instantly draws people in like she is composed of good promises. But truly it is the complete opposite. The only promise Daisy’s voice has is the promise of leading more people under her spell. “I’ve heard it said that Daisy’s murmur was only to make people lean toward her; an irrelevant criticism that made it no less charming” (9).

Daisy has always been the belle of the ball as verified by her girlhood friend from Louisville, Jordan Baker. Daisy uses her physical appearance and flirty ways to gain attention for herself, showing her true colors. Daisy believes being her flirty and ditzy self is the way to gain people’s focus. She clearly has experience in these ways as proven when she talks about the daughter Pammy when she grows up: “I hope she’ll be a fool…that’s the best thing a girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool” (17).

Daisy’s number one focus in life is by far Daisy. Nothing else registers in her head besides herself and, of course, her money. Her materialistic attitude leads to brutal self-centeredness. Even at the young age of eighteen, materialism is the sole factor in the marriage choice of Tom. When Jay Gatsby, her poor first love, goes to war, Daisy promises to wait for him. However, shortly after he is gone, Daisy meets Tom Buchanan. Tom is from a social family who could promise her the wealthy lifestyle she desires.

This is all Daisy needs to know. She selfishly marries Tom, completely leaving Gatsby behind all for her own personal wealth. Even Gatsby recognizes her obsession with money. “She only married you because I was poor” (130). Although Gatsby did not see that as selfishness since Daisy is “perfect” in his eyes, her choice is without a doubt cold hearted. Throughout the book Daisy strings along two men; her husband, Tom, and her old love, Jay Gatsby, all for more narcissistic attention. “I did love him once—but I loved you too” (132).

Often, Daisy’s selfish ways and love of the almighty dollar lead to her horrible morals and avoidance of responsibility. When times get tough and things go wrong, Daisy hides behind her money and goes somewhere new, leaving behind the situation. For example, at the hotel Daisy gets put in the situation of having to pick between her two men, Tom and Jay. Right away, her first thought is to run away from the responsibility. “I won’t stand this! Oh, please let’s get out” (133). On the way home from the hotel, Daisy is driving Gatsby’s car through the Valley of Ashes and hits Myrtle Wilson, instantly killing her. Daisy, being her usual self, weeps and drives away from the scene, allowing Gatsby to take blame.

“But of course I’ll say I was” (143). Daisy, killing another human being and not owning up to it is heartless on so many levels. For her to be able to wake up the next morning and feel fine is wrong, proving her terrible morals. George Wilson, Myrtle’s husband, is extremely angry and out of control when he finds out the car that hit his wife belongs to Jay Gatsby. George, assuming he is to blame, shoots Gatsby and then himself, killing both. If Daisy would have stopped at the accident and owned up to the death of Myrtle, two more lives might have been saved. Even lower, Daisy does not attend the funeral of Jay Gatsby, a man who, in a sense, took a bullet for her. Daisy fled with Tom to a new location, leaving no address or anything behind.

Sometimes the people ugliest on the outside are the most beautiful on the inside, like Beauty and the Beast’s Beast. Although he is scary and hairy on the surface, he is sweet and kindhearted the deeper in you go. Other times, there are people like Daisy, the complete opposite. In the end Daisy reveals herself for what she really embodies. Despite how appealing and attractive she appears, her ugly side comes out the deeper the novel goes. She, as a person, is proven to use her looks all for the wrong reasons. She centers her life on money and selfish ways, has corrupt morals, and strongly lacks responsibility. Daisy Buchanan is by far the most contemptible and despicable character. Why wear pink on Wednesdays when it is the inside that really counts?

You may also be interested in the following: daisy buchanan chapter 1

The Despicable Daisy Buchanan Essay

Biographical Analysis of the Crucible Essay

Biographical Analysis of the Crucible Essay.

What lies deep down in the Crucible characters that not everyone can see? The former husband of Marilyn Monroe managed to keep one aspect of his life private from the media for over four decades. Was it because of shame, selfishness, or fear? The Crucible is based on the Salem Witch Trials of 1692. Miller has read all about the Witch Trials, but has never really understood it until he read the book published by Charles W. Upham, the mayor of Salem at that time (“Why I Wrote The Crucible”).

He knew right away that he had to write about that time period. Even though the play provides an accurate representation of the trials, the truth lies in Arthur Miller’s past history.

Pursuing this further, Arthur Miller has hidden a life-long secret that recently has come out. When his son, Daniel was born, Miller was very happy, but immediately knew something was wrong. The doctors had diagnosed the baby with Down syndrome.

He was the son of Miller’s third wife, Inge Morath. Miller said. “I’m going to have to put the baby away”, but Inge wanted to keep him (“Arthur Miller’s Missing Act”). Within days the baby was gone. They sent him to one of the Connecticut institutions for the mentally retarded. Inge went to see him every day, but Arthur never wanted to set eyes on him. Afterwards, nothing was mentioned of Daniel. He was cut out from Miller’s life. Was it because of selfishness, or fear that the world will know?

His personal story seems to contradict his theme in The Crucible. Through the character Abigail Williams, we can see that people are willing to give up and abandon their connection with their own values in order to protect themselves. Just as Abigail hid the fact that she had an affair with John Proctor, Arthur Miller has hidden the fact that he also had a brief affair with Marilyn Monroe.

Abigail William is the girl who leads this play into disaster. She is most responsible for the meeting in the woods and when Paris finds out, she tries to conceal it as fast as possible, because if she reveals that she has cast a spell on Elizabeth, it will reveal the affair she had with Elizabeth’s husband, John Proctor. To protect herself from future punishment that may come, she starts to accuse others of witchcraft. By telling lies, that is how she manipulates the whole town into believing that she is innocent (Miller 114-115). Abigail is independent and she knows that nothing is out of her grasp. Once she finds herself attracted to Proctor, she won’t suppress her desires that she wants him. However many times she reviews her memories, the more she is sure that she is the ideal wife for John. The only thing in the way is Elizabeth.

Declaring witchcraft among the majority will keep the secret out of reach. She uses this to create fear and intimidation among the townsmen people. The only reason her evil little plan is working is that the girls have got her back. She has threatened them with violence if they refuse to do as she says. “Now look you. All of you. We danced. And Tituba conjured Ruth Putnam’s dead sisters. And that is all. And mark this. Let either of you breathe a word, or the edge of a word, about the other things, and I will come to you in the black of some terrible night and I will bring a pointy reckoning that will shudder you. …

And I can make you wish you had never seen the sun go down!” (Miller 20). In order to get Proctor, she must eliminate Elizabeth and choose her individuals she will accuse wisely. She thinks nothing of the fact that the individuals will be hanged based upon her accusation. When she sees her plan failing, she will react the same by not showing any signs of fear. She has condemned Proctor to hang and flees right away from the town, leaving all the action well behind.

John Proctor is the protagonist of the play, while Abigail is the antagonist. One of his flaws is his temper. Proctor leads to shouting and even physical violence. There are occasions in the play where he threatens to whip his wife, servant, and even his ex-mistress, Abigail. He was the average good man, who owned a farm and was respected by everyone he knew. He had three children a good wife to raise a family with and all was well until Abigail came into his life. At first Abigail was the housekeeper, who has quietly come into the life of Proctor. He must have been tempted by her fiery personality, which he cannot resist. This affair only happened, because at that time Elizabeth was sick, which allowed Abigail to make her first move. John may have also been attracted to Abigail’s personality shown in Act 1. She tells John that the witchcraft isn’t true and that the girls were just having a party with Tituba. “PROCTOR, his smile widening: Ah, you’re wicked aren’t y’! You’ll be clapped in the stocks before you’re twenty” (Miller 22). From this line we can conclude that Proctor is charmed by Abigail’s naughty tricks.

The temper of John Proctor ties into the anger of Arthur Miller towards the McCarthy hearings. The Crucible relates to the McCarthy hearings, because Arthur Miller claimed to have written The Crucible to criticize the theme, while many people saw the resemblance between the Salem Witch Trials and the McCarthy Hearings. Just like McCarthy, the people of Salem were not interested in facts; instead, they took their hatred towards the people of their community. Miller himself was brought to the House of Un-American Activities Committee and was falsely accused of Communism. (“Fear as Governance: Arthur Miller The Crucible as Contemporary Reflection”).

For the first two acts we see John doing little effect to the play. However, when Act 3 comes into play, he is there to protect his wife. He has three weapons that he can use against the court. First is Abigail’s admission that there was no witchcraft, proof from Mary Warren that the girls were faking, and the fact that he had an affair with Abigail. All this declines in the favor of Abigail. He only ends up ruining his name and getting himself condemned for witchcraft.

The only way to save him from being hanged is by admitting that he is with the Devil and that he justifies that he was a bad person anyway. Horror struck when asked to sign his name. By signing his name he believed he will be signing his soul away. Even though, he is so close to being free once again, he refuses to sign his name. He says, “I do think I see some shred of goodness in John Proctor. Not enough to weave a banner with, but white enough to keep it from such dogs.” (Miller 144).

At first we may believe that The Crucible is just a story about witch trials that took place in Salem, but by paying a greater attention to the minor details we can understand that the book has another meaning to it. Every detail can be connected to Arthur’s personal life.

Biographical Analysis of the Crucible Essay

Fantasy Vs. Reality in Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone Essay

Fantasy Vs. Reality in Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone Essay.

Fantasy stories are commonly used to represent a particular reality that is present and visible in the society. As one of the best-selling fantasy novels in history, J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone introduces one of the most loved and traditional hero in the persona of Harry Potter. Harry is an ordinary orphaned boy who is first unaware of the complicated future that awaits him in Hogwarts’ School of Witchcraft and Wizardry.

In this first installment of the Harry Potter series, Rowling introduces the fantasy world of Hogwarts and its residents which clearly contains actual references to the type of people who are outside of that fantasy world.

Rowling could have just written a straightforward fictional story that conveys the same message such as the fantasy novel but she preferred it in a fantasy setting to further elaborate moral principles, maturity, love, family, and the theme of good and evil. Writing fantasy stories provides more freedom in creatively presenting a particular reality than reality-based fiction.

Fantasy and Reality in the Character of Harry Potter

According to some critics, the reason behind the novel’s success in history is its ability to create an utterly different world where extraordinary characters experience normal problems. “The stories are chock-full of the right ingredients: quirky and courageous characters, magic, humor, whimsical and bizarre settings, and a convincing blend of fantasy and reality” (Silvey, 388). People can relate to the characters’ behaviors because they do not simply act as a stereotypical character that everyone is familiar with; but rather most major characters have complex personalities that is common to a human being.

The fictional character of Harry Potter is an 11-year old orphan living with his typical bully of a cousin Dudley Dursley together with similarly cruel aunt and uncle, Petunia and Vernon Dursley. His magical fate begins when he is summoned to the Hogwarts’ School of Witchcraft and Wizardry by the headmaster Albus Dumbledore. As he grows up, faces his journey, and adventures with his friends, Hermione Granger and Ron Weasley, he becomes the representation of a young boy growing up as he experiences predicaments concerning his growing popularity and the death of his parents. Despite the fact that the story is set in a fantasy world, Harry reveals a character very typical of a human being his age.

His frustrations, desires, and loneliness are based on emotions and feelings that is very typical for real people to experience. When he faces the Mirror of Erised, where the word “erised” means “desire” when read backwards, he manifests his longing desires just as how real people do. Desire is a major element of one’s life and to be able to control it can become frustrations such as in the situation of Harry when he wants to see his parents and meet them. However, the frustration leads to hatred as he discovers that it was Lord Voldemort, the major villain in the story, is the one responsible for his parents’ death.

The feud between the two characters can also be considered ironic as they are both responsible for each other’s demise. Clearly, social and moral issues such as greed, power, fame, and superiority become one of the dark themes of the story which is also present in the current society. These issues show how they are to blame for war, discrimination, and crimes in the real world as it is in the world of Harry Potter. All these are very evident today that Rowling criticizes such issues by including the old age battle of good and evil.

Fantasy Vs. Reality in the Hogwarts’ School of Witchcraft and Wizardry

Hogwarts’ somewhat represents a typical boarding school where students are disciplined and taught to live inside the school. Instead of academic subjects like Mathematics, Language, and Science, Hogwarts’ teaches subject like Herbology, Defense Against the Dark Arts, and Potions to enable them to use their gifts of magic in the right way.

These subjects are much similar to academic subjects as they would later become pre-requisites to the career that each student must decide on in the future. Apparently, this school setup correlates the normal setup of real-life school system and purpose. Hogwarts also reveals the concept of discipline that real schools follow such as forbidding students to roam around a particular floor in the building such as the third floor. The idea of Hogwarts also shows the predicaments that every individual encounters to prove oneself to society.

One of the social issues present in the novel is discrimination. The school’s division of school houses: Gryffindor, Hufflepuff, Ravenclaw, and Slytherin is the process on which the students are chosen and classified depending on each character and personality which produces much discrimination among houses.

The Gryffindor house contains the noble students which include Harry, Ron and Hermione; the Hufflepuff house appears to include students who have abilities which are considered lesser than the other houses; the Ravenclaw house contains the intellectual students; and the Slytherin house has the reputation to have the meanest students including Voldemort and Draco Malfoy.

This kind of discrimination is very apparent in our society and culture. It even starts in school where groupies and cliques are formed according to each member’s interests. The idea of racism is also addressed in the novel as some witches and wizards think less of “muggles” or people who are born out of normal human beings without any knowledge of wizardry and witchcraft. It is another form of racism as witches and and wizards are another set of people which are distinct in culture and abilities than regular people. Their sense of superiority over ordinary and powerless people represents the still manifesting white superiority in the world. It clearly signifies that the novel addresses several concerns and issues related to real life problems.

Philosophies in Harry Potter that is Inspired by Reality

Several philosophies in the novel have eminent features that are similar to many philosophies in history. For example, in the latter part of the story when Harry is visited by Dumbledore in the hospital, he tells Harry that, “After all, to the well-organized mind, death is but the next great adventure” (Rowling). He is referring to the death of Nicolas Flamel that is quite sacrificial in respect because by destroying the Sorcerer’s stone, he also dies as well. This premise likens itself to the concept of Christian sacrifice.

Jesus Christ sacrificed his life for the safety of humankind which is similar to the purpose of Flamel’s death. Destroying the stone would mean the failure of Voldemort to gain eternal life which can be a tremendous threat to the people in Harry Potter’s world. His sacrifice, therefore, reveals the philosophy of sacrificing for the greater good. Dumbledore’s belief that death is not the end but rather a beginning also shows comparison in relation to some well-known philosophers such as Buddha who believed that death is actually a beginning of something else.

The reference to “the well-organized man” means the wise man that has the ability to accept death as a part of life and not the end of life. This mindset can be considered somewhat related to religious and philosophical beliefs which are apparent in our society.


Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone includes many allusions to reality that demonstrates extreme results due to its fantasy genre. By means of creating fictional fantasy stories, the author, J. K. Rowling, is able to convey clearer message of the battle of good and evil and how moral issues are addressed in the society. Rowling’s fantasy world such as Hogwarts does not differ much with the real world because it contains similar purposes and provides the same social problems.

She uses the fantasy genre to further elaborate and criticize what is currently happening in our society. Apparently, fantasy and reality goes hand in hand in producing a successful novel such as Harry Potter. It gives adult and children alike the opportunity to relate their reality in the fantasy of Rowling.

It is reality that is the major foundation of a fantasy novel as the plot and conflicts are usually rooted from real-life events only with a touch of creativity and extreme imagination.

Works Cited

Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone. Vancouver. Raincoast Books, 2000.

Silvey, Anita. The Essential Guide to Children’s Books and their Creators. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2002.

Fantasy Vs. Reality in Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone Essay

Themes in Beowulf Essay

Themes in Beowulf Essay.

From the beginning of Beowulf we are able to understand and see the central themes and points that are being focused on. From the assigned readings of Beowulf and after finishing the entire piece I found it stuck with its major theme in which we are given from the prologue of the story. From the start of the story we are able to identify with Scyld Scefing and his role as king and leader. Power plays a major role and theme throughout the entire story which allows the story to flow well and keep the theme strong and intriguing to the readers.

I found that the major themes within this whole story revolve around the idea of power, legacy , and heroism. These three themes are what the story of Beowulf is about and the author portrays these themes by expressing them through each character and what and how they are represented within the text. I found that it would be difficult to describe the theme of this story only within one passage because the theme does not change but takes small shifts in the idea of power which is how we get the theme of legacy and heroism out of it.

All three of these themes and ideas all contribute to what I believe to be the main point that the author is trying to get across and theme which is identity. At the beginning of the story the author introduces the character Scyld Scefing, The legendary Danish king from whom Hrothgar is descended, Scyld Scefing is the mythical founder who inaugurates a long line of Danish rulers and embodies the Danish tribe’s highest values of heroism and leadership.

The poem opens with a brief account of his rise from orphan to warrior-king, concluding, “That was one good king” (11). Within this first scene we are also introduced to Scyld’s son Beowulf, who is also represented by the author as some form of leadership and honor, “Thus should a young man bring about good with pious gifts from his father’s possessions, so that later in life loyal comrades will stand beside him when war comes, the people will support him- with praiseworthy deeds a man will prosper among any people. (20-25) here we are able to see that the author is making a point by using first off this type of dialogue expressing the importants of the king and who his followers are and how they respect him and second this shows the importants of this theme of power and control that is being played out within this scene. There are other characters within the story that help show and increase the theme of leadership and honor such as, King Hrothgar who is the king of the Danes.

Hrothgar enjoys military success and prosperity until Grendel terrorizes his realm. A wise and aged ruler, Hrothgar represents a different kind of leadership from the youthful warrior Beowulf. He is a model for the kind of king that Beowulf becomes. He also has a scene within the first part of the story which represents the honor and power that these characters represented, “Then success in war was given to Hrothgar, honor in battle, so that his beloved kinsmen eagerly served him, until the young soldiers grew into a mighty troop of men.

It came to his mind that he should order a hall-building, have men make a great mead house which the sons of men should remember forever and there inside he would share everything with young and old that God had given him, except for the common land and the lives of men. ”(64-73). This is a great example of how the author is trying to express the idea of always being remembered and carrying on their legacies.

Also the importance of success in war is what truly brought Hrothgar to power and the respect of his followers. We see the theme of heroism throughout the entire piece but more specifically around line 433, “ I have also heard that this evil beast in his wildness does not care for weapons so I too will scorn- so that Hygelac, my liege-lord, may be glad of me- to bear a sword or a broad shielf, a yellow battle board, but with my grip I shall grapple with the fiend and fight for life, foe against foe. ”(433-440).

This scene shows not only the act and dialogue of what every hero sounds like, but we are given such a dramatic and strong tone within just a few lines that express the passion of this heroic moment. Another scene where we see heroic emotions from Beowulf are on lines 505-512, Beowulf’s boasting is what adds to heroism, in this scene Beowulf is being recognized for putting his life at risk against the waves. Simple but dramatic scene that the author placed in the piece to show how Beowulf is represented and looked at within the text and how the readers should see him too.

The entire part 7 of the story is a tribute and a direct explanation of the idea of a hero within the text spoken by the characters within their dialogue which allows us as the readers to see that the author truly wants us to believe and see the characters as these heroic figures. There are many many examples of the ways that we are able to see how the author wanted and portrayed the ideas and themes of power, herorism, and legacy but the two that I believe are worth exploring are all of section 8 especially line 530-550 and also towards the end of the story we again are shown loyalty and honor of community on lines 2645-2650.

These two scenes show that to have honor, power, and become any sort of hero, you must be able to gain the respect and loyalty of your community. Meaning that to be any of those things you must have courage and within the lines of 530-550 we are able to see that the courageous thing to do is to aid your community and work together. And towards the end when we get the lines “ Now the day has come that our noble lord has need of the support of good warriors; let us go to it, help our warlord, despite the heat, grim fire terror.

God knows for my part that I would much prefer that the flames should enfold my body alongside my gold-giving lord. ”(2646-2652) These lines here go into a more depth idea of courage and basically giving your own life for the life of your “God” or the people who help you and in this case the community. All of these scenes that I have focused on are ways that we are able to see the themes of heroism, power, and legacy which if looked at all together as a reader I am able to see that all of these topics are different forms of a person’s identity.

Each character within this story is trying to find themselves, figure out who they are, and by doing so they believe that becoming a hero, having power, and never allowing your legacy to die is what your identity is, it is who you are and who you become. Each character within this story has no true identity only because everything they have done and will do has been brought to them by their family before them. The characters are unable to create their own identity outside of what their families have already created for them.

As for Beowulf the concept of identity of which the two components seem to be their family heritage and individual reputation is clearly important to the themes of this poem. The opening passages introduce the reader to a world in which every male figure is known as his father’s son. Characters in the poem are unable to talk about their identity or even introduce themselves without referring to who their family is.

Throughout the entire story we are able to see how each character believes they have their own identity going for themselves but yet each character is always trying to live up to the same standards as their ancestors once did. It is a competition of keeping the power and honor and heroism within each person’s family. Their family line is and represents who they are and who they will become, what they stand for is all based on what their family has left them to represent and stand for as their own identity.

While looking over this assignment and allowing myself to see the major themes within each part of the poem I found that power, heroism, and legacy all balance each other out by one major factor and that’s a person’s identity. To have an identity during this period or as the author is trying to explore and represent this idea of identity and how it is portrayed during a period where honor, power, heroism, and legacy all played an equally important role within each characters life and journey to the after-life.

Themes in Beowulf Essay

Kite Runner Friendship Analysis Essay

Kite Runner Friendship Analysis Essay.

In Khaled Hosseini’s best-selling novel The Kite Runner, two boys, Hassan and Amir, have a friendship that is not as typical as most children’s. Although they do carve into a tree that they are the “sultans of Kabul”, their friendship is weak and one sided. These boys grew up in Kabul, and although their childhood friendship may have seemed like something out of a book, complete with pomegranate trees and story telling, it was dark and emotionally wearing. A main reason for this was because of the one subtle difference between these boys, omitting the differences in character.

Hassan is a Hazara and Amir is a Pashtun. For this reason the Afghan society has classified Hassan as a lower human being and he, along with his father, is in servitude towards Amir and his family. Amir’s lack of self-confidence throughout the novel hinders his ability to have a true friendship with Hassan. Eventually Amir tries to break away from the power of the jealousy and guilt that Hassan has brought into his life.

An underlying cause of the problems Amir has with his friendship pertaining to Hassan is that he is jealous of Hassan.

This jealousy causes him to test Hassan, and to take advantage of Hassan’s unwavering loyalty. This is just to prove that Hassan is lower than he is. Amir confirms this by humiliating Hassan to himself, by taking advantage of Hassan’s illiteracy to amuse himself, such as when he convinces Hassan that imbecile meant smart and intelligent. Amir is not accomplishing anything by teasing Hassan except that he is establishing that he is smarter. Amir feels that he has to prove himself because he lacks acceptance from his father, so he teases Hassan in order to become acceptable to his father.

Amir once again has to prove to himself that he has the ultimate superiority by testing Hassan when he tells him to eat dirt. Hassan says that he would, which is all Amir needs to expand his ego and confirm that he is still above Hassan. Furthermore, Amir is also jealous because his father, whom he longs for his approval, seems to favor Hassan. Hassan is athletic and Baba,Amir’s father, has said that he associates himself with Hassan over Amir. Amir’s jealousy arose from his avid pursuit and evident failure to achieve his father’s illusive approval.

Because of the lack of approval from his father, Amir finds it necessary to tear down Hassan in order to build himself up. The friendship exemplified in The Kite Runner is very weak because Amir thinks of Hassan as his servant, which explains why he is constantly testing him and does not stand up for him as a true friend would do. Hazaras are not accepted in the Afghan society that Hassan and Amir grew up in, but Amir does not refute the biased and racist culture set out in front of him. Instead, he embraces it.

Even at the susceptible age of twelve, Amir is well aware of the principles of right and wrong and he chooses to do wrong. He chooses to do wrong because he feels he will escape from the struggles Hassan has brought upon him. Hassan gets harassed by his peers, an example of this is when Assef, the local bully, bullies him by saying, “Afghanistan is the land of the Pashtuns. It always has been, always will be. We are the true Afghans, the pure Afghans, not this Flat-Nose here. His people pollute our homeland, our watan.

They dirty our blood….. How can you talk to him, play with him, let him touch you? “. When Hassan is harassed, Amir does nothing. Instead, he almost blurts out that Hassan is nothing but a servant when in fact he spends all of his free time playing like true friends play. Amir wants to be accepted by his peers, peers such as Assef, Wali, and Kamal. He wants to be accepted with such a passion that he chooses to disregard his friend in order to gain approval from these boys. Amir ends up sacrificing his morals for popularity.

Another example of how Amir is a coward and only wants to be accepted by his peers and his father is when he turns his back on Hassan when Hassan is raped. Hassan gets raped by Assef while trying to complete the task of kite running for Amir. Amir witnesses this horrible act and does nothing to stop it. He does not step in to help his friend because he believes that Hassan is sacrificing himself for him. This is a completely selfish thought on Amir’s part because no one should have to bear another persons burden, even if one person is another person’s servant.

The choice made by Amir to sacrifice his morals and rationalize his decisions forever haunts him and makes it harder to escape the power of his own guilt. Amir is clearly an emotionally unstable person, but his resentment towards Hassan is deepened because of his own guilt. Amir feels extreme guilt after he watches his friend get raped in an alley. After witnessing this he feels that he can no longer be in the same room as Hassan. “I’d hear Hassan shuffling around the kitchen in the morning, hear the clinking of silverware, the whistle of the teapot.

I’d wait to hear the door shut and only then I would walk down to eat” is an example of how he tries to avoid him. This shows that Amir cannot face his guilt. he knows that he has done something wrong but refuses to confront it and redeem himself and his friendship with Hassan. Amir realizes that he has done a grave dishonor to Hassan. He believed that he was a “monster” that caused Hassan so much trouble. Amir comes to terms with the fact that he is a selfish, immature person, yet instead of accepting that fact and trying to get Hassan’s forgiveness, he once again betrays his friendship.

Because Hassan is a reflection of Amir’s guilt, Amir believes in an elementary manner that if he rids himself of what to him is the symbol of his guilt, he will also be freed of the guilt. This is why he frames Hassan of thievery. This plan to accuse Hassan of thievery ultimately backfires and causes Amir even more personal anguish. Hassan then left and even though Amir felt his absence would free him from the guilt and jealousy, he ends up even more full of guilt.

Amir thinks of Hassan as less worthy human being even though he is jealous of him, this mix of jealousy and resentment leads to a guilt that Amir handles unethically. Amir treats Hassan much like a dog. He believes that he can treat him as roughly as possible, but the animal will be forever loyal. Amir does not believe that he needs to defend Hassan, since Hassan is ultimately there to sacrifice himself for Amir. Amir is jealous of Hassan because of Hassan’s approval earned by Baba, and this causes Amir to search for other ways to expand his ego.

Amir resents Hassan because of the guilt that Amir has caused himself. The choices made by Amir and Hassan defined who they were and who they would become. Amir allows his original thoughts about Hassan, thoughts of loyalty and true friendship, to be tainted because he is weak. Although Amir and Hassan carved their names into a tree, Amir’s character hinders their ability to be best friends and their bond is a far cry from even an equal friendship. While trying to escape the grasps of jealousy and guilt, Amir ultimately falls deeper in the hole he dug himself.

Kite Runner Friendship Analysis Essay